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This Indian Country.

This Indian Country by Frederick E. Hoxie. Penguin Press, hardcover, 2012, 400pages. ISBN978-1-59420-365-7

Edward Hoxie is a professor of American Indian history and law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. He focuses on multiple Native American activists such as 1770s Mohawk chief, warrior and diplomat, Joseph Brant, and a contemporary of Brant's, quarter-blood Creek chief and diplomat Alexander MacGillivray, a mixed-blood tribal leader.

The early 1800s is also reviewed and half-blood Choctaw attorney James McDonald is discussed. McDonald's career covered an attempt to use the courts to protect Choctaw treaty rights in Mississippi. His career included a surprising signing of the treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1831 along with two other half-blood Choctaw "Mingos" Chiefs Peter Pitchlyn and Greenwood Laflore, which set the stage for the removal of 15,000 Choctaw to Oklahoma.

The discussion of James McDonald ended with his tragic suicide in middle-age.

The next individual discussed was Sarah Winnemucca a full-blood Paiute in Nevada, who was fluent in English and who could also read and write. Sarah was portrayed as troubled with three failed marriages and the opposition of the white government officials in the Indian Bureau.

Another aspect of the This Indian Country was a discussion of the "White Earth" reservation attempt by the government to consolidate all of the Ojibwa population from different bands on one 800,000 acre reservation in Minnesota by 1900.

Also featured, in a flattering light, would be Thomas Sloan, son of a mixed-blood Omaha woman and a white father in turn of the century Nebraska. Sloan would be a gadfly to tribal leadership for decades. He was an attorney whose first federal case was challenging the Omaha tribal decision to un-enroll him because of his mixed ancestry. Sloan had other legal successes in his life's career.

The final activist to be featured is Vine Deloria the Sioux missionary activist and his son Vine Deloria Jr., a writer and law school professor.

To this reviewer, the most intriguing part of the book was the revelation that 1/4th Choctaw "" chief, Greenwood who was notoriously corrupt, married the niece of 1/8th Cherokee chief John Ross, who many think of as the ultimate tribal patriot who fought incessantly, yet unsuccessfully, to retain ten million acres of Eastern Cherokee lands in Georgia, Tennessee, Northern Alabama, North and South Carolina.

Reviewed by Ken Dunn

Spring Valley, California

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Author:Dunn, Ken
Publication:Whispering Wind
Article Type:Book review
Date:Jul 1, 2015
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