Work Smarter, Not Harder.
What if someone could design a program that could do all this and show you how to teach to higher level thinking skills--with less paperwork than you now have?
Not so long ago, I dreamed of this situation, but I didn't know how to achieve it. I looked for someone to help me. But no one was telling me exactly how, and everything I thought of just put more work on my already-full plate. I kept working harder and harder, until my health began to suffer. Some of you may be experiencing the same things: headaches, frequent colds, body aches or waking up in the middle of the night going "What can I do, What can I do?" Finally, I came to a difficult decision--manage my school day better or leave teaching.
I did not want to leave teaching, but I decided to step out of the teaching world and research business management techniques. After all, I thought, teachers manage people, we make presentations every day, we need to know how to handle difficult people, we have multiple projects, and we have deadlines. Maybe some ideas from the business sector could be modified to create more efficient and effective use of my time at work! I combined my B.A., my M.Ed. and more than 100 additional college credits with my 29 years of experience in both elementary and secondary classrooms along with my business world research to develop new ways of effectively and efficiently managing the classroom.
I developed a model to provide specific techniques addressing the questions so many teachers face. My ideas are not specific lesson plans, but rather management techniques one can use every day to reduce stress and fatigue, while producing more responsible students who are creating higher quality work.
A phrase I learned from a business management course kept ringing in my ears: "Do the best job you can in the time that you have." It has been my experience that teachers do not have a problem with the first part of this sentence. We are doing the best job we can! Where we have trouble is the second part, "in the time that you have." If we are not satisfied with our quality, we rob from our sleep time and come in early, then we rob from our private time and stay late. Sometimes that's not enough, so we take work home during the week. Next thing we know, the work is coming home on the weekend, too. I want to share with you, we can do a quality job without coming in early, staying late and sacrificing our private time. It can be done by changing the way we "do business" in our classroom. Classroom management skills are very teachable, but are seldom taught in a specific "take-back-to-your-classroom and use tomorrow" form.
1. Stereo, not mono
There's a radio station everyone likes to listen to: WIIFM, or What's In It For Me? I've found that many teachers play station WIIFM exclusively in mono, thinking about only what's good for kids. The obvious answer to that question frequently involves more work for the teacher. I will show you a few of the ways to play WIIFM in stereo, meaning what's good for kids and teachers. It takes a shift in the way we think about instruction, and an increased focus on the purpose of our lessons. However, I guarantee you will feel less stress, and there will be an improvement in the quality of student work. It's OK to think of yourself, as well as the students, because where there is less stress, creativity can flourish, and that's good for kids!
2. Set the stage to start class on time
Play music before class starts. Find some calming music you enjoy, and play it during between-class breaks. The purpose of the music is to help the students transcend from the hub-bub of the hallways to the environment for learning. The students like this idea. I even had one student come in and say, "Mrs. LaBelle, coming into your classroom is like coming into a nice restaurant!" Now, I don't know about your classroom, but it takes a lot of visual imagination to think of my classroom as a nice restaurant! But the music is that powerful in setting the scene for learning.
Another suggestion about the music idea: Buy as large a boom box as you can afford--big radios do not fit in book bags!
3. Start class on time
If we want the students to value the start time, we must value the start time. The students know that no matter what we may SAY, it is what we spend time on that we really value. I have a big clock with a large, red second hand at the front of my room. I purchased it at a local store for about $15. When it is one minute before class starts, I make a big show of looking at the clock and saying, "Class begins in one minute." I explained during the first day of class how this countdown is a service to students: They know how much time they have to finish their conversations and be ready to begin a lesson. At 30 seconds, I announce, "Class begins in 30 seconds." I make the same type of announcement at 20, 10, 5 seconds. At 10 seconds, I turn off the radio, to provide an auditory clue. When the second hand reaches 12, I announce "class is starting." Then, the overhead is switched on. Projected from the overhead is a message that shows the date, an early work question and the schedule for the day. These auditory and visual clues help all students know when class has started; it keeps me focused too. Soon, all students know, if they walk in my class, and the radio is off and the overhead is on--they are tardy. This eliminates the loud, "Am I tardy?" question that can interrupt a class.
