U.S. Keeps Science Lead, But Other Countries Gain 2 WASHINGTON.
The U.S. awarded 22,500 doctorates in natural sciences and
engineering in 2007, but more than half of them were awarded to foreign
nationals. Past experience suggests that rather than return to their
native countries, many of those new Ph.D.s will stay in the U.S. The
report noted that 60% of temporary visa holders who earned doctorates in
science in engineering in 1997 were working in the U.S. in 2007. The
National Science Board is the advisory body of the National Science
Foundation, an independent U.S. government agency. U.S. researchers
published about a quarter of an estimated 760,000 research articles in
peer-reviewed journals in 2008. Chinese researchers published 8% of the
research articles, up from just 1% in 1988. Despite China's
strides, researchers in China accounted for only about 1% of U.S.
patents granted in 2008. Despite Chinese government efforts, inventive activity in China "appears elusive, at least as indicated by
patents filed in a major Western market," the report noted.
U.S.-based inventors accounted for 49% of patents granted, down from 55%
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