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The private archive (carteggio) of Abbot Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (Badia di Firenze)--an analytical catalogue, with commentary, of Codex Ashburnham 1792 (Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Florence): part one.

Busta IX: Miscellaneous Individuals (Varie (Persone))

Doc. 1 (Carta 1) (micr./CD 293) (old fol. 323-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217445. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 14 Aug. [????]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Bologna. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Mem Rodrigues. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Fernao Correa, cavaleiro of the Infante D. Pedro; Andrea Cambini (1390-[dagger] after 1 Oct. 1442). PLACES MENTIONED: Bologna. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Andrea Cambini e Compagni, merchant-bankers; Archbishopric of Florence.

Concerns payments and the bank of Andrea Cambini. Sender complains that he has been left entirely without money. Announces possible intent to return to Portugal.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 2 (Carta 2) (micr./CD 293) (old fol. 323-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217445. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 10 Jan. 1427. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Pisa. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Afonso Eanes de Sa (contador regio). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Infante D. Pedro (1392-1449); Lopo Vasquez da Cunha (former student of Civil Law at Padua); Joao Afonso, Chanceler of Coimbra; Gomes Nogueira, younger brother of Afonso Nogueira; Goncalo Fernandes; Gil Afonso. PLACES MENTIONED: Pisa. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Coimbra; Monte di Firenze.

Mentions 60 florins lent to Joao Afonso, Chanceler of Coimbra. Begs for news of the Infante D. Pedro, and mentions 100 florins assigned to him by the Infante. Expects vessels to arrive from Portugal to Porto Pisano. Two ships have anchored, but bad weather prevents ascertaining their origin. Three other ships stand in the offing and will anchor when weather improves. Refers obliquely to the request by Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes for assistance with the Badia's quota of the imposta of 35,000 florins assessed by the Signoria of Florence against its clergy in the context of the 1426 Venetian-Florentine alliance against Filippo Maria Visconti and of the resulting military and financial obligations.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished; snippet paraphrased in NFG, 162; RCG2 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fasc. VI, 1b).

Doc. 3 (Carta 3) (micr./CD 295) (old fol. 325-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217446. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: [2 Aug. 1427]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: unclear. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Gomes Nogueira, younger brother of Afonso Nogueira. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Afonso Nogueira, fidalgo (member of devout communities since 1420, member of the community of S. Salvador de Vilar de Frades (later the Congregacao de Conegos Seculares de S. Joao Evangelista)). PLACES MENTIONED: inapplicable. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Gomes Nogueira justifies his actions and choices. Requests advice from Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes in various matters pertaining to himself and to Afonso Nogueira.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 4 (Carta 4) (micr./CD 295) (old fol. 325-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217446. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 29 May [????]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Padua. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Luis Coutinho, apostolic protonotary, cousin to D. Fernando de Meneses. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Fernando de Meneses. PLACES MENTIONED: Vila do Conde. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Franciscan nunnery of Vila do Conde.

Provides details of a litigation involving two nuns of the Franciscan order, in which D. Fernando de Meneses and his sister were involved.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 5 (Carta 5) (micr./CD 297) (old fol. 327)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217447. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 25 Feb. 1438. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Porto. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Afonso Eanes de Sa (contador regio). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); Infante D. Henrique (1394-1460); Infante D. Fernando (1402-1443); Infante D. Joao (1400-1442); Count of Barcelos (D. Afonso of Braganza (1377-1461)); Count of Arraiolos (D. Fernando I, Duke of Braganza (1403-1478)); Bishop of Evora; D. Antao Martins de Chaves (Bishop of Porto); D. Alvaro Vaz de Almada; Pope Eugenius IV (Gabriel Condulmer) (1383-1447); Salah b. Salah; Joao Dosem, legum doctor; Nuno Martins; Vasco Fernandes, legum doctor; Vasco Gil Moniz (criado of D. Duarte, King of Portugal); Luis, son of Afonso Eanes de Sa; Ginevra de Sa (sister of Mecia Rodrigues de Sa and niece of Afonso Eanes de Sa); Mecia Rodrigues de Sa. PLACES MENTIONED: Algarve, Lisbon, Porto, Leiria, Beja, Ceuta, Florence. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Cortes of Leiria (25 Jan. 1438); Mosteiro de [Santa Maria] de Vairao (OSB) (Vila do Conde).

Plague in Florence. Deliberations at the Cortes de Leiria concerning fallout from the failed Tangier expedition. Addresses the question of whether or not to surrender Ceuta in exchange for the captive Infante D. Fernando. Asks for the support of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes in securing the Mosteiro de [Santa Maria] de Vairao for Ginevra de Sa (as Abbess).

PUBLICATION RECORD: MH, 6: 223-226 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 327-328); RCG2 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fasc. ix, 3); snippet in SDRespT, 64 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 147r). Referenced in BITAGAP under texid BITAGAP 9700 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, f. 147r-v).

Doc. 6 (Carta 6) (micr./CD 300) (old fol. 329)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217448. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 5 Sep. 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Joao Nunes, conego of S. Vicente de Fora (Lisbon). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); Infanta D. Leonor of Aragon (1402-1445), Queen-Consort of Portugal; Infante D. Fernando (1402-1443); Alvaro Rodrigues, brother of Joao Rodrigues; doctor Rui Fernandes. PLACES MENTIONED: Rome. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: S. Vicente de Fora (Lisbon).

Refers to the Tangier expedition, and to the retinue of Infante D. Fernando. The brother of Joao Nunes, Alvaro Moniz, has left with the expedition. Request for very personal and specific favours with regard to relationships and situations that developed after the return of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes from Portugal to Italy.

PUBLICATION RECORD: UNPUBLISHED; snippet in SDRespT, 57 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 148r).

Doc. 7 (Carta 7) (micr./CD 302) (old fol. 331-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217449. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [1429]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: unclear. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Fr. Vasco Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 2 Feb. 1423]; was at S. Donino of Pisa and S. Flora of Arezzo; f29 Sep. 1430). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: inapplicable. PLACES MENTIONED: [Arezzo]. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Monastero di [Santa Flora] di Arezzo; Santa Giustina of Padua.

Reports Dom Vasco's departure from Arezzo. Mentions private doubts and psychological turmoil.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 8 (Carta 8) (micr./CD 302) (old fol. 331-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217449. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 9 Dec. [1429]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: San Casciano di Val di Pesa. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Fr. Vasco Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 2 Feb. 1423]; was at S. Donino of Pisa and S. Flora of Arezzo; [dagger]29 Sep. 1430). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Luca. PLACES MENTIONED: San Casciano di Val di Pesa. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Santa Giustina of Padua.

If it is not possible for him to return to the Badia, Dom Fr. Vasco Eanes intends to travel to Padua in order to join the Abbot of Santa Giustina. General complaints and private confessions. A letter filled with saudades da terra and intense despair and doubt.

