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WHOsounds alarm on drug resistance.

DRUG resistance due to irrational use of antibiotics is causing a grave concern world over. The World Health Organisation's (WHO) first global report on antibiotic resistance has revealed serious threat to public health.

The report focusing on antimicrobial resistance, including antibiotic resistance, has said that serious threat is no longer a prediction for the future, it is happening in every region of the world.

The report, ' Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance' has revealed antibiotic resistance is apparent in seven different bacteria responsible for common, serious diseases such as bloodstream infections (sepsis), diarrhoea, pneumonia, urinary tract infections and gonorrhoea.

The results are cause for high concern, documenting resistance to antibiotics, especially " last resort" antibiotics, in all regions of the world.

Antibiotic resistance causes people to remain ill for a

a longer period of time.

WHO has compiled the report taking data from 114 countries, including India.

According to the report, resistance to the treatment of last resort for life- threatening infections caused by a common intestinal bacteria, Klebsiella pneumonia -- carbapenem antibiotics -- has spread to the entire world. K. pneumoniae is a major cause of hospitalacquired infections such as pneumonia, bloodstream infections, infections in newborns and intensive- care unit patients. The report has further said that resistance to one of the most widely used antibacterial medicines for the treatment of urinary tract infections caused by E. Coli -- fluoroquinolones -- is widespread.

Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, WHO Regional Director for South- East Asia, has identified drug resistance as a priority area of WHO's work in the region. The report has shown a major concern regarding enormous number of tuberculosis cases in India. " Around 84,000 cases of Multi Drug Resistant (MDR)- TB were notified to WHO in 2012. A study done by Department of Pharmacology, V. P. Chest Institute and Essential Drugs and Other Medicines department of WHO, Delhi analysed the use of antibiotics in patients of respiratory tract infections.

Dr Keiji Fukuda, WHO's Assistant Director- General for Health Security said, " Without coordinated action by many stakeholders, the world is headed for a postantibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries which have been treatable for decades can once again kill." WHO's report on antibiotic resistance has revealed serious threat to public health

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Publication:Mail Today (New Delhi, India)
Date:May 29, 2014
Words:386
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