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YouTube and the Hmong qeej.

References Cited

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by Catherine Falk, PhD

University of Melbourne, Australia


(2) The abstracts are available at, 379128,en.pdf.




(6) For more on the qeej and Hmong funerals see for example Bertrais 1986 and 1987; Catlin 1982 and 1997; Falk 2004a and 2004b; Lemoine 1972,1979 and 1983; Mareschal 1976; O'Briain 2012; Schworer-Kohl 1981, 1982 and 1991; Symonds 1991; and Tapp 1989a, 1989b and 2008.



(9) Festival of the Miao People.h tml


(11) query=hmong+lusheng&oq=hmong+l usheng&gs l=youtube.3 ... 1074.2897.0.4492. ... 0.0 ... 1 ac.1.11.youtub e.fQfl3fp OV4w. Accessed 4 November 2013. The information can be found in the top right hand corner of the page: "About 1690 results."

(12) query=miao+lusheng&oq=miao+lush eng&gs l=youtube.3..35i39l2j0.67147.69554.0.70804. 6.0 ... 0.0 ... Accessed 4 November 2013. The Internet interest in the lusheng appears to remain strong. I first conducted this particular search on 27 June 2013, when the results were 1290 for "Hmong lusheng" and 1430 for "Miao lusheng."


(14) hmong tshirt the qeej dark- 235181844263683845

(15) and


(17) Accessed 17 June 2013.

(18) See for example


(20) I am grateful to William Lee for his generous assistance in providing translations of the YouTube comments written in White Hmong and for these observations about the clips in general. William Lee is the nephew of the Hmong Australian anthropologist, Gary Lee.

(21) query=+qeej&oq=+qeej&gs l=youtub e.3..35i39l2j0l8.1132568.1133774.0.1134487. ... 0.0 ...

(22) query=hmong+qeej&oq=hmong+qeej &gs l=youtube.3..0l8.59490.63367.0.63798. ... 0. 0 ...

(23) query=hmoob+qeej&oq=hmoob+qeej &gs l=youtube.3..35i39j0j0i5.54115.58784.0.59230. .16.0 ... 0.0 ...

(24) query=+qeej+tu+siav&oq=+qeej+tu+ siav&gs l=youtube.3..35i39.68603.72259.0.72498. 2.0 ... 0.0 ... Pc

(25) Hmong music produced 5,560,000 results while Hmong popular music gave 19,500,000 results. Kwv txhiaj produced 10,200 YouTube results at 29 June 2013.



(28) Even the Spanish comment for this video ("nunca habia escuchado este instruomento, debo decir que me impreciona mucho como suena ," translated as "I had never heard this instrument [before], I must say that I'm very impressed by its sound") is "rather illiterate, with lots of spelling mistakes." I am grateful to my friend and colleague, Argentinian Australian musicologist Dr Melanie Plesch, for this translation and observation (email 20 June 2013).


(30) Accessed 20 June 2013.


(32) Posted description: "Hmong Qeej Played by Chong Toua Yang Hmong-Chinese Cultural Expert Long Song Tchu, Yunnan Province, China Recorded by Chai Vang Jan. 2012." Posted 21 April 2012. Duration 19'12. 1090 views and 4 comments at 9 July 2012.

(33) Posted description:"Qeej." Posted 22 June 2008. Duration 3'20. 29,108 views and 36 responses at 9 July 2012.This video is still popular: at 14 June 2013 there were 31,698 views and 55 comments. Top demographics were Laos, US and Vietnam and top demographics: Female 13-17, male 45-54, Male 35-44. This video was the ninth most frequently viewed when using the search word qeej.

(34) Posted description: "Suab Qeej Hmoob, Ntiv qeej xub rug, qeej taug nyuj neev, Hmoob keeb kwm, Hmong Thai history, documentary [clib]by William Geddes, Australia, University of Sidney [sic]." Posted 30 January 2012. Duration 2'18. 2,205 views and 0 responses at 9 July 2012.

(35) Posted description: " Just a sample of myself blow qeej for everyone. and people please this is not a place for criticism so please keep your comment to yourself but if there any complement im open heart to hear them. and any advice will help also to:D. " Posted 28 September 2011. Duration 4'22. 6.642 views and 29 comments at 12 June 2013.

(36) Posted description: "Tub Ntxhais Hmoob Seev Txuj Ci Qeej. Hmong Lusheng Dance from China." Posted 11 September 2011. Duration 2'49". 10,115 views and 43 responses at 9 July 2012.

