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The world in focus. (World Affairs Annual).

FAST FACTS ON 193 COUNTRIES

Statistics look like a series of cold, hard facts. But every number tells a story. For instance, the number 37 under Malawi's life expectancy, an indicator of the overall health of a population, means many men in that African nation are dying very young. The 99/99 under Germany's literacy rate tells you that almost all of the country's men and women know how to read, while the 71/45 under the same category for Iraq reveals that many more Iraqi men know how to read than women.

These tables describe each of the world's 193 countries with 13 kinds of data. Once you know how to interpret the numbers, they can offer great insight into a nation and its challenges. The diagram below will help you figure out how to use them.

Area & Population: Taken together, these figures allow you to calculate population density (population divided by area), an important indicator of such things as crowdedness.

Urban Population: The percentage of the total population living in urban areas. Urbanization has skyrocketed in developing countries, as people leave rural areas in search of work.

Population Growth: A high rate of population growth could signal a nation that is struggling to feed its people, while a low rate might be a sign that a nation could run short of workers.

Major Languages Spoken: There are some 6,000 languages in the world, not counting local dialects. Many nations have more than one language.

Form of Government & Head: Governments are classified according to who holds power. In democracies, people elect their leaders; dictatorships keep power away from the people. (A glossary defining the terms used is on page 33)

Date of Origin: The year a nation was formed, gained independence, or established its present form of government.

Literacy Rate: The percentage of people (male/female) who can read and write.

Per Capita GDP: The Gross Domestic Product--the value of all goods and services produced in one year--divided per capita, meaning per person. It is one way to gauge a nation's wealth.

Percent of Population Under Age 15: Developing countries with a high percentage of young people may have trouble providing jobs, schools, and food, thus risking political unrest.

Life Expectancy: The age to which a newborn (male/female) can expect to live. Improvements in medicine, diet, and environment have helped people live longer.

HDI (Human Development Index): This number measures economic and human well-being on a scale of 0 to 1. It combines life expectancy, literacy, and purchasing power into one number.

[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED]
Africa

 AREA (SQ MI) URBAN POP. %
 COUNTRY POPULATION POP. RISE / YEAR CAPITAL

 Algeria 919,591 49 Algiers
 31,400,000 1.8

 Angola 481,351 32 Luanda
 12,700,000 2.9

 Benin 43,483 39 Porto-Novo
 6,600,000 2.9

 Botswana 224,606 49 Gaborone
 1,600,000 0.8

 Burkina Faso 105,792 15 Ouagadougou
 12,600,000 3.0

 Burundi 10,745 8 Bujumbura
 6,700,000 2.2

 Cameroon 183,568 48 Yaounde
 16,200,000 2.5

 Cape Verde 1,556 53 Praia
 500,000 3.0

Central African 240,533 39 Bangui
 Republic 3,600,000 2.0

 Chad 495,753 21 N'Djamena
 9,000,000 3.3

 Comoros 861 29 Moroni
 600,000 3.5

 Congo 132,046 41 Brazzaville
 Republic 3,200,000 3.0

 Cote d'Ivoire 124,502 46 Yamoussoukro
 16,800,000 2.0

 Democratic 905,351 29 Kinshasa
 Rep. of Congo 55,200,000 3.1

 Djibouti 8,958 83 Djibouti
 700,000 2.0

 Egypt 386,660 43 Cairo
 71,200,000 2.0

 Equatorial 10,830 37 Malabo
 Guinea 500,000 2.7

 Eritrea 45,405 16 Asmara
 4,500,000 3.0

 Ethiopia 426,371 15 Addis Ababa
 67,700,000 2.5

 Gabon 103,347 73 Libreville
 1,200,000 1.6

 Gambia 4,363 37 Banjul
 1,500,000 2.9

 Ghana 92,100 37 Accra
 20,200,000 2.2

 Guinea 94,927 26 Conakry
 8,400,000 2.7

 Guinea-Bissau 13,946 22 Bissau
 1,300,000 2.5

 Kenya 224,081 20 Nairobi
 31,100,000 2.0

 Lesotho 11,718 16 Maseru
 2,200,000 1.8

 Liberia 43,000 45 Monrovia
 3,300,000 3.1

 Libya 679,359 86 Tripoli
 5,400,000 2.4

 Madagascar 226,656 22 Antananarivo
 16,900,000 3.0

 Malawi 45,745 20 Lilongwe
 10,900,000 2.4

 Mali 478,838 26 Bamako
 11,300,000 3.0

 Mauritania 395,954 55 Nouakchott
 2,600,000 2.0

 Mauritius 788 43 Port Louis
 1,200,000 1.0

 Morocco 172,413 55 Rabat
 29,700,000 1.9

 Mozambique 309,494 28 Maputo
 19,600,000 2.0

 Namibia 318,259 27 Windhoek
 1,800,000 1.6

 Niger 489,189 17 Niamey
 11,600,000 3.5

 Nigeria 356,668 36 Abuja
 129,900,000 2.7

 Rwanda 10,170 5 Kigali
 7,400,000 2.2

 Sao Tome 371 44 Sao Tome
 & Principe 200,000 3.5

 Senegal 75,954 43 Dakar
 9,900,000 2.6

 Seychelles 174 63 Victoria
 100,000 1.1

 Sierra Leone 27,699 37 Freetown
 5,600,000 2.4

 Somalia 246,201 28 Mogadishu
 7,800,000 2.9

 South Africa 471,444 54 Cape Town,
 43,600,000 1.1 Pretoria, and
 Bloemfontein

 Sudan 967,494 27 Khartoum
 32,600,000 2.4

 Swaziland 6,703 25 Mbabane &
 1,100,000 2.0 Lobamba

 Tanzania 364,900 22 Dar es
 37,200,000 2.7 Salaam

 Togo 21,927 31 Lome
 5,300,000 2.9

 Tunisia 63,170 63 Tunis
 9,800,000 1.2

 Uganda 93,066 16 Kampala
 24,700,000 3.0

 Zambia 290,583 38 Lusaka
 10,000,000 2.0

 Zimbabwe 150,873 32 Harare
 12,300,000 0.9

 COUNTRY MAJOR LANGUAGES FORM OF GOVERNMENT & HEAD

 Algeria Arabic, French, Berber Dominant party;
 dialects President Abdelaziz
 Bouteflika

 Angola Portuguese, Bantu, Presidential-legislative
 others (transitional); President
 Jose Eduardo dos Santos

 Benin French, Fon, Yoruba, Presidential-parliamentary
 others democracy; President
 Mathieu Kerekou

 Botswana English, Setswana Parliamentary democracy
 and traditional chiefs;
 President Festus Mogae

 Burkina Faso French, Sudanic Dominant party;
 languages President Blaise Compaore

 Burundi Kirundi, French, Dictatorship
 Swahili (military-dominated);
 President Pierre Buyoya

 Cameroon English, French, Dominant party;
 African languages President Paul Biya

 Cape Verde Portuguese, Crioulo Presidential-parliamentary
 democracy; Prime Minister
 Jose Maria Pereira Neves

Central African French, Sangho, Arabic, Presidential-parliamentary;
 Republic Hunsa, Swahili President Ange-Felix
 Patasse

 Chad French, Arabic, Sara, Presidential-parliamentary
 Sango, others (military-dominated);
 President Idriss Deby