Note: Dom Fr. Vasco eventually did manage to return to the Badia, only to die of the plague. The letter seems already marked, among other, by a sullen unease provoked by the pestilence that began to threaten Florence and parts of Tuscany during the winter of 1429, and that erupted into the major epidemic of 1430. In Dec. 1429 Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes briefly contemplated seeking refuge, with many of his monks, at the Monastero di S. Giorgio Maggiore di Venezia, as Venice appeared at this point to be relatively free of infection.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 9 (Carta 9) (micr./CD 304) (old fol. 333-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217450. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [post-dates 22 Aug. 1437]. Language: Portuguese. ORIGIN: uncertain [Ferrara or Bologna]. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Alvaro de Almeida. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); Infanta D. Leonor of Aragon (1402-1445), Queen-Consort of Portugal; Infante D. Fernando (1402-1443); Joan II of Aragon, King of Navarre iure uxoris; Hugues Lancelot de Lusignan (1380/1385 ?-1442), brother of Janus of Lusignan and Cardinal of Cyprus (as well as Cardinal Deacon of S. Adriano, Archbishop of Nicosia, etc.); Joao Bevilacqua (Beleaugua), legum doctor, Dean of Guarda, later on desembargador of D. Afonso V; Joao Resende; Dom Timoteo di Giannino [de' Ricci] (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 6 Dec. 1433]; from 1441 Abbot of S. Salvatore di Settimo at Scandicci; [dagger] 1450); prior of S. Estevao (de Alfama (Lisboa); Afonso Gomes; Fernao Correa, cavaleiro da casa of the Infante D. Pedro. PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon; Bologna. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: S. Estevao (de Alfama (Lisboa).

Correlates with Ashb. 1792/217440. Alvaro de Almeida requests instructions and hopes to secure further favours from Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes. Reports the rumoured forthcoming arrival in Bologna or Ferrara of Hugues Lancelot de Lusignan, and also news concerning the Infante D. Henrique and the Tangier expedition (brought by an Aragonese traveller and based on a letter apparently received by the King of Navarre). Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes is attempting to sell off to the Curia some of the Badia's supernumerary mules.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished; snippet in SDRespT, 59 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 1501).

Doc. 10 (Carta 10) (micr./CD 304) (old fol. 333-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217450. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 5 Sep. [1429]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar (former escudeiro in the household of the Infanta D. Isabel; then OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 4 Apr. 1423]; subsequently Abbot of Alcobaca (Oct. 1431-1446), as well as Esmoler-Mor do Reino and member of the Conselho de el-Rei). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). Individuals MENTIONED: Infanta D. Isabel; Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy (13961467); Infante D. Fernando (1402-1443); Count of Ourem (D. Afonso de Portugal (14001460)); Infante D. Henrique (1394-1460); messer Gallo (ship's captain). PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon, Burgundy, Castile. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Renewal of Benedictine observant monastic institutions in Portugal. Diverse news from Portugal. Preparations to dispatch the Infanta D. Isabel to Burgundy later in September, escorted by the Infante D. Fernando and the Count of Ourem. The Infante D. Enrique de Aragon has taken refuge in Portugal.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Published in full in DSCGr 142 n164 (Ashb. 1792 reference is given as 1, fol. 150 [lower right-hand recto system]); brief fragment published in MH, 3: 328 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 333).

Doc. 11 (Carta 11) (micr./CD 306) (old fol. 335)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217451. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 5 Apr. 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Arouca. DESTINATION: recipient. SENDER/ISSUER: Vasco Rodrigues, tabeliao. RECIPIENT: Joana Vasquez, nun of Arouca. WRITER: Vasco Rodrigues, tabeliao. INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Abbess D. Teresa de Ataide; Goncalo Rodrigues, criado of the Abbess D. Teresa de Ataide; Goncalo Eanes; Joa Eanes, capelao of the Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca. Places MENTIONED: Arouca. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca (Cistercian Order).

Deposition by Johana Vasquez [Pinta] concerning events in the Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca following the death of Abbess D. Teresa de Ataide. The deposition intimates that the election of D. Lianor Pereira resulted from pressures exerted in person and on the spot by numerous fidalgos and "muitas gentes" all relatives of D. Lianor Pereira. Joana Vasquez denounces the procedure and also the election of D. Lianor Pereira.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 12 (Carta 12) (micr./CD 308) (old fol. 337)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217452. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: [1427 to early 1428]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: [Rome ?]. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Alvaro Ferreira, protonotarius papae [protonotarius apostolicus], [Bishop]-Elect of Coimbra (appointed 21 Oct. 1429, consecrated 6 May 1431). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Infante D. Pedro (1392-1449); Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti; Afonso Eanes de Sa (contador regio); D. Fernando da Guerra, Archbishop of Braga [appointed 15 Dec. 1417] (also Primaz das Espanhas, Regedor e Governador da Casa da Justica da Corte and ChancelerMor); Joao Alvares Pereira; Bartolomeo di Iacopo di Ser Vanni (Florentine, among other business functions also a factor or associate of a Cambini mercantile/banking compagnia; [dagger] c. 1470). PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon, Pisa, Florence, Vienna, Buda (Hungary), Germany. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Niccolo and Andrea Cambini and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, Compagni.

Multiple obligations, payments, and letters of exchange. Documents a conflict between the Infante D. Pedro and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti regarding interest rates and exchange rates, the Infante claiming that he was able to secure much more advantageous financial terms in Germany than those extended by the Italians. Requests an urgent loan of 200 florins. Places the Infante D Pedro in Buda (Hungary), at this point.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 13 (Carta 13) (micr./CD 310) (old fol. 339)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217453. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 27 Nov. [????]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Rome. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Prior of S. Vicente [de Fora ?]. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Bartolomeo di Iacopo di Ser Vanni (Florentine, among other business functions also a factor or associate of a Cambini mercantile/banking compagnia; [dagger] c. 1470); Andrea Cambini (1390-[dagger] after 1 Oct. 1442); Alvaro Ferreira, protonotarius papae [protonotarius apostolicus], [Bishop]-Elect of Coimbra (appointed 21 Oct. 1429, consecrated 6 May 1431). PLACES MENTIONED: Castile; Aragon; Lisbon. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

Alvaro Ferreira now holds a monastery in comendam and the Prior of S. Vicente begs Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes to see to it that Andrea Cambini advance the money necessary to have the requisite letters of confirmation drawn up and forwarded to Lisbon c/o Bartolomeo di Iacopo di Ser Vanni. The father of Alvaro Ferreira is deemed rich enough to stand adequate surety for the expenses.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 14 (Carta 14) (micr./CD 312) (old fol. 340-341)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217454. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 6 Apr. 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Arouca. DESTINATION: records. SENDER/ISSUER: Vasco Rodrigues [Roiz], tabeliao. RECIPIENT: records. WRITER: autograph (issuer). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Isabel de Castro (daughter of Alvaro Goncalves de Ataide and D. Guiomar de Castro); Guiomar Lourenco de Sousa; Mecia Afonso Ribeira; Mecia Rodrigues de Sa; Berenguela Perez de Avellar; Violante Goncalves Pinta; Briatriz Goncalves Pinta; Johana Vasquez Pinta; Mecia Vasquez Pinta; Guiomar Ferreira; Briatriz Pinta; Briolanca Pinta; Maria de Avellar; Branca de Sa; Mecia Manuel; Teresa (Taresiya) Velha; Ines Pinta; Costanca Mendes de Vasconcelos; Isabel Brandoa; Ginevra de Sa (sister of Mecia Rodrigues de Sa and niece of Afonso Eanes de Sa); Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze); Eugenius IV (Gabriel Condulmer). PLACES MENTIONED: Arouca. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca (Cistercian Order).

