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Voles appreciate the value of good grooming.

Grooming can serve important purposes beyond cleanliness. The man who pulls out his comb and slicks back his hair when a good-looking woman strolls by and the woman who files her perfect nails while pretending to ignore a hunk are sending a clear message. Meadow voles, small polygamous rodents, may play the same game, a series of new experiments suggests. They groom to maintain their coats, of course, but the behavior also appears to help males and females communicate with each other, assert Michael H. Ferkin of the University of Memphis (Tenn.) and his colleagues.

A meadow vole produces different odors from various parts of its body. In the dim, winding tunnels they call home, the animals rely on these smells for numerous tasks, such as discerning family members from newcomers or identifying mates. Earlier studies hinted that self-grooming may play a part in this silent communication system. The monogamous prairie vole, for example, grooms more around his mate than around other females.

Ferkin and his colleagues examined how meadow voles respond to a whiff of the opposite sex. The researchers moved bedding from other voles' cages into their subjects' cages. In response to the material, which smelled like the original user, all of the test animals groomed for a few seconds. Males, however, when exposed to females' bedding, continued grooming for about 23 seconds, the researchers report in the April Animal Behaviour. During grooming, a vole rubs areas of its body that produce odors, so the males may be trying to enhance or amplify their smell to attract the attention of females, the authors speculate.

The investigators then tried to find out what in the females' scent induced grooming behavior in males. They removed the ovaries from another group of meadow voles. Bedding from these females triggered only brief grooming in males. When the scientists supplied the females with a hormone that their ovaries would have produced, males groomed longer, as they did in response to intact females.

The scientists also found that none of the males groomed in response to the scent of females whose physiology, in response to limited exposure to daylight, was set for winter instead of the mating season.

'Odors from females that stimulate self-grooming by males are dependent on ovarian hormones,' the team concludes. The authors also examined how females responded to a scented, oily substance taken from males. The females spent less time sniffing the odor of males that had groomed only briefly than those that had spent more time at it.

The series of studies by Ferkin's group provides further evidence that grooming may enhance communication, says Lee C. Drickamer of Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. To find out whether the behavior ranks as a form of communication, scientists need to observe how animals respond when in the presence of another animal grooming, he asserts.
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Title Annotation:self-grooming plays role in vole communication system
Author:Adler, Tina
Publication:Science News
Article Type:Brief Article
Date:Apr 20, 1996
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