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Transdeleted and transadded presidents.

Take the surnames of the US presidents. For each one, what is the longest transdeletion and what is the shortest transaddition? Jim Puder posed and answered these problems in the August 1998 Word Ways. The November 1998 Colloquy contained a healthy response to Puder's article, improving on several of the words offered.

Suppose now the problem is restated, using not the presidents' surnames but their first names and surnames together. Instead of NIXON, we have RICHARD NIXON. And just to make things a tad more challenging, let's include multiple first names where these exist (such as RICHARD MILHOUS NIXON) and familiar names (thus, JIMMY CARTER as well as JAMES CARTER).
Transdeletions

Let's look at the longest transdeletions first. In several cases, other
words of the same transdeletion length could have been offered, but we
have chosen to offer just one for each presidential name. For example,
Andrew Jackson can be transdeleted to OCEANWARDS and SNECKDRAWN, as
well as SNECKDRAWS. Note that there are three single-letter
transdeletions in the list: DAHOMANS, NUT-GRASSES, MACERATERS.

Presidential Name Longest Transdeletion (number of letters
 deleted)

George Washington news-gathering (3) Concise Oxford, 9th
 edition, 1995
John Adams Dahomans (1) Web 3
Thomas Jefferson freemasons (5) Web 3
James Madison seminomads (2) Web 3
James Monroe monomers (3) Web 3
John Quincy Adams daunomycins (4) Web 3
Andrew Jackson sneckdraws (3) Web 3
Martin Van Buren unnarrative (3) Random House, 1965
William Harrison Williamsonia (3) Web 3
William Henry Harrison millionnaires (7) Web 2
John Tyler helotry (2) Web 3
James Knox Polk kakemonos (4) Web 3
James Polk plasome (2) Web 3
Zachary Taylor catarrhal (4) Web 3
Millard Fillmore lamelliform (4) Web 3
Franklin Pierce pincerlike (4) Web 3
James Buchanan macahubas (4) Chambers, 1998
Abraham Lincoln harmoniacal (3) Web 3
Andrew Johnson wanderoos (4) Web 3
Ulysses Grant nut-grasses (1) Chambers, 1998
Ulysses Simpson Grant sportsmanliness (4) Web 2
Rutherford Birchard Hayes carbohydrates (10) Web 3
Rutherford Hayes sorryhearted (3) Web 2
James Abram Garfield marriageable (6) Web 3
James Garfield federalism (3) Web 3
Chester Alan Arthur transurethral (4) Web 3
Chester Arthur chatterers (3) Web 3
Grover Cleveland overlearned (4) Web 3
Stephen Grover Cleveland telencephalons (8) Web 3
Benjamin Harrison mesorrhinian (4) Web 2
William McKinley inimically (5) Web 3
Theodore Roosevelt overlettered (5) Web 2
William Howard Taft midlittoral (6) OED
William Taft milliwatt (2) Web 3
Thomas Woodrow Wilson swordswoman (8) Web 3
Woodrow Wilson ironwoods (4) Web 3
Warren Gamaliel Harding remaindering (9) Web 3
Warren Harding handwringer (2) Webster's 10th
 Collegiate, 1998
Calvin Coolidge ideological (3) Web 3
John Calvin Coolidge nonideological (4) Random House, 1965
Herbert Clark Hoover reverberator (6) Web 3
Herbert Hoover thereover (4) Web 3
Franklin Delano Roosevelt noradrenalines (9) Web 3
Franklin Roosevelt lateroversion (4) Web 2
Harry S Truman unmartyrs (2) Web 3
Harry Truman unmartyr (2) Web 3
Dwight David Eisenhower disinvigorated (7) Web 2
Dwight Eisenhower Wigtownshire (4) Web 3
Jack Kennedy cayenned (3) Web 2
John Fitzgerald Kennedy nondeferential (7) Web 2
John Kennedy enjoyed (4) Web 3
Lyndon Baines Johnson nonadhesion (8) Web 2
Lyndon Johnson donjons (6) Web 3
Richard Milhous Nixon harmonichords (6) Web 3
Richard Nixon hadronic (4) Web 3
Gerald Ford foraged (3) Web 3
Gerald Rudolph Ford flapdoodle (7) Web 3
James Carter maceraters (1) Web 2
James Earl Caner telecameras (4) Web 3
Jimmy Carter retiracy (3) Web 3
Ronald Reagan rangeland (3) Web 3
Ronald Wilson Reagan noradrenalins (5) OED
George Bush subrogee (2) Web 3
George Herbert Walker Bush leatherworkers (9) Web 3
Bill Clinton billion (4) Web 3
William Clinton caimitillo (4) Web 3
William Jefferson Clinton inconformities (9) Web 3
George Walker Bush housebreaker (4) Web 3

If you object to the WILLIAMSONIA transdeletion because of the common
William element, substitute the slightly shorter RHINOLALIAS (Web 3).
A particularly noteworthy transdeletion of DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER is
WEST VIRGINIA. Note the longest transdeletion of WILLIAM HENRY
HARRISON is the 2-N variant spelling MILLIONNAIRES.

Transadditions

What about transadditions of the presidential names? At the outset,
this seemed like an impossible task. Could we realistically expect to
find a transaddition of WILLIAM JEFFERSON CLINTON, say? A more
achievable target was to find a transaddition for one of the shorter
name forms for a president. Furthermore, we widened our sights for
acceptable words and terms, deciding to allow multi-word phrases,
catchphrases, proverbs, song titles, quotations and lines from
literary works, as long as they could be supported by reference
sources.

