Printer Friendly

Zoogeografia de crustaceos de aguas continentales chilenas.

Zoogeography of Chilean inland water crustaceans

INTRODUCTION

Chilean inland water crustaceans are characterized by their marked endemism at different spatial scales: there are widespread species, distributed along Chilean continental territory, and there are other species restricted to narrow geographical ranges (Jara et al., 2006; Villalobos, 2006; De los Rios-Escalante, 2010). Species exhibiting such marked endemism are at risk of extinction, due to habitat fragmentation or habitat alteration, as has been reported for decapods by Jara et al. (2006).

The geographical patterns of Chilean inland water crustaceans might reflect habitat heterogeneity. Thus De los Rios-Escalante (2010), based on Niemeyer & Cereceda (1984) who used climatic, topographic and hydrological characteristics, proposed the following four regions in according to a zoogeographical review of inland water Branchiopods and Copepods: Northern Chile (18[degrees]-27[degrees]S); Central Chile (27[degrees]-37[degrees]S), Northern and Central Patagonia (37[degrees]-51[degrees]S) and Southern Patagonia (51[degrees]-55[degrees]S). For both branchiopods and copepods species were found that were restricted to a specific geographical range, as well as more widespread species (De los Rios-Escalante, 2010).

The aim of the present study is to undertake a zoogeographical analysis of Chilean inland water crustaceans (Branchiopoda, Copepoda and Malacostraca) in continental Chilean territory in order to characterise their distribution patterns.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Data on inland water crustaceans were obtained from literature records (Araya & Zuniga, 1985; Bayly, 1992; Gonzalez, 2003; De los Rios-Escalante, 2010; De los Rios-Escalante et al., 2012; Jara, in press; Morales & Meruane in press; Rudolph, in press), and these were collated into a presence-absence matrix (Table 1, Fig. 1), with respect to the following six geographical zones: 1) Northern Chile: 18[degrees]-27[degrees]S, 2) North-Central Chile: 27[degrees]-30[degrees]S, Central Chile: 30[degrees] 38[degrees]S, Northern Patagonia: 38[degrees]-41[degrees]S; Central Patagonia: 41[degrees]-51[degrees]S, and Southern Patagonia: 51[degrees]-55[degrees]S. These data were explored by cluster analysis (Bray-Curtis with single link), using the Biodiversity Pro software package (McAlleece et al., 1997). Data were analyzed considering the following categories: 1) All crustacean species, 2) Branchiopoda and Copepoda species, and 3) Malacostracan species.

In a second analytical step, an external area zero was added to the species presence-absence matrix to codify for rooting the cladogram (Rosen & Smith, 1998; Morrone, 2004; Fuentealba et al., 2010). The most parsimonious cladograms were found by heuristic search with 1000 replicates; replicates of 100 initial trees were used with an output of up to 10000 trees were calculated using reiterative bisection and multiple reconnection (multiple TBR + TBR). The strict consensus tree was calculated from heuristic search. Node support was evaluated by bootstrap analysis (Felsenstein, 1985). Bootstrap support values were estimated (with 1000 replicates) for selected branches as endemism areas, using the Nona program (Goloboff, 1998) within Winclada (Nixon, 2002). It was applied to one analysis for understanding endemicity patterns and similarities between studied areas.

RESULTS

Cluster analysis revealed for all crustacean species and for Branchiopoda and Copepoda, the existence of a main grouping comprising the three Patagonian zones plus Central Chile, that is separate from Northern and North-Central Chile (Figs. 2 and 3). Similarly, for malacostracan species, the analysis revealed the existence of two main groupings, one consisting of the three Patagonian zones plus Central Chile, and the other comprising Northern and North-Central Chile (Fig. 4). Analysis of the decapods identifies an isolated main group comprising Northern and North-Central Chile, which are very similar, and a second major grouping of Central Chile with Northern and Central Patagonia (Fig. 5).

The analysis of amphipods revealed one main group, comprising Central Chile with Northern and Central Patagonia, and this is relatively similar to Southern Patagonia. This grouping is separated from both of the two northern regions of Chile (Fig. 6). For cladocerans, there was a main grouping of Central Chile with Northern and Central Patagonia, and in decreasing order of similarity, Southern Patagonia, and Northern and North-Central Chile (Fig. 7). Finally, for copepods we found two main groupings (Central Chile-Northern Patagonia and Central-Southern Patagonia), that is distinct from the closely similar Northern and North-Central Chile (Fig. 8).

