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Total machine control systems: product lines reviewed.

TOTAL MACHINE CONTROL SYSTEMS

ABB PROCESS AUTOMATION INC.

Offers a "single-window" extrusion process and product control system, with the flexibility of a field-proven distributed control system combined with AccuRay sensor technology. Through the use of the Taylor MOD 300 system, all sensor and scanning functions required for product control are accomplished, using one easy-to-configure system. Line-wide control, using AccuRay sensors and measurement technology, combined with Taylor advanced distributed control expertise, provide an integrated system for extrusion. The coordination of line-wide processing functions, such as recipe management, resin handling, temperature control, motor drive coordination, and product control are all integrated into one expandable platform.

AEONIC SYSTEMS INC.

Manufactures and markets CIM systems for linewide control and plantwide integration of plastic film and sheet extrusion, calendering, coating and lamination, nonwoven and paper operations. Company's Cimline network-based

system provides communications speed between devices with no limits on processing power, memory storage, or number of devices. Network allows computer intelligence to be distributed where it is needed throughout the processing plant. In addition, because the network does not require a master module to manage communications, and every module on the network is independent, it is impossible for one component to fail and shut down the entire system.

The "Network Solution" is the foundation on which Cimline was developed. System provides capabilities in four key areas:

* Quality--Fifth-generation sensors, combined with results-proven machine and cross-direction controls, and real-time SPC/QC for accurate product measurement and quality improvements.

* Adaptability--Industry-standard communications for true multi-vendor compatibility and unlimited expansion.

* Low-cost reliability--Fault-tolerant systems deliver maximum uptime at minimal cost.

* Corporate productivity--CIM network technologies integrate factory and office environments to extend management capability.

ALLEN-BRADLEY CO., INC.

Offers a comprehensive injection molding control system combining process control, sequential control, and a graphic interface for the control of machines. Two new products make the system possible: the 1771-QD injection control module and Pro-Set 500 injection molding software. The injection control module is an intelligent I/O module that performs open- or closed-loop injection process control and is used with company's standard programmable controllers. Adaptive to a wide range of applications, the module enables users to configure an injection process control system for a one- or two-valve system; proportional or servo valves; open- or closed-loop control for each phase in the cycle; injection/fill control mode choices of velocity vs. position, pressure vs. position, and pressure vs. time; inject, pack and hold, and plastication phase profiles of ten steps each.

Pro-Set 500 injection molding software configures a standard Allen-Bradley PLC-5/25 controller and color CRT as an injection molding total machine control system. Process control, five levels of password protection, communication, and SQC data gathering are some of the features of the system. Pro-Set 500 software can save engineers development time by providing the ladder logic program for injection process control, barrel temperature control, and mold temperature control, as well as alarming. SPC/SQC data collection, and other functions. It is designed specifically for company's T30C series B color CRT with an F30D option module and works as a system with the PLC-5/25 programmable controller and 1771-QD injection control module.

ANAFAZE INC.

Offers multiple-loop control systems for thermoformers, extruders, injection molding, and other machines. Control-mixed inputs include temperature, pressure, flow, and drive speed. Controllers operate stand-alone and include serial interface for computer supervision. IBM-PC high-level software is offered, which includes on-line data plotting, data acquisition, graphics, and some SPC functions. Systems are offered to end users and OEM machinery manufacturers.

Controllers Include:

* 12LS--1/8th DIN with 12 PID heat/cool loops.

* 8LS--1/4th DIN with 8 PID heat/cool and mixed process loops.

* System 32--32 PID loops and up to 96 data-acquisition inputs. Systems can include automatic heater checking, process and deviation alarms, and ramp-and-soak programming. Digital inputs and outputs provide control of other machine functions.

BARBER-COLMAN CO. INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTS DIV.

Company's MACO 8000 provides total machine control for injection, extrusion, blow molding, or most any plastics or related process. Features include High-Tech, Color-Tech or traditional Panel-Trol membrane-type operator stations, Insta-Set solid-state cartridges for recipe storage and fast setup, MACO-Pac dedicated machine function control modules and the Auxiliary Equipment Integration Module (AEIM) for manufacturing cell control.

For supervisory computer-integrated-manufacturing (CIM), up to four MACO 8000 systems can be linked to company's Cimac 8000 industrial-hardened computer for factory floor use. Up to eight Cimac 8000s can be linked for supervisory cell control of up to 32 MACO 8000s. Cimac 8000 is a supervisory network control system concept utilizing IBM compatible computers and specialized data-gathering software for plastics applications.

Applications start-up is provided to meet the particular requirements of the user. The software provided is user configurable so that modifications to company's generated screens can be made by the user, or screen packages, using color and mouse-driven graphics, can be generated by the user.