4. Help, but do not enable
I want you to consider "responsibility-moving-over-manship." Engineer the classroom to help the student be responsible. For example, a student comes to class without a pencil. The first person he turns to is the teacher. If we are not careful, we give the student a pencil, forget to get it back, then the next class or two later--guess what--the same student comes to class without a pencil. Responsibility-moving-over-manship involves helping the student get a pencil, but not from you. Tell the student you do not loan pencils, but you will facilitate getting a pencil. I explain to my students that if one were working as a mechanic and forgot to bring the tools to work, the last person the mechanic would ask for tools is the manager. At work, people ask their peers to help out. After all, it is never to one's advantage to let the manager know they came to work unprepared. Then I ask the class if anyone can loan a pencil. Believe me, the same student who has no problem asking you for a pencil several times a semester, really does not like asking fellow classmates. We want to help students become independent, we do not want to enable their dependence on us. The way to tell if we are helping or enabling is to ask ourselves, are my actions helping the student become more independent in the long run or simply continuing their dependency on me?
5. Make things easier on your students--and yourself
Go to the thrift store and buy a small, brightly colored plastic bowl. Put the bowl at the front of the room. When students have an admit slip, or any other paper that needs your signature, they put the paper in the bowl at the start of class. After you sign the slip, put it back in the bowl. That way, you are not searching for that admit slip, buried under other papers--and the student also knows where to look after the class ends. Remember, if you take the paper, who's responsible? If the bowl takes the paper, first, it does not disappear on your desk, and second, if the student forgets to get their slip, you do not have to stop the next class lesson to search on your desk for the paper. The student quietly comes in, gets what they need from the bowl and leaves. Part of reducing our stress is engineering our classrooms so students are more responsible, and that frees up more time for us to do the teacher business at school and not take it home.
6. Buy a large, plastic storage tub
They come in many colors, and the bottom measures about 9x12 (just the right size for papers to fit). Place the tub near the front of the room and make it the turn-in box. All papers go in the turn-in box. With responsibility-moving-over-manship, if you collect the papers and a paper is not picked up, who's responsible? If the papers are to be turned in to a box, and some are not turned in, who's responsible? Keep the box in the same place all year long.
Remember, the students have several other teachers, each with their own method of collecting papers. A consistent turn-in spot will eliminate the requirement of always having to instruct students where or how to turn in papers. One more thing, I put a teddy bear next to the turn in box. Yup, a teddy bear. It seems that students sometimes do not hear, "Put your papers in the green tub" but they always hear, "Put your papers in the green tub by the teddy bear." I don't know exactly why, but it works!
7. Share the daily schedule with students
It is amazing how many students think we just wing it each day. They think we can walk into a classroom and think, "Oh, today I think I'll doooo...." If we share with students what the expectations are for the day, they know we have a certain number of activities to do during that class period. Of course, I always schedule a little more than I suspect we can cover. That way we never have too much time, and I get a jump start on the next day's lesson! During staff meetings, isn't it nice to see an agenda? It is the same for our students. It lets them know there is a plan and purpose for our classroom meeting. If you are not already doing this, I highly recommend the skeleton schedule!
Here's a statement that helped change the way I think about teaching: "The student is not the product. The learning is the product, and the teacher and the students should work together to produce the best quality product they can." This quote shifts the focus away from improving the student, to working together to improve the learning. Let's face it, nobody likes to be worked on, but everyone likes to be worked with, respected for their input and valued for what they can contribute.
Sandy LaBelle lives in a suburb of Seattle, Wash. She has taught workshops and seminars for the last several years, including her appearances before standing-room-only crowds at the 1999 ACTE national convention in Orlando, and the 2000 National Principals' convention in San Antonio. Mrs. LaBelle has also co-produced an audio tape with nationally known speaker, Sherryl Gunnels-Perry. Mrs. LaBelle can be reached by calling 253-630-2907, or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Her Web site is www.teachingsmarter.net.
Sandy LaBelle is a part-time teacher who tours the country helping other teachers discover ways to improve their days. She wrote this article for Techniques using some of the practical and easy tips from her recent book, Teaching Smarter.
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|Title Annotation:||how teachers can reduce job stress|
|Date:||Sep 1, 2000|
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