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What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "Expanding College Opportunities for High-Achieving, Low Income Students".

ERIC Descriptors: High School Seniors; High Achievement; Economically Disadvantaged; Access to Education; College Applicants; Guidance; Student Costs; Access to Information; Intervention; Educational Research; Program Effectiveness; College Admission; Enrollment

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This study examined the effects of providing low-income, high-achieving high school seniors with college application guidance and information about the costs of college. The "application guidance" included information about deadlines and requirements for college applications at nearby institutions, at the state's flagship institution, and at in- and out-of-state selective colleges. The study reported that the intervention increased the percentage of students who: (a) applied to a selective institution (from 55% to 67%), (b) were admitted to a selective institution (from 30% to 39%), and (c) enrolled in a selective institution (from 29% to 34%). Students in the intervention group also completed more admissions applications, and were admitted to more colleges, than students in the comparison group. All of these differences were statistically significant. The study is a randomized controlled trial. As such it could potentially "meet What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards without reservations." However, there was attrition in the overall study sample, and more information is needed to determine whether attrition rates were similar in the intervention and comparison groups. A more thorough review (forthcoming) will explore this issue further and will determine the final study rating. [The following study is reviewed in this "Quick Review": Hoxby, C., & Turner, S. (2013). "Expanding college opportunities for high-achieving, low income students." Stanford, CA: Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.]

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Article Details
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Publication:ERIC: Reports
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Apr 1, 2013
Words:328
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