 Comoros Arabic, French, Presidential
 Comoran (military-dominated);
 Col. Azali Assoumani

 Congo French, Lingala, Military-backed
 Republic Monokutuba, Kikongo, dictatorship; President
 others Denis Sassou-Nguesso

 Cote d'Ivoire French, Dioula, others Presidential-parliamentary
 (transitional);
 President Laurent Gbagbo

 Democratic French, Lingala, Military-backed
 Rep. of Congo Kingwana, dictatorship;
 Kikongo, Tshiluba President Joseph Kabila

 Djibouti French, Arabic, Dominant party; President
 Somali, Afar Ismail Omar Guelleh

 Egypt Arabic, English, French Dominant party; President
 Hosni Mubarak

 Equatorial Spanish, French, Presidential
 Guinea pidgin English, Fang, (military-dominated);
 Bubi, Ibo President Teodoro Obiang
 Nguema Mbasogo

 Eritrea Amharic, Arabic, Afar, One party;
 Tigrinya, Tigre, many President Isaias Afwerki
 others

 Ethiopia Amharic, Tigrinya, Dominant party;
 Orominga, Arabic, Prime Minister Meles
 English, others Zenawi

 Gabon French, Fang, Myene, Dominant party; President
 Bateke, others Omar Bongo

 Gambia English, Mandinka, Presidential-parliamentary
 Wolof, Fula, others (transitional);
 President Yahya Jammeh

 Ghana English, Akan, others Presidential-parliamentary
 democracy; President John
 Agyekum Kufuor

 Guinea French, various Dominant party;
 African languages President Lansana Conte

 Guinea-Bissau Portuguese, Criolo, Presidential-legislative
 others (transitional);
 President Kumba Yala

 Kenya English, Swahili, Dominant party;
 many others President Daniel arap Moi

 Lesotho Sesotho, English, Parliamentary and
 Zulu, Xhosa traditional chiefs
 (transitional); Prime
 Minister Pakalitha
 Mosisili

 Liberia English, Niger-Congo Presidential-parliamentary
 languages democracy; President
 Charles Taylor

 Libya Arabic, Italian, One-party dictatorship;
 English Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi

 Madagascar French, Malagasy Presidential democracy;
 President Marc Ravalomanana

 Malawi English, Chichewa, Presidential-parliamentary
 others democracy; President
 Bakili Muluzi

 Mali French, Bambara, Presidential-parliamentary
 many others democracy; President
 Amadou Toumani Toure

 Mauritania Hasaniya Arabic, Presidential-parliamentary
 Pular, Soninke, Wolof, (military-influenced);
 French President Maaouya Ould
 Sidi Ahmed Taya

 Mauritius English, Creole, Parliamentary democracy;
 French, Hindi, Urdu, Prime Minister Sir
 Hakka, Bojpoori Anerood Jugnauth

 Morocco Arabic, Berber Constitutional monarchy;
 dialects, French King Muhammad VI

 Mozambique Portuguese, African Presidential-parliamentary
 languages democracy; President
 Joaquim Chissano

 Namibia English, local African Presidential-legislative
 languages democracy; President
 Sam Nujoma

 Niger French, Hausa, Presidential-parliamentary
 Djerma democracy (transitional);
 President Mamadou Tandja

 Nigeria English, Hausa, Presidential-parliamentary
 Yoruba, Ibo Fulani democracy (transitional);
 President Olusegun Obasanjo

 Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French, Dominant party; President
 English Kiswahili Paul Kagame

 Sao Tome Portuguese Presidentail-parliamentary
 & Principe democracy; President
 Fradique de Menezes

 Senegal French, Wolof, Pulaar, Presidential-parliamentary
 Diola, Mandingo democracy; President
 Abdoulaye Wade

 Seychelles English, French, Presidential-legislative
 Creole democracy; President
 France-Albert Rene

 Sierra Leone English, Mende, Presidential-legislative
 Temne, Krio democracy; President Ahmad
 Tejan Kabbah (rebel
 factions waging civil war)

 Somalia Somali, Arabic, Limited government
 Italian, English disputed by warlords;
 Prime Minister Hasan
 Abshir Farah

 South Africa English, Afrikaans, Presidential-legislative
 Zulu, Xhosa, Swazi, democracy; President
 Sotho, others Thabo Mbeki

 Sudan Arabic, Nubian, Presidential-parliamentary
 Ta Bedawie, (military-dominated);
 English, others President Omar Hassan
 Ahmad al-Bashir

 Swaziland English, siSwati Monarchy; King Mswati III

 Tanzania Kiswahili, English, Dominant party;
 Arabic, many others President Benjamin Mkapa

 Togo French, Ewe, Mina, Dominant party;
 Dagomba, Kabye President General
 Gnassingbe Eyadema

 Tunisia Arabic, French Dominant party;
 President Zine el
 Abidine Ben Ali

 Uganda English, Luganda, Dominant party;
 Swahili, others President Yoweri Museveni

 Zambia English, Bemba, Dominant party;
 Tonga, others President Levy Mwanawasa

 Zimbabwe English, Shona, Dominant party;
 Sindebele, others President Robert Mugabe

