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Visiting the state capitals yet again.

In the February 2002 Word Ways I explored transdeletions and transadditions of the names of the state capitals. How close could I get to finding 50 one-letter transdeletions? Where one-letter transdeletions could not be located, what were the fewest number of letters that needed to be deleted to effect a transdeletion? How close could I get to finding 50 one-letter transadditions? Where one-letter transadditions could not be located, what were the fewest number of letters that needed to be added to effect a transaddition? My previous article offered transdeletions for all 50 state capital names, involving deletion of a total of 71 letters. The article also offered transadditions for 43 of the state capital names, involving addition of 85 letters.

I have found longer transdeletions for Cheyenne, Hartford, Indianapolis, Jefferson City and Nashville, and shorter transadditions for Baton Rouge, Carson City, Cheyenne, Columbia, Lincoln, Little Rock, Montgomery, Nashville, Springfield, Tallahassee and Topeka. I have also found transadditions for the missing capitals Frankfort, Harrisburg, Honolulu, Indianapolis and Salt Lake City, leaving only Jefferson City and Oklahoma City. The new table is given on the next page.

Note that these improvements reduce the number of letters deleted from 71 to 64, and the number of letters added from 85 to 82, despite the addition of five new capitals.

Sources for the new words are given below:

Webster's Third: anoncillo, baculiform, cheeney, coenenchyme, dispensationalism, kinaesthetically Webster's Second: allaesthesia, halvelings, myringotome, nasioinial, philosophuncule American Heritage Dictionary (4th edition, 2000): narcotrafficking New Oxford Dictionary of English: David Attenborough, English naturalist; Emil Zatopek, Czech runner Oxford English Dictionary (2nd edition): ticket-collector Rand McNally Commercial Atlas and Marketing Guide (98th edition, 1967): Sanville, town in Henry County VA Times Index Gazetteer of the World: Harford, towns in Cortland County NY and Susquehanna County PA; Harrisonburg, city in Rockingham County VA Others: Jeffreyston, village in Pembrokeshire, Wales; nonscarcity (8 Internet citations), self-depriving (91 interact citations)

Many of the improvements in this article were found using a software package called The Electronic Alveary. This is a collection of words, names, terms and phrases, based on a variety of unspecified sources, it comes with a range of functionality to help in the search for transposals, transadditions, cryptograms, palindromes, etc. It can be highly recommended, although any words or terms it suggests need independent verification in named sources.

After the preparation of this article, the editor called my attention to a letter from Sir Jeremy Morse who discovered in the OED two longer transdeletions, METRONYMY for Montgomery and THALASSAL for Tallahassee. Sir Jeremy also found OUTPEAK for Topeka in the OED.
State Capital State Longest Number of
 transdeletion letters
 deleted

