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Work begins to preserve Buddhist era site at DG Khan.

MULTAN -- The work of excavating land has been started to lay foundation for construction of a boundary wall around an ancient site from Buddhist period, Mound Dillu Roy, in Dera Ghazi Khan under amount of Rs 17.323 million project.

About 6,400 feet long boundary wall would be built around the site after the foundation is laid, an official of Punjab archaeology department said here on Tuesday.

Officials would buy a metal detector to be used by the archaeologists to select points for exploration to discover antiquities and traces of ancient civilization, he added.

The site is located exactly on the border line of Rajanpur and Dera Ghazi Khan districts and a sum of Rs 10 million has already been released to carry out work during fiscal year 2017-18. The construction of boundary wall and excavation for archaeological exploration would be carried out simultaneously during the two-year project.

SDO and Incharge Archaeology department Multan, Ghulam Mohammad told reporter that the site was notified as protected in Feb 1964. A study carried out on the site and ancient objects found from there, revealed that it was occupied by the Buddhists in the Scytho-Parthian period dating back to the 1st century BC to 2nd century AC.

The major part of around 480 kanal site falls in Dera Ghazi Khan and only three Kanal in tehsil Jampur of district Rajanpur. It lies 2.5 miles north west of tehsil Jampur and consists of two mounds, roughly 100-150 feet apart. The larger one measuring 1460x800x15 feet marks the site of the city and the smaller one about 380 feet North-South, 950 feet East-West has been identified as the remains of a fort.

Both the mounds have been dug by the local farmers and have thus exposed the plan of houses and streets. The mud brick walls have escaped complete destruction. Some of the walls with traces of mud plaster stand as high as 12 feet. At certain places, complete plan of rooms is traceable which varies from 5x5 feet to 15-10 feet. The study of the deep trenches dug by farmers has revealed two building period of the city.

The site would be excavated for the first time ever in decades to find more traces of ancient civilization from the old times, the official said.

The surface finds from Dillu Roy included a wide range of pottery, painted stamps, incised and sherds with applique' decoration.

A few pottery moulds with flower and leaf motifs have also been recovered. Other finds included sling balls, dabbers, oil lamps, spoon handles, terracotta wheels and animal figurines.

The specimens of bottle-necked sprinkles with curved flange and conical knob at the top are quite similar in all respects to the types recovered from the Scytho-Parthian levels of Banbhore, Taxila and Pitalkora (India) and they may be dated to 1st century BC to 2nd century AC.

The moulding representation of acanthus foliage, lotus petals and sunflowers carved in the most naturalistic style and burnt bricks decorated with flower and geometrical designs are all the characteristic representation of Buddhist culture.

Moreover, a terracotta object having circular umbrellas seems to represent a miniature Stupa.

A fragment of a plaque of red sand depicting a lady with high head dress and wearing ear-rings and a sculpture in white limestone appears to be of a 'Buddhisattva' wearing 'Dhoti' and holding a 'kamandali'.

All these articles found from Mound Dillu Roy have been kept at the store of Harappa museum.
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Publication:Balochistan Times (Baluchistan Province, Pakistan)
Date:Nov 22, 2017
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