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The tiers.

TIER 1

Countries whose governments fully meet the Trafficking Victims Protection Act's (TVPA) minimum standards.

TIER 2

Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA's minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.

TIER 2 WATCH LIST

Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA's minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards AND:

a) The absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing;

b) There is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year; or

c) The determination that a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with minimum standards was based on commitments by the country to take additional future steps over the next year.

TIER 3

Countries whose governments do not fully meet the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.
TIER PLACEMENTS

TIER 1

ARMENIA
AUSTRALIA
AUSTRIA
THE BAHAMAS
BELGIUM
CANADA
CHILE
COLOMBIA
CZECHIA
DENMARK
FINLAND
FRANCE
GEORGIA
GERMANY
GUYANA
IRELAND
ISRAEL
ITALY
KOREA, SOUTH
LITHUANIA
LUXEMBOURG
NETHERLANDS
NEW ZEALAND
NORWAY
PHILIPPINES
POLAND
PORTUGAL
ST. MAARTEN
SLOVAKIA
SLOVENIA
SPAIN
SWEDEN
SWITZERLAND
TAIWAN
UNITED KINGDOM
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

TIER 2

AFGHANISTAN
ALBANIA
ANGOLA
ARGENTINA
ARUBA
AZERBAIJAN
BAHRAIN
BARBADOS
BHUTAN
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
BOTSWANA
BRAZIL
BRUNEI
CAMBODIA
COSTA RICA
COTE D'IVOIRE
CROATIA
CURACAO
CYPRUS
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
ECUADOR
EGYPT
EL SALVADOR
ESTONIA
ETHIOPIA
FIJI
GREECE
HONDURAS
ICELAND
INDIA
INDONESIA
JAMAICA
JAPAN
JORDAN
KAZAKHSTAN
KENYA
KOSOVO
KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
LATVIA
LEBANON
LESOTHO
MACEDONIA
MALAWI
MALAYSIA
MALDIVES
MALTA
MAURITIUS
MEXICO
MICRONESIA
MONGOLIA
MOROCCO
NAMIBIA
NEPAL
PALAU
PANAMA
PARAGUAY
PERU
QATAR
ROMANIA
ST. LUCIA
ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE
SINGAPORE
SOLOMON ISLANDS
SOUTH AFRICA
SRI LANKA
TAJIKISTAN
TANZANIA
TIMOR-LESTE
TOGO
TONGA
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
TUNISIA
TURKEY
UGANDA
UKRAINE
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
URUGUAY
VIETNAM

TIER 2 WATCH LIST

ALGERIA
ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
BANGLADESH
BENIN
BOLIVIA
BULGARIA
BURKINA FASO
BURMA
CABO VERDE
CAMEROON
CHAD
CUBA
DJIBOUTI
GABON
THE GAMBIA
GHANA
GUATEMALA
HAITI
HONG KONG
HUNGARY
IRAQ
KUWAIT
LAOS
LIBERIA
MACAU
MADAGASCAR
MARSHALL ISLANDS
MOLDOVA
MONTENEGRO
MOZAMBIQUE
NICARAGUA
NIGER
NIGERIA
OMAN
PAKISTAN
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
RWANDA
SAUDI ARABIA
SENEGAL
SERBIA
SURINAME
SWAZILAND
THAILAND
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE

TIER 3

BELARUS
BELIZE
BURUNDI
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CHINA (PRC)
COMOROS
CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REP. OF
CONGO, REPUBLIC OF
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
GUINEA
GUINEA-BISSAU
IRAN
KOREA, NORTH
MALI
MAURITANIA
RUSSIA
SOUTH SUDAN
SUDAN
SYRIA
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
VENEZUELA

SPECIAL CASE

LIBYA
SOMALIA
YEMEN

AFRICA

TIER PLACEMENTS

YEAR   PROSECUTIONS   CONVICTIONS       VICTIMS       NEW OR AMENDED
                                      IDENTIFIED       LEGISLATION

2010    272 (168)      163 (113)         9,626              5
2011     340 (45)      217 (113)     8,900 (5,098)          2
2012    493 (273)      252 (177)    10,043 (6,544)          4
2013    572 (245)      341 (192)    10,096 (2,250)          7
2014     811 (49)      317 (33)      9,523 (1,308)          4
2015    1,517 (53)      719 (8)     12,125 (3,531)          6
2016    1,251 (54)    1,119 (21)    18,296 (13,205)         4

The above statistics are estimates derived from data provided by
foreign governments and other sources and reviewed by the Department
of State. Aggregate data fluctuates from one year to the next due to
the hidden nature of trafficking crimes, dynamic global events,
shifts in government efforts, and a lack of uniformity in national
reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor
trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

EAST ASIA
& PACIFIC

TIER PLACEMENTS

YEAR   PROSECUTIONS   CONVICTIONS      VICTIMS       NEW OR AMENDED
                                      IDENTIFIED      LEGISLATION

2010     427(53)        177 (9)         2,597              0
2011    2,127 (55)     978 (55)     8,454 (3,140)          4
2012   1,682 (115)    1,251 (103)   8,521 (1,804)          4
2013   2,460 (188)    1,271 (39)    7,886 (1,077)          3
2014    1,938 (88)     969 (16)     6,349 (1,084)          3
2015   3,414 (193)    1,730 (130)   13,990 (3,533)         10
2016    2,137 (51)    1,953 (31)     9,989 (310)           7

