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Who Goes on to College? The Four Lowest Socioeconomic Clusters Advanced Very Little.

As noted, only a third of 17-year-olds each year from 2002 to 2008 began college studies within eight years of graduating high school. Who are these students?

The education gaps between socioeconomic strata remain sizable. Among Jewish students in the lowest socioeconomic clusters (1-4), only 22.1% continued on to higher education in 2000, and this barely increased to 23.6% in 2008 (a rise of just 7%). Meanwhile, the proportion of students in the highest clusters (8-10) who continued their academic studies rose from 45.3% in 2000 to 53.1% in 2008 -- an improvement of 17%. The four middle class clusters saw a 14% improvement. Data about the division into clusters of Arab students are not systematic, and therefore not included here.

The differences in scholastic achievement should not be surprising: They are well known from the results of the international exams and the Effectiveness and Growth Measures Scale (GEMS) used in Israel. Indeed, research conducted by CBS reveals that one can predict the gaps in the percentage of those continuing on to college based on the GEMS given in 8th grade. (47)

Jewish Students: High School Graduates 2000-2008
Enrolled in Higher Education within 8 Years of High School Graduation,
2008-2016
In percentages by socioeconomic cluster

  Year of    8 years from  Clusters  Clusters  Clusters
high school   graduation
graduation                   1-4     5-7       8-10

   2000          2008        22.1    33.8      45.3
   2001          2009        22.1    34.5      45.7
   2002          2010        23.6    34.9      47.6
   2003          2011        24.5    35.3      48.0
   2004          2012        25.1    38.5      50.7
   2005          2013        25.1    39.5      52.5
   2006          2014        25.2    39.0      53.9
   2007          2015        23.8    39.3      52.4
   2008          2016        23.6    38.5      53.1

Source: CBS, Statistical Abstract of Israel, various years.
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Title Annotation:WAGES
Publication:Israel: A Social Report
Date:Jan 1, 2018
Words:303
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