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The world in focus: junior scholastic 2005-2006: fast facts on 193 countries.

The facts on these pages provide a fascinating glimpse into life in the 193 nations of the world. They also can make us wonder about the complexities of a place. Why, for example, do many Jamaicans speak Creole? How is it possible that Monaco, one of the world's wealthiest nations, is only I square mile in area? Is Taiwan independent--or part of China? Each answer leads to many more questions.

Before diving into the data, look at the sample entry for Brazil (at right). The surrounding boxes explain each item of information. Countries are grouped by continent, then listed in alphabetical order. +Also see the index on page 38.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]
NORTH AMERICA

 URBAN
 POP. %
 AREA (SQ MI) POP. RISE

 COUNTRY POPULATION %/YEAR CAPITAL

 Antigua and 170 37 St. John's
 Barbuda 100,000 1.4

 Bahamas 5,359 89 Nassau
 300,000 1.2

 Barbados 166 50 Bridgetown
 300,000 0.6

 Belize 8,865 49 Belmopan
 300,000 2.3

 Canada 3,849,670 79 Ottawa
 32,200,000 0.3

 Costa Rica 19,730 59 San Jose
 4,300,000 1.3

 Cuba 42,803 76 Havana
 11,300,000 0.4

 Dominica 290 71 Roseau
 100,000 0.8

 Dominican 18,815 64 Santo
 Republic 8,900,000 1.7 Domingo

 El Salvador 8,124 59 San Salvador
 6,900,000 2.0

 Grenada 131 39 St. George's
 100,000 1.2

 Guatemala 42,042 39 Guatemala
 12,700,000 2.8 City

 Haiti 10,714 36 Port-au-Prince
 8,300,000 1.9

 Honduras 43,278 47 Tegucigalpa
 7,200,000 2.8

 Jamaica 4,243 52 Kingston
 2,700,000 1.3

 Mexico 756,062 75 Mexico City
 107,000,000 1.9

 Nicaragua 50,193 59 Managua
 5,800,000 2.7

 Panama 29,158 62 Panama City
 3,200,000 1.8

 Saint Kitts 139 33 Basseterre
 and Nevis 50,000 1.0

 Saint Lucia 239 30 Castries
 200,000 1.0

 Saint Vincent and 151 55 Kingstown
 the Grenadines 100,000 1.1

 Trinidad and 1,981 74 Port-of-Spain
 Tobago 1,300,000 0.7

 United States 3,717,796 79 Washington,
 296,500,000 0.6 D.C.