The above-mentioned nuns of S. Pedro de Arouca give full power of attorney to Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes and to the Abbot of the Cistercian Order (i.e. Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar), in the matter of the contested election of D. Lianor Pereira to Abbess and of the proposed counter-election of D. Isabel de Castro, postulant at S. Pedro de Arouca. The election of D. Lianor Pereira is pronounced null and void, having been engineered under threat and duress by relatives of D. Lianor Pereira. D. Isabel de Castro is extolled a a suitable candidate, endowed with abilities, wisdom, sanctity, and comportment far beyond her actual age.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 15 (Carta 15) (micr./CD 315) (old fol. 343)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217455. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 1 May 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Arouca. DESTINATION: records. SENDER/ISSUER: Vasco Rodrigues [Roiz], tabeliao. RECIPIENT: records. WRITER: autograph (issuer). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Isabel de Castro (daughter of Alvaro Goncalves de Ataide and D. Guiomar de Castro); Maria Vasquez. PLACES MENTIONED: Arouca. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca (Cistercian Order).

Notarial instrument of "contradizimento". Maria Vasquez and D. Isabel de Castro and all other nuns siding with D. Isabel de Castro, postulant, against the faction supporting D. Lianor Pereira give notice of a certain document sealed with the seal of S. Pedro de Arouca, which they deem to be potentially prejudicial to D. Isabel de Castro, her rights, and the interests of her faction. If such document should reach the Roman Curia, it is hereby denounced as false, null, and void.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 16 (Carta 16) (micr./CD 317) (old fol. 345)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217456. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 4 Feb. [1437]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Santarem. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Infante D. Fernando (1402-1443). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: not specified. INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze). PLACES MENTIONED: Santarem, Rome. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Mentions the sudden and hurried departure of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes from Portugal on 3 Feb. 1437. Whatever Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes might need in Portugal is to be requested from and charged to Infante D. Fernando.

PUBLICATION RECORD: DSCGr, 86-87 n75 (Ashb. 1792 reference is given as 1, fol. 156 [lower right-hand recto system]).

Doc. 17 (Carta 17) (micr./CD 318) (old fol. 347)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217457. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 30 Jan. 1436. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Braga. DESTINATION: [Santarem ?]. SENDER/ISSUER: Pero Fernandes (tesoureiro of the Se de Braga, relative of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze)). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Rui (Rodrigo) Dias (Dean of Braga, Apostolic collector in Portugal, incumbent of S. Maria do Azinhoso, Bishop of Silves from 1441). PLACES MENTIONED: Braga, Couto. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Se de Braga.

Request for intercession at the Curia to obtain better benefices. From the tesouraria, only 4,000 reais remain in the hands of Pero Fernandes to take care of himself and of the 15 to 16 dependants in his household. This is after deducting 3,600 reais of dues for the Archbishop, the Cabido and the Archdean of Couto, and 5,000 for the clerics and retainers "que tanjam os sinos".

PUBLICATION RECORD: Mentioned in NFG, 23.

Doc. 18 (Carta 18) (micr./CD 320-321) (old fol. 349)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217458. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 28 Apr. 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Arouca. DESTINATION: records. SENDER/ISSUER: Vasco Rodrigues [Roiz], tabeliao. RECIPIENT: records. WRITER: autograph (issuer). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Isabel de Castro (daughter of Alvaro Goncalves de Ataide and D. Guiomar de Castro); Guiomar Lourenco de Sa; Mecia Fonso Ribeira; Mecia Rodrigues de Sa (sister of Ginevra de Sa); Berengual Peres de Avellar; Violante Goncalves Pinta; Briatriz Goncalves Pinta; Johana Vasquez Pinta; Mecia Vasquez Pinta; Guiomar Ferreira; Briatriz Pinta; Briolanca Pinta; Maria de Avellar; Branca de Sa; Maria Manuel; Teresa Velha; Ines Pinta; Costanca Mendes de Vasconcelos; Isabel Brandoa; Maria Vasquez de Almeida, prioressa (of the faction supporting D. Lianor Pereira); Isabel Alvarez Cabral, so-prioressa (of the faction sup porting D. Lianor Pereira); Goncalo Giraldez; Afonso Rodrigues, Prior of S. Salvador de Coimbra; Joao Rodrigues of S. Pedro of Coimbra; Lourenco Eanes, criado of the Infante D. Pedro; Joao Velho; Estevao da Costa, clerigo da missa from Montemor-o-Velho; Pedro Eanes, moco da estribaria of the Infante D. Pedro; Fernao Afonso; Joao Freire, moco da copa of the Infante D. Pedro. PLACES MENTIONED: Arouca; Coimbra. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca (Cistercian Order); Collegiate Church of Santiago de Coimbra.

A notarial instrument addressed to the leading members of the faction supporting D. Lianor Pereira within the Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca, referring to the summons directed to the above-mentioned faction, inviting them to send a duly appointed agent to the Roman Curia in order to address arguments presented by the duly appointed agent of the faction of D. Isabel de Castro, postulant at S. Pedro de Arouca. The public summons were drawn up by Afonso Eanes, tabeliao in Coimbra and its termo, dated 26 Apr. 1437, and presented at the principal entrance to the Collegiate Church of Santiago de Coimbra.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 19 (Carta 19) (micr./CD 323) (old fol. 351)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217459. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: unspecified. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: [Fernao de Andrade, recebedor of the Infante D. Fernando [likely to be the same as the Fernao de Andrade mentioned in the Chronica dos feytos, vida, e morte do infante santo D. Fernando, 109]]. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender ?). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Fr. Rodrigo de Andrade; Fr. Aires Correa, legitimated son of Fr. Joao Correa; Fr. Pedro Pereira, legitimated son of Alvaro Daza, comendador; the legitimated sons of the Prior do Hospital (Prior do Crato) [possibly those of D. Fr. Nuno de Gois]; Martin Moio, legitimated son of Rui Freire [de Andrade], cavaleiro of Santiago and his wife Maria Fernandes de Meira. PLACES MENTIONED: Crato (indirectly); Rome (indirectly). INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

A substantially angry outburst concerning legitimations and denied legitimations, citing various examples of those requested successfully in recent years and presenting a vocal argument for legitimation, with Papal support, on behalf of Raimundo [Pereira], brother of the Sender/Issuer.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 20 (Carta 20) (micr./CD 325) (old fol. 353)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217460. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Strongly faded. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 16 Jul. 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: D. Guiomar de Castro. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Guiomar de Castro. PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: S. Martinho de Montemor-o-Velho.

Announces that the vicar of S. Martinho [S. Martinho de Montemor-o-Velho] has gone to Italy and that he will brief Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes, to see that everything is arranged to full satisfaction.

