things you didn't know about Cunard 10.
Byline: CATHERINE JONES ECHO Arts Editor firstname.lastname@example.org BodenJones @
HE GAVE his name to one of the world's most famous shipping lines.
But who was Samuel Cunard, the man who founded a transatlantic mail route from Liverpool to North America almost two centuries ago? As Liverpool prepares to mark the 175th anniversary of the Cunard Line with a summer of festivities - under the umbrella Three Queens, One Magnificent City - including a rare gathering of all the current cruise fleet, the ECHO looks back at the life and times of the company's founding father.
Here are 10 things that you should know about the man himself.
1 Samuel Cunard was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on November 21, 1787, the son of Abraham Cunard and Margaret Murphy.
His father descended from German Quakers, and his mother's family came from Ireland.
2 Cunard was mostly selfeducated, and first trained as a clerk for the Royal Engineers.
His father started in the timber business before expanding into coal, iron, whaling - and shipping.
3 Samuel co-founded the steam ferry company in Halifax. He was also a shareholder in the Royal William - a wooden paddle wheeler which crossed the Atlantic in 1833, and between 1817 and 1850 owned an estimated 76 sailing ships in Nova Scotia.
4 Late in 1838, the British Admiralty invited tenders to carry mail from England to North America by steamship.
Cunard sailed to England to make his bid for an "ocean railway" to do the trip twice monthly, and for PS55,000 a year for 10 years.
5 The "Cunard" ship Britannia made the first regular crossing from Liverpool to Halifax, and on to Boston, leaving the Mersey on July 4, 1840.
The formal name of the shipping line was the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, and Cunard's partners were George Burns, from Glasgow, and Liverpool's David MacIver.
6 Although the company was based in Liverpool, Cunard never lived here, settling instead in London.
Instead, it was David MacIver, later MP for Birkenhead and Commodore of the Royal Mersey Yacht Club, who ran the day-today activities of the firm.
7 At one point, the shipping magnate also owned one seventh of Canada's Prince Edward Island province.
The Canadian province was made a French colony in the 16th century, but obtained by Britain in the Treaty of Paris in 1763 and re-named Prince Edward Island, in 1798, after the future Queen Victoria's father.
8 Samuel Cunard and his wife, Susan, had nine children. His great-granddaughter was writer and activist Nancy Cunard.
9 He was made a baronet by Queen Victoria in 1859, partly as a result of the shipping line's support during the Crimean War. The final Baron Cunard of Bush Hill, Nova Scotia, died in 1989.
10Sir Samuel Cunard died on April 28, 1865, and is buried in London's Brompton Cemetery.
A bronze statue of him stands on the Halifax waterfront.
Three Queens, One Magnif-.icent City runs from May 23-26.
| Cunard, founder of the Cunard Line
| Spectacular: Cunard's Three || QUEENS - the Queen Elizabeth, the
Queen Mary 2 and Queen Victoria - - sailing together in harmony