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VII) Conclusions.

This paper set out to document and analyze gender disparities in education. The results confirm prior studies that there are some countries where a female disadvantage in education outcomes is a major problem. This disadvantage appears to be less related to measures of a country s income level, income growth, or spending on primary education than to a fairly strict regional breakdown, although it is somewhat related to the level of income inequality within a country. The large female disadvantage exists in only few countries outside of the Western and Central Africa, North Africa, and South Asia regions. Moreover, the extent of the female disadvantage varies by the wealth of the household.

Even in countries with a relatively small gender gap there might be large inequalities. In many of the countries with a very small female disadvantage (or even with a small female advantage) the gaps between outcomes for the rich and the poor can be very large. Moreover, in some countries wealth and gender interact to create a very large female disadvantage among the poorest in society (for example in India). This study highlights the necessity to consider wealth and gender gaps simultaneously.
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Title Annotation:The Structure of Social Disparities in Education: Gender and Wealth
Author:Filmer, Deon
Publication:The Structure of Social Disparities in Education-Gender and Wealth
Date:Nov 1, 1999
Previous Article:V) Gender and wealth differences in attainment profiles.
Next Article:References.

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