Note: The original has become strongly faded and almost illegible in parts. Access remains possible using an enhanced scan of the 1961 microfilm.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 21 (Carta 21) (micr./CD 326) (old fol. 354)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217460. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 4 Oct. 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Tangier. DESTINATION: [Lisbon]. SENDER/ISSUER: unknown. RECIPIENT: unknown. WRITER: autograph. INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Infante D. Henrique (1394-1460); Count of Arraiolos (D. Fernando I, Duke of Braganza (1403-1478)); Diogo Lopes de Sousa; Joa Alvares Pereira; Joao Pereira; Luis Goncalves; Lazeraque. PLACES MENTIONED: Tangier, Chaouia. INSTITUTIONS: inapplicable.

Summary in MH, 6: 43-4. Eyewitness account of events during the Siege of Tangier, covering the days of 1-4 Oct. 1437. Dos Santos attributed the document to Rui Gomes da Silva, the alcaide-mor of Campo Maior.

PUBLICATION RECORD: SDRespT, 60-61 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 16 or (in full). MH, 6: 43-4 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 353-4).

Doc. 22 (Carta 22) (micr./CD 327) (old fol. 355)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217461. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: unclear [late May 1426]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar (former escudeiro in the household of the Infanta D. Isabel; then OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 4 Apr. 1423]; subsequently Abbot of Alcobaca (Oct. 14311446), as well as Esmoler-Mor do Reino and member of the Conselho de el-Rei). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Infante D. Henrique (1394-1460); Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze); Fr. Fernando Goncalves Falcao (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 23 Jun. 1423]); Joao Goncalves. PLACES MENTIONED: Florence; Lisbon; Alcobaca. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Mosteiro de Alcobaca.

Resolution of the conflict between Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar and Dom Fr. Gomes. Transfer of Fr. Fernando Falcao to the Franciscan Order (OFM). Construction of an observant Benedictine monastery in Lisbon (S. Bento de Xabregas).

Note: Houses to accommodate the monks while the new Mosteiro de S. Bento de Xabregas was being built, were provided by the Ordem do Cristo (May 1426) in a swap, in anticipated exchange for other property in Lisbon that would be of greater value or would render more. The Ordem expected to repossess the houses unless the terms of the contract were fulfilled within four months (the notarial instrument is published in MH, 3: 115-8).

PUBLICATION RECORD: For the most part published in DSCGr 141-2 n163 (Ashburnham reference given as I, fol. 161 [lower right-hand recto system]); another fragment published in MH, 3: 115-6 n1 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fols. 355-6).

Doc. 23 (Carta 23) (micr./CD 329) (old fol. 357-8)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217462. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [late in the fall of 1431]. Language: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Bruges. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Joao Dias. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Infanta D. Isabel (21 February 1397-17 December 1471) (Duchess of Burgundy from 7 January 1430 [date of formal marriage at Ecluse]); Countess of Arundel (Maud, daughter of Robert Lovell, wife to John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel); Martin Lourenco, confessor to the Duchess of Burgundy; Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar (former escudeiro in the household of the Infanta D. Isabel; then OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 4 Apr. 1423]; subsequently Abbot of Alcobaca (Oct. 1431-1446), as well as Esmoler-Mor do Reino and member of the Conselho de el-Rei); Rodolfo (Ridolfo) di Ser Gabriello di Ser Niccolaio, notary and fattore of the Badia di Firenze (until 1431 [fled Florence during the plague of 1430; replaced in 1432 by Dom Fr. Biagio, fattore, bursar, and camarlingo]); Filippo degli Alberti (resident in London); Pedro [Pero] Domingues; Vasco Perez Alho; Martin Alho. PLACES MENTIONED: England; Ireland; London; Bruges. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Mosteiro de Alcobaca; Bishopric of Algarve.

Covers the convoluted story of a luckless attempt by Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes to purchase a good English knife as a present for a friend, directly in Flanders or in England as op posed to resorting to an Italian supplier. A suitable knife had been promised to Gomes by Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar as partial settlement for a loan of 70 ducats, but Aguiar then went back on his word.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 24 (Carta 24) (micr./CD 332) (old fol. 361)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217463. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 29 Mar. 1437. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Arouca. DESTINATION: records. SENDER/ISSUER: Vasco Rodrigues [Roiz], tabeliao. RECIPIENT: records. WRITER: autographs (issuer). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Isabel de Castro (daughter of Alvaro Goncalves de Ataide and D. Guiomar de Castro); D. Lianor Pereira; Aldonca Vasquez; Ines de Rego, niece of Aldonca Vasquez; Mendem Afonso, of the Correicao da Beira; Joao Fernandes, escudeiro and criado of the Infante D. Pedro; Joao Lourenco, escrivao of the Correicao da Beira; Afonso Rodrigues, barbeiro and morador in the arrabalde of S. Pedro de Arouca. PLACES MENTIONED: Arouca. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca (Cistercian Order).

Notarial act drawn up in the house of Rodrigo Eanes (procurador of D. Lianor Pereira), in the arrabalde of the Mosteiro de S. Pedro de Arouca, in the presence of Mendem Afonso of the correicao da Beira. Joao Fernandes, escudeiro and criado of the Infante D. Pedro, is present as procurador of D. Isabel de Castro and of the nuns forming her faction within S. Pedro de Arouca. A response to the current proceedings has been proffered by D. Lian or Pereira and her faction. Among the latter stands the name of a certain Aldonca Vasquez, niece of D. Lianor Pereira, who is known to have been absent from said monastery for upward of five or six months to date, without giving anyone a power to vote by proxy. Rodrigo Eanes responds that among the nuns who sponsored D. Isabel de Castro as postulant was one Ginevra de Sa, who in turn has been absent from the monastery for more than year to date. Rodrigo Eanes also produces an attestation from Aldonca Vasquez explaining her absence, on account a serious illness that prevented her return, and authorizing her niece to vote by proxy.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Busta X: Miscellaneous Individuals (Varie (Persone))

Doc. 1 (Carta 1) (micr./CD 334) (old fol. 363-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217464. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: uncertain. DESTINATION: [Florence ?]. SENDER/ISSUER: Joao de Sousa. RECIPIENT: [Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra)]. WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes. PLACES MENTIONED: julgado of Gaia; Porto; Cascais. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

Request for a confirmation from the Roman Curia of a swap of interests in Cascais and rights in the julgado of Gaia for certain houses in Porto and a casal on the outskirts of Porto.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 2 (Carta 2) (micr./CD 334) (old fol. 363-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217464. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 15 Jan. [1420s ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Rome. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Pedro Lopes do Quintal, cousin of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Rodolfo (Ridolfo) di Ser Gabriello di Ser Niccolaio, notary and fattore of the Badia di Firenze (until 1431 [fled Florence during the plague of 1430; replaced in 1432 by Dom Fr. Biagio, fattore, bursar, and camarlingo]); Joao Rodrigues, mestre-escola; Andrea Cambini (1390-[dagger] after 1 Oct. 1442); Eduardo di Cipriano Giachinotti. PLACES MENTIONED: Rome; Florence. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly); Niccolo and Andrea Cambini and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, Compagni.

