Worthy words saluted in language evolution; Around 1,000 new words have been added to OxfordDictionaries.com - Cathy Owen takes a look at some of the new entries.
WHAT links the words bants, manspreading and beer o'clock? The answer is that they are all new words that have been included in the Oxford Dictionary this year.
Around 1,000 new words have been added to OxfordDictionaries.com in its latest quarterly update, which reveals current trends in the usage of language.
New entries include manspreading, when a man sits with his legs wide apart on public transport encroaching on other seats, bants, short for banter, and NBD, an abbreviation of no big deal.
Beer and wine o'clock, describing the appropriate time of day to start drinking the respective alcoholic beverages, and brain fart, a temporary lapse or failure to reason correctly, have also been added to the free online dictionary.
Hangry, an adjective used to show feelings of anger or irritability as a result of hunger, is another new entry. The word has seen its usage increase since 2012, with a big spike in April 2014 connected to an American study about low glucose levels making people cross, according to Oxford Dictionary's languagemonitoring service.
Topical news terms have soared in popular usage. Grexit and Brexit, referring to the potential departure of the UK and Greece from the EU, and deradicalization, the action of causing a person with extreme views to adopt more moderate ones, are also included in the update.
Other new additions include bruh, describing a male friend, pocket dial, meaning to accidentally call someone while your phone is in a pocket, and mkay, representing the informal pronunciation of OK.
New words, senses, and phrases are added to OxfordDictionaries.com once editors have gathered enough independent evidence from a range of sources to be confident that they have widespread currency in English, but do not gain an entry into the Oxford English Dictionary unless continued historical use can be shown.
Fiona McPherson, senior editor of Oxford Dictionaries, said the addition of multiple slang words did not represent a dumbing down of English, but showed "creative" use of language.
She said: "There's always been new slang words.
"I just think we are more aware of them because of the ways in which we consume and live our lives now.
"We are bombarded with more and more avenues where those sort of words are used and we just think that there are more of them. I don't necessarily think that's the case.
"From my point of view, as a leixcographer, it's not really about dumbing down, it's more creative ways that people are using language."
... AND HERE ARE SOME OF THE FINEST Here is a list of some of the most interesting new entries and their meanings.
awesomesauce, adj.: (US informal) extremely good; excellent bants (also bantz), pl. n.: (Brit. informal) playfully teasing or mocking remarks exchanged with another person or group; banter beer o'clock, n: an appropriate time of day for starting to drink beer brain fart, n.: (informal) a temporary mental lapse or failure to reason correctly Brexit, n.: a term for the potential or hypothetical departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union bruh, n: (US informal) a male friend (often used as a form of address) cakeage, n.: (informal) a charge made by a restaurant for serving a cake they have not supplied themselves cupcakery, n.: a bakery that specialises in cupcakes fat-shame, v.: cause (someone judged to be fat or overweight) to feel humiliated by making mocking or critical comments about their size Grexit, n.: a term for the potential withdrawal of Greece from the eurozone (the economic region formed by those countries in the European Union that use the euro as their national currency) hangry, adj.: (informal) bad-tempered or irritable as a result of hunger manspreading, n.: the practice whereby a man, especially one travelling on public transport, adopts a sitting position with his legs wide apart, in such a way as to encroach on an adjacent seat or seats pocket dial, v.: inadvertently call (someone) on a mobile phone in one's pocket, as a result of pressure being accidentally applied to a button or buttons on the phone snackable, adj.: (of online content) designed to be read, viewed, or otherwise engaged with briefly and easily weak sauce, n.: (US informal) something that is of a poor or disappointing standard or quality
'New' words that have proved popular and enduring are now being included in the Oxford Dictionary as the English language grows <B