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U.S. Keeps Science Lead, But Other Countries Gain 2 WASHINGTON.

The U.S. awarded 22,500 doctorates in natural sciences and engineering in 2007, but more than half of them were awarded to foreign nationals. Past experience suggests that rather than return to their native countries, many of those new Ph.D.s will stay in the U.S. The report noted that 60% of temporary visa holders who earned doctorates in science in engineering in 1997 were working in the U.S. in 2007. The National Science Board is the advisory body of the National Science Foundation, an independent U.S. government agency. U.S. researchers published about a quarter of an estimated 760,000 research articles in peer-reviewed journals in 2008. Chinese researchers published 8% of the research articles, up from just 1% in 1988. Despite China's strides, researchers in China accounted for only about 1% of U.S. patents granted in 2008. Despite Chinese government efforts, inventive activity in China "appears elusive, at least as indicated by patents filed in a major Western market," the report noted. U.S.-based inventors accounted for 49% of patents granted, down from 55% in 1995.

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Publication:Saudi Press Agency (SPA)
Date:Jan 17, 2010
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