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U.S. forces in Iraq.

Summary

Varying media estimates of military forces in Iraq have raised concerns about the actual number of troops deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). This report provides solely Department of Defense (DOD) statistical information on U.S. forces serving in Iraq. As of June 1, 2006, according to DOD, the United States had 128,789 troops stationed in Iraq--102,709 active component and 26,080 National Guard or Reserves. For security reasons, DOD does not routinely report the composition, size, or specific destination of military forces deployed to the Persian Gulf. This report will be updated upon receipt of new DOD data. For additional information on U.S. forces, see CRS Report RL31701, Iraq: U.S. Military Operations, by Steve Bowman.

Force Levels

As of June 1, 2006, according to DOD, the United States had 128,789 military personnel deployed in Iraq. Of these, 102,709 were active component personnel and 26,080 were National Guard and Reserves. Figures 1 and 2 provide the distribution by armed service of active component personnel. These totals do not include 16,500 military support personnel in Kuwait, nor naval personnel aboard ships patrolling through the Persian Gulf. (1)

Additional information is available from DOD's Directorate for Information Operations, which posts quarterly reports on casualties and worldwide active duty military personnel deployments by region and country. [http://siadapp.dior.whs.mil/personnel/MILITARY/Miltop.htm]

Comparative Operation Iraqi Freedom U.S. Force Levels. Overall U.S. force levels in Iraq have been declining since 2005. Based on DOD statistics, Figures 3, 4, and 5 provide comparative data on both active and reserve component force levels since November 2005. DOD officials have declined to project the timing or size of future force reductions, noting these will depend upon the security situation within Iraq.

Operation Iraqi Freedom Troop Rotations. In 2006, DOD will be undertaking the fifth rotation of units into Iraq. Rotations for Army units normally last for one year, whereas Marine Corps units operate on a seven-month rotation. DOD has released information on Army units to deploy to Iraq during 2006, as indicated below in Table 1.

(1) DOD Sheet Fact, Global Commitments, May 10, 2006.

JoAnne O'Bryant and Michael Waterhouse

Information Research Specialists

Knowledge Services Group
Table 1. Operation Iraqi Freedom 5 Rotational Units

Military Unit                          Home Military Base

Division Headquarters, 25th Infantry   Schofield Barracks, HI
Division

13th Corps Support Command             Fort Hood, TX

1st Brigade, 34th Infantry Division,   Stillwater, MN
Minnesota Army National Guard

2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division     Schweinfurt, Germany

3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division     Fort Lewis, WA

3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division    Fort Bragg, NC

3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division    Schofield Barracks, HI

2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division    Fort Drum, NY

Military Unit                          2006 Transitions

Division Headquarters, 25th Infantry   currently in Iraq
Division

13th Corps Support Command             currently in Iraq

1st Brigade, 34th Infantry Division,   currently in Iraq
Minnesota Army National Guard

2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division     delayed (a)

3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division     early August 2006

3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division    early August 2006

3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division    mid-September 2006

2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division    mid-September 2006

Source: DOD News Releases, November 7, 2005 and DOD Army Public Affairs
Office, May 2006.

(a.) includes DOD News Releases, May 8, 2006. Deployment decision is
pending.

Figure 1. Active Component Personnel in Iraq
(as of June 1, 2006)


Army            71,963
Air Force        8,067
Navy             3,407
Marine Corps    19,272

Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of
Staff, "Boots on Ground" data.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 2. Reserve Component Personnel in Iraq
(as of June 1, 2006)

Army NG          1,270
Air NG             800
Army Rv          1,107
Air Rv           5,802
Navy Rv            269
Marines Rv      16,832

Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots
on Ground" data.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 3. OIF Active Component Force Levels
(Nov 2005/June 2006)

Army            78,490   71,963
Navy             2,315    3,407
AF               7,559    8,067
MC              20,660   19,272

Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots
on Ground" data.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 4. OIF Reserve Component Force Levels
(in Nov. 2005 and June 2006)

Army NG         34,662   16,832
Air NG             447      269
Army Rv         10,320    5,802
AF Rv              665    1,107
Navy Rv            650      800
Marine Rv        2,274    1,270

Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots
on Ground" data.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 5. Comparative U.S. Force Level in Iraq

Nov-05         157,982
Feb-06         137,365
Jun-06         128,789

Source: Department of Defense, Office of Joints Chiefs of Staff, "Boots
on Ground" data, June 1, 2006.

Note: Table made from bar graph.
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Author:O'Bryant, JoAnne; Waterhouse, Michael
Publication:Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports and Issue Briefs
Geographic Code:7IRAQ
Date:Jun 1, 2006
Words:802
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