U.S. forces in Iraq.
As of June 1, 2008, according to the Department of Defense (DOD), the United States had 182,060 military personnel deployed in Iraq. Of these, 150,400 were active component personnel and 31,660 were National Guard and Reserves. Figures 1 and 2 provide the distribution by armed service of active component personnel. These totals do not include 23,000 military support personnel in Kuwait, or naval personnel aboard ships patrolling through the Persian Gulf. (1)
Amid concerns about U.S. troop levels, in a January 10, 2007 address to the nation, President Bush announced an increase of more than 20,000 U.S. troops to be deployed to Iraq as part of a new initiative in ongoing efforts to stabilize the security situation. As announced, these forces were to be primarily deployed to Baghdad and Anbar province, the major current areas of unrest and conflict in Iraq. These additional force levels were originally to be accomplished primarily by a stepped-up pace of military unit rotations into Iraq and a delay for some personnel departures from that country.
However, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced on April 11, 2007, that all active-duty Army personnel in the U.S. Central Command area would serve 15-month tours in the region, up from the previous 12-month tour rotations. (2) Since the speech on troop deployments by President Bush and the announcement by Secretary Gates, a gradual increase in troop deployments in Iraq occurred between February through October 2007 but troop levels decreased beginning in November 2007. Current active duty levels, however, are still higher than reported before the surge announcement by President Bush.
Comparative Operation Iraqi Freedom U.S. Force Levels. Overall U.S. force levels in Iraq declined from November 2005 to January 2007, particularly the Reserve Component. After a slight increase in February 2007, the surge built up troop levels through October 2007. Based on DOD statistics, Figures 3 through 6 provide comparative data on both active and reserve component force levels, including month-to-month and year-to-year comparisons of U.S. troops in Iraq. DOD officials have declined to project the timing or size of future force reductions, stating these will depend upon the security situation within Iraq.
Operation Iraqi Freedom Troop Rotations. On December 3, 2007, DOD announced its latest scheduled troop deployments for unit rotations to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). These planned 2009 Army National Guard unit deployments to Iraq supplement earlier announcements involving 2008 Army or Marine Corps units. These rotations are summarized in Table 1 below. These rotations and extensions of active and reserve component Army tours to 15 months would maintain U.S. military capacity at 20 brigade or regimental combat teams on the ground in Iraq. Marine Corps rotations last seven months. On August 1, 2008, Army active duty and reserve component rotations are to be reduced to 12 months. Future policy and logistics announcements may change the number of scheduled units assigned to Iraq.
(1) DOD Fact Sheet, Global Commitments, December 14, 2007.
(2) American Forces Press Service, Gates Extends Army Tours in Iraq to 15 Months, April 11, 2007.
JoAnne O'Bryant and Michael Waterhouse
Information Research Specialists
Knowledge Services Group
Table 1. Operation Iraqi Freedom: 2008 and 2009 Rotational Units Military Unit Home Military Base Rotation to Iraq Army 3rd Brigade, 4th Infantry Fort Carson, CO Early 2008 Division 10th Mountain Division, Fort Drum, NY Spring 2008 Headquarters Marine Corps 1st Marine Expeditionary Camp Pendleton, CA Early 2008 Force Headquarters Regimental Combat Team 1 Camp Pendleton, CA Early 2008 Regimental Combat Team 5 Camp Pendleton, CA Early 2008 Army National Guard 4th Brigade, 4th Infantry Fort Hood, TX Summer 2008 Division 30th Heavy Brigade Combat Clinton, NC Summer 2008 Team, North Carolina National Guard 56th Stryker Brigade Philadelphia, PA Summer 2008 Combat Team, 28th Infantry Division, Pennsylvania National Guard 56th Brigade Combat Team, Fort Worth, TX Summer 2008 36th Infantry Division, Texas National Guard 29th Brigade Combat Team, Kalaeloa, HI Summer 2008 Hawaii National Guard 81st Brigade Combat Team, Seattle, WA Summer 2008 Washington National Guard 45th Fires Brigade, Enid, OK Summer 2008 Oklahoma National Guard 50th Brigade Combat Team, Lawrenceville, NJ Summer 2008 New Jersey National Guard 32nd Brigade Combat Team, Madison, WI Summer 2009 Wisconsin National Guard 41st Brigade Combat Team, Tigard, OR Summer 2009 Oregon National Guard 155th Brigade Combat Lucedale, MS Summer 2009 Team, Mississippi National Guard Source: DOD News Releases July, October, and December 2007. Figure 1. Active Component Personnel in Iraq (as of June 1, 2008) Army 99,600 Air Force 10,800 Navy 19,800 Marine Corps 20,200 Source: Department of Defense, Office of the Joint Chief Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 2. Reserve Component Personnel in Iraq (as of June 1, 2008) Army NG 18,300 Air NG 1,200 Army Rv 6,700 Air Rv 1,050 Navy Rv 2,100 Marines Rv 2,310 Source: Department of Defense, Office of the Joint Chief Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 3. OIF Active Component Force Levels (June 2007/June 2008) Jun-07 Jun-08 Army 90,654 99,600 Navy 3,837 19,800 AF 10,459 10,800 MC 22,204 20,200 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joint Chief Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 4. OIF Reserve Component Force Levels (June 2007/June 2008) Jun-07 Jun-08 Army NG 13,639 18,300 Air NG 1,087 1,200 Army Rv 6,826 6,700 Air Rv 717 1,050 Navy Rv 713 2,100 Marines Rv 200 2,310 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joint Chief Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 5. Comparative U.S. Force Levels in Iraq (January 2007/December 2007) Jan-07 128,569 Feb-07 134,754 Mar-07 137,976 Apr-07 144,486 May-07 144,202 Jun-07 150,336 Jul-07 156,247 Aug-07 157,674 Sep-07 165,607 Oct-07 167,353 Nov-07 164,424 Dec-07 161,783 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joint Chief Staff, "Boots on Ground" data, January 1, 2007, through December 1, 2007. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 6. Comparative U.S. Force Levels in Iraq (January 2008-June 2008) Jan 155,846 Feb 158,400 Mar 159,700 Apr 162,400 May 197,850 Jun 182,060 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joint Chief Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 7. Comparative U.S. Force Levels in Iraq (Years 2006, 2007, 2008) June 2006 128,798 June 2007 150,336 June 2008 182,060 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joint Chief Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph.
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|Title Annotation:||CRS Report for Congress|
|Author:||O'Bryant, JoAnne; Waterhouse, Michael|
|Publication:||Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports and Issue Briefs|
|Date:||Jul 1, 2008|
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