The Sender/Issuer was excommunicated and has received Papal absolution, in writing. Various financial claims against Pedro Lopes do Quintal are outstanding, and Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes is being asked for a summary or transcript, to establish which tabeliao drafted the claims. Some of the claims arise from recognizances made in the context of a failed understanding with Andrea Cambini (?), partly involving Joao Rodrigues, mestreescola. It is asserted that the recognizances were made without Pedro Lopes do Quintal's authorization (which had been revoked). Pedro Lopes do Quintal seeks to reach an accommodation with Niccolo and Andrea Cambini and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, Compagni.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 3 (Carta 3) (micr./CD 336) (old fol. 337 713)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217465. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: {2}1 Oct. 1412. ORIGIN: Valenca de Riba do [Minho]. DESTINATION: records. SENDER/ISSUER: Goncalo Estevez, tabeliao. RECIPIENT: records. WRITER: autograph (issuer). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Domingo Esteves, conego of Tui (Tuy) and ouvidor geral; Gomes Aires, arcediago of Cerveira; Afonso Rodrigues de Magalhas, vigario geral (together with Gomes Aires); Dom Fr. Antonio, Bishop(claimant) of Tui (Tuy); Fernao Afonso; Alvaro Afonso, criado of the Cardinal of Lisbon and prior of S. Martinho de Santarem; (anti)Pope John XXIII (1410-1415) (Baldassare Cossa); Vasco Eanes, tabeliao; Golmes Fernandes, escrivao of the audiencia; Goncalo Lourenco, escrivao of the audiencia. PLACES MENTIONED: Valenca de Riba de [Minho]. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Tui (Tuy); Bishopric of Porto; Church of Sao Estevao (Valenca do Minho); S. Martinho de Santarem (demolished [now the Teatro de Santarem]).

Fernao Afonso, procurador of Alvaro Afonso, presents in public hearing in the cemetery of Sao Estevao (Valenca do Minho) a series of documents pertaining to various rights and claims: i.e., a rescript of D. Joao I of Portugal ordering any tabeliao, upon seeing and reading the rescript, to make public proclamation of certain letters mentioned therein; a Bull issued by (anti)Pope John XXIII (Baldassare da Cossa); and various other authenticated documents.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 4 (Carta 4) (micr./CD 338) (old fol. 369)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217466. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: [July 1437]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: [Bologna ?]. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Alvaro Eanes, vigario of S. Martinho de Montemor-o-Velho. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Infante D. Pedro (1392-1449); D. Guiomar de Castro; Andrea Cambini (1390-[dagger] after 1 Oct. 1442); Joao Alvaro. PLACES MENTIONED: Montemor-o-Velho. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: S. Martinho de Montemor-o-Velho.

Alvaro Eanes complains that all the funds that he expected to have at his disposal to act in the matter that D. Guiomar de Castro entrusted to him have not been forthcoming. Letters of exchange and funds have either not arrived or have been denied to him. Expresses the feeling that he has been given nothing but a run-around, and announces his imminent return to Portugal.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 5 (Carta 5) (micr./CD 340) (old fol. 371)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217467. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 28 Aug. [1437]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Bologna. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Joao Bevilacqua (Beleaugua), legum doctor, Dean of Guarda, later on desembargador of D. Afonso V. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); D. Guiomar de Castro; Branda di Castiglione (il Piacentino; Cardinal of Piacenza, [dagger] 4 Feb. 1443 [CardinalPriest of the title of S. Clemente, 1414]); Lucido de' Conti (de Comite) (Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, relative of the Dukes of Poli, [dagger] 9 Sep. 1437); Fernao Correa, cavaleiro da casa of the Infante D. Pedro; Afonso Gomes; Joao de Leiria (servant and formularius of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes); Andrea Cambini (1390-[dagger] after 1 Oct. 1442); Vasco Rodrigues, cantor [chantre] (Braga); Alvaro Eanes, vigario of S. Martinho de Montemor-o-Velho. PLACES MENTIONED: Bologna. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

Fernao Correa intends to leave Italy before the end of the month (Wednesday 28 Aug. to Saturday 31 Aug. 1437). Delays have been caused by the general order that no documents mentioning in any way the Hospitallers (Order of St. John of Jerusalem) may be released or received without being taken directly to Branda di Castiglione or to Lucido de' Conti to be read and inspected. Direct payment is being arranged between Afonso Gomes, Luis Garcia and Lucido de' Conti. Details of payments and interest rates involving Andrea Cambini e Compagni. Vasco Rodrigues has safely returned from the Holy Land to Venice and is expected in Bologna. Alvaro Eanes has been complaining that for lack of the 300 ducats in expense money he was to receive from D. Guiomar de Castro, through Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes, he was simply wasting his time in Bologna. The document presents Joao Bevilacqua's understanding of the matter. Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes is attempting to sell off to the Curia some of supernumerary mules belonging to the Badia.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 6 (Carta 6) (micr./CD 342) (old fol. 373)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217468. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 18 Jun. 1544. LANGUAGE: French. ORIGIN: Verdun. DESTINATION: [Abbaye de St. Michel]. SENDER/ISSUER: [Barthelemy] Berbillon, vicaire general de Verdun. RECIPIENT: uncertain. WRITER: autograph (sender). Individuals MENTIONED: Antoine the Good, Duke of Lorraine. PLACES MENTIONED: Verdun; Metz. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Metz.

The document, in French, stands entirely outside the parameters of the Gomes carteggio. The Bishop of Metz, Nicolas of Lorraine Duke of Mercreur (16 Oct. 1524-23 Jan. 1577), orders that funerary oraisons and masses be held for his father Antoine the Good, Duke of Lorraine and Bar and Marquis of Pont-a-Mousson (4 Jun. 1489-14 Jun. 1544), deceased on Saturday last (14 June 1544).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 7 (Carta 7) (micr./CD 354-346) (old fol. 376-377)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217469. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [August 1425]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Florence. DESTINATION: Portugal. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar (former escudeiro in the household of the Infanta D. Isabel; then OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 4 Apr. 1423]; subsequently Abbot of Alcobaca (Oct. 1431-1446), as well as Esmoler-Mor do Reino and member of the Conselho de el-Rei). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Branda di Castiglione (il Piacentino; Cardinal of Piacenza, f 4 Feb. 1443 [Cardinal-Priest of the title of S. Clemente, 1414]); Gabriele Condulmer (future Pope Eugenius IV), former Bishop of Siena, Cardinal-Priest of San Clemente (1408); the Prior of Santiago; Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti; the brother of Adovardo di Cipriano Giachinotti (merchant-banker in Rome). PLACES MENTIONED: Rome, Florence, Siena, Piacenza, Badajoz, Alpendorada (Pendorada). INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Badajoz; Mosteiro de S. Joao de Alpendorada (Pendorada) (OSB); Niccolo and Andrea Cambini and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, Compagni.

Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar, preparing to join Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes in Portugal, has fallen ill with fever and had to return to Florence. Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias could not wait for him any longer and had to take the ship departing for Portugal. Instead, Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar had been to Rome. Papal donation of S. Joao de Alpendorada to the observant Benedictines. Relevant Bull held in trust until delivery of written promise of annates, and payment of 360 ducats, half in eight months, and the second half in another eight months.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Published in full in DSCGr, 129-132 (Ashburnham reference given as I, fol. 170-171 [lower right-hand recto system]).

Doc. 8 (Carta 8) (micr./CD 347-353) (old fols. 379-386)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217470. No. of fols.: 4. Condition: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: [December 1426]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: uncertain. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: uncertain. RECIPIENT: uncertain. WRITER: uncertain. INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); D. Fernando da Guerra, Archbishop of Braga [appointed 15 Dec. 1417] (also Primaz das Espanhas, Regedor e Governador da Casa da Justica da Corte and Chanceler-Mor); Pope Martin V (Oddone Colonna) (1369-1431). PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon, Braga. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Archbishopric of Braga.

Summary in MH, 5: 241. A survey of the extensive complaints against D. Duarte, King of Portugal, emanating from the Archbishop of Braga, D. Fernando da Guerra, as convenor of the assembly of Portuguese clergy in Braga, 15-22 Dec. 1426. The complaints were both ratified by the assembly and directed to Pope Martin V. An understanding between the King and the clergy was finally reached on 27 Aug. 1427.

PUBLICATION RECORD: MH, 5: 241-5 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 2, fol. 379).

Doc. 9 (Carta 9) (micr./CD 354) (old fol. 387-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217471. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [Oct. 1423]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: [Pisa ?]. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Pedro Lopes do Quintal, cousin of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar (former escudeiro in the household of the Infanta D. Isabel; then OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 4 Apr. 1423]; subsequently Abbot of Alcobaca (Oct. 14311446), as well as Esmoler-Mor do Reino and member of the Conselho de el-Rei); Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias (de Viseu) (It. 'Alvaro di Iachopo", 'Alvarus Iacobi" (OSB, Badia di Firenze, prior and vicar [detached in 1426 as prior of S. Donino near Pisa], [dagger] 1428); Joao Fernandes. PLACES MENTIONED: inapplicable. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

List of bequests and orders for various items of wardrobe, made by Pedro Lopes do Quintal "while in possession of all the five sense God has given me', some of them to be executed after the arrival of the galleys if suitable fabric can be obtained.

Note: Drawn up by Pedro Lopes do Quintal in anticipation of a voyage (presumably pilgrimage to the Holy Land).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 10 (Carta 10) (micr./CD 354) (old fol. 387-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217472. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 18 Nov. 1423. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Florence. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias (de Viseu) (It. 'Alvaro di Iachopo", 'Alvarus Iacobi" (OSB, Badia di Firenze, prior and vicar [detached in 1426 as prior of S. Donino near Pisa], [dagger] 1428). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 14391441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (issuer). Individuals MENTIONED: Pedro Lopes do Quintal. PLACES MENTIONED: Florence. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Badia di Firenze.

The document, an autograph of Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias, is an addendum writen on the same piece of paper as Ashb. 1792/217471. Receipt, by Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias, for the sum of 90 florins, and (in Florentine grossi) 10 florins, i.e. 153 grossi. Itemizes how the sum has been spent, in compliance with the wishes of Pedro Lopes do Quintal, cavaleiro.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 11 (Carta 11) (micr./CD 355) (old fol. 389)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217473. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 11 Nov. [1426]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Pisa. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Afonso Eanes de Sa (contador regio). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias (de Viseu) (It. 'Alvaro di Iachopo", 'Alvarus Iacobi" (OSB, Badia di Firenze, prior and vicar [detached in 1426 as prior of S. Donino near Pisa], [dagger] 1428); Gomes Nogueira, younger brother of Afonso Nogueira; Rodolfo (Ridolfo) di Ser Gabriello di Ser Niccolaio, notary and fattore of the Badia di Firenze (until 1431 [fled Florence during the plague of 1430; replaced in 1432 by Dom Fr. Biagio, fattore, bursar, and camarlingo]). PLACES MENTIONED: Florence (indirectly); Pisa. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

The text of Afonso Eanes de Sa's Livro de Horas de S. Maria is expected to be finally completed during the week of 11 Nov., making it ready for the illuminators. The letter specifies the patron's basic expectations and preferences regarding the illuminations. There is no other Portuguese fish to be had in Pisa other than year-old sardine, either salted or smoked (kippered) (sold by Martim Lourenco, merchant).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished (the reference to the same document as fol. 217-2, in NFG 154, cannot be reconciled with the current data); RCG2 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fasc. ix, 9a).

Doc. 12 (Carta 12) (micr./CD 356) (old fol. 390)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217473. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper (fragment). INDEXING: DATE: 11 Nov. [1426]. Language: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Pisa. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Afonso Eanes de Sa (contador regio). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Gomes Nogueira; Rui Nogueira (cavaleiro da casa of Infante D. Duarte, son of Afonso Eanes Nogueira, older brother of Afonso Nogueira). PLACES MENTIONED: Ksar es-Seghir (Morocco). INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

The fragment is a rectangular scrap of paper attached to and an integral part of Ashb. 1792/217473. It is a codicil appended to the letter, with news that reached Pisa after Ashb. 1792/217473 had been sealed. The bearer of the letter is a Portuguese who arrived on board the Venetian galleys, by way of Aigues Mortes. Rumour from Tarifa has it that the ships that took to Ceuta D. Beatriz (Brites) Coutinho, wife of D. Pedro de Meneses (1[degrees] Conde de Vila Real) (married at Sintra, 17 Aug. 1426), have managed to capture Ksar es-Seghir (Alcacer Seguer). Correlate with Ashb. 1792/217394 (which also corroborates the 11426 date).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 13 (Carta 13) (micr./CD 357) (old fol. 391-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217474. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 15 May. [1437 ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Fernao Rodrigues, half-brother of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Lopo Rodrigues (son of Fernao Rodrigues, the half-brother of Dom Fr. Gomes Martins). PLACES MENTIONED: Pisa. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Announces the despatch to Pisa of a navio (a barinel, correlate with Ashb. 1792/217498) sent by D. Duarte, King of Portugal. The crew includes Lopo Fernandes, son of Fernao Rodrigues, and other escudeiros. Fernao Rodrigues requests Florentine cloth for a saio, and the nieces of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes would very much like fabric for some mantilhas, as well as enxaravias from Pisa to wear during feast days.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 14 (Carta 14) (micr./CD 360) (old fol. 395)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217475. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 4 Mar. [1426 or 1427 ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Fr. Vasco Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 2 Feb. 1423], [dagger] 29 Sep. 1430). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). Individuals MENTIONED: Joao Rodrigues. PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia.

