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Turkish fertility rate declines.

ANKARA (CyHAN)- Research conducted by the Ministry of Health and ystanbul University shows that the national fertility rate in Turkey fell to 1.9 births per woman, a rate the Turkish Statistics Institute (TurkStat) predicted would be reached by 2025.

The study, "Infant and Under-5 Mortality Rate Research in Turkey," was conducted in April and May 2012 and presented to the World Health Organization (WHO) in September. It used personal interviews of 121,446 women in 12 regions to determine the current fertility rate. According to the research, southeast Anatolia has the highest fertility rate of 3.42 births, and the western Marmara region has the lowest rate of 1.55 births per woman. Women under the age of 30 accounted for 69 percent of all births, and women under the age of 19 represent one-fifth of the births. Women giving birth at a later age, and the limitations on the number of children possible after a cesarean birth are among the primary causes for the lower rate. TurkStat had estimated earlier this year that the fertility rate would drop below 2 by 2025, and that the population of Turkey will grow from approximately 74 million to 81 million by 2019.

Data on all the women's pregnancies and the outcomes of those pregnancies, including stillbirth, miscarriage and live births, were recorded. Of approximately 1.25 million births that occur each year, 300,000 are not live births; 150,000 births are spontaneous abortions, 130,000 are intentional abortions and 20,000 are stillbirths. The research indicated that the number of abortions and stillbirths declined in comparison to previous years.

The research also shows that the mortality rate for infants and children under 5 years of age has declined. For the last five years, the infant mortality rate was calculated at 7.7 deaths per thousand, and the under-5 mortality rate was calculated at 11.25 per thousand. In the 1990s the infant mortality rate was 65 per thousand and the under-5 mortality rate was 85 per thousand. Decreasing the child mortality rate is among the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals, and Turkey is one of the few countries that achieved this goal by decreasing this rate by two-thirds. (Cihan/Todays Zaman) CyHAN

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Publication:Cihan News Agency (CNA)
Date:Oct 28, 2012
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