Printer Friendly

Villeroi, Francois de Neufville, Duke of (1644-1730).

Marshal of France. Principal wars: Ottoman War (1662-1664); War of Devolution (1667-1668); Dutch War (1672-1678); War of the League of Augsburg (1688-1697); War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714). Principal battles: the Raab/Szentgotthard (1664); Enzheim (near Strasbourg), Muhlhausen (1674); Turckheim (1675); Chiari (1701); Cremona (1702); Ramillies (in Brabant, Belgium) (1706).

Born the son of Nicolas de Neufville, Marquis of Villeroi, a marshal and King Louis XIV's governor (1644); growing up at court, gained the friendship of King Louis XIV; first in combat at the battle of the Raab (Szentgotthard or St. Gotthard Abbey) (August 1, 1664); took part in the War of Devolution in Flanders; served in the campaigns of the Dutch War and the War of the League of Augsburg; as a marechal de camp (brigadier general), he served with distinction under Turenne during the Alsatian campaign, fighting at Enzheim (October 4, 1674), Muhlhausen (December 20), and Turckheim (January 5, 1675); promoted to lieutenant general (February 25, 1677); made a marshal (March 27, 1693); after the death of the Duke of Luxembourg, became commander of the French army in Flanders against King William III (January 1695); outmaneuvered by the Anglo-Dutch allies (1696); took command in Italy at the outset of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701); was defeated by Prince Eugene at Chiari (September 1); withdrew to Cremona, where he was captured in Eugene's surprise raid on the city (February 1, 1702); exchanged, he helped frustrate Marlborough's efforts in Flanders (June-October 1703); and his desultory campaigning again stymied Marlborough's efforts two years later (1705); Villeroi moved to block Marlborough's advance on Namur (April-May 1706) but was defeated at Ramillies and his army was driven from the field in disorder (May 25); although Louis XIV consoled him, he held no further commands and spent the rest of his life as a courtier; to the end he retained Louis' friendship; died at Paris (July 18, 1730).

A polished courtier, Villeroi was a valiant and gallant soldier; as a commander his talents were not comparable to those of his contemporaries, Villars and Boufflers. <BL>

Sources:
Nouvelle biographie generale. 66 vols. Paris, 1865-1866.
Encyclopaedia Britannica. 24 vols. Chicago, 1966.

</BL>

COPYRIGHT 1992 HarperCollins Publishers
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1992 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Bongard, David L.
Publication:The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1992
Words:358
Previous Article:Villeneuve, Pierre Charles Jean Baptiste Silvestre de (1763-1806).
Next Article:Vogel Von Falckenstein, Ernst Eduard (1797-1885).
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2022 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters |