Tourism and its effects on community.
Tourists are going to travel within different aims and also their view is different on destination community from each other. Coincident with positive phenomenon, tourism industry development could be accompanied by negative and ruin effects. For example, cultural tourisms are travelling within familiar objections to land and destination people and cultural indices to that destination, and they respect on community by cultural elements. While tourisms especially coastal tourists considering little such a challenges and usually they have given ruin effects on host culture. Of course, accepting influence of community from entering tourisms depend on many factors. Those people that I entering to a community considering as an important affaire in this field. The more the tourists entering to destination, they can influence more and more by staying there. One of the fields that are to be effectual entering of tourist focused on social environment. It includes the style and form of human group assembly that is setting as a determined organization within natural environment. Also it is consist of value and criteria that is determine relationships and contributions among human groups according to it 
Since each of the regions includes belief, value, and its determined culture that is going on seed to seed and actually it forms their identity, the entrance of tourists could be ruining theses identities.
Some of the researchers have been paid on relationship between tourism and increase of penalty and crime. The result of many searches include the increase of penalty and crime rate on some of the regions at the tourisms season 
"Net known indicated that tourisms within a community have designed to evaluation and knowing again on deferent human groups. Therefore, upper class of people could be cooperated inside of tourists' life; but in way of social and publican affaires, some of the communities especially agricultural community preferred to live on their closed environment. And the called communities there are trivial differences of all disturbances and non-compatibility or cold and drying disturbances ..."  the factors between tourisms of culture and the host community create an important influence that is shown on local residencies imitate of tourisms behavior. This behavioral imitation result in phenomenon like change in language applying, dressing and culture and or helping to increase crime, gambling, prostitution and changing form of material and non-materials of local culture 
Probably tourism impacts are changing during time and within growth of destination regions. Shared key factors include the following issues: featured kind of tourism activities, features of a host community on destination area and exchanged nature between visitors and residents. Similar specter of impacts presented and also considered time and place important within tourism impacts.
In reason of being seasonal activity of tourism, its impacts include more and more severity on special times. And it results from two key points: holiday period and district. Since the district controlled on main sources of tourisms like sunrise or snowing rate annually is considered as an important factor in tourisms. Capability of tourists in viewing of tourism destination on a special time of year like annually school holidays might be considered as an important factor of tourism activity, seasonally.
Tourism influences on own tourists, also. And the impacts could be considered on their behavior of tourism destination. Also it is possible influenced in time of returning of a tourist. For example, it is possible tourists' experiences influence on their decision making for the future time of visiting. Thus some of the experiences must be required in that destination although thinking about it and its impacts within its tourism selection can be featured in the other places.
Tourisms especially on the developing countries could be improve future employment by way of creating changes on employment forms of traditional agriculture to servicing industry cause to stimuli of society and cause to increase of higher wages.
Social and cultural impacts:
Generally, cultural tourisms within each of the region can be followed by under criteria 
1. Recovering and the importance of distinctions and lost cultural works of local residents
2. Recognizing possibility and providing regional familiarity on space dimension and cultural identity and improving a sense of dependency to a culture in a better way
3. Creating economical infrastructures in a long period
4. Increase of employment within a standstill economy
It must be noted that cultural tourisms have the both of advantages and disadvantages inside of economical and cultural affairs. Tourisms can cause to presentation of rudeness and rupture in field of culture and society that is formed about tourism-host community reactive. The rudeness or negative works of tourisms in field of culture-society could be followed under circumstances:
1. Degradation of cultural works: visiting more and more of tourists from historical and ancient places have been resulting in gradual ruining. The called carelessness might be bringing out due to inattention to accepting-capacity of called place or due to activity of unskilled tourisms.
2. Cultural transformation: by considering fragility of cultural heritage, it is possible to invalidate local cultural patterns of nobility within tourism improvement.
3. Cultural rudeness: there isn't mutual agreement by way of differences in language, habitats and customs among local residents and tourists.
4. Cultural invasion: it is possible by way of excessiveness in creating tourism attraction and exposing currency trading within cultural facades have gone away in tourism destination, credit and validity of religious right, habitats and customs, ceremonies and exhibitions, handicraft industries, music, and other cultural patterns in connection of its unsuitable and non-compatible presentation as a tourism attractions. In other words local values are conveying into the goods.
5. Social rudeness and mischief: tourisms might be influenced on social damages like carousal, addiction and criminality .
The following table is indicated on the negative and positive effects of cultural tourism's Pierce Moscardo .
One of the key factors on tourism focused on take part of individuals and activities that is paid on it. Visitor's nature and the host community in relation to tourism cultural and social effects are considered in a higher level. The Exchanging between two groups on influencing over kind of topics would be important. When there are exists many differences between host culture and original community it is possible to increase their effects.
Today by considering that all communities are travelling within different cultures and different beliefs might be influencing on residence of destination society (even sometimes they can influenced within host society), and it is possible to change cultures that is continued seed to seed and forms resident's identity. We must reach to possible influences in field of controlling tourisms behavior indirectly and also in higher order of getting and knowing of residents from richest and basic cultures. Holding cultural congress within city levels and cultural places (universities and many other offices) and inviting of tourists and residents especially young people could be bring out effectual steps on reducing tourism impacts.
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Mohammad Ebrahim Alinejad, Department of Geography, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
The following criteria must be considered in relationships of tourism economical impacts. Tourism advantages Tourism disadvantages Obtaining income and Economy of tourism income is seasonal. increasing of gross Also it is dangerous depend on tourism national income, helping income and single productivity like to increase of cost Thailand country. Increase of income, helping to non-skilled staffs within at least employment-making wages, inflation, opportunities, and governmental income, sever dependency on tourisms helping to regional development, revival of poor regions life and non-industry Various activity of Abusing of some people by establishing employment-making facial corporations and degradation sector such as restaurants, coffeehouse, agencies, and so on. Cost effectiveness and Without chimney industry rate of advantages consuming fossil fuels must not ignored tourisms centers Improving and Exposing pressure on transformation development of vehicles and generally on infrastructures infrastructure factors of regions such as providing water, waste waters, taxi, police services and passengers terminals Preserving and Environmental infections and improving of degradation, plant covering environment degradation and coasts infection Modernism process Negative effect on host people and facility and providing competing in respect of enjoying usual tourism and procreative services within tourisms facility and either for local residents or for tourisms and generally increase of publican welfare Necessary applying of Trading and increase of land price and unfavorable coastal non-allocation of land to the lands for agricultural important objectives such as building, affaires within tourism making-schools and green spaces affaires Factor Positive effects Negative effects Using of 1. increase of support 1.Change in custom a culture from traditional culture and art activities as an in way of making attractive 2. displaying of national appropriate bed for factor and tribal identities attracting tourisms 3. Recreation of speaking, 2. entering to language and traditional traditional limits arts and ... 3. crowding and 4. recreation of forgotten assembling more custom and tradition life, and more in ceremonies and mourning traditional places 5. boasting sense to their 4. cultural and culture social unsuitable effects and faint 6. tourism is a tool for of cultural speaking civilizations identity sense 7. newborn of arts and local technique and traditional cultural activities 8. improving cultural and social life in communities 9. reconstruction of local architecture traditions 10. Increasing necessity preserving of potential regions and beauty that is including cultural and beauty values.
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|Title Annotation:||ORIGINAL ARTICLE|
|Author:||Alinejad, Mohammad Ebrahim; Razaghi, Zahra|
|Publication:||Advances in Environmental Biology|
|Date:||Aug 1, 2012|
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