 DATE OF LITERACY
 ORIGIN RATE (%) GDP PER
 COUNTRY AGE OF POP.: LIFE CAPITA
 % UNDER 15 EXPECTANCY HDI

 Algeria 1962 74/49 $1,688
 35 68/71 0.697

 Angola 1975 56/28 $746
 48 44/47 0.403

 Benin 1960 52/24 $344
 46 53/56 0.420

 Botswana 1966 81/60 $3,214
 41 39/40 0.572

 Burkina Faso 1960 30/9 $185
 49 46/47 0.325

 Burundi 1962 49/23 $103
 48 40/41 0.313

 Cameroon 1960 75/52 $530
 43 54/56 0.512

 Cape Verde 1975 81/64 $1,176
 43 66/72 0.715

Central African 1960 69/52 $272
 Republic 44 42/46 0.375

 Chad 1960 62/35 $178
 48 49/53 0.365

 Comoros 1975 64/50 $367
 46 54/59 0.511

 Congo 1960 83/67 $860
 Republic 46 49/53 0.512

 Cote d'Ivoire 1960 57/40 $620
 47 44/47 0.428

 Democratic 1960 87/68 NA
 Rep. of Congo 48 47/51 0.431

 Djibouti 1977 60/33 $823
 43 42/44 0.445

 Egypt 1922 64/39 $1,370
 36 65/68 0.642

 Equatorial 1968 90/68 $3,691
 Guinea 44 49/53 0.679

 Eritrea 1993 66/38 $151
 43 53/58 0.421

 Ethiopia 1000 B.C. 46/25 $94
 44 51/53 0.327

 Gabon 1960 74/53 $3,611
 40 49/51 0.637

 Gambia 1965 58/37 $270
 45 51/55 0.405

 Ghana 1957 76/54 $262
 43 56/59 0.548

 Guinea 1958 50/22 $344
 44 47/48 0.414

 Guinea-Bissau 1973 67/41 $158
 44 43/46 0.349

 Kenya 1963 86/70 $335
 44 47/49 0.513

 Lesotho 1966 72/93 $359
 40 50/52 0.535

 Liberia 1847 54/22 NA
 43 49/52 NA

 Libya 1951 88/63 NA
 36 73/77 0.773

 Madagascar 1960 88/73 $270
 45 53/57 0.469

 Malawi 1964 73/43 $168
 46 37/38 0.400

 Mali 1960 39/23 $233
 47 46/48 0.386

 Mauritania 1960 53/40 $396
 44 53/55 0.438

 Mauritius 1968 87/79 $3,750
 26 68/75 0.772

 Morocco 1956 57/31 $1,136
 32 67/71 0.602

 Mozambique 1975 58/27 $182
 45 38/37 0.322

 Namibia 1990 45/31 $1,760
 43 44/41 0.610

 Niger 1960 21/7 $167
 50 45/46 0.277

 Nigeria 1960 67/47 $317
 44 52/52 0.462

 Rwanda 1962 52/45 $230
 44 39/40 0.403

 Sao Tome 1975 85/62 $235
 & Principe 48 64/67 0.632

 Senegal 1960 43/23 $467
 44 52/55 0.431

 Seychelles 1976 56/60 NA
 29 67/73 0.811

 Sierra Leone 1961 45/18 $134
 44 38/40 0.275

 Somalia 1960 36/14 NA
 44 45/48 NA

 South Africa 1910 82/82 $2,598
 34 50/52 0.695

 Sudan 1956 58/35 $385
 40 55/57 0.499

 Swaziland 1968 78/76 $1,141
 46 40/41 0.577

 Tanzania 1964 79/57 $245
 45 51/53 0.440

 Togo 1960 67/37 $237
 47 53/57 0.493

 Tunisia 1956 79/55 $2,044
 30 70/74 0.722

 Uganda 1962 74/50 $231
 51 42/44 0.444

 Zambia 1964 86/71 $365
 48 37/37 0.433

 Zimbabwe 1980 90/80 $736
 44 39/36 0.551

Asia

 AREA (SQ MI) URBAN POP. %
 COUNTRY POPULATION POP. RISE / YEAR CAPITAL

Afghanistan 251,772 22 Kabul
 27,800,000 2.4

 Armenia 11,506 67 Yerevan
 3,800,000 0.2

 Azerbaijan 33,436 51 Baku
 8,200,000 0.8

 Bahrain 266 87 Manama
 700,000 1.9

 Bangladesh 55,598 23 Dhaka
 133,600,000 2.2

 Bhutan 18,147 16 Thimphu
 900,000 2.5

 Brunei 2,228 67 Bandar Seri
 400,000 2.0 Begawan

 Cambodia 69,900 16 Phnom Penh
 12,300,000 1.7

 China 3,696,100 38 Beijing
 1,280,700,000 0.7

 Cyprus 3,571 66 Nicosia
 900,000 0.6

 East Timor 5,741 8 Dili
 800,000 1.5

 Georgia 26,911 56 Tbilisi
 4,400,000 0.0

 India 1,269,340 28 New Delhi
 1,049,500,000 1.7

 Indonesia 735,355 39 Jakarta
 217,000,000 1.6

 Iran 630,575 66 Tehran
 65,600,000 1.2

 Iraq 169,236 68 Baghdad
 23,600,000 2.5

 Israel (1) 8,131 91 Jerusalem
 6,600,000 1.5

 Japan 145,869 78 Tokyo
 127,400,000 0.2

 Jordan 34,444 79 Amman
 5,300,000 2.3

 Kazakhstan 1,049,151 56 Astana
 14,800,000 0.5

Korea, North 46,541 59 Pyongyang
 23,200,000 0.7

Korea, South 38,324 79 Seoul
 48,400,000 0.8

 Kuwait 6,880 100 Kuwait
 2,300,000 2.9

 Kyrgyzstan 76,641 35 Bishkek
 5,000,000 1.3

 Laos 91,429 17 Vientiane
 5,500,000 2.3

 Lebanon 4,015 88 Beirut
 4,300,000 1.4

 Malaysia 127,317 57 Kuala
 24,400,000 1.9 Lumpur

 Maldives 116 27 Male
 300,000 1.9

 Mongolia 604,826 57 Ulaanbaata
 2,400,000 1.5

 Myanmar 261,228 27 Yangon
 (Burma) 49,000,000 1.3 (Rangoon)

 Nepal 56,826 11 Kathmandu
 23,900,000 2.1

 Oman 82,031 72 Muscat
 2,800,000 2.9

 Pakistan 307,375 33 Islamabad
 143,500,000 2.1

Philippines 115,830 47 Manila
 80,000,000 2.2

 Qatar 4,247 91 Doha
 600,000 2.7

Saudi Arabia 829,996 83 Riyadh
 24,000,000 2.9

 Singapore 239 100 Singapore
 4,200,000 0.8

 Sri Lanka 25,332 30 Colombo
 18,900,000 1.2

 Syria 71,498 50 Damascus
 17,200,000 2.6

 Taiwan 13,969 77 Taipei
 22,500,000 0.6

 Tajikistan 55,251 27 Dushanbe
 6,300,000 1.4

 Thailand 198,116 31 Bangkok
 62,600,000 0.8

 Turkey 299,158 66 Ankara
 67,300,000 1.5

Turkmenistan 188,456 44 Ashgabat
 5,600,000 1.3

United Arab 32,278 78 Abu Dhabi
 Emirates 3,500,000 1.5

 Uzbekistan 172,741 38 Tashkent
 25,400,000 1.7

 Vietnam 128,066 24 Hanoi
 79,700,000 1.4

 Yemen 203,849 26 Sana'a
 18,600,000 3.3

 COUNTRY MAJOR LANGUAGES FORM OF GOVERNMENT & HEAD

Afghanistan Pashtu, Afghan Transitional;
 Persian, Turkic, President Hamid Karzai
 others

 Armenia Armenian, Russian, Presidential-parliamentary
 others democracy; President Robert
 Kocharian

 Azerbaijan Azeri, Russian, Dominant party;
 Armenian, others President Heydar Aliyev

 Bahrain Arabic, English, Monarchy; Emir Hamad bin 'lsa
 Farsi, Urdu Al Khalifah

 Bangladesh Bengali, English Parliamentary democracy
 (transitional); Prime
 Minister Khaleda Zia

 Bhutan Dzongkha, Tibetan, Monarchy; King Jigme Singye
 and Nepalese Wangchuck
 dialects

 Brunei Malay, English, Monarchy; Sultan and Prime
 Chinese Minister Sir Muda Hassanal
 Bolkiah Mu'izzadin Waddaulah

 Cambodia Khmer, French Dominant party;
 Prime Minister Hun Sen

 China Mandarin, other Communist one-party state;
 Chinese dialects, President Jiang Zemin
 other languages

 Cyprus Greek, Turkish Presidential-legislative
 English democracy; President Glafcos
 Clerides

 East Timor Tetun, Portuguese, Parliamentary democracy
 Indonesian, English (transitional); President
 Xanana Gusmao

 Georgia Georgian, Russian, Presidential-parliamentary
 Armenian, Azeri democracy;
 Ossetian, others President Eduard Shevardnadze

 India Hindu, English, Parliamentary democracy;
 many others Prime Minister Atal Bihari
 Vajpayee

 Indonesia Bahasa Indo-nesian Presidential-parliamentary
 English, Dutch, democracy; President Megawati
 others Sukarnoputri