The parsimony endemicity analysis generated an exclusive cladogram with 111 steps, a consistency index of 0.84, and a retention index of 0.58. The bootstrap values obtained varied between 0.55 and 0.98 for different areas of endemism (Fig. 9). The cladogram depicts two main endemism areas represented by Central and Southern Patagonia and by Northern, North-Central and Central Chile and Northern Patagonia (Fig. 9).

DISCUSSION

The results for all crustacean species and for the grouping of Branchiopoda and Copepoda showed a gradual difference between Patagonian species and species located in northern regions, and are in agreement with the panbiogeographical analysis for centropagid copepods of Menu-Marque et al. (2000), who found widespread species in combination with species showing a very restricted geographical distribution. One possible factor would be the high dispersal capability of Branchiopoda and Copepoda (Menu-Marque et al., 2000; De los Rios-Escalante, 2010). Malacostracans are different: in the present study we found a marked difference between Patagonian species and Northern species in agreement with the panbiogeographical analyses of the amphipod genus Hyalella (De los Rios-Escalante et al., 2012), and of inland water decapods (Morrone & Lopretto, 1994). A similar zoogeographical pattern was observed in the genus Aegla (Perez-Lozada et al., 2002, 2004, 2009). This difference may be explained in part by the presence in Patagonia, of Southern South American and Subantarctic species (Pugh et al., 2002; Dos Santos et al., 2008).

An important factor here is that Southern Patagonia has a few subtropical species combined with Subantarctic species (Pugh et al., 2002; Dos Santos et al., 2008), whereas Northern Chile exemplifies a different faunal region (Menu-Marque et al., 2000; Morrone, 2006; De los Rios-Escalante et al., 2012). In addition, in Chile, the Andes mountains represent a barrier that limits or prevents species dispersal between the two sides of the mountains and explains the marked differences in species reported from zones including Andean mountains (Morrone, 2006), compared to Southern Patagonia, where the mountains have practically disappeared and where it is possible to find many common species (Menu-Marque et al., 2000). Following this scenario, may help to explain the marked differences in species reported in western and eastern South America (Soto & Zuniga, 1991; Morrone & Lopretto, 1994; Menu-Marque et al., 2000; Oyanedel et al., 2008).

DOI: 103856/vol41-issue5-fulltext-5

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This study was funded by projects MECESUP 0804, DID-UACH d2001-11, CONICYT-Chile (Doctoral Fellowship and Grant for support Doctoral Thesis) and the Research and Postgraduate Directorate of the Catholic University of Temuco.

REFERENCES

Araya, J.M. & L.R. Zuniga. 1985. Manual taxonomico del zooplancton lacustre de Chile. Bol. Limnol., 8: 1169

Bayly, I.A.E. 1992. Fusion of the genera Boeckella and Pseudoboeckella and a revision of their species from South America and Subantarctic islands. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., 65: 17-63.

De los Rios-Escalante, P. 2010. Crustacean zooplankton communities in Chilean inland waters. Crustaceana Monogr., 12: 1-109.

De los Rios-Escalante, P., J.J. Morrone & R. Rivera. 2012. Distributional patters of the South American species of Hyalella (Amphipoda, Hyalellidae). Gayana, 76: 153-161.

Dos Santos, A., P. Araujo & C. Bond-Buckup. 2008. New species and new reports of Hyalella (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Dogielinotidae) from Argentina. Zootaxa, 1760: 24-36.

Felsenstein, J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution, 39: 783-791

Fuentealba, C., R. Figueroa & J.J. Morrone. 2010. Analisis de endemismo de moluscos dulceacuicolas de Chile. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., 83: 289-298. Goloboff, P. 1998. NONA ver. 2.0. Available from http://www.cladistics.com/about_nona.htm Reviewed: 12 October 2012.

Gonzalez, E. 2003. The freshwater amphipods Hyalella Smith, 1874 in Chile (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., 76: 623-637.

Jara, C. A checklist of the Chilean species of the genus Aegla (Decapoda: Anomura: Aeglidae). Crustaceana (In press).