The above statistics are estimates derived from data provided by
foreign governments and other sources and reviewed by the Department
of State. Aggregate data fluctuates from one year to the next due to
the hidden nature of trafficking crimes, dynamic global events,
shifts in government efforts, and a lack of uniformity in national
reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor
trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

EUROPE

TIER PLACEMENTS

YEAR   PROSECUTIONS   CONVICTIONS      VICTIMS       NEW OR AMENDED
                                      IDENTIFIED      LEGISLATION

2010    2,803 (47)    1,850 (38)        8,548              4
2011   3,188 (298)    1,601 (81)    10,185 (1,796)         2
2012   3,161 (361)    1,818 (112)   11,905 (2,306)         3
2013   3,223 (275)    2,684 (127)   10,374 (1,863)         35
2014   4,199 (197)    1,585 (69)    11,910 (3,531)         5
2015   4,990 (272)    1,692 (245)   11,112 (3,733)         8
2016   2,703 (201)    1,673 (40)    11,416 (3,192)         3

The above statistics are estimates derived from data provided by
foreign governments and other sources and reviewed by the Department
of State. Aggregate data fluctuates from one year to the next due to
the hidden nature of trafficking crimes, dynamic global events,
shifts in government efforts, and a lack of uniformity in national
reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor
trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

NEAR EAST

TIER PLACEMENTS

YEAR   PROSECUTIONS   CONVICTIONS      VICTIMS      NEW OR AMENDED
                                     IDENTIFIED      LEGISLATION

2010     323 (63)       68 (10)         1,304             1
2011     209 (17)       60 (5)      1,831 (1,132)         2
2012     249 (29)      149 (15)     4,047 (1,063)         1
2013     119 (25)       60 (4)       1,460 (172)          4
2014     320 (5)       144 (25)     3,388 (2,460)         0
2015     480 (31)      343 (31)      6,068 (156)          0
2016    996 (591)     1,187 (582)    3,292 (185)          4

The above statistics are estimates derived from data provided by
foreign governments and other sources and reviewed by the Department
of State. Aggregate data fluctuates from one year to the next due to
the hidden nature of trafficking crimes, dynamic global events,
shifts in government efforts, and a lack of uniformity in national
reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor
trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

SOUTH &
CENTRAL ASIA

TIER PLACEMENTS

YEAR   PROSECUTIONS   CONVICTIONS      VICTIMS       NEW OR AMENDED
                                      IDENTIFIED      LEGISLATION

2010   1,460 (196)    1,068 (11)        4,357              1
2011     974 (24)      829 (11)     3,907 (1,089)          2
2012    1,043 (6)       874 (4)     4,415 (2,150)          1
2013   1,904 (259)     974 (58)     7,124 (1,290)          5
2014    1,839 (12)     958 (10)     4,878 (1,041)          3
2015   6,930 (225)    1,468 (16)    24,867 (1,191)         0
2016    6,297 (72)    2,193 (19)     14,706 (464)          5

The above statistics are estimates derived from data provided by
foreign governments and other sources and reviewed by the Department
of State. Aggregate data fluctuates from one year to the next due to
the hidden nature of trafficking crimes, dynamic global events,
shifts in government efforts, and a lack of uniformity in national
reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor
trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

WESTERN
HEMISPHERE

TIER PLACEMENTS

YEAR   PROSECUTIONS   CONVICTIONS      VICTIMS      NEW OR AMENDED
                                     IDENTIFIED      LEGISLATION

2010     732 (80)      293 (65)         6,681             6
2011     624 (17)      279 (14)     9,014 (2,490)         3
2012   1,077 (369)     402 (107)    7,639 (3,501)         8
2013   1,182 (207)     446 (50)     7,818 (3,951)         4
2014     944 (67)       470(63)     8,414 (2,014)         5
2015    1,796 (83)     663 (26)     9,661 (2,118)         6
2016    1,513 (69)     946 (24)      8,821 (109)          2

The above statistics are estimates derived from data provided by
foreign governments and other sources and reviewed by the Department
of State. Aggregate data fluctuates from one year to the next due to
the hidden nature of trafficking crimes, dynamic global events,
shifts in government efforts, and a lack of uniformity in national
reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor
trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.


"Global supply chains have transformed many lives for the better--but not always without costs. Clothes, food, smartphones, jewelry and other consumer goods may bear, wittingly or unwittingly, the traces of exploitation. Gleaming new skyscrapers may owe some of their shine to the sweat of bonded laborers."

--Antonio Guterres, United Nations Secretary General

"I would feel terrified. He would tell me I had to stay out until I came up with the money. It grossed me out ... I didn't want them to look at me, I didn't want them to touch me."

--Teenage sex trafficking victim, California

Caption: Workers labor on a building in Kazakhstan. Construction is a sector vulnerable to forced labor.

Caption: A refugee girl begs for money in traffic in Beirut, Lebanon. Children, especially refugees and migrant children, are vulnerable to forced begging.
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Title Annotation:countries' compliance on human smuggling law
Publication:Trafficking in Persons
Article Type:List
Date:Jun 1, 2017
Words:1483
Previous Article:2017 tip report heroes.
Next Article:Relevant international conventions.
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