SOUTH AMERICA

 Argentina 1,073,514 89 Buenos Aires
 38,600,000 1.1

 Bolivia 424,162 63 La Paz
 8,900,000 2.1 and Sucre

 Brazil 3,300,154 81 Brasilia
 184,200,000 1.4

 Chile 292,135 87 Santiago
 16,100,000 1.0

 Colombia 439,734 75 Bogota
 46,000,000 1.7

 Ecuador 109,483 61 Quito
 13,000,000 2.1

 Guyana 83,000 36 Georgetown
 800,000 1.3

 Paraguay 157,046 54 Asuncion
 6,200,000 1.7

 Peru 496,224 73 Lima
 27,900,000 1.6

 Suriname 63,039 74 Paramaribo
 400,000 1.4

 Uruguay 68,498 93 Montevideo
 3,400,000 0.6

 Venezuela 352,143 87 Caracas
 26,700,000 1.8

AFRICA

 Algeria 919,591 49 Algiers
 32,800,000 1.5

 Angola 481,351 33 Luanda
 15,400,000 2.6

 Benin 43,483 40 Porto-Novo
 8,400,000 2.9

 Botswana 224,606 54 Gaborone
 1,600,000 -0.3

 Burkina Faso 105,792 17 Ouagadougou
 13,900,000 2.5

 Burundi 10,745 9 Bujumbura
 7,800,000 2.8

 Cameroon 183,568 48 Yaounde
 16,400,000 2.3

 Cape Verde 1,556 53 Praia
 500,000 2.3

 Central African 240,533 41 Bangui
 Republic 4,200,000 1.7

 Chad 495,753 24 N'Djamena
 9,700,000 2.7

 Comoros 861 33 Moroni
 700,000 3.0

 Congo, 905,351 30 Kinshasa
 Democratic Rep. 60,800,000 3.1

 Congo, Republic 132,046 52 Brazzaville
 4,000,000 3.1

 Cote d'Ivoire 124,502 46 Yamoussoukro
 (Ivory Coast) 18,200,000 2.2

 Djibouti 8,958 82 Djibouti
 800,000 1.9

 Egypt 386,660 43 Cairo
 74,000,000 2.0

 Equatorial 10,830 45 Malabo
 Guinea 500,000 2.3

 Eritrea 45,405 19 Asmara
 4,700,000 2.6

 Ethiopia 426,371 15 Addis Ababa
 77,400,000 2.5

 Gabon 103,347 81.0 Libreville
 1,400,000 2.1

 Gambia 4,363 26 Banjul
 1,600,000 2.8

 Ghana 92,100 44 Accra
 22,000,000 2.3

 Guinea 94,927 33 Conakry
 9,500,000 2.7

 Guinea-Bissau 13,946 32 Bissau
 1,600,000 3.0

 Kenya 224,081 36 Nairobi
 33,800,000 2.2

 Lesotho 11,718 13 Maseru
 1,800,000 -0.1

 Liberia 43,000 45 Monrovia
 3,300,000 2.9

 Libya 679,359 86 Tripoli
 5,800,000 2.4

 Madagascar 226,656 26 Antananarivo
 17,300,000 0

 Malawi 45,745 14 Lilongwe
 12,300,000 3.2

 Mali 478,838 30 Bamako
 13,500,000 3.2

 Mauritania 395,954 40 Nouakchott
 3,100,000 2.7

 Mauritius 788 42 Port Louis
 1,200,000 0.9

 Morocco 172,413 57 Rabat
 30,700,000 1.6

 Mozambique 309,494 32 Maputo
 19,400,000 2.2

 Namibia 318,259 33 Windhoek
 2,000,000 1.1

 Niger 489,189 21 Niamey
 14,000,000 3.4

 Nigeria 356,668 44 Abuja
 131,500,000 2.4

 Rwanda 10,170 17 Kigali
 8,700,000 2.3

 Sao Tome 371 38 Sao Tome
 and Principe 200,000 2.5

 Senegal 75,954 43 Dakar
 11,700,000 2.6

 Seychelles 174 50 Victoria
 100,000 1.0

 Sierra Leone 27.699 37 Freetown
 5,500,000 2.3

 Somalia 246,201 33 Mogadishu
 8,600,000 2.9

 South Africa 471,444 53 Cape Town
 46,900,000 0.7 Pretoria, and
 Bloemfontein

 Sudan 967,494 36 Khartoum
 40,200,000 2.7

 Swaziland 6,703 25 Mbabane and
 1,100,000 0.3 Lobamba

 Tanzania 364,900 32 Dares
 36,500,000 2.4 Salaam

 Togo 21,927 33 Lome
 6,100,000 2.7

 Tunisia 63,170 65 Tunis
 10,000,000 1.1

 Uganda 93,066 12 Kampala
 26,900,000 3.2

 Zambia 290,583 35 Lusaka
 11,200,000 1.9

 Zimbabwe 150,873 34 Harare
 13,000,000 1.1

EUROPE

 Albania 11,100 42 Tirana
 3,200,000 0.9

 Andorra 174 92 Andorra
 100,000 0.7 la Vella

 Austria 32,378 54 Vienna
 8,200,000 0.1

 Belarus 80,154 72 Minsk
 9,800,000 -0.6

 Belgium 11,787 97 Brussels
 10,500,000 0.1

 Bosnia and 19,741 43 Sarajevo
 Herzegovina 3,800,000 0.1

 Bulgaria 42,822 70 Sofia
 7,700,000 -0.5

 Croatia 21,830 56 Zagreb
 4,400,000 -0.3

 Czech Republic 30,448 77 Prague
 10,200,000 -0.1

 Denmark 16,637 72 Copenhagen
 5,400,000 0.2

 Estonia 17,413 69 Tallinn
 1,300,000 -0.3

 Finland 130,560 62 Helsinki
 5,200,000 0.2

 France 212,934 76 Paris
 60,700,000 0.4

 Germany 137,830 88 Berlin
 82,500,000 -0.1

 Greece 50,950 60 Athens
 11,100,000 0

 Hungary 35,919 65 Budapest
 10,100,000 -0.4

 Iceland 39,768 94 Reykjavik
 300,000 0.8

 Ireland 27,135 60 Dublin
 4,100,000 0.8

 Italy 116,320 90 Rome
 58,700,000 0

 Latvia 24,942 68 Riga
 2,300,000 -0.5

 Liechtenstein 62 21 Vaduz
 40,000 4

 Lithuania 25,174 67 Vilnius
 3,400,000 -0.3

 Luxembourg 999 1191 Luxembourg
 500,000 0.4

 Macedonia 9,927 59 Skopje
 2,000,000 0.4

 Malta 124 91 Valletta
 400,000 0.2

 Moldova 13,012 45 Chisinau
 4,200,000 -0.2

 Monaco 1 100 Monaco
 300,003 0.6

 Netherlands 15,768 62 Amsterdam
 16,300,000 0.4

 Norway 125,050 78 Oslo
 4,600,000 0.3

 Poland 124,807 62 Warsaw
 38,200,000 0

 Portugal 35,514 53 Lisbon
 10,500,000 0

 Romania 92,042 53 Bucharest
 21,600,000 -0.2

 Russia 6,592,819 73 Moscow
 143,000,000 -0.6

 San Marino 23 84 San Marino
 30,000 0.3

 Serbia and 39,448 52 Belgrade
 Montenegro 10,700,000 0.2

 Slovakia 18,923 56 Bratislava
 5,400,000 0

 Slovenia 7,819 51 Ljubljana
 2,000,000 -0.1

 Spain 195,363 76 Madrid
 43,500,000 0.1

 Sweden 173,730 84 Stockholm
 9,000,000 0.1

 Switzerland 15,942 68 Bern
 7,400,000 0.2

 Ukraine 233,089 68 Kiev
 47,100,000 -0.7

 United Kingdom 94,548 89 London
(England, Scotland, 60,100,000 0.2
Wales, N. Ireland)

 Vatican City 109 acres NA Vatican City
 921 0.01

ASIA

 Afghanistan 251,772 22 Kabul
 29,900,000 2.6

 Armenia 11,506 65 Yerevan
 3,000,000 0.3

 Azerbaijan 33,436 51 Baku
 8,400,000 1.0

 Bahrain 266 87 Manama
 700,000 1.8

 Bangladesh 55,598 23 Dhaka
 144,200,000 1.9

 Bhutan 18,147 21 Thimphu
 1,000,000 2.5

 Brunei 2,228 74 Bandar Seri
 400,000 1.9 Begawan

 Cambodia 69,900 15 Phnom Penh
 13,300,000 2.2

 China 3,696,100 37 Beijing
 1,303,700,000 0.6

 Cyprus 3,571 65 Nicosia
 1,000,000 0.4

 East Timor 5,741 8 Dili
 900,000 2.7

 Georgia 26,911 52 Tbilisi
 4,500,000 0

 India 1,269,340 28 New Delhi
 1,103,600,000 1.7

 Indonesia 735,355 42 Jakarta
 221,900,000 1.6

 Iran 630,575 67 Tehran
 69,500,000 1.2

 Iraq 169,236 68 Baghdad
 28,800,000 2.7

 Israel (5) 8,131 92 Jerusalem
 7,100,000 1.6

 Japan 145,869 79 Tokyo
 127,700,000 0.1

 Jordan 34,444 79 Amman
 5,800,000 2.4

 Kazakhstan 1,049,151 57 Astana
 15,100,000 0.6

 Korea, North 46,541 60 Pyongyang
 22,900,000 0.9

 Korea, South 38,324 80 Seoul
 48,300,000 0.5

 Kuwait 6,880 96 Kuwait
 2,600,000 1.7

 Kyrgyzstan 76,641 35 Bishkek
 5,200,000 1.3

 Laos 91,429 19 Vientiane
 5,900,000 2.3

 Lebanon 4,015 87 Beirut
 3,800,000 1.6

 Malaysia 127,317 62 Kuala
 26,100,000 2.1 Lumpur

 Maldives 116 27 Male
 300,000 1.4

 Mongolia 604,826 57 Ulaanbaatar
 2,600,000 1.6

 Myanmar (Burma) 261,228 29 Yangon
 50,500,000 1.2 (Rangoon)