Jara, C., E. Rudolph & E. Gonzalez. 2006. Current state of freshwater malacostracans of Chile. Gayana, 70: 40-49.

McAlleece, N., J.D.G. Gage, P.J.D. Lambshead & G.L.J. Paterson. 1997. BioDiversity Professional statistics analysis software. Jointly developed by the Scottish Association for Marine Science and the Natural History Museum London.

Menu-Marque, S., J.J. Morrone & C. Locascio de Mitrovich. 2000. Distributional patterns of the South American species of Boeckella (Copepoda: Centropagidae): a track analysis. J. Crust. Biol., 20: 262-272

Morales, M.C. & J. Meruane. Northern river prawn Cryphiops caementarius: chronology of the research between 1958-2008. Biology, distribution, life cycle and population status. Crustaceana (In press).

Morrone, J.J. 2004. On the identification of areas of endemism. Syst. Biol., 43: 438-441.

Morrone, J.J. 2006. Biogeographic areas and transition zones of Latin America and the Caribean islands based on panbiogeographical and cladistic analysis of the entomofauna. Ann. Rev. Entomol., 51: 467-494.

Morrone, J.J. & L. Lopretto. 1994. Distributional patterns of freshwater Decapoda (Crustacea: Malacostraca) in southern South America: a panbiogeographic approach. J. Biogeogr., 21: 97-109.

Niemeyer, H. & P. Cereceda. 1984. Geografia de Chile. Hidrografia. Instituto Geografico Militar, Santiago, 320 pp.

Nixon, K.C. 2002. Winclada ver. 1.000. Available from: http://www.cladistics.con/about_winc.htm. Reviewed: 22 September 2012.

Oyanedel, J.P., C. Vega-Retter, S. Scott, L.F. Hinojosa & R. Ramos-Jiliberto. 2008. Finding patterns of distribution for freshwater phytoplankton, zooplankton and fish by mean parsinomy analysis of endemicity. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., 81: 185-204.

Perez-Lozada, M., G. Bond-Buckup, C.G. Jara & K.A. Crandall. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among the species of Aegla (Anomura: Aeglidae) freshwater crabs. J. Crust. Biol., 22: 304-313.

Perez-Lozada, M., G. Bond-Buckup, C.G. Jara & K.A. Crandall. 2004. Molecular systematic and biogeography of the southern South American freshwater crabs Aegla (Decapoda: Anomura: Aeglidae) using multiple heuristic three search approaches. Syst. Biol., 55: 767-780.

Perez-Lozada, M., G. Bond-Buckup, C.G. Jara & K.A. Crandall. 2009. Conservation assessment of southern South American freshwater ecoregion of the basis of the distribution and genetic diversity of crabs from the genus Aegla. Conserv. Biol., 23: 692-672.

Pugh, P.J.A., H.J.G. Dartnall & S.J. Mcinnes. 2002. The non marine crustacean of Antarctica and the island of the southern ocean: biodiversity and biogeography. J. Nat. Hist., 36: 1047-1103.

Rosen, B.R. & A.B. Smith. 1998. Tectonics from fossils? Analysis of reef-coral and sea-urchin distributions from late Cretaceous to Recent using a new method. In: G. Audley-Charles & A. Allam (eds.). Gondwana and thethys. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 275-301.

Rudolph, E. A checklist of Chilean Parastacidae. Crustaceana (In press).

Soto, D. & L.R. Zuniga. 1991. Zooplankton assemblages of temperate lakes: a comparison with North American counterparts. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., 64: 659-581.

Villalobos, L. 2006. Current state of knowledge of freshwater malacostracans of Chile. Gayana, 70: 3139

Received: 27 December 2012; Accepted: 26 August 2013

Patricio De los Rios-Escalante (1,2), Jaime Meruane (3), Maria Cristina Morales (3) Erich Rudolph (4), Carmen Fuentealba (5) & Geoff Boxshall (6)

(1) Escuela de Ciencias Ambientales, Facultad de Recursos Naturales, Universidad Catolica de Temuco P.O. Box 15-D, Temuco, Chile

(2) Nucleo de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Catolica de Temuco, Temuco, Chile

(3) Departamento de Acuicultura, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Catolica del Norte P.O. Box 117, Coquimbo, Chile

(4) Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas y Biodiversidad, Universidad de Los Lagos P.O. Box 933, Osorno, Chile

(5) Departamento de Zoologia, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanograficas Universidad de Concepcion, P.O. Box 160-C, Concepcion, Chile

(6) Natural History Museum, Department of Life Sciences Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, United Kingdom

Corresponding author: Patricio De los Rios-Escalante (prios@uct.cl)

Table 1. List of inland water crustacean species reported for
continental Chilean territory (0: absence, 1: presence).

