Verbeek, Theo, editor. Johannes Clauberg (1622-1665) and Cartesian Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century.
Nobody will dispute that Cartesian philosophy belongs to the history of metaphysics. Yet its belonging there has something paradoxal, because Descartes never elaborated on the issue of ens in quantum ens, and especially because Descartes's first philosophy constituted itself in radical opposition to Post-Tridentine Catholic and Protestant scholastic philosophy. Besides, the term "ontology" itself did not exist in ancient Greek; it was a neologism that appeared first in 1612 in the Lexicon philosophicum by the Calvinist Rudolph Goclenius, which brought Clauberg, who was also a Calvinist, given his temporal and confessional proximity to Goclenius, to be the very first to publish a treatise carrying "ontology" in the title. The problem was that Clauberg considered himself as both a Cartesian and a defender of ontology. How can that work? Can ontology admit the ego in its singularity as its first foundation? What is the interest for the cogito from a scholastic point of view? (p. 13-14). Clauberg's answer was simple: conciliation, that is, to attempt the resolution of contradictions between isolated philosophical theses taken from various contexts and enunciated in form of antilogies in order to answer an initial question. In fact, Clauberg's Metaphysica de Ente (the third edition of the Ontosophia, which appeared in 1664) marks the beginning of the so-called Cartesian scholastic (p. 14), which is indeed a form of Cartesian Aristotelianism.--Riccardo Pozzo, The Catholic University of America.
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|Publication:||The Review of Metaphysics|
|Article Type:||Book Review|
|Date:||Dec 1, 2001|
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