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Treasure of Indian coins of Babur era found in Samarkand.

Unique treasure of Indian coins of XVI century was found in Ishtihan district of Samarkand region, the Pravda Vostoka newspaper reports.

A rare find was discovered during the construction of a private house in the village of Hazar bobo. Owner of the site Dzhazil Mardonov said that he found a ceramic jug while digging holes for molding bricks. The jug contained 206 coins.

The treasure was transferred to a local police department; director of the History Museum of Ishtihan district reported about it to the inspection on the protection and use of cultural heritage of Samarkand region, and then the Institute of Archaeology received the find for scientific processing at the initiative of museum's employee.

A preliminary study found that all coins are made from copper and minted in Indian cities of Lahore, Ahmedabad and Faheshpur. They are dated between 1573 and 1600 years, therefore, the treasure belongs to the reign of Baburid dynasty in India - heirs of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur.

All coins of the treasure belong to the epoch of Babur's grandson - Akbar the Great - which lasted 49 years. Though he was just 14 when he ascended to the throne, he is widely considered the greatest of the Indian rulers. Akbar the Great implemented a number of major reforms to strengthen the centralized state based on a fair and equal treatment of all its peoples, strengthened the power of the dynasty, greatly expanded the boundaries of his lands and became famous as a patron of the sciences and arts.

He also attached great importance to development of trade and introduced a single currency system with solid gold and silver content. Gold coin Mukhur, silver - Rupee, copper - Pice and the smallest change - Paya - all these coins were produced during the reign of Akbar the Great. Rupee had 970-th standard and the weight of 11.534 grams, and these figures have remained unchanged until the establishment of British rule.

Ishtihan treasure consists of Pice and is based a little more than three rupees. It is difficult to say exactly how copper coins turned out on territory of Uzbekistan at the end of XVI century, which were issued in Lahore and Delhi for domestic market. Perhaps they were brought by a local merchant from a successful trip to India, but due to emergencies or other hazards there was no time to exchange them at the money changers.

This is not the first treasure of this kind. Ten gold coins, minted in Kabul in 1550, were discovered in Samarkand in the late XIX century. Treasure, where several silver coins of Shah Jahan (Akbar's descendant) were among coins of Samarkand and Bukhara rulers from the dynasty of Jahanids, was found in the 70th of the twentieth century in Surkhandarya region.

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Publication:AKIpress News Agency
Date:Oct 14, 2014
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