ALBANY New York BANAL 1
ANNAPOLIS Maryland SALOPIAN 1
ATLANTA Georgia ANATTA 1
AUGUSTA Maine AUGUST 1
AUSTIN Texas SAINT 1
BATON ROUGE Louisiana OUTRANGE 2
BISMARCK North Dakota IMBARKS 1
BOISE Idaho BIOS 1
BOSTON Massachusetts BOOST 1
CARSON CITY Nevada NARCOTICS 1
CHARLESTON West Virginia CHLORATES 1
CHEYENNE Wyoming CHEENEY 1
COLUMBIA South Carolina ABOULIC 1
COLUMBUS Ohio OSCULUM 1
CONCORD New Hampshire CONDOR 1
DENVER Colorado NEVER 1
DES MOINES Iowa DEMONESS 1
DOVER Delaware RODE 1
FRANKFORT Kentucky AFFRONT 2
HARRISBURG Pennsylvania AIRBRUSH 2
HARTFORD Connecticut HARFORD 1
HELENA Montana ANELE 1
HONOLULU Hawaii HULLOO 2
INDIANAPOLIS Indiana NASIOINIAL 2
JACKSON Mississippi JACKOS 1
JEFFERSON CITY Missouri JEFFREYSTON 2
JUNEAU Alaska JAUNE 1
LANSING Michigan SIGNAL 1
LINCOLN Nebraska COLLIN 1
LITTLE ROCK Arkansas TRICKLET 2
MADISON Wisconsin DAMSON 1
MONTGOMERY Alabama MOTORMEN 2
MONTPELIER Vermont INTERLOPE 1
NASHVILLE Tennessee SANVILLE 1
OKLAHOMA CITY Oklahoma HOMOLYTIC 3
OLYMPIA Washington MYOPIA 1
PHOENIX Arizona PHENIX 1
PIERRE South Dakota RIPER 1
PROVIDENCE Rhode Island DIVORCEE 2
RALEIGH North Carolina HAILER 1
RICHMOND Virginia CHONDRI 1
SACRAMENTO California STRAMACON 1
SALEM Oregon SEAL 1
SALT LAKE CITY Utah STATICALLY 2
SANTA FE New Mexico FASTEN 1
SPRINGFIELD Illinois PILFERINGS 1
ST PAUL Minnesota SPLAT 1
TALLAHASSEE Florida SEASHELL 3
TOPEKA Kansas ATOKE 1
TRENTON New Jersey ROTTEN 1
 64

 Shortest Number of
 transaddition letters
 added

ALBANY BANALLY 1
ANNAPOLIS NONSPATIAL 1
ATLANTA TARLATAN 1
AUGUSTA TAUTAUGS 1
AUSTIN TSUNAMI 1
BATON ROUGE ATTENBOROUGH 2
BISMARCK BRICKMASON 2
BOISE BODIES 1
BOSTON BONITOS 1
CARSON CITY NONSCARCITY 1
CHARLESTON CHLORINATES 1
CHEYENNE COENENCHYME 2
COLUMBIA BACULIFORM 2
COLUMBUS SUBMUCOSAL 2
CONCORD CONCORDS 1
DENVER RAVENED 1
DES MOINES MODERNISES 1
DOVER OVERDO 1
FRANKFORT NARCOTRAFFICKING 7
HARRISBURG HARRISONBURG 2
HARTFORD FORTHWARD 1
HELENA LETHEAN 1
HONOLULU PHILOSOPHUNCULE 7
INDIANAPOLIS DISPENSATIONALISM 5
JACKSON JANNOCKS 1
JEFFERSON CITY ?
JUNEAU UNJEALOUS 3
LANSING SLANTING 1
LINCOLN ANONCILLO 2
LITTLE ROCK TICKET-COLLECTOR 5
MADISON DIAMONDS 1
MONTGOMERY MYRINGOTOME 1
MONTPELIER IMPLEMENTOR 1
NASHVILLE HALVELINGS 2
OKLAHOMA CITY ?
OLYMPIA PALIMONY 1
PHOENIX XENOPHIL 1
PIERRE PREMIER 1
PROVIDENCE PINE-COVERED 1
RALEIGH LITHARGE 1
RICHMOND MONORCHID 1
SACRAMENTO MACERATIONS 1
SALEM SAMPLE 1
SALT LAKE CITY KINAESTHETICALLY 4
SANTA FE FANTASIE 1
SPRINGFIELD SELF-DEPRIVING 2
ST PAUL SPATULA 1
TALLAHASSEE ALLAESTHESIA 1
TOPEKA ZATOPEK 1
TRENTON UNROTTEN 1
 82
DARRYL FRANCIS
Sutton, Surrey, England
darrylfrancis@yahoo.co.uk
COPYRIGHT 2002 Jeremiah Farrell
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2002 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
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Author:Francis, Darryl
Publication:Word Ways
Geographic Code:4EUUK
Date:May 1, 2002
Words:832
Previous Article:Words in windows.
Next Article:Unseen consonants.
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