                                         Northern      North-Central
                                           Chile           Chile
                                       (18[degrees]-   (27[degrees]-
Class Branchiopoda                     27[degrees]S)   30[degrees]S)
Order Anostraca
Family Artemiidae
Artemia franciscana Kellog (1906)            1               1
A. persimilis Piccinelli &                   0               0
  Prosdocimi (1968)
Family Branchinectidae
Branchinecta gaini Daday (1910)              0               0
B. granulosa Daday (1902)                    0               0
B. palustris Biraben (1946)                  1               0
B. papillata Rogers et al. (2008)            1               0
B. valchetana Cohen (1981)                   1               0
B. vuriloche Cohen (1985)                    0               0
Order Cladocera

Family Sididae
Diaphanosoma chivense Daday (1902)           1               0
Latonopsis occidentalis Birge (1891)         0               0
Family Daphnidae
Ceriodaphnia dubia Richard (1894)            0               0
Daphnia ambigua Scourfield (1947)            0               0
D. dadayana Paggi (1999)                     0               0
D. obtusa Kurz (1874)                        0               0
D. peruviana Harding (1955)                  0               0
D. pulex Leydig (1860)                       1               0
Daphniopsis chilensis Hann (1986)            0               0
Moina micrura Kurz, 1874                     1               0
Scapholeberis spinifera                      0               0
  (Nicolet, 1849)
Simosa exspinosa De Geer (1778)              0               0
Simosa serrulata Koch (1841)                 0               0
Simosa vetula Muller (1776)                  1               0
Family Bosminidae
Eubosmina hagmanni Stingelin (1904)          1               0
Family Macrothricidae
Ilyocryptus spinifer Herrick (1884)          0               0
Macrothrix hirsuticornis Norman &            0               0
  Brady (1867)
Macrothrix inflata Daday (1902)              0               0
Macrothrix laticornis                        0               0
  Jurine (1820)
Macrothrix odontocephala                     0               0
  Daday (1902)
Macrothrix palearis                          1               0
  Harding (1955)
Family Chydoridae
Alona affinis Leydig (1860)                  0               0
A. cambouei De Guerne &                      1               0
  Richard, 1893
A. guttata Sars (1862)                       0               0
A. intermedia Sars (1862)                    0               0
A. poppei Richard (1897)                     0               0
A. pulchella King (1853)                     0               0
A. quadrangularis Muller (1776)              0               0
Alonella clathratula Sars (1862)             1               0
A. excisa Fisher (1854)                      0               0
Camptocercus rectirostris                    0               0
  Schoedler (1862)
Chydorus sphaericus Muller (1775)            1               0
Leydigia leydigi Schoedler (1863)            0               0
Paralona nigra Sars (1862)                   0               0
Pleuroxus aduncus Jurine (1820)              0               0
P. scopulifer Ekman (1900)                   0               0
Class Maxillopoda
Subclass Copepoda
Order Calanoida
Family Centropagidae
Boeckella bergi Richard (1897)               0               0
B. brasilensis Lubbock (1855)                0               0
B. brevicaudata Brady (1875)                 0               0
B. calcaris Harding (1955)                   1               0
B. gibbosa Brehm (1935)                      0               0
B. gracilipes Daday (1901)                   1               0
B. gracilis Daday (1902)                     1               0
B. meteoris Kiefer (1928)                    0               0
B. michaelseni Mrazek (1901)                 0               0
B. occidentalis Marsh (1906)                 1               0
B. poopoensis Marsh (1906)                   1               0
B. poppei Mrazek (1901)                      0               0
Parabroteas sarsi Ekman (1905)               0               0
Family Diaptomidae
Tumeodiaptomus diabolicus                    0               0
  Dussart (1979)
Order Cyclopoida
Family Cyclopidae
Acanthocyclops michaelseni                   0               0
  Mrazek (1901)
A. vernalis Fisher (1853)                    0               0
Diacyclops andinus Locascio de
Mitrovich & Menu-Marque (2001)               1               0
Eucyclops ensifer Kiefer (1927)              0               0
E. serrulatus Fisher (1851)                  0               0
Macrocyclops albidus Jurine (1820)           0               0
Mesocyclops araucanus Loffler (1962)         0               0
M. longisetus Thiebaud (1912)                0               0
Metacyclops mendocinus                       0               0
  Wierzejski (1892)
Microcyclops anceps Richard (1897)           0               0
Paracyclops fimbriatus chiltoni              0               0
  Thomson (1882)
Tropocyclops prasinus                        0               0
  meridionales Kiefer (1927)
Class: Malacostraca
Subclass: Peracarida
Order: Amphipoda
Family: Hyalellidae
Hyalella chiloensis Gonzalez &               0               0
  Watling (2001)
H. costera Gonzalez & Watling (2001)         1               1
H. curvispina Schoemaker (1942)              0               0
H. fossamanchini Cavalieri (1959)            1               0
H. franciscae Gonzalez &                     0               0
  Watling (2003)
H. kochi Gonzalez & Watling (2001)           1               0
H. patagonica Cuningham (1871)               0               0
H. simplex Schellenberg (1943)               0               0
Subclass Eucarida
Order: Decapoda
Family: Parastacidae
Samastacus spinifrons                        0               0
  Philippi (1882)
Parastacus pugnax Poeppig (1835)             0               0
P. nicoleti Philippi (1882)                  0               0
Virilastacus araucanius                      0               0
  Faxon (1914)
V. rucapihuelensis Rudolph &                 0               0
  Crandall (2005)
V. retamali Rudolph &                        0               0
  Crandall (2007)
Family: Palaemonidae
Cryphiops caementarius                       1               1
  Molina (1782)
Sub-order: Anomura
Family: Aeglidae
Aegla abtao Schmitt (1942)                   0               0
A. affnis Schmitt (1942)                     0               0
A. alacaluf Jara & Lopez (1981)              0               0
A. araucaniensis Jara (1980)                 0               0
A. bahamondei Jara (1982)                    0               0
A. concepcionensis Schmitt (1942)            0               0
A. cholchol Jara (1999)                      0               0
A. denticulata denticulada                   0               0
  Nicolet (1842)
A. denticulata lacustris Jara (1989)         0               0
A. expansa Jara (1992)                       0               0
A. hueicollensis Jara (1999)                 0               0
A. laevis laevis Schmitt (1942)              0               0
A. laevis talcahuano Schmitt (1942)          0               0
A. manni Jara (1980)                         0               0
A. neuquensis Schmitt (1942)                 0               0
A. occidentalis Jara et al. (2003)           0               0
A. papudo Schmitt (1942)                     0               0
A. pewenchae Jara (1994)                     0               0
A. rostrata Jara (1977)                      0               0
A. spectabilis Jara (1986)                   0               0