BUHL AUTOMATIC INC. A LUWA COMPANY

Company's PPC 2022 Optimizer is a total machine control for injection molding machines. The modular architecture of its 16-bit, 80186 processor allows the molder to install the base product now and upgrade to new levels of control when needed by installing additional CPUs and the appropriate hardware.

The base product includes sequence control of injection, carriage, clamp, ejectors, and cores. It also provides closed- or open-loop control of injection, 15 zones of PID temperature control, and data-logging to disk, printer or host computer. It allows 10-step injection-speed profiling, 10-step holding-pressure profiling, and 5-step backpressure profiling.

Company's Qualitygraph option adds quality monitoring to the base unit, with real-time graphing of injection speed, hydraulic pressure, and cavity pressure. Deviations are detected through minimum and maximum values for key process parameters and by comparing the current process curves with ideal curves for the part.

The SPC option monitors up to 15 process variables simultaneously and produces x-bar, R, distribution, trend, and Pareto charts, both on screen and on paper. Trend analysis is performed every cycle, with alarms generated automatically when a deviant trend is detected.

The Cell Control Option provides complete cell monitoring and control from a single platform. It coordinates auxiliary equipment through direct control or multiple programmable protocols and can upload data to or download data from a host computer.

DAVIS-STANDARD HES DIV.

Manufactures a complete line of new and upgraded electronic control systems capable of data collection, statistical process control, statistical quality control, trending, and other state-of-the-art applications. Company can tailor systems for any type of extrusion, blow molding and other plastic processing lines, and continues to expand its offering of electrical retrofit packages.

The HES temperature controller utilizes a patented dual-thermocouple design to maintain precise temperature control in critical production processes. Company reports that it is only extruder manufacturer providing a patented system that uses two thermocouples in each barrel zone. With one thermocouple located in the heater/cooler and the other at the deepest point of the barrel, corrective heating or cooling action can be taken to bring the inner barrel surface temperature to stability quickly, and is done automatically with no adjustments required. In addition, its recipe feature reduces the amount of scrap manufactured, curing startup and grade change operations.

HES Epic I touch-screen supervisory control system has the ability to collect data from each manufacturing run for analysis and review. System permits operator access to almost all digital and analog signals on a line which can be monitored and trended on unit's CRT, making it possible to efficiently fine-tune the entire process from the workstation imposing a tighter window of control where required. Epic enables trouble-shooting mechanical and electronic problems, capturing data related to all process conditions. Controls have touch-screen simplicity and at-a-glance feedback on all process functions.

EPCO DIV. JOHN BROWN PLASTICS MACHINERY

Remanufactures and converts molding machinery and will and will retrofit machine control systems to upgrade both electrical and hydraulic systems to meet customer's molding requirements for standardization of all makes and models of machinery. Offers the E-2000 programmable control system for simple molding requirements or the E-8000 custom CRT for more sophisticated production systems.

EUROTHERM CORP.

Designs and manufactures in the U.S. the EM-2, a completely configurable and flexible multiloop control system for extruder and multiple coextrusion lines. The EM-2 handles temperature, melt pressure and d-c drive control in addition to process monitoring, alarm annunciation, interlocking and digital logic control. System is expandable, allowing for the possibility of several operator stations and multiple-communications ports for supervisory systems and third-party equipment. Custom operator screens are available.

Company also offers BMACS (blow molding automation and control system), a completely integrated control system for extrusion blow molding installations. System controls the parison formation; temperature of the extruder, head(s) and tooling zones; and machine sequence. Fast and consistent response high product consistency and reduction of molding defects. The touch-screen operator interface features allow visualization and adjustment of the parison profile, as well as access to the built-in diagnostic system.

FILMASTER INC.

Offers for extrusion lines: Dataline 2000 microprocessor control system with all preprogrammed software, Winchester disk drive and memory, and capacity to control 52 zones designated as heat/cool or heat only. Up to 500 recipes and/or profiles can be stored and recalled at will. Particularly useful for blown film co-extrusion applications are CRT monitoring of die-zone heating with setpoint, actual and deviation display, melt temperature, melt pressure, extruder screw rpm, extruder motor amperage, main line speed, as well as die-zone amperage and a "high" and "low" pressure alarm. System has large expansion potential and comes with detailed, easy-to-read operator's manual.

FISHER CONTROLS INTERNATIONAL

Company's control systems range from standalone, self-tuning controllers to complete distributed control systems for total plant automation. The Univox control system provides a cost-effective solution for automating plastic processes. The user-configurable system provides:

* Feeder, drive, pressure and temperature control.

