The why and what of WORM technology: WORM tape libraries make sense. (Tape/Disk/Optical Storage).
In response to the recent series of highly publicized business scandals, all industries are being affected with new regulations on data retention and the type of media on which it is stored. Federal, medical, financial and banking organizations, as well as all public companies, are being forced to implement demanding archival requirements and are penalized if they do not comply with the regulations.
For instance, penalties can include 20-year prison sentences for knowingly altering, concealing or destroying documentation with the intent to impede, obstruct or influence an ongoing or contemplated U.S. federal investigation or bankruptcy proceeding. In other cases, firms are being fined in the neighborhood of $1.65 million for not meeting all regulation guidelines.
In 2002, President Bush signed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act that aims to strengthen accounting oversight and corporate accountability by enhancing disclosure requirements, increasing accounting and auditor regulation, creating new federal crimes and increasing penalties for existing federal crimes.
Similar to other areas of the law, Sarbanes-Oxley embraces the issues developing around the proliferation of electronic evidence. With 93 percent of all business documents created electronically and only 30 percent ever printed to paper, corporations in the last few years have been compelled to address the retention of--and potential liability associated with-- electronic documents and communication. Today's companies save nearly every electronic document and email because it can be stored electronically with relative ease.
With the increase in digital data, email, antiquated files and archival data stored on backup tapes or disks have to be kept for months or years. Case law reveals that preservation of all electronic data and email created in the course of business can come back to help a corporation when litigation ensues.
Section 103 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act requires the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board to require auditors to retain audit workpapers and other materials that support the auditor's conclusions in any audit report for a period of seven years. Some provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act have been implemented by the SEC through rulemaking and require immediate action. The Act requires the SEC to implement significant reforms that affect today's companies.
The SEC has put into place Regulation 17 CFR 240.17a-4, which mandates regulatory archiving of data for finance customers. Also, government agencies are required to archive email for seven years on "unalterable media." The proposed rule would amend Regulation S-X to add Rule 210.2-06, which would require accountants to retain certain documents for a period of five years from the end of the fiscal year in which the audit or review was concluded.
Companies that aren't meeting these new requirements are often waiting until they are caught, then are reactively paying these fines and afterward trying to find ways to meet the new regulations. But trying to meet these new requirements, complete daily backups and manage data growth has proved to be an expensive problem as well.
The healthcare industry is yet another industry that has received stricter data security guidelines. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) adds privacy and security requirements for health information that will be difficult for healthcare enterprises to meet without centralized data archiving. HIPAA promises to significantly impact the IT and healthcare industries by requiring a new, more stringent focus on privacy and security of healthcare information.
The healthcare community traditionally experiences three primary data storage needs: backup/restore, disaster recovery and patient image archiving. As a result, the storage of critical patient data and administrative information was handled departmentally, creating "islands" of disparate data.
The departmental "islands," with their legacy storage systems, will have to be backed up in order to comply with HIPAA. Since most of these archives are less than five years old, discarding them is not an attractive option. The answer that these customers are looking for is to provide a viable alternative to maintaining existing storage while providing HIPAA compliance.
Hospitals especially face tremendous business continuity dilemmas.
* Data backup plan: A documented and routinely updated plan to create and maintain, for a specific period of time, retrievable, exact copies of information.
* Disaster recovery plan: Part of an overall contingency plan that contains a process enabling an enterprise to restore any loss of data in the event of fire, vandalism, natural disaster, or system failure.
* Emergency mode operation plan: Part of an overall contingency plan that contains a process enabling an enterprise to continue to operate in the event of a fire, vandalism, natural disaster, or system failure.
With data retention schedules and secure data requirements increasing, end users today seek a low-cost, high capacity media that cannot be altered. Historically, companies have been burdened with only one choice: costly optical storage systems that require additional hardware.
Sony has, once again, added end-user benefits to the AIT (Advanced Intelligent Tape) tape technology. It takes AIT's existing small form factor and low power consumption and adds the WORM (Write Once Read Many) security feature, which stops data modification. Bringing WORM into the tape format offers customers an 87 percent cost reduction per gigabyte over 5.25 Magneto Optical.
Sony's new WORM drives will be multifunctional, fully supporting AIT-3 rewritable cartridges, as well as AIT-3 WORM media. Once recorded, MT WORM media cannot be re-written or reformatted, but data can be appended to the end of previously recorded information. Additionally, all current AIT drives, including WORM-enhanced versions, have media read/write backward compatibility with previous generations for scalability and investment protection.
In response, tape library vendors are offering AIT-3 WORM technology in tape libraries. Customers can now use a single tape library to satisfy electronic document archiving regulations and to conduct routine data backup and restore operations. This dual mission capability enables customers to reduce the acquisition and administrative costs otherwise required for separate, single-purpose tape and optical systems.
Some enterprise tape library vendors also offer a partitioning feature that gives the user the ability to partition a library into multiple, smaller virtual libraries and to connect these to the same or different hosts. This drive allocation allows backup administrators to consolidate several backup operations running on different operating systems, software applications, tape drives, media and interface technologies.
Partitioning enables customers to choose and devote one partition to WORM media to meet SEC, HIPAA and other regulations and still conduct traditional backup and restore operations on other partitions using the same robotics. Customers can continue regular uninterrupted data backup while partitioning WORM media to selected drives and cartridges. Dedicating a section of a library to WORM makes it easy for customers to decrease data loss and enjoy peace of mind, knowing that their electronic records like email and electronic surveillance are unalterable--and legal.
Sony projects 80 to 100 percent growth in data storage during the next five years. With increasing archival requirements, partitioned AIT WORM tape libraries offer a convincing argument for ROI (return on investment). AIT WORM is ideal because it offers lower media and hardware cost per gigabyte, and there is no need to purchase an optical jukebox with WORM.
Sharon Isaacson is product manager at Spectra Logic Corporation (Boulder, Colo.)
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|Publication:||Computer Technology Review|
|Date:||Mar 1, 2003|
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