                                          Central        Northern
                                           Chile         Patagonia
                                       (30[degrees]-   (38[degrees]-
Class Branchiopoda                     38[degrees]S)   41[degrees]S)
Order Anostraca
Family Artemiidae
Artemia franciscana Kellog (1906)            1               0
A. persimilis Piccinelli &                   0               0
  Prosdocimi (1968)
Family Branchinectidae
Branchinecta gaini Daday (1910)              0               0
B. granulosa Daday (1902)                    0               0
B. palustris Biraben (1946)                  0               0
B. papillata Rogers et al. (2008)            0               0
B. valchetana Cohen (1981)                   0               0
B. vuriloche Cohen (1985)                    0               0
Order Cladocera

Family Sididae
Diaphanosoma chivense Daday (1902)           1               1
Latonopsis occidentalis Birge (1891)         1               0
Family Daphnidae
Ceriodaphnia dubia Richard (1894)            1               1
Daphnia ambigua Scourfield (1947)            1               1
D. dadayana Paggi (1999)                     0               0
D. obtusa Kurz (1874)                        1               0
D. peruviana Harding (1955)                  0               0
D. pulex Leydig (1860)                       1               1
Daphniopsis chilensis Hann (1986)            0               0
Moina micrura Kurz, 1874                     1               0
Scapholeberis spinifera                      1               1
  (Nicolet, 1849)
Simosa exspinosa De Geer (1778)              1               1
Simosa serrulata Koch (1841)                 1               0
Simosa vetula Muller (1776)                  0               0
Family Bosminidae
Eubosmina hagmanni Stingelin (1904)          1               1
Family Macrothricidae
Ilyocryptus spinifer Herrick (1884)          1               1
Macrothrix hirsuticornis Norman &            1               0
  Brady (1867)
Macrothrix inflata Daday (1902)              1               0
Macrothrix laticornis                        1               0
  Jurine (1820)
Macrothrix odontocephala                     1               0
  Daday (1902)
Macrothrix palearis                          0               0
  Harding (1955)
Family Chydoridae
Alona affinis Leydig (1860)                  1               0
A. cambouei De Guerne &                      0               0
  Richard, 1893
A. guttata Sars (1862)                       1               0
A. intermedia Sars (1862)                    0               0
A. poppei Richard (1897)                     0               1
A. pulchella King (1853)                     0               1
A. quadrangularis Muller (1776)              0               1
Alonella clathratula Sars (1862)             0               0
A. excisa Fisher (1854)                      0               0
Camptocercus rectirostris                    1               1
  Schoedler (1862)
Chydorus sphaericus Muller (1775)            1               1
Leydigia leydigi Schoedler (1863)            1               1
Paralona nigra Sars (1862)                   1               1
Pleuroxus aduncus Jurine (1820)              1               1
P. scopulifer Ekman (1900)                   1               0
Class Maxillopoda
Subclass Copepoda
Order Calanoida
Family Centropagidae
Boeckella bergi Richard (1897)               1               0
B. brasilensis Lubbock (1855)                0               0
B. brevicaudata Brady (1875)                 0               0
B. calcaris Harding (1955)                   0               0
B. gibbosa Brehm (1935)                      1               1
B. gracilipes Daday (1901)                   1               1
B. gracilis Daday (1902)                     1               1