 Nepal 56,826 14 Kathmandu
 25,400,000 2.2

 Oman 82,031 76 Muscat
 2,400,000 1.8

 Pakistan 307,375 34 Islamabad
 162,400,000 2.4

 Philippines 115,830 48 Manila
 84,800,000 2.3

 Qatar 4,247 92 Doha
 800,000 1.8

 Saudi Arabia 829,996 86 Riyadh
 24,600,000 2.7

 Singapore 239 100 Singapore
 4,300,000 0.6

 Sri Lanka 25,332 30 Colombo
 19,700,000 1.3

 Syria 71,498 50 Damascus
 18,400,000 2.7

 Taiwan 13,969 78 Taipei
 22,700,000 0.4

 Tajikistan 55,251 27 Dushanbe
 6,800,000 2.3

 Thailand 198,116 31 Bangkok
 65,000,000 0.7

 Turkey 299,158 65 Ankara
 72,900,000 1.4

 Turkmenistan 188,456 47 Ashgabat
 5,200,000 1.6

 United Arab 32,278 78
 Emirates 4,600,000 1.4 Abu Dhabi

 Uzbekistan 172,741 37 Tashkent
 26,400,000 1.6

 Vietnam 128,066 26 Hanoi
 83,300,000 1.3

 Yemen 203,849 26 Sanaa
 20,700,000 3.3

OCEANIA

 Australia 2,988,888 91 Canberra
 20,400,000 0.6

 Fiji 7,054 46 Suva
 800,000 1.5

 Kiribati 282 431 Tarawa
 100,000 1.8

 Marshall 69 68 Majuro
 Islands 100,000 3.0

 Micronesia 270 22 Palikir
 100,000 2.1

 Nauru 9 100 Yaren District
 10,000 1.8

 New Zealand 104,452 86 Wellington
 4,100,000 0.7

 Palau 178 70 Koror
 20,000 0.9

 Papua New 178,703 13 Port
 Guinea 5,900,000 2.1 Moresby

 Samoa 1,097 22 Apia
 200,000 2.4

 Solomon 11,158 16 Honiara
 Islands 500,000 2.6

 Tonga 290 33 Nuku'alofa
 100,000 1.8

 Tuvalu 10 47 Funafuti
 10,000 1.7

 Vanuatu 4,707 21 Port-Vila
 200,000 2.6

 MAJOR
 COUNTRY LANGUAGES

 Antigua and English, local dialects
 Barbuda

 Bahamas English, Creole

 Barbados English

 Belize English, Spanish, Mayan,
 Garifuna

 Canada English, French

 Costa Rica Spanish, English

 Cuba Spanish

 Dominica English, French patois

 Dominican Spanish
 Republic

 El Salvador Spanish, Nahua

 Grenada English, French patois

 Guatemala Spanish, Amerindian
 dialects

 Haiti Creole, French

 Honduras Spanish, Amerindian
 dialects

 Jamaica English, Creole

 Mexico Spanish, Mayan, other
 indigenous languages

 Nicaragua Spanish, English,
 Amerindian dialects

 Panama Spanish, English

 Saint Kitts English
 and Nevis

 Saint Lucia English, French patois

 Saint Vincent and English, French patois
 the Grenadines

 Trinidad and English, Hindi, French,
 Tobago Spanish

 United States English, Spanish, others

SOUTH AMERICA

 Argentina Spanish, English, Italian,
 German, French

 Bolivia Spanish, Quechua,
 Aymara

 Brazil Portuguese, Amerindian
 dialects

 Chile Spanish

 Colombia Spanish

 Ecuador Spanish, Amerindian
 dialects

 Guyana English, Amerindian
 dialects

 Paraguay Spanish, Guarani

 Peru Spanish, Quechua,
 Aymara

 Suriname Dutch, English, Sranang,
 Tongo, Hindustani,
 Javanese

 Uruguay Spanish, Portunol,
 Brazilero

 Venezuela Spanish, Amerindian
 dialects

AFRICA

 Algeria Arabic, French, Berber
 dialects

 Angola Portuguese, Bantu,
 others

 Benin French, Fon, Yoruba,
 others

 Botswana English, Setswana

 Burkina Faso French, Sudanic
 languages

 Burundi Kirundi, French, Swahili

 Cameroon English, French, African
 languages

 Cape Verde Portuguese, Crioulo

 Central African French, Sangho, Arabic,
 Republic Hunsa, Swahili

 Chad French, Arabic, Sara,
 Sango others

 Comoros Arabic, French, Comoran

 Congo, French, Lingala,
 Democratic Rep. Kingwana, Kikongo,
 Tshiluba

 Congo, Republic French, Lingala, Mono-
 kutuba, Kikongo, others

 Cote d'Ivoire French, Dioula, others
 (Ivory Coast)

 Djibouti French, Arabic, Somali,
 Afar

 Egypt Arabic, English, French

 Equatorial Spanish, French, pidgin
 Guinea English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo

 Eritrea Amharic, Arabic, Afar,
 Tigrinya, Tigre, many
 others

 Ethiopia Amharic, Tigrinya, Arabic,
 Orominga, English, others

 Gabon French, Fang, Myene,
 Bateke, others

 Gambia English, Mandinka,
 Wolof, Fula, others

 Ghana English, Akan, others

 Guinea French, various African
 languages

 Guinea-Bissau Portuguese, Crioulo,
 others

 Kenya English, Swahili, many
 others

 Lesotho Sesotho, English, Zulu,
 Xhosa

 Liberia English, Niger-Congo
 languages

 Libya Arabic, Italian, English

 Madagascar French, Malagasy

 Malawi English, Chichewa,
 others

 Mali French, Bambara,
 many others

 Mauritania Hasaniya Arabic, Pular,
 Soninke, Wolof, French

 Mauritius English, Creole, French,
 Hindi, Urdu, Hakka,
 Bojpoori

 Morocco Arabic, Berber dialects,
 French

 Mozambique Portuguese, African
 languages

 Namibia Afrikaans, German,
 English, local African
 languages

 Niger French, Hausa, Djerma

 Nigeria English, Hausa, Yoruba,
 Ibo Fulani

 Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French,
 English Kiswahili

 Sao Tome Portuguese
 and Principe

 Senegal French, Wolof, Pulaar,
 Diola, Mandingo

 Seychelles English, French,
 Creole

 Sierra Leone English, Mende,
 Temne, Krio

 Somalia Somali, Arabic,
 Italian, English

 South Africa English, Afrikaans, Zulu,
 Xhosa, Swazi, Sotho,
 others

 Sudan Arabic, Nubian, Ta
 Bedawie, English, others

 Swaziland English, siSwati

 Tanzania Kiswahili, English, Arabic,
 many others

 Togo French, Ewe, Mina,
 Dagomba, Kabye

 Tunisia Arabic, French

 Uganda English, Luganda,
 Swahili, others

 Zambia English, Bemba,
 Tonga, others

 Zimbabwe English, Shona,
 Sindebele, others

EUROPE

 Albania Albanian, Greek

 Andorra Catalan, French, Castilian

 Austria German

 Belarus Byelorussian, Russian,
 others

 Belgium Flemish, French, German

 Bosnia and Serbo-Croatian
 Herzegovina

 Bulgaria Bulgarian, others

 Croatia Serbo-Croatian

 Czech Republic Czech, Slovak

 Denmark Danish, Greenlandic,
 Faroese, German

 Estonia Estonian, Ukrainian,
 Russian, others

 Finland Finnish, Swedish, Lapp,
 Russian

 France French, regional dialects

 Germany German

 Greece Greek, English, French

 Hungary Hungarian, others

 Iceland Icelandic

 Ireland English, Gaelic

 Italy Italian, German, French,
 Slovene

 Latvia Lettish, Lithuanian,
 Russian, others

 Liechtenstein German, Alemannic
 dialect

 Lithuania Lithuanian, Polish,
 Russian

 Luxembourg Luxembourgan, German,
 French, English

 Macedonia Macedonian, Albanian,
 others

 Malta Maltese, English

 Moldova Moldovan, Russian,
 Gagauz

 Monaco French, English, Italian,
 Monegasque

 Netherlands Dutch

 Norway Norwegian, Lapp, Finnish

 Poland Polish

 Portugal Portuguese

 Romania Romanian, Hungarian,
 German

 Russia Russian, others

 San Marino Italian

 Serbia and Serbo-Croatian, Albanian
 Montenegro

 Slovakia Slovak, Hungarian

 Slovenia Slovenian, Serbo-
 Croatian, others

 Spain Spanish, Catalan,
 Galician, Basque

 Sweden Swedish, Lapp, Finnish

 Switzerland German, French, Italian,
 Romansch, others

 Ukraine Ukranian, Russian,
 Romanian, Polish,
 Hungarian

 United Kingdom English, Welsh, 7
(England, Scotland, Scottish, Gaelic
Wales, N. Ireland)

 Vatican City Italian, Latin, others

ASIA

 Afghanistan Pashtu, Afghan Persian,
 Turkic, others

 Armenia Armenian, Russian,
 others

 Azerbaijan Azeri, Russian, Armenian,
 others

 Bahrain Arabic, English, Farsi,
 Urdu

 Bangladesh Bengali, English

 Bhutan Dzongkha, Tibetan, and
 Nepalese dialects

 Brunei Malay, English, Chinese

 Cambodia Khmer, French

 China Mandarin, other Chinese
 dialects, other languages

 Cyprus Greek, Turkish, English

 East Timor Tetun, Portuguese,
 Indonesian, English

 Georgia Georgian, Russian,
 Armenian Azeri Ossetian,
 others

 India Hindi, English, many
 others

 Indonesia Bahasa Indonesian,
 English, Dutch, others

 Iran Farsi, Turkic, Kurdish,
 Luri, others

 Iraq Arabic, Kurdish,
 Assyrian, Armenian

 Israel (5) Hebrew, Arabic, English

 Japan Japanese

 Jordan Arabic, English

 Kazakhstan Kazakh, Russian,
 Ukrainian, others

 Korea, North Korean

 Korea, South Korean, English

 Kuwait Arabic, English

 Kyrgyzstan Kirghiz Russian

 Laos Lao, French, English,
 others

 Lebanon Arabic, French,
 Armenian, English

 Malaysia Malay, English, Chinese
 dialects, many others

 Maldives Maldivian Divehi, English

 Mongolia Khalkha Mongol, Turkic,
 Russian, Chinese

 Myanmar (Burma) Burmese, others

 Nepal Nepali, others

 Oman Arabic, English, Baluchi,
 Urdu, others Arabic

 Pakistan Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi,
 Siraiki, English, others

 Philippines Filipino, English

 Qatar Arabic, English

 Saudi Arabia Arabic

 Singapore Chinese, Malay, Tamil,
 English

 Sri Lanka Tamil, Sinhala, English

 Syria Arabic, Kurdish,
 Armenian,
 French, others

 Taiwan Mandarin Chinese,
 Taiwanese, others

 Tajikistan Tajik, Russian

 Thailand Thai, English, regional
 dialects

 Turkey Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic

 Turkmenistan Turkmen, Uzbek,
 Russian, others

 United Arab Arabic, Farsi, English,
 Emirates Hindi, Urdu

 Uzbekistan Uzbek, Russian, Tajik,
 others

 Vietnam Vietnamese, French,
 Chinese, English,
 Khmer, others

 Yemen Arabic

OCEANIA

 Australia English, Aboriginal
 languages

 Fiji English, Fijian,
 Hindustani

 Kiribati English, Gilbertese

 Marshall English, Marshallese
 Islands dialects, Japanese

 Micronesia English, Trukese,
 Pohnpein, Yapese,
 Kosraean

 Nauru Nauruan, English

 New Zealand English, Maori

 Palau English, Sonsorol'ese,
 Palauan, others

 Papua New English, pidginothers English,
 Guinea Motu, many

 Samoa Samoan, English

 Solomon Melanesian pidgin,
 Islands English, others

 Tonga Tongan, English

 Tuvalu Tuvaluan, English

 Vanuatu English, French, Bislama

 FORM OF GOVERNMENT
 COUNTRY & HEAD

 Antigua and Dominant party;
 Barbuda Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer

 Bahamas Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Perry Christie

 Barbados Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Owen Arthur

 Belize Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Said Musa

 Canada Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Paul Martin

 Costa Rica Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Abel Pacheco de la Espriella

 Cuba Communist one-party state;
 President Fidel Castro

 Dominica Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit

 Dominican Presidential-legislative democracy;
 Republic President Leonel Fernandez

 El Salvador Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Elias Antonio Saca

 Grenada Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Keith Mitchell

 Guatemala Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Oscar Berger Perdomo

 Haiti Dominant party (transitional);
 President Boniface Alexandre

 Honduras Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Ricardo Madura

 Jamaica Parliamentary democracy; Prime
 Minister Percival James Patterson

 Mexico Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Vicente Fox

 Nicaragua Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Enrique Bolanos

 Panama Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Martin Torrijos

 Saint Kitts Parliamentary democracy;
 and Nevis Prime Minister Denzil Douglas

 Saint Lucia Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Kenny Anthony

 Saint Vincent and Parliamentary democracy;
 the Grenadines prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves

 Trinidad and Parliamentary democracy;
 Tobago Prime Minister Patrick Manning

 United States Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President George W. Bush

SOUTH AMERICA

 Argentina Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Nestor Kirchner

 Bolivia Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Eduardo Rodriguez

 Brazil Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Luiz InAcio Lula da Silva

