Humanist profile: Francis Crick 1986 Humanist distinguished service awardee.
In 1953 Francis Crick and James Dewey Watson discovered the double-helix structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. The two scientists subsequently received the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 1962 for their cornerstone scientific achievement. Crick then set to work to find the relationship between DNA and genetic coding. He was a visiting lecturer at the Rockefeller Institute in 1959 and a visiting professor for Harvard University in 1959 and 1960. In 1966 he wrote Of Molecules and Men, describing the implications of the recent revolution in biochemistry. In 1981 he wrote Life Itself'. Its Origin and Nature in which he pursued the hypothesis that the seed for life on Earth could have come from another planet.
Crick had studied physics earlier in his career but in his last decades he switched to neuroscience and was widely quoted regarding his nontheistic examinations into the border between living and nonliving. Indeed, Cricks reputation as an atheist and Humanist created controversy but he acknowledged that his rejection of a religious worldview helped form his reasons for investigating questions about life and consciousness. By 1986, when he accepted the Humanist Distinguished Service Award of the American Humanist Association, he was prepared to say, "It seems probable that brains are nothing more than neuronal machines." He pursued this thought further in his 1994 book, The Scientific Search for the Soul. Later, in the field of neurobiology, he studied vision and the function of dreams.
Crick publicly supported Humanism as a notable signatory of the American Humanist Association's Humanist Manifesto III in 2003 as well as its predecessor, Humanist Manifesto II in 1973. He additionally lent his support to the Humanist holiday, Darwin Day.
Born June 8th, 1916, in Northampton, England, he was 88 when he died July 28, 2004.
HUMANISM is a rational philosophy informed by science, inspired by art, and motivated by compassion. Affirming the dignity of each human being, it supports the maximization of individual liberty and opportunity consonant with social and planetary responsibility. It advocates the extension of participatory democracy and the expansion of the open society, standing for human rights and social justice. Free of supernaturalism, it recognizes human beings as a part of nature and holds that values--be they religious, ethical, social, or political--have their source in human nature, experience, and culture. Humanism thus derives the goals of life from human need and interest rather than from theological or ideological abstractions and asserts that humanity must take responsibility for its own destiny.
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|Date:||Sep 1, 2004|
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