B. meteoris Kiefer (1928)                    1               0
B. michaelseni Mrazek (1901)                 0               0
B. occidentalis Marsh (1906)                 0               0
B. poopoensis Marsh (1906)                   0               0
B. poppei Mrazek (1901)                      0               0
Parabroteas sarsi Ekman (1905)               0               0
Family Diaptomidae
Tumeodiaptomus diabolicus                    1               1
  Dussart (1979)
Order Cyclopoida
Family Cyclopidae
Acanthocyclops michaelseni                   0               0
  Mrazek (1901)
A. vernalis Fisher (1853)                    0               1
Diacyclops andinus Locascio de
Mitrovich & Menu-Marque (2001)               0               0
Eucyclops ensifer Kiefer (1927)              0               0
E. serrulatus Fisher (1851)                  1               1
Macrocyclops albidus Jurine (1820)           1               1
Mesocyclops araucanus Loffler (1962)         0               1
M. longisetus Thiebaud (1912)                1               0
Metacyclops mendocinus                       1               1
  Wierzejski (1892)
Microcyclops anceps Richard (1897)           1               0
Paracyclops fimbriatus chiltoni              1               1
  Thomson (1882)
Tropocyclops prasinus                        1               1
  meridionales Kiefer (1927)
Class: Malacostraca
Subclass: Peracarida
Order: Amphipoda
Family: Hyalellidae
Hyalella chiloensis Gonzalez &               1               0
  Watling (2001)
H. costera Gonzalez & Watling (2001)         1               1
H. curvispina Schoemaker (1942)              0               0
H. fossamanchini Cavalieri (1959)            0               0
H. franciscae Gonzalez &                     0               0
  Watling (2003)
H. kochi Gonzalez & Watling (2001)           0               0
H. patagonica Cuningham (1871)               1               1
H. simplex Schellenberg (1943)               0               1
Subclass Eucarida
Order: Decapoda
Family: Parastacidae
Samastacus spinifrons                        1               1
  Philippi (1882)
Parastacus pugnax Poeppig (1835)             1               0
P. nicoleti Philippi (1882)                  0               1
Virilastacus araucanius                      1               1
  Faxon (1914)
V. rucapihuelensis Rudolph &                 0               1
  Crandall (2005)
V. retamali Rudolph &                        0               1
  Crandall (2007)
Family: Palaemonidae
Cryphiops caementarius                       1               0
  Molina (1782)
Sub-order: Anomura
Family: Aeglidae
Aegla abtao Schmitt (1942)                   0               1
A. affnis Schmitt (1942)                     1               0
A. alacaluf Jara & Lopez (1981)              0               0
A. araucaniensis Jara (1980)                 0               1
A. bahamondei Jara (1982)                    1               0
A. concepcionensis Schmitt (1942)            1               0
A. cholchol Jara (1999)                      0               1
A. denticulata denticulada                   1               0
  Nicolet (1842)
A. denticulata lacustris Jara (1989)         0               1
A. expansa Jara (1992)                       1               0
A. hueicollensis Jara (1999)                 0               1
A. laevis laevis Schmitt (1942)              1               0
A. laevis talcahuano Schmitt (1942)          1               0
A. manni Jara (1980)                         0               1
A. neuquensis Schmitt (1942)                 0               0
A. occidentalis Jara et al. (2003)           1               1
A. papudo Schmitt (1942)                     1               0
A. pewenchae Jara (1994)                     1               1
A. rostrata Jara (1977)                      0               1
A. spectabilis Jara (1986)                   0               1

