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WHAT IS PKU? / Phenylketonuria.

WHAT IS PKU? | Phenylketonuria (PKU) |is a rare genetic condition that is present from birth. The body is unable to break down a substance called phenylalanine, which builds up in the blood and brain.

Phenylalanine is an |amino acid, which is found in high-protein foods such as meat, fish, eggs and cheese.

High levels of |phenylalanine can damage the brain. PKU is treated with a special low-protein diet, which reduces the levels of phenylalanine in the body and prevents brain damage.

PKU does not usually |cause any symptoms if treatment is started early - but if it isn't treated, damage to the brain and nervous system can lead to learning disabilities, behavioural difficulties.

PKU is rare - it is |estimated to affect just one in every 10,000 babies born in the UK.

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Publication:Sunday Mercury (Birmingham, England)
Date:Nov 2, 2014
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