on this day.
NATIONAL DAYS OF GAMBIA AND NEPAL 1478: George, Duke of Clarence, was murdered in the Tower of London. According to legend, he drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine.
1516: Mary I, Queen of England (1553-1558), daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, was born in Greenwich.
1546: Martin Luther, father of the Reformation, died at his birthplace Eisleben, Germany, aged 62 - supposedly of overwork.
1564: The great Renaissance artist and sculptor Michelangelo died in Rome, aged 88.
1678: John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress was published.
1745: Count Alessandro Volta, physicist who devised the first battery, was born in Como, Italy. He gave his name to the electrical unit volt.
1911: More than 6,000 letters and postcards were flown five miles from Allahabad to Naini Junction in India by Henri Picquet the first official airmail.
1915: Germany's blockade of Britain by submarine began.
1930: American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovered the planet Pluto from a series of pictures taken the previous month at Lowell Observatory.
2005: Fox hunting became illegal in England and Wales. The Hunting Act outlawed hunting with dogs.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR Church spires will be used to boost broadband and mobile connectivity in rural areas, the Culture Secretary announced.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS Yoko Ono, artist/singer, 86; Graeme Garden, actor, comedian and presenter, 76; Michael Buerk, broadcaster, 73; Sinead Cusack, actress, 71; Cybill Shepherd, actress; 69; Randy Crawford, singer, 67; John Travolta, actor, 65; Greta Scacchi, actress, 59; Matt Dillon, actor, 55; Colin Jackson, former athlete, now commentator/presenter, 52; Molly Ringwald, actress, 51; Gary Neville, former footballer, 44.
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A German U-Boat during World War I