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Humanist profile: Francis Crick 1986 Humanist distinguished service awardee.



"We must face the fact that scientific knowledge has led us into ways of thinking which are only partly in harmony with our genetic heritage. Are we prepared to face up to this very difficult problem?"--Francis Crick Crick , Francis Henry Compton 1916-2004.

British biologist who with James D. Watson proposed a spiral model, the double helix, for the molecular structure of DNA. He shared a 1962 Nobel Prize for advances in the study of genetics.
 in the July/August 1986 Humanist

In 1953 Francis Crick and James Dewey Watson discovered the double-helix structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA DNA: see nucleic acid.
DNA
 or deoxyribonucleic acid

One of two types of nucleic acid (the other is RNA); a complex organic compound found in all living cells and many viruses. It is the chemical substance of genes.
. The two scientists subsequently received the Nobel Prize Nobel Prize, award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred Nobel, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above.  in Medicine and Physiology in 1962 for their cornerstone scientific achievement. Crick then set to work to find the relationship between DNA and genetic coding. He was a visiting lecturer at the Rockefeller Institute in 1959 and a visiting professor for Harvard University in 1959 and 1960. In 1966 he wrote Of Molecules and Men, describing the implications of the recent revolution in biochemistry. In 1981 he wrote Life Itself'. Its Origin and Nature in which he pursued the hypothesis that the seed for life on Earth could have come from another planet.

Crick had studied physics earlier in his career but in his last decades he switched to neuroscience and was widely quoted regarding his nontheistic examinations into the border between living and nonliving. Indeed, Cricks reputation as an atheist and Humanist created controversy but he acknowledged that his rejection of a religious worldview world·view  
n. In both senses also called Weltanschauung.
1. The overall perspective from which one sees and interprets the world.

2. A collection of beliefs about life and the universe held by an individual or a group.
 helped form his reasons for investigating questions about life and consciousness. By 1986, when he accepted the Humanist Distinguished Service Award of the American Humanist Association The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an educational organization in the United States that advances Humanism. It is the original Humanist organization, and embraces secular, religious, and other manifestations of Humanist philosophy. , he was prepared to say, "It seems probable that brains are nothing more than neuronal machines." He pursued this thought further in his 1994 book, The Scientific Search for the Soul. Later, in the field of neurobiology Neurobiology

Study of the development and function of the nervous system, with emphasis on how nerve cells generate and control behavior. The major goal of neurobiology is to explain at the molecular level how nerve cells differentiate and develop their
, he studied vision and the function of dreams.

Crick publicly supported Humanism as a notable signatory of the American Humanist Association's Humanist Manifesto III in 2003 as well as its predecessor, Humanist Manifesto II The second manifesto was written in 1973 by Paul Kurtz and Edwin H. Wilson, and was intended to update the previous one. It begins with a statement that the excesses of Nazism and world war had made the first seem "far too optimistic", and indicated a more hardheaded and realistic  in 1973. He additionally lent his support to the Humanist holiday, Darwin Day.

Born June 8th, 1916, in Northampton, England, he was 88 when he died July 28, 2004.

HUMANISM is a rational philosophy informed by science, inspired by art, and motivated by compassion. Affirming the dignity of each human being, it supports the maximization of individual liberty and opportunity consonant with social and planetary responsibility. It advocates the extension of participatory democracy and the expansion of the open society, standing for human rights and social justice. Free of supernaturalism su·per·nat·u·ral·ism  
n.
1. The quality of being supernatural.

2. Belief in a supernatural agency that intervenes in the course of natural laws.
, it recognizes human beings as a part of nature and holds that values--be they religious, ethical, social, or political--have their source in human nature, experience, and culture. Humanism thus derives the goals of life from human need and interest rather than from theological or ideological abstractions and asserts that humanity must take responsibility for its own destiny.
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Publication:The Humanist
Geographic Code:4EUUK
Date:Sep 1, 2004
Words:458
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