 Iran Farsi, Turkic, Presidential-parliamentary
 Kurdish, Luri, others under Islamic religious
 control; President Mohammad
 Khatami

 Iraq Arabic, Kurdish One-party presidential
 Assyrian, Armenian dictatorship; President
 Saddam Hussein

 Israel (1) Hebrew, Arabic Parliamentary democracy;
 English Prime Minister Ariel Sharon

 Japan Japanese Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Junichiro
 Koizumi

 Jordan Arabic, English Constitutional monarchy;
 King Abdullah II

 Kazakhstan Kazakh, Russian Dominant party;
 Ukrainian, others President Nursultan Nazarbayev

Korea, North Korean Communist one-party state;
 General Secretary Kim Jong II

Korea, South Korean, English Presidential-parliamentary
 democracy; President Kim Dae
 Jung

 Kuwait Arabic, English Constitutional monarchy; Prime
 Minister Saad al-Abdullah
 al-Salim Al Sabah

 Kyrgyzstan Kirghiz, Russian Presidential-parliamentary
 democracy; President Askar
 Akayev

 Laos Lao, French, English, Communist one-party state;
 others President Khamtai Siphandon

 Lebanon Arabic, French President-parliamentary, with
 Armenian, English heavy foreign influence;
 President Emile Lahoud

 Malaysia Malay, English, Dominant party; Prime Minister
 Chinese dialects, Datuk Seri Mahathir bin
 many others Mohamad

 Maldives Maldivian Divehi, Presidential-legislative;
 English President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom

 Mongolia Khalkha, Mongol Presidential-parliamentary
 Turkic, Russian democracy; Prime Minister
 Chinese Nambaryn Enkhbayar

 Myanmar Burmese, others Military;
 (Burma) Prime Minister General Than
 Swe

 Nepal Nepali, others Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Sher Bahadur
 Deuba

 Oman Arabic, English, Monarchy; Prime Minister &
 Baluchi, Urdu, Sultan Qabus bin Sa'id Al
 others Sa'id

 Pakistan Urdu, Punjabi, Military;
 Sindhi, Siraiki, President General Pervez
 English, others Musharraf

Philippines Filipino, English Presidential-legislative
 democracy; Presidential Gloria
 Macapagal-Arroyo

 Qatar Arabic, English Monarchy;
 Emir Hamad bin Khalifah Al
 Thani

Saudi Arabia Arabic Monarchy; King and Prime
 Minister Fahd bin Abd al-Aziz
 Al-Saud

 Singapore Chinese, Malay, Tamil Dominant party;
 English Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong

 Sri Lanka Sinhala, Tamil, Presidential-parliamentary
 English democracy; President Chandrika
 Bandaranaike Kumaratunga

 Syria Arabic, Kurdish, Dominant party (military-
 Armenian, French, dominated); President Bashar
 others al-Assad

 Taiwan Mandarin Chinese, Presidential-legislative
 Taiwanese, others democracy; President Chen
 Shui-bian

 Tajikistan Tajik, Russian Presidential (transitional);
 President Emomali Rahmonov

 Thailand Thai, English, Parliamentary democracy;
 regional dialects Prime Minister Thaksin
 Shinawatra

 Turkey Turkish, Kurdish Presidential-parliamentary
 Arabic democracy; Prime Minister
 Bulent Ecevit

Turkmenistan Turkmen, Uzbek, Presidential dictatorship;
 Russian, others President Saparmurat Niyazov

United Arab Arabic, Farsi, Federation of traditional
 Emirates English, Hindi, Urdu monarchies; President Sheikh
 Zayid bin Sultan Al Nahayyan

 Uzbekistan Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, Dominant party;
 others President Islam Karimov

 Vietnam Vietnamese, French, Communist one-party state;
 Chinese, English, Prime Minister Phan Van Khai
 Khmer, others