* Automatic startup and shutdo

* Recipe handling.

* Graphic displays.

* Trends.

* Capability to interface with computers, programmable controllers, and thickness gauges.

GE POWER DELIVERY & CONTROL

The GE Alphix plastic process and control system offers an improved level of integrated control for injection molding machines, extrusion lines, blow molding, and compounding. Hosted on a high-speed programmable controller-based (PLC) platform with dedicated microprocessor-controlled function modules. Alphix integrates sophisticated closed-loop process control capabilities with machine sequencing and a color operator interface. This provides advantages said to be normally associated with a PLC-based system: flexibility, broad selection of I/O, industrialized hardware, maintenance-friendly software, etc.; and the sophistication of special-function modules designed specifically for plastic and rubber process control. High-efficiency structured hardware and software modules are used throughout the system.

Alphix offers a choice of two Color Basic Alphix operator terminal with soft function-key control; and the 14 or 19 in. Advanced Aphix workstation, a multi-tasking microcomputer system which brings a significant level of data storage/display/analysis, SQC/SPC, and diagnostic capabilities to the operator.

Alphix systems are available for both new machines and as fully installed retrofits, and offer both the OEM/retrofitter and the end user better control of machine and process.

HARREL, INC.

Company's system for control of extrusion is a distributed control system. A microprocessor based Digipanel controller is mounted on the extruder and provides total control of the line, which includes machine control of temperature using company's three-mode Duosense control loops and Digisense digital control and sychronization of rpm. In addition, process controls (company's Tube-Trol, Sheetrol, or Pipe-Trol) provide closed-loop control of melt pressure and melt temperature, monitoring and alarm of differential pressure across the screen, and closed-loop control of product dimensions. A Central Control and Management Console oversees all in-plant activity. It has total SQC and a "Time Machine" capability, which allows reconstruction of any parameter on any line for the previous week.

HES DIV.

See Davis-Standard.

HUNKAR LABORATORIES, INC.

Provides a complete on-machine control system for injection molding. CNC-1000 system includes machine-mounted terminals, sensors, and appropriate valves. The process control programs, with the equipment, include the injector-control, pressure-control, shot-control, temperature-control, diagnostic, and process-monitor programs.

* Injection-control program is a self-adaptive, closed-loop position control of the injection ram, which insures precise shot and decompression control. The injection velocity profile is adaptively distributed over the shot in direct relationship to cavity filling.

* Pressure-control program is a self-adaptive, closed-loop pressure control, which insures precise repeatability over a wide range of oil temperatures and load vibrations. It provides faster startups and repeatability of subsequent setups.

* Shot-control program is an intelligent three-mode boost cutoff program, which ensures that boost is properly terminated even if melt conditions or mold temperatures change. Program automatically selects the proper mode for boost cutoff and shot correction.

* Temperature-control program includes four zones of temperature control, which can be extended to 20 zones through the addition of two eight-zone control cards. Program is a totally self-tuning system that learns its control coefficients during initial warmup, or whenever the temperature has dropped 80 degrees below setpoint.

The CNC-1000 diagnostic program provides maintenance personnel with a sophisticated, easy-to-use instrument to visualize correct functioning of the system to machine interface, as well as correct calibration of all sensors and servo valve connected to the machine.

INOEX, INC.

Offers a variety of fully automated extrusion processing systems (Saveomat, Aurex, BDF) based on the gravimetric weight/length control principal. By combining gravimetric technology with monitoring devices or systems, such as blending, temperature, gear pump, diameter/layflat, thickness, etc., company is able to fully automate any extrusion line. Developments such as the patented automatic recalibration of thickness measuring devices via gravimetrics, eliminate downtime related to manual measurements and off-line recalibration techniques. Expanded levels of microprocessor supervisory and control systems are available for management data acquisition and CIM. Systems are used for control of blown film, pipe, profile, sheet, and wire cable applications.

KINERON GAUGING SYSTEMS DIV. EUROTHERM INTERNATIONAL

Offers a full range of sensor-based systems for on-line thickness, weight/area measurement, and automatic control of sheet plastics processes. Sensor types include nuclear (transmission and reflectance), infrared, laser, ultrasonic, and others. Sensors are continuously scanned across the full sheet width and can also be mounted in a fixed location. Systems can be simple monitor only, or range up to multiline, plantwide, CIM configurations. Individual line control of product thickness/weight via speeds, temperatures, flow and die control is accomplished with proven algorithms. Advance operator and supervisory interface with summary reporting are standard features. Turnkey responsibility from system commissioning, training, and continuing services is available.

