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Viticulture--traditional branch: Viticulture in Macedonia is one of the traditional agricultural branches. The climate and the soil are convenient for growing and production of quality grapes and wine.

Being the meeting point of the continental and Mediterranean climate with over 270 sunny days, Macedonia is a place where viticulture will continue to be one of the leading agricultural branches. Vineyards stretch over a surface of around 25,000 hectares. However, in spite of Macedonia's convenient climatic conditions, in recent years a decrease in the land on which grapes are grown has been noticed. In 1990 Macedonia had vineyards of 40,000 hectares but they have dramatically decreased since.

According to statistics, table and wine grapes were grown on 26,530 hectares in 2000, 27,111 hectares in 2001, 26,194 hectares in 2002, 25,692 hectares in 2003, 24,777 hectares in 2004, and 25,044 hectares in 2005.

The average annual production of grapes is around 230,000 tons and it varies depending on the year. The average production totalled 264,256 tons in 2000, 118,935 tons in 2002, and 265,717 tons in 2005.

According to the official data, the average yield is 9-10 tons per hectare. Wine grapes are grown on about 20,000 hectares from a total of 25,000 and the annual yield is around 160,000- 170,000 tons of grapes, which is then used for production of 90-100 million litres of wine.

The much greater share of bulk wine in comparison to bottled wine is still typical of Macedonia's wine export. The much cheaper bulk wine constitutes as much as 85-90 percent of the total wine export, which earns Macedonia 30 million euros yearly.

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Title Annotation:AGRICULTURE
Publication:Macedonian Business Monthly
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:4EXMA
Date:Sep 1, 2009
Words:254
Previous Article:Agriculture by European standards.
Next Article:Slow implementation of HASSP system.
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