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UAE - Historical Background Of Al Maktoum Family.

Dubai's history is like that of Abu Dhabi and reflects the history of their ruling families who originated from the Bani Yas tribes of Arabia. The Maktoums of Dubai are part of the Bu Falasa, a branch of the Bani Yas, like the Bu Falah branch which moved to Abu Dhabi. The Bu Falasa settled in Dubai during the 18th century. In 1833 the tribe made it an independent entity under Maktoum Bin Buti Bin Suhail. This was disputed by the rulers of Abu Dhabi and Sharjah; but it preserved its independence, as the Trucial Coast became a British protectorate late in the 19th century.

Family violence among the Bu Falasa occurred as Maktoum Bin Buti died in 1852. His younger brother Said Bin Buti took over as the second ruler of Dubai. While Maktoum's son Hasher was too young to succeed his father, Said claimed the line of succession should pass among brothers. But he was killed and succeeded by Maktoum's son Hasher in 1859. Violence persisted in Hasher's reign. When he died in 1886 the rulership was taken forcibly by his younger brother Rashid Bin Maktoum. Hasher's sons, Maktoum and Majid, had to hide for fear of being assassinated by their uncle.

Rashid Bin Maktoum is a name to remember. In the 1930s his sons tried to topple Shaikh Said, a grandson of Hasher and grandfather of the currently ruling sons of Rashid Bin Said. Theirs was a "revolt of the Municipality Council". When Rashid Bin Maktoum died in 1894, the rulership went to his nephew Maktoum, who defeated his younger uncle Suhail. But Suhail's son Buti campaigned against Maktoum and his claim to the throne was backed by the sons of Rashid - Said, Buti, Suhail, Mana, Hasher and Maktoum. Maktoum Bin Hasher was killed in 1906 and the rulership was taken by force by Buti Bin Suhail.

However, Buti was defeated in the ensuing violence and, on his death in 1912 the rulership was taken by Said Bin Maktoum. Said's weak personality encouraged the sons of Rashid Bin Maktoum (ruler in 1886-1894) to stage a coup in the 1930s. But Said's son, Rashid (the previous ruler) defeated them in 1938 and became the "Regent of Dubai". Rashid Bin Said became Dubai's 8th ruler in 1958, on the death of his father.
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Publication:APS Review Gas Market Trends
Date:May 31, 2004
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