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When your child goes to school after an injury.

Glossary of Words used in Special Education

* Advocate -- A person, often a professional or trained parent, wjhose primary responsibility is to defend and speak for the best interests of your child.

* Assessment -- An observation and/or tests designed to determine your child's abilities in specific areas.

* Due Process -- Each state and local school district has written descriptiuons of how parents can question and appeal the recommendations, placement and education of their child, and tell who is to contact. They describe the rights and responsibilities of the school and parents and give specific steps and timeframes for questions and response by both parents and schools.

* Educational Objectives -- Accomplishments or tasks set for your child's education. They m,ust be written so that progress can be measured.

* Evaluation -- A summary of your child's educational needs that includes strengths and weaknesses identified by the


* Evaluation Team -- A group of people working together to working together to evaluate and identify your child's educational needs. This team has many names among the states and is often referred to by their initials. Examples are the P.E.T., for the pupil evaluation team, or P.P.T., for pupil placement team. The abbreviations and names can be very confusing to parents aqnd to "outsiders" such as medical people not usually involved in special education.

You are a very important member of this team. It may also include a teacher social worker, psychologist, nurse and/or other professionals in education and health care. A team leader or chairperson will be appointed. This person is responsible for co-ordinating all activities of the team and for leading the meetings.

* Independent Evaluation -- Similar to the evaluation done by the school, but given by a trained person or team employed outside the school system. You may request an independent evaluation at the expense of the school system, if you are not satisfied with that done by the school. The independent evaluation must be considered in planning for your child's educational needs.

* Individualized Education Plan (IEP) -- The plan designed by the evaluation team explaining your child's special needs and how the team plans to meet those needs.

* Least Restrictive Environment -- Children with disabilities must be educated with able bodied children whenever possible and not separated only because of their disability. Sometimes lhowever, a separate or specialized school may be recommended because of the child's individual needs and may give a child more options and services than the public school.

* Nondiscrimminatory Testing and Classification -- The methods used to evaluate your child must be suited to your child's condition. Testing should be done by professionals who understand the nature and unique aspects of your child's injury. For example, a child who writes very slowly because of difficulty holding a pencil due to a muscle or nerve problem in the hands cannot be expected to take a written test in the same time period as a child with total hand use.

* Referral -- A facility, person or service which may be suggested for your child.

* Screening -- A brief series of activities designed to find out if a complete eveluation is necessry for your child.

* Zero Reject -- No child between ages 3 and 21 years can be denied a free and appropriate education because of a disability.
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No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1993 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
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Author:Lash, Marilyn
Publication:The Exceptional Parent
Article Type:Excerpt
Date:Sep 1, 1993
Previous Article:Future goals: application of the Goals 2000: Education America Act to individuals with disabilities.
Next Article:Parent-teacher cooperation: a shared responsibility.

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