George Washington There's a long, long trail awinding
The first line of a song written in 1913 by a British songwriter,
Stoddard King 1889-1933), in Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, 1996

John Adams Johnadreams
A dreamy, idle fellow, in Web 2

Thomas Jefferson snatch from the jaws of death
A familiar-sounding phrase, meaning to save just in time, in Roget's
International Thesaurus (1922) Section 662

James Madison social maladjustment
This term appears twice in OED illustrative quotations; see the 1909
quote at maladjustment and the 1912 quote at deviate

James Monroe company sergeant-major
The senior warrant officer of a company, a term listed at
company in the OED

Martin Van Buren I am not a Virginian, but an American
A statement attributed to President John Adams, made in a debate in the
Continental Congress in 1774, and recorded by Patrick Henry
(1736-1799), in Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, 1996

William Harrison An ill-favoured thing, sir, but mine own
A line spoken in Shakespeare's As You Like It (Act 5, Scene 4,
line 60), in Oxford Dictionary of Quotations

John Tyler orthogonal trajectory
A type of mathematical curve, in Web 3.

James Polk Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskij
A seaport town on the Kamchatka Peninsula, usually spelled without
the final J (Webster's Geographical Dictionary) or with a final IY
(Times Index Gazetteer), but spelled as above on various websites

Franklin Pierce rocket-firing plane
Difficult to track down. There is a website devoted to the US
B-29 Superfortress which uses this term.

Abraham Lincoln Un ballo in Maschera
The title of an opera by Verdi, first produced in Rome in 1859, in
The New Penguin Dictionary of Music, Arthur Jacobs, 4th edition,
1978

Andrew Johnson But headlong joy is ever on the wing
A line from "The Passion", a poem by John Milton (1608-1674), in Oxford
Dictionary of Quotations, 1996

Ulysses Grant suspensory ligament
An anatomical term of various specific meanings, in Web 3

Rutherford Hayes The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
The title of a novel by Mark Twain, in The Readers Encyclopedia,
W. R. Benet, 2nd edition, 1965

Chester Alan Arthur The Walrus and the Carpenter
The title of a poem occurring in Through the Looking Glass by
Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), in Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, 1996

Chester Arthur Charterhouse Street
The name of a street in the city of London (directly opposite the
office of the author!), in Geographica Greater London Atlas, 11th
edition, undated

Grover Cleveland every cloud has a silver lining
A familiar proverb, in an illustrative quotation dated 1965 at ice in
the OED

Theodore Roosevelt never let the sun go down on your anger
A homily, a plain practical piece of advice offered to couples,
which can be found on Internet websites

William Taft water-plantain family
A family of aquatic and marsh herbs, Alismataceae, in Web 3

Woodrow Wilson within two whoops and a holler
A phrase meaning "close, nearby". Though this precise form
could not be found in a reference source or on the Internet, the
shorter form "two whoops and a holler" can be found on a website

Warren Harding the straight and narrow
The way of propriety and rectitude, listed at straight and narrow
in Web 3

Calvin Coolidge Vocalic or strong declension
A phrase appearing in A.S. Cook's translation of Sievers' Old
English Grammar, published in 1887, in an illustrative quotation
at vocalic in he OED

Herbert Hoover Somewhere over the rainbow
A line from the song "Over The Rainbow", by Yip Harburg (1898-1981),
in Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, 1996

Harry S Truman Chinese restaurant syndrome
A group of adverse physical symptoms, in Web 3

Harry Truman four-part harmony
A musical term used in the definition of compressed score (at the
main entry compressed) in the OED

Dwight Eisenhower Braehead, Wigtownshire
Braehead is a village lying about 2 miles south of the town of Wigtown,
in the Scots country of Wigtownshire, in Great Britain Road Atlas,
Geographica, 1972

John Kennedy The Golden Journey to Samarkand
The title of a novel by James Elroy Flecker (1884-1915), listed on
a website

Lyndon Johnson A Long Day's Journey into Night
The title of a play by Eugene O'Neill (1888-1953), in Oxford
Dictionary of Quotations, 1996

Richard Nixon Oxford English Dictionary
A familiar reference to Word Ways readers!

Gerald Ford Artful Dodger; large-fronded
The Artful Dodger is the name of a dexterous thief in Charles Dickens'
Oliver Twist, in Web 2. Large-fronded is an undefined adjective
appearing under large, in Web 2

James Carter American Judas tree
Another name for the redbud, a tree of eastern North America, in Web 3

James Earl Carter Patriarchate of Jerusalem
A one-time independent church in the Orthodox Church, in Web 2

Jimmy Carter Uniform Code of Military Justice
The code of justice which governs the lives of all members of the US
military, commonly found on websites (33,000 hits for this term)

Ronald Reagan intergradational; Gregorian calendar
Intergradational is an adjective, meaning "pertaining to an
intermediate or transitional form", in Web 3. The Gregorian calendar is
the one used in the USA and Great Britain, in Web 3

Ronald Wilson Reagan There's a long, long trail awinding
See the reference for George Washington, above

Bill Clinton noncallability
This noun is listed but not defined in Web 2 (a bond is noncallable if
it cannot be redeemed by its issuer before its stated date)

George Bush South Greensburg
The name of a borough in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, 26 miles
east-southeast of Pittsburgh, in Webster's Geographical Dictionary

George Walker Bush My library was dukedom large enough
A line appearing in Shakespeare's The Tempest (Act 1, Scene 2, line
109), Oxford Dictionary of Quotations


Presidents for which no transadditions were found include Andrew Jackson, Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore, James Buchanan, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley and Franklin Roosevelt.

Can Word Ways readers find transadditions for any of the unconquered US presidents' names? Or find printed references for the Internet items? Or offer improvements on any of the transadditions offered here?
COPYRIGHT 2004 Jeremiah Farrell
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2004 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Author:Francis, Darryl
Publication:Word Ways
Date:Feb 1, 2004
Words:1744
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