Your club in dollars and sense: good record-keeping is vital to a club's longevity.
An accounting manual, featuring forms for recording financial data by hand, is offered by the National Association of Investors Corp. in Madison Heights, Michigan. Also available is an NAIC dub accounting software program. Another option is hiring an out side accountant or bookkeeper to maintain the club's books, but keep in mind that the cost for an accountant could run as much as $120 per hour.
Typically, the club's financial secretary or treasurer handles the books. Most clubs elect to use an accountant for tax purposes only, says Walt Clark, Baltimore based vice president of investments at Gruntal & Co. Inc. Clark, who works with the Washington Women's Investment Club, notes that these clubs, like any other entity, have to be aware of tax rules that apply to their members.
You may wonder about the need for complex calculations, since the monthly ante required of each member is the same. First, there may be club members who wish to contribute more than the set amount. Second, you need to adjust the account and record when members withdraw any of their shares or a new member joins the group. Each member's account consists of two parts. the accumulation of cash deposits: and a valuation record of his or her deposits, which includes the sum of profits and losses. The financial partner is ultimately responsible for the books, but all club members should be familiar with the process of record-keeping to protect themselves and the club, advises Thomas E. O'Hara chairman of the NAIC board of trustees. Every member should also be prepared to audit the work of the financial partner or treasurer if asked to do so," he says.
Nearly every regional NAIC Council can provide programs On record-keeping and tax reporting. Moreover, your club might want to have one or more members take bookkeeping courses affiliated with some business organizations or at a local community college.
If you haven't done so already, get a tax identification number (Form SS-4) from your nearest U.S. Treasury office. You will be asked for the officers, names, addresses and Social Security numbers. This tax ID number should be used on all tax filings, and should be given to your broker for the securities your club buys.
The tax return for partnership filings is Form 1065 and each member will have to file a K-1 Form on his or her individual tax returns. A word to the wise@ the IRS could fine each partner for late or incorrect tax returns. There are different rules for taxation and the treatment of investment club withdrawals. Given that the legal structure of most clubs is a partnership, your club will have to calculate and report the profit earned during the year. The club does not have to pay federal income taxes, but must report the overall portfolio results to the IRS, as well as each member's portion of the total account. This applies to income from dividends, interest and capital gains. Club members are personally liable for payment of their share of the club's income. Investment broker Walt Clark notes that the period after Thanksgiving is called tax selling season, because many investment clubs tend to sell stocks that are at a loss in order to off set some of the gains made through out the year and lessen their tax liability." After 31 days, the club can buy back any stock it thinks is poised to perform better, he adds.
Keep in mind that members might be required by state and local law to file state and city income taxes and intangible property tax returns. Some areas allow partnerships to pay taxes as an organization, exempting individual members. It usually costs less to pay such taxes at die dub level rather than individually.
Outside of tax purposes, there's another important reason for keeping track of your club's account. to measure how wen it's doing. As your club grows, you may even decide to broaden your investment choices. It's been 10 years since their first meeting, and the Washington Women's Investment Club (WWIC) is still going strong. Since the original group of 20 professional women banded together, the Washington, D.C., club has grown beyond investing in sheer equities@ it is now tapping into its portfolio, which has an average total return of 20%, to fund other ventures, including local small businesses, real estate and book publish ing. The club's self-published title, How To Start An Investment Club, which costs $20, can be ordered by
"We have become more aggressive through the years," says Eloise Foster, WWIC's vice president. "We've been fortunate to have someone in the dub who is an accountant and can stay on top of things and keep up with the bookkeeping." She attributes WWIC's success to the fact that each member is actively involved, devoting a great deal of time and effort to the club's investment projects.
Next month, in the final installment of this series, BE will offer last minute tips on successfully running your dub over the long haul.
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|Title Annotation:||B.E. Personal Finance: Part 6; Investment Clubs|
|Author:||Brown, Carolyn M.|
|Date:||Mar 1, 1997|
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