 Yemen Arabic Dominant coalition;
 President Ali Abdullah
 Saleh

 DATE OF ORIGIN GDP PER
 COUNTRY AGE OF POP.: LITERACY RATE (%) CAPITA
 % UNDER 15 LIFE EXPECTANCY HDI

Afghanistan 1919 47/15 NA
 43 46/44 NA

 Armenia 1918 99/98 $529
 27 70/74 0.754

 Azerbaijan 1991 99/96 $694
 32 69/75 0.741

 Bahrain 1971 89/79 NA
 28 73/75 0.831

 Bangladesh 1971 63/49 $349
 40 59/59 0.478

 Bhutan 1949 56/28 $593
 39 66/66 0.494

 Brunei 1984 93/83 NA
 32 71/76 0.856

 Cambodia 1949 48/22 $275
 43 54/58 0.543

 China 1912 90/73 $905
 23 69/73 0.726

 Cyprus 1960 98/91 NA
 22 75/80 0.833

 East Timor 2002 NA $320
 43 47/48 NA

 Georgia 1991 99/98 $713
 20 69/77 0.748

 India 1947 66/38 $455
 36 62/64 0.577

 Indonesia 1945 90/78 $670
 31 66/70 0.684

 Iran 1502 78/66 $1,812
 33 68/70 0.721

 Iraq 1932 71/45 NA
 47 56/59 NA

 Israel (1) 1948 97/93 NA
 28 76/81 0.896

 Japan 660 B.C. 99/99 $33,322
 14 78/85 0.933

 Jordan 1946 93/79 $1,666
 40 69/71 0.717

 Kazakhstan 1991 99/96 $1,529
 29 60/71 0.750

Korea, North 1945 99/99 NA
 27 66/67 NA

Korea, South 1945 99/97 $8,722
 22 72/80 0.882

 Kuwait 1961 82/75 NA
 26 74/78 0.813

 Kyrgyzstan 1991 99/96 $305
 35 65/72 0.712

 Laos 1949 70/44 $311
 43 52/55 0.485

 Lebanon 1943 91/82 $3,886
 28 72/75 0.755

 Malaysia 1957 89/78 $3,588
 33 70/75 0.782

 Maldives 1965 93/93 $2,072
 41 67/66 0.743

 Mongolia 1921 98/98 $437
 34 61/65 0.655

 Myanmar 1948 89/78 NA
 (Burma) 33 54/59 0.552

 Nepal 1768 41/14 $231
 41 58/57 0.490

 Oman 1650 78/58 NA
 35 72/75 0.751

 Pakistan 1947 55/29 $415
 42 63/63 0.499

Philippines 1946 95/94 $893
 37 65/71 0.754

 Qatar 1971 79/80 NA
 26 70/75 0.803

Saudi Arabia 1932 72/50 NA
 43 71/73 0.759

 Singapore 1965 97/90 NA
 21 76/80 0.885

 Sri Lanka 1948 93/87 $865
 27 70/74 0.741

 Syria 1946 86/56 $1,043
 41 70/70 0.691

 Taiwan 1947 93/97 NA
 21 73/78 NA

 Tajikistan 1991 99/97 $168
 42 66/71 0.667

 Thailand 1238 96/92 $1,833
 24 70/75 0.762

 Turkey 1923 94/77 $2,194
 30 67/72 0.742

Turkmenistan 1991 99/97 $1,065
 38 63/70 0.741

United Arab 1971 79/80 NA
 Emirates 26 72/77 0.812

 Uzbekistan 1991 99/99 $444
 38 68/73 0.727

 Vietnam 1945 97/91 $413
 31 67/70 0.688

 Yemen 1990 53/26 $489
 48 57/61 0.479

Europe

 AREA (SQ MI) URBAN POP. %
 COUNTRY POPULATION POP. RISE %/YEAR CAPITAL

 Albania 11,100 46 Tirana
 3,100,000 1.2

 Andorra 174 93 Andorra
 100,000 0.7 la Vella

 Austria 32,378 54 Vienna
 8,100,000 0.0

 Belarus 80,154 70 Minsk
 9,900,000 -0.5

 Belgium 11,787 97 Brussels
 10,300,000 0.1

 Bosnia & 19,741 40 Sarajevo
 Herzegovina (2) 3,400,000 0.4

 Bulgaria 42,822 69 Sofia
 7,800,000 -0.5

 Croatia 21,830 54 Zagreb
 4,300,000 -0.2

 Czech 30,448 77 Prague
 Republic 10,300,000 -0.2

 Denmark 16,637 85 Copenhagen
 5,400,000 0.1

 Estonia 17,413 69 Tallinn
 1,400,000 -0.4

 Finland 130,560 61 Helsinki
 5,200,000 0.2

 France 212,934 74 Paris
 59,500,000 0.4

 Germany 137,830 86 Berlin
 82,400,000 -0.1

 Greece 50,950 59 Athens
 11,000,000 -0.0

 Hungary 35,919 64 Budapest
 10,100,000 -0.4

 Iceland 39,768 93 Reykjavik
 300,000 0.9

 Ireland 27,135 58 Dublin
 3,800,000 0.6

 Italy 116,320 90 Rome
 58,100,000 0.0

 Latvia 24,942 68 Riga
 2,300,000 -0.6

 Liechtenstein 62 23 Vaduz
 30,000 0.5

 Lithuania 25,174 67 Vilnius
 3,500,000 -0.3

 Luxembourg 999 88 Luxembourg
 500,000 0.5

 Macedonia 9,927 59 Skopje
 2,000,000 0.6

 Malta 124 91 Valletta
 400,000 0.3

 Moldova 13,012 46 Chisinau
 4,300,000 -0.1

 Monaco 1 100 Monaco
 30,000 0.6

 Netherlands 15,768 62 Amsterdam
 16,100,000 0.4

 Norway 125,050 74 Oslo
 4,500,000 0.3

 Poland 124,807 62 Warsaw
 38,600,000 0.0

 Portugal 35,514 48 Lisbon
 10,400,000 0.2

 Romania 92,042 55 Bucharest
 22,400,000 -0.2

 Russia 6,592,819 73 Moscow
 143,500,000 -0.7

 San Marino 23 89 San Marino
 30,000 0.3

 Slovakia 18,923 57 Bratislava
 5,400,000 -0.0

 Slovenia 7,819 50 Ljubljana
 2,000,000 -0.0

 Spain 195,363 64 Madrid
 41,300,000 0.1

 Sweden 173,730 84 Stockholm
 8,900,000 -0.0

 Switzerland 15,942 68 Bern
 7,300,000 0.2

 Ukraine 233,089 67 Kiev
 48,200,000 -0.8

 United Kingdom 94,548 90 London
 60,200,000 0.1

 Vatican City 109 acres NA Vatican City
 870 1.2

 Yugoslavia 39,448 52 Belgrade &
(Serbia & Montenegro) 10,700,000 0.2 Podgorica

 MAJOR FORM OF GOVERNMENT
 COUNTRY LANGUAGES & HEAD

 Albania Albanian, Greek Presidential-
 parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Fatos Nano

 Andorra Catalan, French, Parliamentary
 Castilian democracy; Head of
 Government Marc Forne
 Molne

 Austria German Parliamentary
 democracy; Chancellor
 Wolfgang Schussel

 Belarus Byelorussian, Presidential
 Russian, others dictatorship;
 President Aleksandr
 Lukashenko

 Belgium Flemish, French, Parliamentary
 German democracy; Prime
 Minister Guy
 Verhofstadt

 Bosnia & Serbo-Croatian Presidential-
 Herzegovina (2) parliamentary
 (transitional);
 rotating Chairman of
 the Presidency

 Bulgaria Bulgarian, others Parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Simeon Saxe-
 Coburg-Gotha

 Croatia Serbo-Croatian Parliamentary
 democracy; President
 Stjepan Mesic

 Czech Czech, Slovak Parliamentary
 Republic democracy; Prime
 Minister Vladimir
 Spidla

 Denmark Danish, Parliamentary
 Greenlandic, democracy; Prime
 Faroese, German Minister Anders Fogh
 Rasmussen

 Estonia Estonian, Parliamentary
 Ukrainian, Russian, democracy; Prime
 others Minister Siim Kallas

 Finland Finnish, Swedish, Parliamentary
 Lapp, Russian democracy; President
 Tarja Halonen

 France French, regional Presidential-
 dialects parliamentary
 democracy; President
 Jacques Chirac

 Germany German Parliamentary
 democracy; Chancellor
 Gerhard Schroder

 Greece Greek, English, Parliamentary
 French democracy; Prime
 Minister Konstandinos
 Simitis

 Hungary Hungarian, others Parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Peter
 Medgyessy

 Iceland Icelandic Parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister David Oddsson

 Ireland English, Gaelic Parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Bertie Ahern

 Italy Italian, German, Parliamentary
 French, Slovene democracy; Prime
 Minister Silvio
 Berlusconi

 Latvia Lettish, Lithuanian, Parliamentary
 Russian, others democracy; President
 Vaira Vike-Freiberga

 Liechtenstein German, Alemannic Constitutional
 dialect monarchy; Prince Hans
 Adam II

 Lithuania Lithuanian, Polish, Parliamentary
 Russian democracy; President
 Valdas Adamkus

 Luxembourg Luxembourgan, Parliamentary
 German, French, democracy; Prime
 English Minister Jean-Claude
 Juncker

 Macedonia Macedonian, Parliamentary
 Albanian, others democracy; Prime
 Minister Ljubco
 Georgievski

 Malta Maltese, English Parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Eddie Fenech
 Adami

 Moldova Moldovan, Russian, Parliamentary
 Gagauz democracy; President
 Vladimir Voronin

 Monaco French, English, Constitutional
 Italian, Monegasque monarchy; Prince
 Rainier III

 Netherlands Dutch Parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Jan Peter
 Balkenende

 Norway Norwegian, Lapp, Parliamentary
 Finnish democracy; Prime
 Minister Kjell Magne
 Bondevik

 Poland Polish Presidential-
 parliamentary
 democracy; President
 Aleksander Kwasniewski

 Portugal Portuguese Presidential-
 parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Jose Manuel
 Durao Barroso

 Romania Romanian, Presidential-
 Hungarian, German parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Adrian
 Nastase

 Russia Russian, others Presidential-
 parliamentary
 democracy; President
 Vladimir Putin

 San Marino Italian Parliamentary
 democracy; Co-Captains
 Regent elected every
 six months from the
 Great and General
 Council

 Slovakia Slovak, Hungarian Parliamentary
 democracy; Prime
 Minister Mikulas
 Dzurinda

 Slovenia Slovenian, Serbo- Parliamentary
 Croatian, others democracy; Prime
 Minister Janez
 Drnovsek

