U.S. forces in Iraq.
Varying media estimates of military forces in Iraq have raised concerns about the actual number of troops deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). This report provides solely Department of Defense (DOD) statistical information on U.S. forces serving in Iraq. As of June 1, 2006, according to DOD, the United States had 128,789 troops stationed in Iraq--102,709 active component and 26,080 National Guard or Reserves. For security reasons, DOD does not routinely report the composition, size, or specific destination of military forces deployed to the Persian Gulf. This report will be updated upon receipt of new DOD data. For additional information on U.S. forces, see CRS Report RL31701, Iraq: U.S. Military Operations, by Steve Bowman.
As of June 1, 2006, according to DOD, the United States had 128,789 military personnel deployed in Iraq. Of these, 102,709 were active component personnel and 26,080 were National Guard and Reserves. Figures 1 and 2 provide the distribution by armed service of active component personnel. These totals do not include 16,500 military support personnel in Kuwait, nor naval personnel aboard ships patrolling through the Persian Gulf. (1)
Additional information is available from DOD's Directorate for Information Operations, which posts quarterly reports on casualties and worldwide active duty military personnel deployments by region and country. [http://siadapp.dior.whs.mil/personnel/MILITARY/Miltop.htm]
Comparative Operation Iraqi Freedom U.S. Force Levels. Overall U.S. force levels in Iraq have been declining since 2005. Based on DOD statistics, Figures 3, 4, and 5 provide comparative data on both active and reserve component force levels since November 2005. DOD officials have declined to project the timing or size of future force reductions, noting these will depend upon the security situation within Iraq.
Operation Iraqi Freedom Troop Rotations. In 2006, DOD will be undertaking the fifth rotation of units into Iraq. Rotations for Army units normally last for one year, whereas Marine Corps units operate on a seven-month rotation. DOD has released information on Army units to deploy to Iraq during 2006, as indicated below in Table 1.
(1) DOD Sheet Fact, Global Commitments, May 10, 2006.
JoAnne O'Bryant and Michael Waterhouse
Information Research Specialists
Knowledge Services Group
Table 1. Operation Iraqi Freedom 5 Rotational Units Military Unit Home Military Base Division Headquarters, 25th Infantry Schofield Barracks, HI Division 13th Corps Support Command Fort Hood, TX 1st Brigade, 34th Infantry Division, Stillwater, MN Minnesota Army National Guard 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division Schweinfurt, Germany 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division Fort Lewis, WA 3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division Fort Bragg, NC 3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division Schofield Barracks, HI 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division Fort Drum, NY Military Unit 2006 Transitions Division Headquarters, 25th Infantry currently in Iraq Division 13th Corps Support Command currently in Iraq 1st Brigade, 34th Infantry Division, currently in Iraq Minnesota Army National Guard 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division delayed (a) 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division early August 2006 3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division early August 2006 3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division mid-September 2006 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division mid-September 2006 Source: DOD News Releases, November 7, 2005 and DOD Army Public Affairs Office, May 2006. (a.) includes DOD News Releases, May 8, 2006. Deployment decision is pending. Figure 1. Active Component Personnel in Iraq (as of June 1, 2006) Army 71,963 Air Force 8,067 Navy 3,407 Marine Corps 19,272 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 2. Reserve Component Personnel in Iraq (as of June 1, 2006) Army NG 1,270 Air NG 800 Army Rv 1,107 Air Rv 5,802 Navy Rv 269 Marines Rv 16,832 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 3. OIF Active Component Force Levels (Nov 2005/June 2006) Army 78,490 71,963 Navy 2,315 3,407 AF 7,559 8,067 MC 20,660 19,272 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 4. OIF Reserve Component Force Levels (in Nov. 2005 and June 2006) Army NG 34,662 16,832 Air NG 447 269 Army Rv 10,320 5,802 AF Rv 665 1,107 Navy Rv 650 800 Marine Rv 2,274 1,270 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots on Ground" data. Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 5. Comparative U.S. Force Level in Iraq Nov-05 157,982 Feb-06 137,365 Jun-06 128,789 Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots on Ground" data, June 1, 2006. Note: Table made from bar graph.
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|Author:||O'Bryant, JoAnne; Waterhouse, Michael|
|Publication:||Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports and Issue Briefs|
|Date:||Jun 1, 2006|
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