LFE INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS

Produces its Profitmaster line of process control systems, which includes measurement and feedback control of thickness or basis weight, or moisture for web processing lines such as extruders, coaters, calenders, nonwoven, or composite. Primary sensors include radiation type, infrared, microwave and caliper. On-line control systems can link to temperature controllers and PLCs and other systems. SPC is available and IBM-compatible personal computer captures MIS data and links to plantwide network systems of all types.

LUWA CORP. FLUID SYSTEMS DIV.

Offers the complete line of Buhl automation extrusion control products for the North American market. Control product line offers complete extrusion line automation, with the ability to integrate several propriety control features.

* PCC-6105 offers basic line-control function with screw and puller control, up to 96 heat/cool temperature-control zones, with melt temperature and pressure supervision and control standard.

* PPC-6104 provides control for gear-pump-assisted extrusion, with inlet and discharge pressure control and monitoring, automatic line preheat and startup, recipe handling and storage, data logging and coextrusion capabilities as standard features.

* PPC-6020 gravimetric extrusion control system offers complete line automation by weight, which includes extruder output, total weight per unit length, layer contribution for extrusion, and proportioning of additives, with a total system capability of five extruders per line and four ingredients per extruder.

* PPC-3000 offers ultrasonic thickness measurement for pipe and tube ranging in diameters from 0.5 through 50 in.

Each extrusion control system can be supplied separately, or integrated together with a common console and operator interface, utilizing standard software and hardware packages.

MEASUREX CORP.

Company's Integrated Line Control provides a fully integrated solution for the control of lines producing sheet, film and coated and laminated products. System embraces temperature controls, drive-system supervision, thickness and other scanning measurements, automatic startup and shutdown of line material handling. It provides, through the easy-to-use DynaView console, a single window on the process, which takes advantage of the integration of all parts of the line to provide operator a single interface for all process information and controls needed to run the line. DynaView provides basic process information, such as scanning measurement, process data, trending and current process values, and complete SQC/SPC charting, product/process recipe storage and editing, along with custom graphics.

A wide range of connectivity options ensures compatibility with most programmable controls, drives, etc., and includes communication links to programmable controllers, temperature controllers, personal computers, drive systems, individual transactional computers and industry standard networks.

MOBAY CORP.

Company's Hennecke Machinery group offers system controls and control panels for manufacturing polyurethane products. Equipment includes vertical or slope-faced control panels, which can be operated by a programmable-logic controller, microprocessor, or timer. Panels include controls for foam machine stop-and-start, and high- and low-pressure indicator, shot-time selection, and pour/calibrate selection. Additional controls and functions may be added. Relay-type controls or programmable-logic controllers and support programs to aid operating personnel are available.

NRM-STEELASTIC, INC.

Designs and manufactures a complete line of extrusion process control systems for small lines to multiline applications, providing closed-loop control of all process and product parameters, and backed by company's Guaranteed Results Program.

Sentry Pro 1000 provides complete control and monitoring for small lines. Suitable for pipe, profile, tubing and simple sheet lines and single extruders, system features operator interface with menu-driven touch-screen and optional real-time trending, along with melt-pump control interface.

Larger lines can be controlled and monitored by the Command Sentry 1500, which offers a high-resolution, menu-driven color touch-screen featuring four-quadrant display that provides information at your fingertips. System, housed in a free-standing NEMA-12 enclosure, provides real-time trending as standard. Options include real-time SQC charting, melt-pump interface, and sheet/film gauge inspection capabilities.

Line Sentry 2000, reported to be one of the most sophisticated process control systems today, provides complete control and monitoring of multiple extruders multiple lines and large process applications, from silo to wind-up. System features operator interface with touch screen for menu-driven command input and separate color screen for data and graphics display, allowing user to view real-time trending and SQC charting.

Sentry Master 3000 Extrusion Host system works with company's other control systems, providing off-line automated data capture and historical analysis of all process and product parameters, with multiline and networking capabilities.

All control systems come standard with full closed-loop, digital-speed control; temperature control; total line process control, including product code recipe subsystem, security codes, strategy-loop system, cold-start protection, alarm functions, PID loop control and failed or broken thermocouple override.

PACIFIC ENGINEERING SYSTEMS

Company's CIM strategy covers: process knowledge in plastics extrusion, PLC programming expertise, PC network expertise, touch-screen graphics, color-graphics graphics monitoring, recipe management, inventory control, major/minor ingredient blending for liquids and solids, historical trending, SPC/SQC data requisition, diagnostics, engineering/design of software packages, field installation crews, complete startup assistance, training, comprehensive and straight-forward documentation, and operator and trouble-shooting manuals.