The handwriting seems to be that of Dom Fr. Vasco Anes [Eanes], who styles himself here procurador of Joao Rodrigues (conego de Lisboa and procurador dos feitos de El-Rey em Corte de Roma (i.e. Joao Rodrigues, dean of the Se de Lisboa)). Fr. Vasco Eanes sends a maco of documents to Joao Rodrigues in Italy, and begs Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes to ensure that the maco reaches the recipient's hands safely and confidentially. Refers obliquely to the building of the Benedictine monastery at Xabregas.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 15 (Carta 15) (micr./CD 362) (old fol. 397-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217476. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 16 May. [1437 ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: [Portugal]. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: [Rodrigo Eanes Vilela, ouvidor de el-Rei]. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Joao Rodrigues, son of Rodrigo Eanes Vilela. PLACES MENTIONED: [Portugal]. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Commends Joao Rodrigues to the care of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes, thanking him for the opportunity to get Joao Rodrigues out of Portugal.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 16 (Carta 16) (micr./CD 362) (old fol. 397-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217477. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 3 Jan. [1420s]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Alvaro Perez. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar (former escudeiro in the household of the Infanta D. Isabel; then OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 4 Apr. 1423]; subsequently Abbot of Alcobaca (Oct. 1431-1446), as well as Esmoler-Mor do Reino and member of the Conselho de el-Rei); Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias (de Viseu) (It. 'Alvaro di Iachopo" 'Alvarus Iacobi" (OSB, Badia di Firenze, prior and vicar [detached in 1426 as prior of S. Donino near Pisa], [dagger] 1428); the wife and daughter of Alvaro Perez. PLACES MENTIONED: Florence (indirectly). INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Alvaro Perez thanks Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) for taking care of what matters to him in his old age and for agreeing to help his only son. Has sent his son to the Abbot with all blessings. Promises to do for the Abbot whatever he can with in the limits of his humble means. Correlate with Ashb. 1792/217477.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 17 (Carta 17) (micr./CD 364) (old fol. 399)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217478. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 20 Mar. [1437 ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Punhete [Castle] (at the confluence of R. Zezere and R. Tejo, at Constancia). DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: D. Maria de Vasconcelos (eldest daughter of Joao Mendes de Vasconcelos and descendant of Vasco Anes de Soalhaes, illegitimate son of D. Joao Martins de Soalhaes), second wife to D. Afonso 'de Cascais'. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). Individuals MENTIONED: D. Joao Martins de Soalhaes (Portocarreiero lineage), Bishop of Lisbon (1294-1313) and then Archbishop of Braga (1313-1325). PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon; Braga; Alem-Mar (Morocco). INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Lisbon; Archbishopric of Braga.

Indirectly the letter mentions D. Fernando 'de Cascais', son of D. Afonso. Offers a snapshot of proceedings with regard to the morgado of Soalhaes from the perspective of D. Maria de Vasconcelos.

Note: In 1304 D. Joao [Martins] de Soalhaes (named explicitly in the letter], established the morgado of Soalhaes, in favor of his illegitimate son Vasco Anes (de Soalhaes). Vasco Anes and Leonor Rodrigues Ribeiro were the parents of Rui Vasques Ribeiro (not to be confused with the homonymous illegitimate son of Rui Mendes de Vasconcelos). Rui Vasques Ribeiro, from his marriage with Margarida Goncalves de Briteiros, had a daughter: Teresa Rodriguez Ribeira. Teresa Rodriguez Ribeira and Goncalo Mendes de Vasconcelos, were the parents of Joao Mendes de Vasconcelos (f before Jul. 1434), the father of D. Maria. On 13 Jul 1434 D. Duarte declared reverted to the Crown all the lands of Joao Mendes de Vasconcelos, for lack of legitimate male heir (i.e. applying the Lei Mental), and finally gave the Soalhaes morgado (comprising lucrative possessions in Coimbra, Viseu, Lisbon, and Porto) to D. Fernando 'de Cascais' on 2 Sep. 1434.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 18 (Carta 18) (micr./CD 367) (old fol. 402)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217479. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 31 Aug. [1437]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Bologna. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Joao Bevilacqua (Beleaugua), legum doctor, Dean of Guarda, later on desembargador of D. Afonso V. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Juan de Mella (1397-1467), Bishop of Leon (elected 12 Apr. 1434, reappointed 26 Aug. 1437), future Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prisca (1456); Juan Cervantes (c. 1380 or 1382-1453), Cardinal of San Pietro in Vincoli (Rome) (1426) and Bishop of Avila (then Bishop of Segovia, Cardinal of Ostia (1446), and other posts [also sometimes listed as claimant to the Bishopric of Tui (Tuy)]); Al(f)onso de Santa Maria de Cartagena (Jewish convert to Christinaity) (1384-1456), dean of Santiago (identified here as claimant to the Bishopric of Tui (Tuy)), Bishop of Burgos (1435); Count of Ourem (D. Afonso de Portugal (1400-1460)); Joao de Leiria (servant and formularius of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes); Joao Rodrigues, vosso home (i.e. of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes; possibly Joao Rodrigues the son of Rodrigo Anes Vilela, ouvidor de El-Rey); Fernao Correa, cavaleiro da casa of the Infante D. Pedro; Aires Ferreira; Goncalo de Sousa; Diego Gil, vedor of the Count of Ourem. PLACES MENTIONED: Bologna; Rome; Venice; the Holy Land. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

Belleaugua recommends diligence in taking action against the policies of Castilian prelates at the Council. Deplores the lack of communication between Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes and himself. Aires Ferreira, Goncalo de Sousa, and Diego Gil, vedor of the Count of Ourem, wish to travel to the Holy Land on board the Venetian galley leaving in September [1437]. The Count of Ourem likewise intends to take the passage.

Note: It is curious that Al(f)onso de Cartagena is not styled Bishop of Burgos yet. It is only in 1436, however, that the departure of the Beirut muda was postponed to 23 Sep. (normal summer departures were scheduled for 15 Aug.-30 Aug.). In 1438 there was no convoy to Beirut and Alexandria at all (and no incanto), therefore the letter cannot date to 1438. A codicil to the letter, referring to the iminent departure for Portugal of Alvaro Eanes, clerigo (vigario) of S. Martinho de Montemor-o-Velho, confirms the 1437 date.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Busta XI: Miscellaneous Individuals (Varie (Persone))

Doc. 1 (Carta 1) (micr./CD 368) (old fol. 403-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217480. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 14 May [1427 ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Afonso Nogueira, fidalgo (member of devout communities since 1420, member of the community of S. Salvador de Vilar de Frades (later the Congregacao de Conegos Seculares de S. Joao Evangelista)). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Joao I, King of Portugal (r. 1385-1433); Fr. Fernando Goncalves Falcao (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 23 Jun. 1423]); Dom Brasio; Fr. Joao, former Prior do Carmo (de Lisboa). PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