                                          Central        Southern
                                         Patagonia       Patagonia
                                       (41[degrees]-   (51[degrees]-
Class Branchiopoda                     51[degrees]S)   55[degrees]S)
Order Anostraca
Family Artemiidae
Artemia franciscana Kellog (1906)            0               0
A. persimilis Piccinelli &                   0               1
  Prosdocimi (1968)
Family Branchinectidae
Branchinecta gaini Daday (1910)              0               1
B. granulosa Daday (1902)                    0               1
B. palustris Biraben (1946)                  0               0
B. papillata Rogers et al. (2008)            0               0
B. valchetana Cohen (1981)                   0               0
B. vuriloche Cohen (1985)                    1               0
Order Cladocera

Family Sididae
Diaphanosoma chivense Daday (1902)           1               0
Latonopsis occidentalis Birge (1891)         0               0
Family Daphnidae
Ceriodaphnia dubia Richard (1894)            1               1
Daphnia ambigua Scourfield (1947)            0               0
D. dadayana Paggi (1999)                     1               1
D. obtusa Kurz (1874)                        0               0
D. peruviana Harding (1955)                  0               0
D. pulex Leydig (1860)                       1               0
Daphniopsis chilensis Hann (1986)            0               0
Moina micrura Kurz, 1874                     0               0
Scapholeberis spinifera                      0               0
  (Nicolet, 1849)
Simosa exspinosa De Geer (1778)              0               0
Simosa serrulata Koch (1841)                 0               0
Simosa vetula Muller (1776)                  0               0
Family Bosminidae
Eubosmina hagmanni Stingelin (1904)          1               1
Family Macrothricidae
Ilyocryptus spinifer Herrick (1884)          1               0
Macrothrix hirsuticornis Norman &            0               0
  Brady (1867)
Macrothrix inflata Daday (1902)              0               0
Macrothrix laticornis                        0               0
  Jurine (1820)
Macrothrix odontocephala                     0               0
  Daday (1902)
Macrothrix palearis                          0               0
  Harding (1955)
Family Chydoridae
Alona affinis Leydig (1860)                  0               0
A. cambouei De Guerne &                      0               0
  Richard, 1893
A. guttata Sars (1862)                       0               0
A. intermedia Sars (1862)                    0               0
A. poppei Richard (1897)                     0               0
A. pulchella King (1853)                     0               0
A. quadrangularis Muller (1776)              0               0
Alonella clathratula Sars (1862)             1               0
A. excisa Fisher (1854)                      1               0
Camptocercus rectirostris                    1               0
  Schoedler (1862)
Chydorus sphaericus Muller (1775)            1               0
Leydigia leydigi Schoedler (1863)            0               0
Paralona nigra Sars (1862)                   0               0
Pleuroxus aduncus Jurine (1820)              0               0
P. scopulifer Ekman (1900)                   0               0
Class Maxillopoda
Subclass Copepoda
Order Calanoida
Family Centropagidae
Boeckella bergi Richard (1897)               0               0
B. brasilensis Lubbock (1855)                1               0
B. brevicaudata Brady (1875)                 1               1
B. calcaris Harding (1955)                   0               0
B. gibbosa Brehm (1935)                      0               0
B. gracilipes Daday (1901)                   1               0
B. gracilis Daday (1902)                     0               0
B. meteoris Kiefer (1928)                    1               0
B. michaelseni Mrazek (1901)                 1               0
B. occidentalis Marsh (1906)                 0               0
B. poopoensis Marsh (1906)                   0               0
B. poppei Mrazek (1901)                      1               1
Parabroteas sarsi Ekman (1905)               1               1
Family Diaptomidae
Tumeodiaptomus diabolicus                    0               0