 Spain Spanish, Catalan, Parliamentary
 Galician, Basque democracy; Prime
 Minister Jose Maria
 Aznar

 Sweden Swedish, Lapp, Parliamentary
 Finnish democracy; Prime
 Minister Goran Persson

 Switzerland German, French, Parliamentary
 Italian, Romansch, democracy; President
 others Kaspar Villiger

 Ukraine Ukranian, Russian, Presidential-
 Romanian, Polish, parliamentary
 Hungarian democracy; President
 Leonid Kuchma

 United Kingdom English, Welsh, Parliamentary
 Scottish, Gaelic democracy; Prime
 Minister Tony Blair

 Vatican City Italian, Latin, others Papal state;
 Pope John Paul II

 Yugoslavia Serbo-Croatian, Parliamentary
(Serbia & Montenegro) Albanian democracy; President
 Vojlslav Kostunica

 LITERACY
 DATE OF ORIGIN RATE (%)
 AGE OF POP.: LIFE GDP PER CAPITA
 COUNTRY % UNDER 15 EXPECTANCY HDI

 Albania 1912 90/76 $1,327
 32 72/76 0.733

 Andorra 1278 NA NA
 15 NA NA

 Austria 1156 99/99 $23,302
 17 75/81 0.926

 Belarus 1991 99/97 $1,219
 18 63/75 0.788

 Belgium 1830 99/99 $22,099
 18 75/82 0.939

 Bosnia & 1992 NA $1,403
 Herzegovina (2) 20 65/72 NA

 Bulgaria 1908 99/98 $1,630
 16 68/75 0.779

 Croatia 1991 99/95 $4,610
 20 70/77 0.809

 Czech 1993 99/99 $5,478
 Republic 16 72/78 0.849

 Denmark 900s 99/99 $30,151
 19 75/79 0.926

 Estonia 1991 99/99 $3,772
 18 65/76 0.826

 Finland 1917 99/99 $23,459
 18 74/81 0.930

 France 486 99/99 $21,896
 19 76/83 0.928

 Germany 1871 99/99 $22,741
 16 75/81 0.925

 Greece 1829 98/93 $10,577
 15 76/81 0.885

 Hungary 1001 99/98 $5,184
 17 67/76 0.835

 Iceland 1944 99/99 $25,140
 23 78/81 0.936

 Ireland 1921 99/99 $26,628
 21 74/79 0.925

 Italy 1861 99/98 $18,776
 14 77/83 0.913

 Latvia 1991 99/99 $3,282
 17 65/76 0.800

 Liechtenstein 1719 99/99 NA
 19 NA NA

 Lithuania 1991 99/98 $3,381
 19 68/78 0.808

 Luxembourg 1839 99/99 $39,605
 19 75/81 0.925

 Macedonia 1991 NA $1,722
 22 70/75 0.772

 Malta 1964 87/90 NA
 20 74/80 0.875

 Moldova 1991 99/94 $344
 24 64/71 0.701

 Monaco 1419 99/99 NA
 15 NA NA

 Netherlands 1579 99/99 $23,290
 19 76/81 0.935

 Norway 1905 99/99 $36,768
 20 76/81 0.942

 Poland 1918 99/98 $4,523
 19 70/78 0.833

 Portugal 1140 94/89 $10,431
 16 73/80 0.880

 Romania 1878 98/95 $1,773
 18 67/74 0.775

 Russia 1991 99/97 $2,160
 18 59/72 0.781

 San Marino 301 97/95 NA
 15 76/83 NA

 Slovakia 1993 99/99 $3,800
 19 69/77 0.835

 Slovenia 1991 99/99 $9,405
 16 72/79 0.879

 Spain 1492 98/97 $13,984
 15 76/83 0.913

 Sweden 1523 99/99 $23,608
 18 77/82 0.941

 Switzerland 1291 99/99 $33,885
 17 77/83 0.928

 Ukraine 1991 99/97 $780
 17 62/74 0.748

 United Kingdom 900s 99/99 $23,361
 19 75/80 0.928

 Vatican City 1929 100 NA
 NA NA NA

 Yugoslavia 1992 97/89 $1,017
(Serbia & Montenegro) 20 70/75 NA

Oceania

 AREA (SQ MI) URBAN POP. %
 COUNTRY POPULATION POP. RISE %/YEAR CAPITAL

 Australia 2,988,888 85 Canberra
 19,700,000 0.6

 Fiji 7,054 46 Suva
 900,000 1.9

 Kiribati 282 37 Tarawa
 100,000 2.4

 Marshall 69 65 Majuro
 Islands 100,000 3.7

Micronesia 270 27 Palikir
 100,000 2.5

 Nauru 9 100 Yaren District
 10,000 1.8

New Zealand 104,452 77 Wellington
 3,900,000 0.7

 Palau 178 71 Koror
 20,000 1.4

 Papua New 178,703 15 Port
 Guinea 5,000,000 2.3 Moresby

 Samoa 1,097 21 Apia
 200,000 2.4

 Solomon 11,158 13 Honiara
 Islands 500,000 3.4

 Tonga 290 32 Nuku'alofa
 100,000 2.1

 Tuvalu 10 42 Funafuti
 10,000 1.4

 Vanuatu 4,707 21 Port-Vila
 200,000 3.0

 MAJOR
 COUNTRY LANGUAGES FORM OF GOVERNMENT & HEAD

 Australia English, Aboriginal Parliamentary democracy;
 languages Prime Minister John Howard

 Fiji English, Fijian, Parliamentary democracy;
 Hindustani Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase

 Kiribati English, Gilbertese Presidential-parliamentary
 democracy; President Teburoro
 Tito

 Marshall English, Marshallese Parliamentary democracy and
 Islands dialects, Japanese traditional chiefs; President
 Kessai Note

Micronesia English, Trukese, Presidential-parliamentary
 Pohnpein, Yapese, democracy; President Leo A.
 Kosraean Falcam

 Nauru Nauruan, English Presidential-parliamentary
 democracy; President Rene Harris

New Zealand English, Maori Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Helen Clark

 Palau English, Sonsorol'ese, Presidential democracy and
 Palauan, others traditional chiefs; President
 Tommy Remengesau

 Papua New English, pidgin Parliamentary democracy;
 Guinea English, Motu, many Prime Minister Sir Michael
 others Somare

 Samoa Samoan, English Parliamentary democracy and
 traditional chiefs; Prime
 Minister Tuilaepa Sailele
 Malielegaoi

 Solomon Melanesian pidgin, Parliamentary democracy;
 Islands English, others Prime Minister Sir Allan
 Kemakesa

 Tonga Tongan, English Constitutional monarchy;
 King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV

 Tuvalu Tuvaluan, English Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Koloa Talake

 Vanuatu English, French, Parliamentary democracy;
 Bislama Prime Minister Edward Natapei

