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Three homonymous generic names in Araneae and Opiliones.

ABSTRACT. Three junior homonyms were detected among the Arachnida and the following replacement names are proposed: Neoarminda for Arminda Roewer 1949 (Opiliones); Alpazia for Lapazia Roewer 1949 (Opiliones); and Araneotanna for Tanna Berland 1938 (Araneae). Accordingly, three new combinations are herein proposed for the respective type species. All three genera are monotypic.

Keywords: Araneae, Opiliones, homonymy, replacement names, Bolivia, Brazil, New Hebrides


While recently researching the "Nomenclator Zoologicus" (Neave 1939-1950) three homonymous arachnid generic names were found. As far as it could be ascertained from our sources (Kury 2003 for the Opiliones and Platnick 2004 for the Araneae), all these homonymies have been hitherto undetected. The opportunity is here taken to provide replacement names for them in accordance with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999).

Order Opiliones Family Gonyleptidae Genus Neoarminda NEW NAME

Remarks.--The name Arminda Roewer 1949 was proposed as a monotypic genus of Opiliones in the Phalangodidae, Tricommatinae (Roewer 1949b: 144) for the species Phalangodella colatinae Soares & Soares 1946 from Brazil. The generic name Arminda is preoccupied by Arminda Krauss 1892 (Orthoptera, Caelifera, Catantopidae) (Krauss 1892: 168). Therefore, Neoarminda NEW NAME is here proposed as a replacement name. The following new combination is established: Neoarminda colatinae (Soares & Soares 1946), NEW COMBINATION.

Gonyleptoidea incertae sedis Genus Alpazia NEW NAME

Remarks.--The genus Lapazia Roewer 1949 was proposed as another monotypic genus of Opiliones in the Phalangodidae Phalangodinae (Roewer 1949a:14) for the species Lapazia minima Roewer 1949 from Bolivia. Kury (2003:25) removed this genus from the Phalangodidae and left it as incertae sedis. The generic name Lapazia is preoccupied by Lapazia Ferris 1937 (Insecta, Homoptera, Diaspididae) (Ferris 1937:68). Consequently, Alpazia NEW NAME is here proposed as a replacement name. The following new combination is established: Alpazia minima (Roewer 1949), NEW COMBINATION.

Order Araneae Family Salticidae Genus Araneotanna NEW NAME

Remarks.--The genus Tanna Berland 1938 was proposed as a monotypic genus of Araneae in the Salticidae for the species Tanna ornatipes Berland 1938 from the New Hebrides (Berland 1938:141). The generic name is preoccupied by Tanna Distant 1905 (Insecta, Homoptera, Cicadidae) (Distant 1905:61). Therefore, Araneotanna NEW NAME is here proposed as a replacement name. The following new combination is established: Araneotanna ornatipes (Berland 1938), NEW COMBINATION.

We wish to thank Max Moulds (Australian Museum, Sidney) and Penny Gullan (University of California at Davis) for their assistance in locating some of the entomological literature, and the editor Mark Harvey for substantially revising the manuscript.

Manuscript received 20 July 2004, revised 13 March 2005.


Berland, L. 1938. Araignees des Nouvelles Hebrides, Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 107:121-190.

Distant, W.L. 1905. Rhynchotal notes, XXIX. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (7)15:58-70.

Ferris, G.F. 1937. Atlas of the Scale Insects of North America. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, California, Series 1, Vol. 1:68.

International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 1999. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London. Fourth edition.

Krauss, H.A. 1892 [1891]. Systematisches Verzeichniss der canarischen Dermapteren und Orthopteren mit Diagnosen der neuen Gattungen und Arten. Zoologischer Anzeiger 15:163-171.

Kury, A.B. 2003. Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Iberica de Aracnologia, Zaragoza, vol. especial monografico, no 1:1-337.

Neave, S.A. 1939-1950. Nomenclator Zoologicus. The Zoological Society of London, London.

Platnick, N.I. 2004. The world spider catalog, version 5.0. American Museum of Natural History, online at spiders/catalog/index.html

Roewer, C.F. 1949a. U ber Phalangodiden I. Subfam. Phalangodinae, Tricommatinae, Samoinae. Weitere Weberknechte XIII. Senckenbergiana, Frankfurt 30:11-61.

Roewer, C.F. 1949b. Einige neue Gattungen der Phalangodidae. Veroffentlichungen aus dem Museum fur Natur-, Volker- u. Handelskunde in Bremen, Reihe A: Naturwissenschaften 1:143-144.

Huseyin Ozdikmen: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Gazi, Ankara 06500, Turkey. E-mail:

Adriano Brilhante Kury: Dept. Invertebrados, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Quinta da Boa Vista s/n, Sao Cristovao 20.940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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Author:Ozdikmen, Huseyin; Kury, Adriano Brilhante
Publication:The Journal of Arachnology
Geographic Code:7TURK
Date:Jan 1, 2006
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