 Chile Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Ricardo Lagos Escobar

 Colombia Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Alvaro Uribe Velez

 Ecuador Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Alfredo Palacio

 Guyana Parliamentary democracy;
 President Bharrat Jagdeo

 Paraguay Presidential-legislative democracy;
 president Nicanor Duarte Frutos

 Peru Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Alejandro Toledo

 Suriname Parliamentary democracy;
 President Ronald Venetiaan

 Uruguay Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Tabare Vazquez

 Venezuela Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Hugo Chavez

AFRICA

 Algeria Dominant party;
 President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

 Angola Presidential-parliamentary (transition-
 al); President Jose Eduardo dos Santos

 Benin Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Mathieu Kerekou

 Botswana Parliamentary democracy and traditional
 chiefs; President Festus Mogae

 Burkina Faso Presidential-parliamentary (transi-
 tional); President Blaise Compaore

 Burundi Dictatorship (military-dominated);
 President Pierre Nkurunziza

 Cameroon Dominant party;
 President Paul Biya

 Cape Verde Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Jose Maria Neves

 Central African Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 Republic President Frangois Bozize

 Chad Presidential-parliamentary (military-
 dominated); President Idriss Deby

 Comoros Presidential (military-dominated);
 Colonel Assoumani Azali

 Congo, In transition from military to
 Democratic Rep. presidential-parliamentary;
 President Joseph Kabila

 Congo, Republic Military (transitional);
 President Denis Sassou-Nguesso

 Cote d'Ivoire Presidential-parliamentary (transi-
 (Ivory Coast) tional); President Laurent Gbagbo

 Djibouti Dominant party;
 President Ismail Omar Guelleh

 Egypt Dominant party;
 President Hosni Mubarak

 Equatorial Presidential (military-dominated);
 Guinea President Teodoro Obiang
 Nguema Mbasogo

 Eritrea Dominant party;
 President Isaias Afewerki

 Ethiopia Dominant party;
 Prime Minister Meles Zenawi

 Gabon Dominant party;
 President Omar Bongo

 Gambia Presidential-legislative (transitional);
 President Yahya Jammeh

 Ghana Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 president John Agyekum Kufuor

 Guinea Dominant party;
 President Lansana Conte

 Guinea-Bissau Presidential-legislative (transitional);
 President Henrique Perreira Rosa

 Kenya Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Mwai Kibaki

 Lesotho Parliamentary and traditional chiefs
 (transitional); Prime Minister
 Pakalitha Mosisili

 Liberia Presidential-parliamentary democracy
 (transitional); Gyude Bryant, chairman
 of interim government

 Libya One-party dictatorship;
 Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi

 Madagascar Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Marc Ravalomanana

 Malawi Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Bingu wa Mutharika

 Mali Presidential-parliamentary democracy
 President Amadou Toumani Toure

 Mauritania Presidential-parliamentary (military-influenced);
 President Maaouya Ould
 Sid' Ahmad Taya

 Mauritius Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam

 Morocco Constitutional monarchy;
 King Muhammad VI

 Mozambique Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Armando Guebuza

 Namibia Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 president Hifikepunye Pohamba

 Niger Presidential-parliamentary
 democracy (transitional);
 President Mamadou Tandja

 Nigeria Presidential-legislativ
 edemocracy {transitional);
 President Olusegun Obasanjo

 Rwanda Dominant party;
 President Paul Kagame

 Sao Tome Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 and Principe President Fradique de Menezes

 Senegal Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Abdoulaye Wade

 Seychelles Dominant party;
 President James Michel

 Sierra Leone Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah

 Somalia Limited government disputed
 by warlords

 South Africa Parliamentary democracy;
 President Thabo Mbeki

 Sudan Presidential-legislative (military-dominated);
 President Omar Hassan
 Ahmad al-Bashir

 Swaziland Monarchy;
 King Mswati III

 Tanzania Dominant party;
 President Benjamin Mkapa

 Togo Dominant party;
 President Faure Gnassingbe

 Tunisia Dominant party;
 president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali

 Uganda Dominant party;
 President Yoweri Museveni

 Zambia Dominant party;
 President Levy Mwanawasa

 Zimbabwe Dominant party;
 President Robert Mugabe

EUROPE

 Albania Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Alfred Moisiu

 Andorra Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 Executive Council President Albert
 Pintat Santolaria

 Austria Parliamentary democracy;
 Chancellor Wolfgang Schussel

 Belarus Presidential dictatorship;
 President Aleksandr Lukashenko

 Belgium Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt

 Bosnia and Presidential-parliamentary (transi-
 Herzegovina tional); rotating Chairman of
 the Presidency

 Bulgaria Parliamentary democracy; Prime
 Minister Sergei Stanishev

 Croatia Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Stjepan Mesic

 Czech Republic Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Jiri Paroubek

 Denmark Parliamentary democracy; Prime
 Minister Anders Fo g h Rasmussen

 Estonia Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Andrus Ansip

 Finland Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Tarja Halonen

 France Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Jacques Chirac

 Germany Parliamentary democracy;
 Chancellor Gerhard Schroder (3)

 Greece Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis

 Hungary Parliamentary democracy;
 President Laszlo Solyom

 Iceland Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Haldor Asgrimsson

 Ireland Parliamentary democracy;
 prime Minister Bertie Ahern

 Italy Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi

 Latvia Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Aigars Kalvitis

 Liechtenstein Constitutional monarchy;
 Prince Hans Adam II

 Lithuania Parliamentary democracy;
 President VaIdasAdamkus

 Luxembourg Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker

 Macedonia Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Vlado Buckovski

 Malta Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi

 Moldova Parliamentary democracy;
 President Vladimir Voronin

 Monaco Constitutional monarchy;
 Prince Albert II

 Netherlands Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende

 Norway Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister K1ell Magne Bon devik

 Poland Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 Presidential elections pending at
 press time

 Portugal Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Jose Socrates

 Romania Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Calin Popescu-Tariceanu

 Russia Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Vladimir Putin

 San Marino Parliamentary democracy; Co-Captain
 Regent elected every six months from
 the Great and General Council

 Serbia and Parliamentary democracy (transitional);
 Montenegro President Svetozar Marovic

 Slovakia Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Mikulas Dzurinda

 Slovenia Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Janez Jansa

 Spain Parliamentary democracy; Prime
 Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero

 Sweden Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Goran Persson

 Switzerland Parliamentary democracy;
 rotating President from 7-member
 Federal Council

 Ukraine Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Viktor Yushchenko

 United Kingdom Parliamentary democracy;
(England, Scotland, Prime Minister Tony Blair
Wales, N. Ireland)

 Vatican City Papal state; Pope Benedict XVI

ASIA

 Afghanistan Transitional democracy;
 President Hamid Karzai

 Armenia Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Robert Kocharyan

 Azerbaijan Presidential (Dominant party);
 President Ilham Aliyev

 Bahrain Monarchy; King Hamad bin 'Isa AI
 Khalifah

 Bangladesh Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Khaleda Zia

 Bhutan Monarchy; King Jigme Singye
 Wangchuk

 Brunei Monarchy; Sultan and Prime Minister
 Sir Muda Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzadin
 Waddaulah