(37) Posted description: none. Posted 15 June 2011.Duration 14'39. 1105 views and 7 responses at 9 July 2012.

(38) Posted description: ""Recorded on November 09, 2008 using a Flip Video camcorder." Posted 9 November 2008. Duration 2'53. 12,286 views and 30 responses at 9 July 2012.

(39) Posted description: none. Posted 6 April 2009 Duration 7'07. 31,376 views and 33 responses at 9 July 2012.

(40) Posted description: "Side-comb Miao performing lusheng (qeej) dance." Posted 12 February 2008. Duration 8'34. 11,964 views and 45 responses at 9 July 2012.

(41) Posted description: "This DVD displays Boua Long Vue playing the Hmong cultural instrument, the "Qeej". He takes you to villages and scenes where Hmong villages and refugee camps used to be. This DVD is now available from Apple Video Production." Posted 24 December 2009. Duration 2'11. 16.106 views and 21 responses at 9 July 2012.

(42) -rfBSX3wlU Posted description: "It was at church chestnut!!! ... and they were good ... good job SHTC." Posted 21 October 2011. Duration 2'02. 203 views and 1 response at 9 July 2012.

(43) Posted description: "This is part two of the Mr. HSP, Sting Yang, talent. The qeej couldn't be heard because it didn't have the mics on it but please enjoy the dancing." Posted 27 November 2011. Duration 2'45. 2,315 views and 13 responses.

(44) Posted description: "JUST WATCH AND ENJOY TENG, MEXALTXU, ARANTOU, JOHNNY, KOOBMEEJ." Posted 26 August 2009. Duration 6'28. 4692 views and 30 responses at 9 July 2012.

(45) Posted description: "Tsis zoo los lam mloog. Ua tsaug. Thanks." Posted 5 December 2009. Duration 5'46. 27,935 views and 103 comments at June 20, 2013.

(46) Posted description: "@ Baan Chedi-Khoe, Maesod,Tak, Thailand." Posted 26 October 2011. Duration 8'09. 1132 views and 13 responses at 30 March 2013.

(47) Posted description: "Bee Yang discuss the difference between Zaj Tshoob and Txiv Xaiv." Posted 23 September 2008. Duration 6'40. 15,298 views and 26 responses at 10 August 2012.

(48) Posted description: "Jou Pao Xiong--Tshuv qeej tw luav nyob rua Merced, CA." Posted 11 November 2009Duration 1'43. 8621 views and 18 comments at 10 August 2012.

(49) Posted description: "This video clip is good proof that despite hundreds of years and thousands of miles of separation, our (Hmong people) funeral practices (kev pam tuag) remains unchanged." Posted 15 October 2007. Duration 3'35. 22,573 views and 44 responses at 10 August 2012.

(50) Posted description: none. Posted 9 June 2008. Duration 9'35".. 6832 views, all comments disabled at 10 August 2012.

(51) Posted description: "We put this video up in memory of Nais Koos Xeev Ntxawg Xyooj and Nchaiv Phaj Hawj. Xyuas xau rua huv nteeg plig. Ob tug yog tuabneeg muaj zoo txuj ci nyob tawm huv lub nroog Moos Pheeb, tebchaws Nplog tuaj. Peb suavdlawg saib ua koob moov tsaam 100 xyoo tom ntej nuav moog tes peb cov txuj ci poob taag lawm. This took place in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1992. Recorded by Lang Her. Edited by Austin Chimeng Her." Posted 19 December 2012. Duration 2'51. 521 views and 2 responses at 26 March 2013.

(52) The funeral of General Vang Pao in San Francisco in January 2011 generated 2520 YouTube entries, many of which contain some qeej playing.

(53) I am grateful to an anonymous reviewer for suggesting this area of future enquiry.

Catherine Falk is Professor and Head of Ethnomusicology at the University of Melbourne, Australia. She commenced research with the Hmong community in Melbourne in 1990. She has written about the Hmong funeral ritual and the qeej in Tirra Lirra, British Journal of Ethnomusicology, Journal of Asian Music, Hmong Studies Journal and Asian Folklore Studies. She was Dean of the Faculty of Music at the University of Melbourne 2006-2009.
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Title Annotation:p. 31-64
Author:Falk, Catherine
Publication:Hmong Studies Journal
Article Type:Bibliography
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2013
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