 DATE OF ORIGIN
 AGE OF POP.: LITERACY RATE (%) GDP PER CAPITA
 COUNTRY % UNDER 15 LIFE EXPECTANCY HDI

 Australia 1901 99/99 $18,709
 20 77/82 0.939

 Fiji 1970 94/89 $1,871
 35 65/69 0.758

 Kiribati 1979 NA $400
 42 59/65 NA

 Marshall 1986 99/88 $961
 Islands 49 66/69 NA

Micronesia 1986 91/88 $2,372
 44 65/67 NA

 Nauru 1968 NA NA
 40 57/65 NA

New Zealand 1907 99/99 $12,379
 23 76/81 0.917

 Palau 1994 93/90 $6,070
 27 65/69 NA

 Papua New 1975 81/63 $592
 Guinea 39 56/58 0.535

 Samoa 1962 97/97 $1,275
 41 65/72 0.715

 Solomon 1978 NA $529
 Islands 43 67/68 0.622

 Tonga 1970 98/99 $1,416
 41 70/72 NA

 Tuvalu 1978 NA NA
 34 64/70 NA

 Vanuatu 1980 57/48 $1,064
 42 66/69 0.542

North America

 AREA (SQ MI) URBAN POP. %
 COUNTRY POPULATION POP. RISE %/YEAR CAPITAL

 Antigua & 170 37 St. John's
 Barbuda 100,000 1.6

 Bahamas 5,359 84 Nassau
 300,000 1.3

 Barbados 166 38 Bridgetown
 300,000 0.6

 Belize 8,865 49 Belmopan
 300,000 2.3

 Canada 3,849,670 78 Ottawa
 31,300,000 0.3

 Costa Rica 19,730 45 San Jose
 3,900,000 1.7

 Cuba 42,803 75 Havana
 11,300,000 0.5

 Dominica 290 71 Roseau
 100,000 0.8

 Dominican 18,815 61 Santo
 Republic 8,800,000 2.1 Domingo

 El Salvador 8,124 58 San Salvador
 6,600,000 2.3

 Grenada 131 34 St. George's
 100,000 1.2

 Guatemala 42,042 39 Guatemala
 12,100,000 2.9 City

 Haiti 10,714 35 Port-au-
 7,100,000 1.7 Prince

 Honduras 43,278 46 Tegucigalpa
 6,700,000 2.8

 Jamaica 4,243 50 Kingston
 2,600,000 1.5

 Mexico 756,062 74 Mexico City
 101,700,000 2.1

 Nicaragua 50,193 57 Managua
 5,400,000 2.8

 Panama 29,158 62 Panama City
 2,900,000 1.9

 Saint Kitts 139 43 Basseterre
 & Nevis 40,000 1.0

 Saint Lucia 239 30 Castries
 200,000 1.2

Saint Vincent 151 44 Kingstown
 & the 100,000 1.2
 Grenadines

 Trinidad 1,981 72 Port-of-Spain
 & Tobago 1,300,000 0.7

United States 3,717,796 75 Washington,
 287,400,000 0.6 D.C.

 MAJOR
 COUNTRY LANGUAGES FORM OF GOVERNMENT & HEAD

 Antigua & English, local Dominant party;
 Barbuda dialects Prime Minister Lester Bird

 Bahamas English, Creole Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Perry Christie

 Barbados English Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Owen Arthur

 Belize English, Spanish, Parliamentary democracy;
 Mayan, Garifuna Prime Minister Said Musa

 Canada English, French Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Jean Chretien

 Costa Rica Spanish, English Presidential-legislative
 democracy; President Abel Pacheco

 Cuba Spanish Communist one-party state;
 President Fidel Castro

 Dominica English, French Parliamentary democracy;
 patois Prime Minister Pierre Charles

 Dominican Spanish Presidential-legislative
 Republic democracy; President Hipolito
 Mejia

 El Salvador Spanish, Nahua Presidential-legislative
 democracy; President Francisco
 Flores Perez

 Grenada English, French Parliamentary democracy;
 patois Prime Minister Keith Mitchell

 Guatemala Spanish, Amerindian Presidential-legislative
 dialects democracy; President Alfonso
 Portillo Cabrera

 Haiti Creole, French Dominant party;
 President Jean-Bertrand Aristide

 Honduras Spanish, Amerindian Presidential-legislative
 dialects democracy; President Ricardo
 Maduro

 Jamaica English, Creole Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Percival James
 Patterson

 Mexico Spanish, Mayan, Presidential-legislative
 other indigenous democracy; President Vicente Fox
 languages

 Nicaragua Spanish, English, Presidential-legislative
 Amerindian dialects democracy; President Enrique
 Bolanos

 Panama Spanish, English Presidential-legislative
 democracy; President Mireya
 Moscoso

 Saint Kitts English Parliamentary democracy;
 & Nevis Prime Minister Denzil Douglas

 Saint Lucia English, French Parliamentary democracy;
 patois Prime Minister Kenny Anthony

Saint Vincent English, French Parliamentary democracy;
 & the patois Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves
 Grenadines

 Trinidad English, Hindi, Parliamentary democracy;
 & Tobago French, Spanish Prime Minister Patrick Manning

United States English, Spanish, Presidential-legislative
 others democracy; President George W.
 Bush

 DATE OF ORIGIN
 AGE OF POP.: LITERACY RATE (%) GDP PER CAPITA
 COUNTRY % UNDER 15 LIFE EXPECTANCY HDI

 Antigua & 1981 90/88 $6,663
 Barbuda 28 68/73 0.800

 Bahamas 1973 99/98 NA
 29 70/75 0.826

 Barbados 1966 98/97 NA
 23 70/76 0.871

 Belize 1981 70/70 $2,662
 41 70/74 0.784

 Canada 1867 99/99 $21,635
 19 76/81 0.940

 Costa Rica 1821 95/95 $4,142
 32 75/79 0.820

 Cuba 1902 96/95 NA
 21 74/78 0.795

 Dominica 1978 94/94 $2,608
 33 71/76 0.779

 Dominican 1844 82/82 $2,410
 Republic 35 67/71 0.727

 El Salvador 1821 74/70 $2,116
 36 67/73 0.706

 Grenada 1974 98/98 $3,982
 38 NA 0.747

 Guatemala 1821 69/59 $1,709
 44 63/69 0.631

 Haiti 1804 48/42 $531
 43 48/51 0.471

 Honduras 1821 73/73 $953
 43 64/68 0.638

 Jamaica 1962 81/99 $2,994
 31 73/77 0.742

 Mexico 1810 92/87 $6,075
 33 73/78 0.796

 Nicaragua 1821 65/67 NA
 43 66/71 0.635

 Panama 1903 91/90 $3,507
 32 72/77 0.787

 Saint Kitts 1983 97/98 $8,570
 & Nevis 30 68/74 0.814

 Saint Lucia 1979 65/69 $3,444
 32 69/74 0.772

Saint Vincent 1979 96/96 $3,377
 & the 31 71/74 0.733
 Grenadines

 Trinidad 1962 99/97 $6,471
 & Tobago 26 68/73 0.805

United States 1776 97/97 $35,391
 21 74/80 0.939

South America

 AREA (SQ MI) URBAN POP. %
 COUNTRY POPULATION POP. RISE %/YEAR CAPITAL

Argentina 1,073,514 90 Buenos Aires
 36,500,000 1.1

 Bolivia 424,162 64 La Paz
 8,800,000 2.3 & Sucre

 Brazil 3,300,154 81 Brasilia
 173,800,000 1.3

 Chile 292,135 86 Santiago
 15,600,000 1.2

Colombia 439,734 71 Bogota
 43,800,000 1.7

 Ecuador 109,483 61 Quito
 13,000,000 2.2

 Guyana 83,000 36 Georgetown
 800,000 1.5

Paraguay 157,046 54 Asuncion
 6,000,000 2.7

 Peru 496,224 72 Lima
 26,700,000 2.0

Suriname 63,039 69 Paramaribo
 400,000 1.7

 Uruguay 68,498 92 Montevideo
 3,400,000 0.7

Venezuela 352,143 87 Caracas
 25,100,000 1.9

 MAJOR
 COUNTRY LANGUAGES FORM OF GOVERNMENT & HEAD

Argentina Spanish, English, Presidential-legislative
 Italian, German, democracy; President Eduardo
 French Duhalde

