Update on Joint STARS, JTT, CGS, and the Distributed Common Ground System-Army.
Joint STARS Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP)
The Joint STARS MultiService TTP are currently under review by the Air, Land, and Sea Agency (ALSA). This draft ALSA document, dated March 2002, will become Army FM 2-00.1,
Joint STARS: MultiService Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, in the future. It is currently available on the Internet to ".mil" users at http:llwww.dtic.mil/alsa/pubs/JointSTARS2ddraft.pdf. Commanders and staffs at all levels using Joint STARS or CGS will find this document useful. It provides a succinct depiction of Army and Marine operations with CGS and on Joint STARS tasking, missions, and operations.
Joint Tactical Terminal (JTT)
The JTT is a project designed to replace current Commanders Tactical Terminals (CTTs) and other tactical receive equipment. It is the designated receiver for the "Legacy" information broadcasts, including the--
* TRAP (Tactical Related Applications Program) Data Dissemination System (TDDS).
* On-Board Processing/Direct Down-Link (OBP/DDL), formerly called Tactical Data Information Exchange System-B (TADIXSB).
* Tactical Information Broadcast Service (TIBS).
* Near-Real-Time Dissemination (NRTD).
* Tactical Reconnaissance Intelligence Exchange System (TRIXS).
The JTT will also be the receiver and transmitter for an Objective Force, information superiority enabler, the Integrated Broadcast Service (IBS).
As part of Operation ENDURING FREEDOM, selected units received, on an "urgent need basis," the briefcase version stand-alone model of the JTT. The Army accelerated this system from limited production quantities and placed it into the hands of users. It is currently and successfully in use by operational elements to provide locational information on threat elements and friendly forces for force protection (FP) purposes.
The JTT terminal will also be a component of Legacy systems such as CGS, All-Source Analysis System (ASAS), Tactical Exploitation System (TES), Guardrail Common Sensor Improved Processing Facility, and future Objective Force systems such as Aerial Common Sensor (ACS) and the Distributed Common Ground System-Army. Air Defense and Aviation systems will also host the JTT, as well as aircraft, ships, and ground stations from other Services and Special Operations Forces. The JTT project will have a scheduled production decision in late 2002. TSM Joint STARS is the designated TSM or user representative for JTT.
CGS Software Upgrade
As part of the Army's Future Digitized Division (FDD) and Army Transformation initiatives, we modified the CGS software to enable any Army Battle Command System (ABCS) or Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS) workstation to display a view from the CGS. The Common Ground Station can also bring in any ABCS or ATCCS screen display. This new software was in CGSs in the 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) (the FDD) and in the 3d Brigade, 2d Infantry Division (the IBCT-1). This upgraded CGS software version, Common Software Baseline (CSB), is currently undergoing fielding to other units, beginning in June 2002. This software also facilitates satellite communications (SATCOM) and tactical unmanned aerial vehicle (TUAV) connectivity.
Joint CGS-Joint STARS Training Initiative
In an effort to improve Joint STARS-related training, the PM and the TSM Joint STARS-CGS, in conjunction with the U.S. Air Force, are developing a "Joint Distributive Virtual Combat Range" (JD VCR) concept. JD VCR is a distributive mission training concept that makes use of modeling and simulation; it will provide CGS crews realistic training from their homestations. The JD VCR has three components--the synthetic battlespace "hub," the CGS "outstation," and the network infrastructure that connects the geographically dispersed outstations to the hub. The concept is for CGS crews to connect virtually to a synthetic battlespace that can provide a realistic, tactically relevant scenario for training with Joint STARS crews. The intent is to leverage an existing virtual battlespace built and managed by the Air Force's Theater Air Command and Control Simulation Facility (TACCSF) at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. Designated the joint distributed training hub for the Air Force, this $250 million facility hosts quarterly exercises called "Desert Pivot."
While the main users of the facility have been Air Force units, the TACCSF is eagerly expanding to integrate the training needs of the other Services to create joint training opportunities. Our plan in working with the TACCSF is to offer eventually monthly training opportunities to CGS crews and to facilitate quarterly joint training opportunities for CGS crews and intelligence staffs from brigade through corps levels. Last July, we demonstrated the capability to connect the TACCSF's battlespace to multiple CGSs from Fort Huachuca, Arizona, using a dedicated T1 line. The CGS crew successfully sent radar service requests and received moving target indicator data and synthetic aperture radar imagery. Additionally, they were able to receive UAV telemetry from a simulated Hunter UAV "flying" within the virtual battlespace. We will draw on Desert Pivot exercises in May and September 2002 to demonstrate the viability of using a more economical network infrastructure that can reach the many CGS outstations rather t han using dedicated T1 lines. We anticipate being ready to connect "pilot" CGS outstations for the Desert Pivot exercise scheduled in December 2002. Once this occurs, we will be seeking units with CGSs to participate in this training. For more information on the JO VCR concept, p lease contact the TSM or the JD VCR Project Leader, Major Tim Chyma (Assistant Program Manager CGS) via E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org and by telephone at (732) 427-4278 or DSN 987-4278.
Colonel Steve Bond is the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) System Manager (TSM) for Joint STARS, Common Ground Station, and the Joint Tactical Terminal. Readers can contact him via E-mail at email@example.com and telephonically at (520) 533-3605/2480 or DSN 821-3605/2480. The Deputy TSM is Lieutenant Colonel Trip Sproul. Readers can reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org and telephonically at (520) 533-8937 or DSN 821-8937.
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|Author:||Bond, Stephen J.|
|Publication:||Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin|
|Date:||Jul 1, 2002|
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