# Where do American Indians live?

About half of the country's 4.1 million American Indians live on reservations. The other half are scattered throughout the United States--many in large cities.

This map shows American Indian reservations (in red). It also shows those U.S. cities with the largest number of American Indians.

Population figures for American Indians also include Alaska Natives. Today, American Indians own just 2 percent of the land that was once theirs.

You can learn a lot from this map, including these basic map skills:

* Compass direction. The map's compass rose shows the four cardinal directions--north (N), south (S), east (E), and west (W). It also shows the four intermediate directions--northeast (NE), southeast (SE), southwest (SW), and northwest (NW). These are convenient ways to indicate direction.

Example: Using the compass rose, you can see that the Ute reservation in Colorado is located northwest of Albuquerque, New Mexico.

* Scale of miles. The scale tells you what any distance on the large map equals on the Earth's surface.

Example: Minneapolis, Minnesota, is 400 miles from Chicago, Illinois. Find this distance by marking the location of Chicago and Minneapolis on the edge of a piece of paper. Then compare that measurement with the map's scale of miles.

Study the map, and then answer the following questions.

QUESTIONS

1. What is the largest American Indian reservation?

2. Which U.S. city has the largest American Indian population?

3. Which named reservation is the farthest southeast?

4. Suppose you were on the Nez Perce reservation in Idaho. In which direction would you travel to reach the Blackfeet reservation in Montana?

5. About how many miles is Oklahoma City from Tulsa?

6. How many reservations are located in Alaska?

7. In which state(s) would you be most likely to find Apache Indians?

8. Are more reservations located in the northern, southern, eastern, or western half of the contiguous U.S.?

9. What would you need to measure distance on the map of Alaska?

10. Which American Indian reservation is located within the Navajo reservation?

1. Navajo

2. New York City

3. Seminole

4. northeast

6. one

7. Arizona and New Mexico

8. western half

9. a scale of miles for the Alaska map

10. Hopi