 Cambodia Dominant party;
 Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen

 China Communist one-party state;
 President Hu Jintao

 Cyprus Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Tassos Papadopoulos

 East Timor Presidential-parliamentary democracy
 (transitional); President Xanana
 Gusmao

 Georgia Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Mikheil Saakashvili

 India Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Manmohan Singh

 Indonesia Parliamentary democracy;
 President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

 Iran Presidential-parliamentary under
 Islamic religious control; President
 Mahmud Ahmadinejad

 Iraq Transitional;
 Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari

 Israel (5) Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Ariel Sharon

 Japan Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi

 Jordan Constitutional monarchy;
 King Abdullah II

 Kazakhstan Dominant party;
 President Nursultan Nazarbayev

 Korea, North Communist dictatorship;
 General Secretary Kim Jong II

 Korea, South Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Rob Muh-hyun

 Kuwait Monarchy; Emir Sheikh Jabir Al Ahmad
 Al Jabir Al Sabah

 Kyrgyzstan Presidential-parliamentary in transition;
 President Kurmanbeck Bakiyev

 Laos Communist one-party state;
 President Khamtai Siphandon

 Lebanon Presidential-parliamentary
 with Syrian influence;
 President Emile Lahoud

 Malaysia Dominant party; Prime Minister Datuk
 Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

 Maldives Presidential dictatorship;
 President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom

 Mongolia Presidential-parliamentary democracy;,
 Prime Minister Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj

 Myanmar (Burma) Military; Prime Minister
 General Than Shwe

 Nepal Constitutional monarchy
 with limited parliament;
 King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah

 Oman Monarchy; Prime Minister and Sultan
 Qaboos bin Sa'id Al Said

 Pakistan Military; President General Pervez
 Musharraf

 Philippines Presidential-legislative democracy;
 President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

 Qatar Monarchy; Emir Sheikh Hamid bin
 Khalifah Al Thani

 Saudi Arabia Monarchy; King and Prime Minister
 Abdullah bin Abd al-Aziz Al-Saud

 Singapore Dominant party;
 Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong

 Sri Lanka Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Chandrika Bandaranaike
 Kumaratunga

 Syria Dominant party (military-dominated);
 President Bashar al-Assad

 Taiwan Presidential-parliamentary democracy;
 President Chen Shui-bian

 Tajikistan Presidential (transitional);
 President Imomali Rakhmonov

 Thailand Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra

 Turkey Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan

 Turkmenistan Presidential dictatorship;
 President Saparmurad Niyazov

 United Arab Federation of traditional monarchies;
 Emirates President Sheikh Zayid bin Sultan
 AL Nahayyan

 Uzbekistan Presidential (dominant party);
 President Islam Karimov

 Vietnam Communist one-party state;
 Prime Minister Phan Van Khai

 Yemen Dominant party;
 President Ali Abdullah Saleh

OCEANIA

 Australia Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister John Howard

 Fiji Parliamentary democracy and
 traditional chiefs;
 Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase

 Kiribati Presidential-legislative democracy;
 president Anote Tong

 Marshall Parliamentary democracy and tradi-
 Islands tional chiefs, President Kessai H. Note

 Micronesia Parliamentary democracy;
 President Joseph J. Urusemal

 Nauru Parliamentary democracy;
 President Ludwig Scotty

 New Zealand Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Helen Clark

 Palau Presidential democracy and traditional
 chiefs; President Tommy Remengesau

 Papua New Parliamentary democracy;
 Guinea Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare

 Samoa Parliamentary democracy and tradi-
 tional chiefs; Prime Minister Tuilaepa
 Sailele Malielegaoi

