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Word-retrieval treatment in aphasia: effects of sentence context.

We evaluated a sentence-based procedure for improving word retrieval in two poststroke individuals with contrasting forms of aphasia. Treatment incorporated sentence production in which we removed target words, requiring participants to spontaneously retrieve them. Following sentence-based word-retrieval training, both participants demonstrated positive effects of treatment. This training led to improvements in word-retrieval measures during spontaneous sentence generation. These changes were greater following noun training than verb training. Changes were greater in sentence production than in picture naming for one of the participants, suggesting that sentence-embedded word-retrieval training addresses the word retrieval for nouns and verbs more effectively. These preliminary findings suggest word-retrieval training completed within a sentence context may be a good method for improving word-retrieval abilities in some individuals with aphasia.

Anastasia Raymer, PhD; Francine Kohen, MS
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Title Annotation:JRRD At a Glance
Author:Raymer, Anastasia; Kohen, Francine
Publication:Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:May 1, 2006
Words:128
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