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Yenangla Water catchment Rehabilitation and Forest Fire Management, Bartsham, Trashigang.

Project Number: BHU/COMDEKS/2013/02

Country: Bhutan

Area Of Work: International Waters

Operational Phase: Phase 5

Grant Amount: US$ 31,250.00

Start Date: 12/2013

End Date: 12/2015

Status: Currently under execution

Project Description: Yenangla is only a water source area for the Bartsham Gewog located at the distance of 10km away from Gewog Administration Office. It takes more than 5 hours to reach the site from the road point. Almost all the households and all the institution such as Lhakhangs, Schools and BHU-I depend on that particular forest for drinking water and irrigation water. Yenangla, the forest area under the Bartsham Gewog serve two gewogs Bartsham and Bidung with drinking water from the top of the area and irrigation water from the bottom. This particular water source benefits three most important institutions namely, Chador Lhakhang Dratshang, Bartsham Middle Secondary School and BHU-1 yet to be started. Moreover, Mukhar village 20 km away from the Yenangla depends upon that particular forest for drinking water due to scarcity of water source nearby.

Inside Yenangla Forest itself there are five different water sources, where all of them are utilized by the institution and the villages of Bartsham and Bidung Gewog. Even than during the dry season this water source is insufficient to support the livelihood of the dependents. As per the individual institution record and the gewog administration record there are in total of 518 heads excluding the staffs of BHU-I , who depends on that particular forest for water source.

Due to the insufficient water flow from the water source during the dry season troubles the dependents as those dependent have no other alternative drinking water source. Moreover, almost all the farmers (222 household) under the Gewog at present depends on the paddy cultivation for daily life, for that during the summer season they depend on this forest for supply of irrigation water to irrigate their paddy field. For that volume of water produce by that forest is also insufficient to irrigate thousands of acres of paddy field under the Gewog, so the farmers has to wait for the other alternative water source, i.e. rain water which is not that certain. If the volume of rainfall and irrigation water is not enough, than paddy land has to be left fallow (uncultivated) for that year.

Till now no such activities are carried out for the prevention of the water source area and problem of insufficient of water was faced by all the residents annually.

The objective is to promote Land Degradation and Sustainable Forest Management as a deliberate means water source protection to secure livelihoods through supply of clean sufficient drinking water and irrigation water. Other specific objectives are:

To rehabilitate critical water sources and barren areas at the top of water source.

To build institutional capacity of the farmers

Grantee: Yenangla Water Catchment Protection Group

Organisation Mis

country :Bhutan

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Publication:Mena Report
Geographic Code:9BHUT
Date:Apr 7, 2014
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