Control system incorporates integration and visibility through multi-windowing user-interface software programming. Multi-windowing operations on multi-tasking processors allow users to perform more than one activity at a time by viewing entirely different areas of the same manufacturing lien.

PROCESS CONTROL CORP.

Gravitrol gravimetric extrusion control system is designed to control the output many extrusion line by weight. Gravitrol systems are typically used on coextrusion processes, such as blown film, cast film, sheet, tube, pipe, profile, and wire and cable coating. Layer percentages of +/- 0.25% by weight can be achieved and maintained on any extrusion line.

System consists of:

* A weigh hopper, which mounts on the throat of each extruder. A custom-designed computer board (in six different sizes) on each hopper calculates the extruder mass throughput and sends information over a high-speed serial network to the central computer.

* A central computer and user-interface, which controls the extrusion process. Operator keys desired layer percentages, total extruder throughput and weight per running length into computer, which monitors actual mass throughput for each extruder and compares it to set rates. Any deviation is accounted for by adjusting the rpm of the extruder screw.

* A drive module for each extruder, designed to be mounted in an existing drive-controller cabinet, takes speed set-points from the central computer and provides analog output (either 0-10 v or 4-20 mA) necessary to drive the extruder screw. Module can also monitor other analog signals such as melt temperature or pressure for recording ar alarm purposes.

* A line-speed monitor/control module which can control line output (in fpm) to maintain constant weight per running length. A high-speed pulse generator is used to provide the control computer with an accurate measure of line speed.

Components are designed for maximum flexibility to control lines of one to seven extruders. Throughput rates of 5 to 10,000 can be handled with accuracy of +/- 0.25%. Systems can either be purchased with new lines, or as a retrofit for existing lines made by any manufacturer.

SOLID CONTROLS, INC.

Specializes in total machine control for injection molding. Product line includes both stand-alone models and those that include manual controls for the molding machine and are mounted directly on the machine. Products range from control systems for customers with small machines seeking limited control ability to customers with very large machines wanting sequence and process control. Options enable communication with CIM network systems, intelligent production cell equipment, remote processing systems, printers, CRT terminals, plotters, etc. Job setups can be stored internally or in a data cartridge for quicker job changeover and startup. In addition, they may be stored in a software library of a PC and downloaded to the control system. Upgrades are available to modify the very basic system to the most sophisticated.

A large part of the company's business involves developing control systems for custom applications. Engineers review the electrical and hydraulic schematics for the equipment to be controlled, then configure the control system accordingly and generate programming and system documentation based on this information.

STEELASTIC

See NRM-Steelastic, Inc.

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS

Offers a family of special modules on its series of programmable controllers targeted for injection molding machine control. The special modules are part of company's TurboMold family. The TurboPlastic module, for example, controls the closed-loop motion of injection, pack, hold and plasticate cycles of the machine, as well as the closed-loop control of the clamp end. Additional modules can be used to control pick-and-place robots, conveyors, bar-code readers and other functions. Operator interface software and cell-level controls with SPC/SQC functions are available specifically for plastics.

TRIENCO, INC.

Develops and manufactures a wide range of sensors, computers, and software for monitoring and control of calendar and extruder lines. Company has a background in on-line, noncontact, non-destructive testing of materials for quality standards. Expertise includes ultrasonic detection of delamination and poor bonding and optical, precision-size profiling of sheet and contoured products. Software monitoring and control include high-speed, real-time optimization of process variables. Company maintains a full-field organization of account managers to assist with application requirements and economic evaluation. Factory services include product testing, sensor and software demonstrations, recommendations for system specifications and configuration and economic feasibility assistance.

VICKERS, INC. A TRINOVA CO.

Offers a family of advanced technology, high productivity microprocessor controls for plastics injection molding machines and sheet molding compound presses.

System 230 is a 16-bit, modular concept microprocessor for new and retrofit plastics injection molding applications. It offers precise open-and closed-loop control of all machine functions, including molding sequence, temperature, proportional devices, and process parameters. It also provides faster setup, startup, cycle times, and troubleshooting, consistent parts reproducibility, and reduced down-time due to a clear-text color CRT display of malfunctions and process variables.

System 235 provides many of the same features for sheet molding compound press applications, in addition to reducing average cycle times from 4 min to less than 1 min. Parallelism and in mold coating control is included. System offers improved part surface finish and dimensional accuracy, and less scrap.
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Title Annotation:1990-1991 Manufacturing Handbook and Buyers' Guide
Publication:Plastics Technology
Date:Jul 15, 1990
Words:4001
Previous Article:Coinjection versatility spurs automotive potential.
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