  Dussart (1979)
Order Cyclopoida
Family Cyclopidae
Acanthocyclops michaelseni                   0               1
  Mrazek (1901)
A. vernalis Fisher (1853)                    0               0
Diacyclops andinus Locascio de
Mitrovich & Menu-Marque (2001)               0               0
Eucyclops ensifer Kiefer (1927)              1               0
E. serrulatus Fisher (1851)                  1               0
Macrocyclops albidus Jurine (1820)           0               0
Mesocyclops araucanus Loffler (1962)         1               0
M. longisetus Thiebaud (1912)                0               0
Metacyclops mendocinus                       0               0
  Wierzejski (1892)
Microcyclops anceps Richard (1897)           0               0
Paracyclops fimbriatus chiltoni              0               0
  Thomson (1882)
Tropocyclops prasinus                        1               0
  meridionales Kiefer (1927)
Class: Malacostraca
Subclass: Peracarida
Order: Amphipoda
Family: Hyalellidae
Hyalella chiloensis Gonzalez &               1               0
  Watling (2001)
H. costera Gonzalez & Watling (2001)         0               0
H. curvispina Schoemaker (1942)              0               1
H. fossamanchini Cavalieri (1959)            0               0
H. franciscae Gonzalez &                     1               1
  Watling (2003)
H. kochi Gonzalez & Watling (2001)           0               0
H. patagonica Cuningham (1871)               1               1
H. simplex Schellenberg (1943)               0               1
Subclass Eucarida
Order: Decapoda
Family: Parastacidae
Samastacus spinifrons                        1               0
  Philippi (1882)
Parastacus pugnax Poeppig (1835)             0               0
P. nicoleti Philippi (1882)                  0               0
Virilastacus araucanius                      0               0
  Faxon (1914)
V. rucapihuelensis Rudolph &                 0               0
  Crandall (2005)
V. retamali Rudolph &                        1               0
  Crandall (2007)
Family: Palaemonidae
Cryphiops caementarius                       0               0
  Molina (1782)
Sub-order: Anomura
Family: Aeglidae
Aegla abtao Schmitt (1942)                   1               0
A. affnis Schmitt (1942)                     0               0
A. alacaluf Jara & Lopez (1981)              1               0
A. araucaniensis Jara (1980)                 1               0
A. bahamondei Jara (1982)                    0               0
A. concepcionensis Schmitt (1942)            0               0
A. cholchol Jara (1999)                      0               0
A. denticulata denticulada                   1               0
  Nicolet (1842)
A. denticulata lacustris Jara (1989)         0               0
A. expansa Jara (1992)                       0               0
A. hueicollensis Jara (1999)                 0               0
A. laevis laevis Schmitt (1942)              0               0
A. laevis talcahuano Schmitt (1942)          0               0
A. manni Jara (1980)                         0               0
A. neuquensis Schmitt (1942)                 1               0
A. occidentalis Jara et al. (2003)           0               0
A. papudo Schmitt (1942)                     0               0
A. pewenchae Jara (1994)                     0               0
A. rostrata Jara (1977)                      0               0
A. spectabilis Jara (1986)                   0               0
COPYRIGHT 2013 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Escuela de Ciencias del Mar
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2013 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:articulo en ingles
Author:De los Rios-Escalante, Patricio; Meruane, Jaime; Cristina Morales, Maria; Rudolph, Erich; Fuentealba
Publication:Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research
Date:Nov 1, 2013
Words:4166
Previous Article:Efecto de la temperatura en la sobrevivencia embrionaria del puye Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, 1842).
Next Article:Rol de la temperatura en el ciclo reproductivo de Thais chocolata (Gastropoda, Muricidae) en Chanavaya, Tarapaca, Chile.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2021 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters |