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Thomas Hardy, 'Desperate Remedies': three additional notes by an editor.

AS editor of the first annotated edition (1975) of Thomas Hardy's novel Desperate Remedies (Macmillan's New Wessex edition), I have been constantly on the look-out since for the answers to certain queries which eluded me them. I now offer the following three |notes' which ought to have been included. The first two identify quotations; the third indentifies a building.

1. The phrase |Apt to entice a deity' (Desperate Remedies, Wessex Edition (1912), ch. XV, 325), is to be found in Stanza 2 of Thomas Lodge's |Rosaline':

Her cheecks are like the blushing cloud

That beautifies Aurora's face,

Or like the silver crimson shroud

That Phoeus' smiling looks doth grace;

Heigh ho, fair Rosaline!

Her lips are like two budded roses

Whom ranks of lilies neighbour nigh,

Within which bounds she balm encloses

Apt to entice a deity:

Heigh ho, would she were mine! This is poem XVI in Palgrave's Golden Treasury ...(dated May 1861), which Hardy was given in January 1862 at a time when he had few books of his own. In all, a dozen or so quotations in Desparate Remedies can be traced to Palgrave's anthology. Three of these - the Lodge poem above, the Carew and the Crashaw quotation - are from the only poems by these poets to be included in The Golden Treasury.

2. Another reference to The Golden Treasury, hidden this time, occurs in chapter VI, 105, of the 1912 Wessex Edition of the novel, where we read |. . . banquet-hall deserted' - words taken from Thomas Moore's |The Light of Other Days', poem CCXXV, better known by its opening line: |Oft in the stilly night...'. This is a most appropriate poem in the context as Cytherea sees herself abondoned by her lover, Edward Springrove, but |reminded continually of him by what she saw and heard. The landscape, yesterday so much and so bright to her, was now but as the banquet-hall deserted - all gone but herself.' The relevant verse - the second - in Moore's poem reads:

When I remember all

The friends so link'd together

I've seen around me fall

Like leaves in wintry weather,
        I feel like one
        Who treads alone


Some banquet-hall deserted,
        Whose lights are fled
        Whose garlands dead,


And all but he departed!

Thus in the stilly night

Ere slumber's chain has bound me,

Sad Memory brings the light

Of other days around me.

3. Chettlewood in chapter XI, 222, in the 1912 Wessex Edition. I non feel convinced that Hardy had Chettle (House) near Blandford Forum, Dorset, in mind, my reason being the railway connection. Desperate Remedies is a novel about the impact of the railway. Chettle House had been purchased at auction in 1825 by the Castleman family. Charles Castleman (1807-76), a Wimborne solicitor, whose elder brother Edward moved in at Chettle House in 1846, was the promoter of the new Southampton & Dorchester Railway in 1844, which was soon known locally as |Castleman's Corkscrew'. (See Royal Commission on Historical Monuments: Volume Four North Dorset (1972), Arthur Oswald, Country Houses of Dorset (1959), and J. H. Lucking, Railways of Dorset . . . (published by the Railway Correspondence and Travel Society by arrangement with the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society, 1968). Additional information kindly provided by Mrs Marie Simcox of Ringwood, Hampshire.) The name Chettlewood was Hardy's original choice in the first edition (1871), and remained unchanged in all subsequent editions, as far as I am aware.
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Author:Beatty, C.J.P.
Publication:Notes and Queries
Date:Mar 1, 1993
Words:561
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