 Solomon Parliamentary democracy;
 Islands Prime Minister Sir Allan Kamakeza

 Tonga Monarchy; King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV

 Tuvalu Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Maatia Toafa

 Vanuatu Parliamentary democracy;
 Prime Minister Ham Lini

 DATE OF LITERACY PER
 ORIGIN RATE (%) CAPITA GDP

 % OF POP. LIFE
 COUNTRY UNDER 15 EXPECTANCY HDI

NORTH AMERICA

 Antigua and 1981 90/88 $11,000
 Barbuda 26 69/74 0.797

 Bahamas 1973 95/97 $17,700
 30 67/73 0.832

 Barbados 1966 98/97 $16,400
 22 70/74 0.878

 Belize 1981 94/94 $6,500
 36 67/74 0.753

 Canada 1867 97 $31,500
 18 77/82 0.949

 Costa Rica 1821 96/96 $9,600
 30 76/81 0.838

 Cuba 1902 97/97 $3,000
 21 75/79 0.817

 Dominica 1978 94/94 $5,500
 28 71/77 0.783

 Dominican 1844 85/85 $6,300
 Republic 34 66/69 1

 El Salvador 1821 83/78 $4,900
 33 67/73 0.722

 Grenada 1974 98/98 $5,000
 35 NA 0.787

 Guatemala 1821 78/63 $4,200
 42 63/69 0.663

 Haiti 1804 55/51 $1,500
 42 51/54 0.475

 Honduras 1821 76/76 $2,800
 41 67/74 0.667

 Jamaica 1962 84/92 $4,100
 31 72/75 0.738

 Mexico 1810 94/91 $9,600
 31 73/78 0.814

 Nicaragua 1821 67/68 $2,300
 42 66/70 0.690

 Panama 1903 93/92 $6,900
 29 72/77 0.804

 Saint Kitts 1983 97/98 $8,800
 and Nevis 28 68/72 0.834

 Saint Lucia 1979 65/69 $5,400
 30 72/77 0.772

 Saint Vincent and 1979 96/96 $2,900
 the Grenadines 30 70/74 0.755

 Trinidad and 1962 99/98 $10,500
 Tobago 21 67/74 0.801

 United States 1776 97/97 $40,100
 21 75/80 0.944l

SOUTH AMERICA

 Argentina 1816 97/97 $12,400
 27 71/78 0.863

 Bolivia 1825 93/82 $2,600
 37 62/66 0.687

 Brazil 1822 86/87 $8,100
 29 68/75 0.792

 Chile 1810 96/96 $10,700
 24 73/79 0.854

 Colombia 1810 92/93 $6,600
 32 69/75 0.785

 Ecuador 1822 94/91 $3,700
 33 71/77 0.759

 Guyana 1966 99/99 $3,800
 28 60/66 0.720

 Paraguay 1811 95/93 $4,800
 32 69/73 0.755

 Peru 1821 95/87 $5,600
 32 67/72 0.762

 Suriname 1975 95/91 $4,300
 29 66/73 0.755

 Uruguay 1825 98/98 $14,500
 24 71/79 0.840

 Venezuela 1811 94/93 $5,800
 31 70/76 0.772

AFRICA

 Algeria 1962 79/61 $6,600
 31 73/74 0.722

 Angola 1975 56/28 $2,100
 46 39/42 0.445

 Benin 1960 56/27 $1,200
 44 53/55 0.431

 Botswana 1966 77/82 $9,200
 39 34/35 0.565

 Burkina Faso 1960 37/17 $1,200
 46 42/46 0.317

 Burundi 1962 59/45 $600
 47 49/50 0.378

 Cameroon 1960 85/73 $1,900
 44 47/49 0.497

 Cape Verde 1975 86/69 $1,400
 42 66/72 0.721

 Central African 1960 63/40 $1,100
 Republic 43 43/44 0.355

 Chad 1960 56/39 $1,600
 48 45/48 0.341

 Comoros 1975 64/49 $700
 43 58/62 0.547

 Congo, 1960 76/55 $700
 Democratic Rep. 48 49/52 0.385

 Congo, Republic 1960 90/78 $800
 46 51/53 0.512

 Cote d'Ivoire 1960 58/44 $1,500
 (Ivory Coast) 41 46/48 0.420

 Djibouti 1977 78/58 $1,300
 41 51/54 0.495

 Egypt 1,921 68/47 $4,200
 36 67/72 0.659

 Equatorial 1968 93/78 $2,700
 Guinea 43 43/46 0.655

 Eritrea 1993 70/48 $900
 45 56/59 0.444

 Ethiopia 1000 B.C. 50/35 $800
 44 47/49 0.367

 Gabon 1960 74/53 $5,900
 40 55/58 0.635

 Gambia 1965 48/33 $1,800
 45 51/55 0.470

 Ghana 1957 83/67 $2,300
 40 57/59 0.520

 Guinea 1958 50/22 $2,100
 44 48/50 0.466

 Guinea-Bissau 1973 58/27 $700
 46 43/46 0.348

 Kenya 1963 91/80 $1,100
 43 48/46 0.474

 Lesotho 1966 75/95 $3,200
 38 36/35 0.497

 Liberia 1847 73/42 $900
 46 41/43 NA

 Libya 1951 92/72 $6,700
 35 74/78 0.799

 Madagascar 1960 76/63 $800
 45 53/57 0.499

 Malawi 1964 76/50 $600
 46 43/46 0.404

 Mali 1960 54/40 $900
 47 47/48 0.333

 Mauritania 1960 52/32 $1,800
 43 50/53 0.477

 Mauritius 1968 89/83 $12,800
 25 69/75 0.791

 Morocco 1956 64/39 $4,200
 30 68/72 0.631

 Mozambique 1975 64/33 $1,200
 44 41/43 0.379

 Namibia 1990 84/84 $7,300
 40 46/4 0.627

 Niger 1960 26/10 $900
 48 43/44 0.281

 Nigeria 1960 76/61 $1,000
 43 43/44 0.453

 Rwanda 1962 76/65 $1,300
 44 42/45 0.450

 Sao Tome 1975 85/62 $1,200
 and Principe 38 62/64 0.604

 Senegal 1960 50/31 $1,700
 42 54/57 0.458

 Seychelles 1976 56/60 $7,800
 26 66/76 0.821

 Sierra Leone 1961 45/18 $600
 41 39/42 0.298

 Somalia 1960 50/26 $600
 45 46/49 NA

 South Africa 1910 87/86 $11,000
 33 50/53 0.658

 Sudan 1956 72/51 $1,900
 44 56/59 0.512

 Swaziland 1968 83/81 $5,100
 43 34/37 0.498

 Tanzania 1964 86/71 $700
 45 43/45 0.418

 Togo 1960 75/47 $1,600
 43 52/56 0.512

 Tunisia 1956 84/64 $7,100
 27 71/75 0.753

 Uganda 1962 80/60 $1,500
 51 48/48 0.508

 Zambia 1964 87/75 $900
 45 38/37 0.394

 Zimbabwe 1980 94/87 $1,900
 40 40/41 0.505

EUROPE

 Albania 1912 93/80 $4,900
 27 72/76 0.780

 Andorra 1278 99 $26,800
 15 NA NA

 Austria 1156 98 $31,300
 16 76/82 0.936

 Belarus 1991 99/99 $6,800
 16 63/75 0.786

 Belgium 1830 98 $30,600
 17 76/82 0.945

 Bosnia and 1992 NA $6,500
 Herzegovina 18 71/77 0.786

 Bulgaria 1908 99/98 $8,200
 14 69/76 0.808

 Croatia 1991 99/98 $11,200
 17 71/78 0.841

 Czech Republic 1993 99 $16,800
 15 72/79 0.874

 Denmark 900s 99 $32,200
 19 75/79 0.941

 Estonia 1991 99/99 $14,300
 16 66/77 0.853

 Finland 1917 99/99 $29,000
 18 75/82 0.941

 France 486 99/99 $28,700
 19 77/84 0.938

 Germany 1871 99 $28,700
 15 76/81 0.930

 Greece 1829 99/97 $21,300
 15 76/81 0.912

 Hungary 1001 99/99 $14,900
 16 68/77 0.862

 Iceland 1944 99 $31,900
 23 79/83 0.956

 Ireland 1921 98 $31,900
 21 75/80 0.946

 Italy 1861 99/98 $27,700
 14 77/83 0.934

 Latvia 1991 99/99 $11,500
 15 66/77 0.836

 Liechtenstein 1719 99/99 $25,000
 18 79/82 NA

 Lithuania 1991 99/99 $12,500
 18 1 66/78 0.852

 Luxembourg 1839 99/99 $58,900
 19 75/82 0.949

 Macedonia 1991 NA $7,100
 20 71/76 0.797

 Malta 1964 92/94 $18,200
 18 76/80 0.867

 Moldova 1991 99/99 $1,900
 20 65/72 0.671

 Monaco 1419 99.00 $27,000
 13 NA NA

 Netherlands 1579 99 $29,500
 19 76/81 0.943

 Norway 1905 99/99 $40,000
 20 78/82 0.963

 Poland 1918 99/99 12,000
 17 71/79 0.858

 Portugal 1140 96/91 $17,900
 16 74/81 0.904

 Romania 1878 99/98 $7,700
 16 68/75 0.792

 Russia 1991 99/99 $9,800
 16 59/72 0.795

 San Marino 301 97/95 $134,600
 -15 78/84 NA

 Serbia and 1992 97/89 $2,400
 Montenegro 19 71/76 NA

 Slovakia 1993 NA $14,500
 18 70/78 0.849

 Slovenia 1991 99/99 $19,600
 14 73/81 0.904

 Spain 1492 99/977 $23,300
 15 77/84 0.928

 Sweden 1523 99 $28,400
 18 78/83 0.949

 Switzerland 1291 99 $33,800
 16 78/83 0.947

 Ukraine 1991 99/99 $6,300
 15 63/74 0.766

 United Kingdom circa 900 99 $29,600
(England, Scotland, 18 76/81 0.939
Wales, N. Ireland)

