Trotsky and the Problem of Soviet Bureaucracy.
Trotsky and the Problem of Soviet Bureaucracy
Thomas M. Twiss
Historical Materialism; Volume 67
For most of the last two decades of his life, says Twiss, the political and theoretical issue that concerned Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) more than any other was the problem of Soviet bureaucracy. He began to criticize authoritarianism, centralism and conservatism as early as 1923, he says, and his opposition culminated in his classic The Revolution Betrayed. The topics are bureaucracy before October, revolution and the problems of bureaucracy, from inefficiency to political alienation, a coherent theory of bureaucracy, left turn and theoretical crisis, the turn and the theoretical crisis deepens, theoretical revolution, and the final theory. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)