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UAE - Profiles - Ministers.

Dubai's quota of ministers included: Shaikh Mohammed Bin Rashid, kept as defence minister; Shaikh Hamdan Bin Rashid, retained as minister of finance and industry; Ahmad Bin Humaid Al Tayer, made communications minister and was previously state minister for finance and industry; and his brother Mattar, made minister of labour and social affairs.

A former secretary general of the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC GCC: see Gulf Cooperation Council.

(compiler, programming) GCC - The GNU Compiler Collection, which currently contains front ends for C, C++, Objective-C, Fortran, Java, and Ada, as well as libraries for these languages (libstdc++, libgcj, etc).
), Shaikh Fahim Al Qassimi of Ras Al Khaimah was made minister of economy and trade, replacing Said Ghobash. Shaikh Majed Bin Said Al Nuaimi of Ajman became state minister for Supreme Council affairs, replacing Shaikh Mohammed Bin Saqr Bin Mohammed Al Qassimi of Ras Al Khaimah. Ali Al Sharhan, another newcomer, was made minister of education. Mohammed Khalfan Bin Kharbash Mohammed Khalfan Bin Kharbash (Arabic: محمد خلفان بن خرباش) is the minister of finance and industry of the United Arab Emirates.  became state minister for finance and industry, succeeding Ahmad Al Tayer Ahmad Al Tayer is a former minister in the United Arab Emirates since 1971 to 2004. Al Tayer held several positions in the cabinet including finance, transport, education and public works. He is also considered as distinguished businessman and heads many banks. .

The Supreme Council, of which Shaikh Maktoum is vice president under Shaikh Zayed, comprises the rulers of the union's seven emirates. This is the top policy-making pol·i·cy·mak·ing or pol·i·cy-mak·ing  
High-level development of policy, especially official government policy.

Of, relating to, or involving the making of high-level policy:
 body for the UAE (Uninterruptible Application Error) The name given to a crash in Windows 3.0. In subsequent versions of Windows, a crash was called a "General Protection Fault," "Application Error" or "Illegal Operation." See crash in Windows and abend. . It is vested with legislative as well as executive powers, ratifying federal laws and decrees, planning general policy, approving the nomination of the PM and accepting his resignation.

The Supreme Council can relieve the PM from his post upon the recommendation of the president. It elects the president and the vice president for five-year terms, and both may be re-elected.

At an historic meeting on May 20, 1996, the Supreme Council approved an amendment to the union's provisional constitution, making it permanent. The amendment confirmed the city of Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi (ä`b thä`bē, zä–, dä–), Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 928,360), c.  as the capital of the federation.

The Federal National Council (FNC FNC - Federal Networking Council ), the union's parliament, has 40 members drawn from the seven emirates on the basis of their population: eight for each of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, six each for Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah, and four each for Fujairah, Umm Al Quwain and Ajman.

Presided over by a speaker, or by either of two deputy speakers elected from among their number, constitutionally the FNC is responsible for examining and, if it wishes, amending, all proposed federal legislation. It is empowered to summon and question any federal minister regarding performance.

One of the main duties of the FNC is to discuss the annual UAE budget. Specialised sub-committees and a research and studies unit have been formed to assist FNC members to cope with increasing demands of modern government.

Parallel to, and occasionally interlocking interlocking /in·ter·lock·ing/ (-lok´ing) closely joined, as by hooks or dovetails; locking into one another.
interlocking Obstetrics A rare complication of vaginal delivery of twins; the 1st
 with, the federal institutions, each of the seven emirates has its own local government. Although all local governments have been expanded significantly as a result of the UAE's growth since the 1970s, they differ in size and complexity from one emirate e·mir·ate  
1. The office of an emir.

2. The nation or territory ruled by an emir.

Noun 1. emirate - the domain controlled by an emir
 to another, depending on a variety of factors such as population, area, and degree of economic development.

In Dubai the Municipal Council acts as a local government and is headed by Shaikh Hamdan (see below).
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Publication:APS Review Downstream Trends
Date:May 31, 2004
Previous Article:UAE Survey - Dubai's Economic Base.
Next Article:UAE - Profile - Shaikh Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum.

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