 Vatican City 1929 100 NA
 NA NA NA

ASIA

 Afghanistan 1919 51/21 $800
 45 41/42 NA

 Armenia 1918 99/98 $4,600
 22 67/75 0.759

 Azerbaijan 1991 99/96 $13,800
 26 70/75 0.729

 Bahrain 1971 92/85 $19,200
 28 73/75 0.846

 Bangladesh 1971 54/32 $2,000
 35 61/62 0.520

 Bhutan 1949 56/28 $1,400
 40 62/65 0.536

 Brunei 1984 96/91 $23,600
 32 72/77 0.866

 Cambodia 1949 81/59 $2,000
 37 52/60 0.521

 China 1912 95/87 $5,600
 22 70/74 0.755

 Cyprus 1960 99/96 $20,300G REEK (4)
 20 75/79 $7,135 TURKISH
 0.891

 East Timor 2002 59 $400
 41 54/56 0.513

 Georgia 1991 99/98 $3,100
 19 68/75

 India 1947 70/48 $3,100
 36 61/63 0.602

 Indonesia 1945 93/83 $3,500
 30 66/70 0.697

 Iran 1502 86/73 $7,700
 30 69/72 0.736

 Iraq 1932 56/24 $2,100
 42 57/60 NA

 Israel (5) 1948 97/94 $20,800
 28 78/82 0.915

 Japan 660 B.C. 99/99 $29,400
 14 78/85 0.943

 Jordan 1946 96/86 $4,500
 37 71/72 0.753

 Kazakhstan 1991 99/98 $7,800
 27 61/72 0.761

 Korea, North 1945 99/99 $1,700
 27 69/74 NA

 Korea, South 1945 99/97 $19,200
 19 73/80 0.901

 Kuwait 1961 85/82 $21,300
 26 77/79 0.844

 Kyrgyzstan 1991 99/96 $1,700
 33 65/72 0.702

 Laos 1949 77/56 $1,900
 40 53/56 0.545

 Lebanon 1943 93/82 $5,000
 28 72/75 0.759

 Malaysia 1957 92/85 $9,700
 33 70/76 0.796

 Maldives 1965 97/97 $3,900
 36 71/72 0.745

 Mongolia 1921 98/98 $1,900
 31 62/66 0.679

 Myanmar (Burma) 1948 89/81 $1,700
 29 57/63 0.578

 Nepal 1768 63/28 $1,500
 39 62/63 0.526

 Oman 1650 83/67 $13,100
 33 72/75 0.781

 Pakistan 1947 60/31 $2,200
 42 61/63 0.527

 Philippines 1946 93/93 $5,000
 35 67/72 0.758

 Qatar 1971 81/85 $23,200
 25 69/72 0.849

 Saudi Arabia 1932 85/71 $12,000
 37 70/74 0.772

 Singapore 1965 97/89 $27,800
 20 77/81 0.907

 Sri Lanka 1948 95/90 $4,000
 27 71/75 0.751

 Syria 1946 90/64 $3,400
 37 71/73 0.721

 Taiwan 1949 96 $25,300
 19 73/79 NA

 Tajikistan 1991 99/99 $1,100
 40 61/66 0.652

 Thailand 1238 95/91 $8,100
 23 68/75 0.778

 Turkey 1923 94/79 $7,400
 29 66/71 0.750

 Turkmenistan 1991 99/97 $5,700
 32 58/67 0.738

 United Arab 1971 76/82 $125,200
 Emirates 25 75/80 0.849

 Uzbekistan 1991 99/99 $1,800
 35 63/70 0.694

 Vietnam 1945 94/87 $2,700
 29 70/73 0.704

 Yemen 1990 71/30 $800
 46 59/63 0.489

OCEANIA

 Australia 1901 99/99 $30,700
 20 78/83 0.955

 Fiji 1970 96/92 $5,900
 30 66/70 0.752

 Kiribati 1979 NA $800
 40 58/67 NA

 Marshall 1986 94/94 $1,600
 Islands 42 67/70 NA

 Micronesia 1,986 91/88 $2,000
 40 67/67 NA

 Nauru 1968 NA $5,000
 41 57/65 NA

 New Zealand 1907 99 $23,200
 22 76/81 0.933

 Palau 1994 93/90 $9,000
 24 67/75 NA

 Papua New 1975 71/58 $2,200
 Guinea 40 55/56 0.523

 Samoa 1962 99/99 $5,600
 41 72/74 0.776

 Solomon 1978 NA $1,700
 Islands 40 62/63 0.594

 Tonga 1970 98/99 $2,300
 39 70/72 0.810

 Tuvalu 1978 NA $1,100
 36 62/65 NA

 Vanuatu 1980 57/48 $2,900
 42 66/69 0.659

(1) A single figure represents a percentage for the population
as a whole; breakdown by gender not available.

(2) Bosnia has a collective presidency that rotates among three
members (one Croat, one Muslim, and one Serb).

(3) Outcome of election unclear at press time.

(4) Figures are broken down into Greek and Turkish populations,
respectively.

(5) Israel's area and population do not include the occupied
territory of the West Bank.

SOURCES: For area, population, urban population, annual population
rise, percent of population under 15 years, and life expectancy:
2005 World Population Data Sheet (Population Reference Bureau) * For
capital, major languages, date of origin, literacy rate, and per
capita GDP: The World Factbook 2005 (Central Intelligence Agency) * For
forms of government: Based on information from annual editions of
Freedom in the World, a publication of Freedom House (a nonprofit
human-rights organization), World Book, and the State Department and
its Web site (www.state.gov) * For heads of government: Based on
information from the GeoCities "Rulers" Web site (www.rulers.org), the
State Department and its Web site, and the CIA World Factbook * For
HDI: Human Development Report 2005 (United Nations Development
Program). Figures are all the latest available from each source for
each country.
COPYRIGHT 2005 Scholastic, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2005, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Title Annotation:ALMANAC
Publication:Junior Scholastic
Date:Oct 17, 2005
Words:6798
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