 Bolivia Spanish, Quechua, Presidential-legislative
 Aymara democracy; President Gonzalo
 Sanchez de Lozada

 Brazil Portuguese, Amerindian Presidential-legislative
 dialects democracy; President Fernando
 Henrique Cardoso

 Chile Spanish Presidential-legislative
 democracy; President Ricardo Lagos

Colombia Spanish Presidential-legislative
 democracy; President Alvaro Uribe

 Ecuador Spanish, Amerindian Presidential-legislative
 dialects democracy; President Gustavo Noboa

 Guyana English, Amerindian Parliamentary democracy;
 dialects President Bharrat Jagdeo

Paraguay Spanish, Guarani Presidential-legislative
 democracy; President Luis Gonzales
 Macchi

 Peru Spanish, Quechua, Presidential-legislative
 Aymara democracy; President Alejandro
 Toledo

Suriname Dutch, Sranang, Presidential-legislative
 Tongo, Hindustani, democracy; President Ronald
 English, Javanese Venetiaan

 Uruguay Spanish, Portunol, Presidential-legislative
 Brazilero democracy; President Jorge Batlle

Venezuela Spanish, Amerindian Presidential-legislative
 dialects democracy; President Hugo Chavez

 DATE OF ORIGIN
 AGE OF POP.: LITERACY RATE (%) GDP PER CAPITA
 COUNTRY % UNDER 15 LIFE EXPECTANCY HDI

Argentina 1816 96/96 $7,364
 28 70/77 0.844

 Bolivia 1825 91/76 $905
 40 61/64 0.653

 Brazil 1822 83/83 $2,891
 30 65/73 0.757

 Chile 1810 95/95 $4,073
 28 73/79 0.831

Colombia 1810 91/91 $1,905
 33 68/74 0.772

 Ecuador 1822 92/88 $1,383
 37 68/73 0.732

 Guyana 1966 99/98 $873
 32 59/67 0.708

Paraguay 1811 94/91 $1,154
 39 69/73 0.740

 Peru 1821 95/83 $2,024
 34 66/71 0.747

Suriname 1975 95/91 $1,894
 33 68/74 0.756

 Uruguay 1825 97/98 $5420
 25 71/79 0.831

Venezuela 1811 92/90 $4,978
 34 71/77 0.770

THE FOLLOWING DEFINITIONS WILL HELP YOU UNDERSTAND THE TERMS
USED IN "THE WORLD IN FOCUS" ON PAGE 24-33.

COMMUNIST: A system of government in
which all of a country's goods are owned by
the state. Usually a single party controls the
government and the economy, as in China.

CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY: a government
headed by a royal family member whose
power is limited by a constitution and an
elected parliament, as in Monaco.

DOMINANT PARTY: A system in which one
party rules, but other parties also exist,
as in Tunisia.

MILITARY DICTATORSHIP: A system in which
the leader of a country's armed forces
controls the government, as in Libya.

MONARCHY: A government ruled by a king,
queen, or other member of the royal
family, as in Saudi Arabia.

ONE-PARTY: A government in which a single
political party has all the power, as in Iraq.

PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY: A government
in which an elected parliament (lawmaking
body) chooses its leader, as in Canada.

PRESIDENTIAL DICTATORSHIP: A government
in which the president has complete
power, as in Belarus.

PRESIDENTIAL-LEGISLATIVE DEMOCRACY:
A government in which power is shared by
a president and a legislature (lawmaking
body), as in the U.S.

PRESIDENTIAL-PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY:
A government in which power is shared by
an elected parliament (lawmaking body)
and a president chosen by this parliament,
as in France.

TRANSITIONAL: A government undergoing
a change in the way power is exercised, as
in Nigeria.

(1) Israel: Israel's area and population do not include the occupied
territories of Gaza and the West Bank, which are in transition to
Palestinian control.

(2) Bosnia & Herzegovina: Bosnia & Herzegovina has a three-member
collective presidency (one Croat, one Muslim, and one Serb). Chairman
rotates approximately every 8 months.

SOURCES: For area, population, urban population, population annual
rise, percent of population under 15 years, and life expectancy: 2002
World Population Data Sheet (Population Reference Bureau) * For
capital, major languages, date of origin, and literacy rate: World
Factbook 2001 (CIA) * For per capita GDP: The World Bank (2001)
figures; per capita calculations by UPFRONT * For form of government:
Based on information from Freedom in the World: 2001-2002, a
publication of Freedom House (a nonprofit human-rights organization),
and the U.S. Department of State and State Department Web site
(www.state.gov) * For head of government: Based on information
from the GeoCities "Rulers" Web site (rulers.org), the U,S. Department
of State, the CIA Web site (www.cia.gov/cia/publications/chiefs), and
Freedom House * For HDI: Human Development Report 2001 (United Nations
Development Program). This year, UPFRONT switched from using CIA World
Factbook numbers for GDP to using World Bank numbers. The new numbers
are no longer adjusted for price purchasing-power (PPP) as in previous
years. The information on form and head of government is up-to-date as
of September 25, 2002.


Upfront Quiz 2

FILL IN THE BLANK

DIRECTIONS: Write the correct answer on line provided. OPEN-BOOK TEST.

1. Gross--Product is the value of all goods and services produced in a country in one year.

2. The Human Development--measures economic and human well-being on a scale of 0 to 1.

3. --, the African country whose capital was named for U.S. President James Monroe, was founded by freed American slaves in 1847.

4. In September, more than 100 American students, children of missionaries in Africa, were trapped during an uprising in--, the country that borders number 3, above, to the east.

5. --, capital of--, bucks the trend in Oceania; it is the only capital city situated away from the ocean.

6. --, and--, both in Europe, have higher GDPs per capita than the United States.

7. --, the world's newest nation, won its independence from Indonesia in 2002.

8. --is the poorest country in the Americas; its GDP per capita is little more than $500.

9. Four major U.S. cities, Denver, Colo., Indianapolis, Ind., Columbus, Ohio, and Philadelphia, Pa., are situated at almost exactly--degrees north latitude.

10. --is experiencing an economic catastrophe. In September, The New York Times reported that many people in the capital of Buenos Aires were scrounging in garbage cans.

11. --is Europe's (and the world's) northernmost capital city.

12. Hamid Karzai is President of--, where U.S. troops are searching for members of Al Qaeda, the group linked to the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

ANSWER KEY:

1. Domestic. 2. Index. 3. Liberia. 4. Cote d'Ivoire. 5. Canberra/Australia. 6. Norway/Luxembourg. 7. East Timor. 8. Haiti. 9. 40. 10. Argentina. 11. Reykjavik. 12. Afghanistan.
COPYRIGHT 2002 Scholastic, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2002, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

Article Details
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Publication:New York Times Upfront
Article Type:Illustration
Date:Oct 18, 2002
Words:7435
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