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Treating conjunctivitis.

The Question: Are azithromycin eye drops as effective as tobramycin eye drops in treating conjunctivitis in newborns and children?

The Study: Half of the 150 children in the study received azithromycin eye drops and the other half tobramycin eye drops. Cultures were taken at the time the children were seen, and at day three and nine.

The Results: Of the 150 children enrolled in the study, only 58 had positive cultures. Of those with the positive cultures, 80% in both groups had negative cultures by day nine. More of the children treated with the azithromycin had negative cultures at day three than the children treated with tobramycin.

Comment: Perhaps most interesting is that nearly two-thirds of the children had negative eye cultures, meaning their conjunctivitis was not bacterial and never needed antibiotics. It's unfortunate that there wasn't a "no treatment" cohort to see how children with bacterial conjunctivitis recovered equally quickly.

Read More: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 03/10

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Title Annotation:In the Literature
Publication:Pediatrics for Parents
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Nov 1, 2010
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