The King has passed on to Afonso Nogueira a supplication directed to the Pope. Nogueira has immediately arranged for a letter of exchange so that the entire package could be safely delivered to Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes. Further, Fr. Joao requests that the capelaria of which Afonso Nogueira is now incumbent be transferred to him (as Afonso Nogueira finds it of little use).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 2 (Carta 2) (micr./CD 368) (old fol. 403-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217480. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 22 Jul. [????]. LANGUAGE: Catalan. ORIGIN: Barcelona. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Sibilla, wife of the honrat mossen Joan Ros, Conseller of Barcelona (Conseller en Cap of the Consell de Cent, 1429). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Na Margarida. PLACES MENTIONED: Barcelona. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Sibilla has received three letters from Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes, and acknowledges another three.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 3 (Carta 3) (micr./CD 370) (old fol. 405)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217481. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Slightly damaged. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 20 Dec. [1428]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Gil Eanes, criado of Afonso Nogueira. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 13831459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Infante D. Joao (14001442); Afonso Nogueira, fidalgo (member of devout communities since 1420, member of the community of S. Salvador de Vilar de Frades (later the Congregacao de Conegos Seculares de S. Joao Evangelista)); Diego Gil; Alvaro Pirez; Fernao Rodrigues; Rui Nogueira (cavaleiro da casa of Infante D. Duarte, son of Afonso Eanes Nogueira, older brother of Afonso Nogueira); Martim Afonso; Fernao Fogaca. PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Two days after returning to Portugal on 14 Aug. 1428, Afonso Nogueira fell ill, to the extent that doctors despaired of his life. Various properties and revenues pertaining to Afonso Nogueira, as well as those inherited by Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes from his father Joao Martins, have fallen into disrepair or have been pilfered, or poorly supervised. Portugal has had a superb harvest (i.e. late summer of 1428), but commerce lags behind: at present there is "much grain, much wine, and little money". Mentions the forthcoming marriage by proxy of the Infanta D. Isabel and Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, next summer (24 July 1429).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 4 (Carta 4) (micr./CD 372) (old fol. 407-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217482. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Slightly damaged, uneven differential fading. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 15 Feb. [1429 ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Porto. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Estevao Rodrigues (half-brother of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze)). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Andre Lavrador. PLACES MENTIONED: Porto. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Porto; julgado de Fermedo (concelho de Arouca).

Request for a marriage dispensation, on behalf of Andre Lavrador. Andre Lavrador had two daughters, Maria and Margarida. Maria Andre, being married to Joao Perez, remained in her father's house and died within eight days of the spousals, before the husband consummated the marriage. Joao Perez then married the other sister, who is now pregnant. They also have other children. This second marriage was handfast, without church ceremony. Correlate with Ashb. 1792/217431. Estevao Rodrigues further begs Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes to help him obtain any possible benefices that might become vacant.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 5 (Carta 5) (micr./CD 372) (old fol. 407-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217482. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 22 Dec. [1430 ?]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Rome. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Alvaro Ferreira, protonotarius papae [protonotarius apostolicus], [Bishop]-Elect of Coimbra (appointed 21 Oct. 1429, consecrated 6 May 1431). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 13831459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Rodolfo (Ridolfo) di Ser Gabriello di Ser Niccolaio, notary and fattore of the Badia di Firenze (until 1431 [fled Florence during the plague of 1430; replaced in 1432 by Dom Fr. Biagio, fattore, bursar, and camarlingo]); Niccolo and Andrea Cambini and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, Compagni. PLACES MENTIONED: Rome. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

Pertains to contentious sums involving Niccolo and Andrea Cambini and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, Compagni. Eduardo Giachinotti is pushing for resolution, putting pressure on Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes and invoking specific documents, yet Andrea has let it slip that he has left the papers pertaining to the matter in Portugal. Pertinent records belonging to Alvaro Ferreira are likewise in Portugal. Alvaro Ferreira is reluctant to issue any letter of exchange until discrepancies have been reconciled, i.e. until he has had time to retrieve documents from Portugal. He has sent for them more than a month ago. Alvaro Ferreira further suggests that if Eduardo persists Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes should give him a summary of all the relevant transactions, with a copy to be sent to the attention of Alvaro Ferreira, to the merchant-bank of Francesco de' Boscoli, at Ferreira's expense.

Note: Francesco de' Boscoli was known closely to Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes already in 1427, well enough for the Abbot to request his help with the payment of the Badia's quota in the imposta of 35,000 florins assessed by the Signoria of Florence on the clergy in the context of the 1426 Venetian-Florentine alliance against Filippo Maria Visconti and of the resulting military and financial obligations (NFG, 162; further see also NFG 127).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 6 (Carta 6) (micr./CD 374-375) (old fol. 409-410)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217483. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 22 May [1437]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. SENDER/ISSUER: Rodrigo Eanes Vilela, ouvidor de el-Rei. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); Infante D. Henrique (1394-1460); Infante D. Pedro (13921449); D. Pedro de Meneses (1370-1437); D. Luis do Amaral (Bishop of Viseu); Beatriz Velha (niece of Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze)); Joao Rodrigues (son of Rodrigo Anes Vilela). PLACES MENTIONED: Ceuta, Algarve, Evora. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Coimbra, Bishopric of Viseu.

From Anes Villela, ouvidor de el-Rei. Refers to his son, Joao Rodrigues. Highlights the Tangier armada, which is being made ready to depart "per todo o mes de julho". Mentions the Infantes. Mentions the Infante D. Henrique and an illness that has struck the Infante D. Pedro at Ceuta.

PUBLICATION RECORD: MH, 6: 55-7 (Ashburnham reference given as no volume, fols. 409-10); SDRespT, 52-53 (Ashburnham reference given as vol. 1, fol. 187r and [187.sup.v] (in full).

Doc. 7 (Carta 7) (micr./CD 378) (old fol. 413)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217484. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. Very formal and careful handwriting. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 4 Jan. [1429]. LANGUAGE: Latin. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. LANGUAGE: Latin. SENDER/ISSUER: Afonso Nogueira, fidalgo (member of devout communities since 1420, member of the community of S. Salvador de Vilar de Frades (later the Congregacao de Conegos Seculares de S. Joao Evangelista)). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 4 Apr. 1423]; subsequently Abbot of Alcobaca (1431-1446), as well as Esmoler-Mor do Reino and member of the Conselho de el-Rei); Fr. Fernando Goncalves Falcao (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 23 Jun. 1423]); Pietro di Bartolo. PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

Comments on the excommunication of Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar and Fr. Fernando Goncalves Falcao. Urges Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes to reconsider and relent. Once again (correlate with other letters in the carteggio) attempts to explain the unfortunate issue of the book(s) appropriated by Dom Fr. Estevao Vasquez de Aguiar, which had ostensibly prompted the excommunication.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Published in part, NFG, 358-9. The letter is dated to 1428, which is impossible given the sequence of the other relevant Badia records and the records pertaining to the excommunication of Aguiar and Falcao.

Doc. 8 (Carta 8) (micr./CD 380) (old fol. 415-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217485. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [1425]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: [Florence]. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Fr. Joao. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias (de Viseu) (It. 'Alvaro di Iachopo" 'Alvarus Iacobi" (OSB, Badia di Firenze, prior and vicar [detached in 1426 as prior of S. Donino near Pisa], [dagger] 1428). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze); Rodolfo (Ridolfo) di Ser Gabriello di Ser Niccolaio, notary and fattore of the Badia di Firenze (until 1431 [fled Florence during the plague of 1430; replaced in 1432 by Dom Fr. Biagio, fattore, bursar, and camarlingo]); Fr. Iacomo; Ser Frosino; Messer Zenobio, doctor decretorum (Canon Law); Prior of the Ospedale di Bonifacio (Florence). Places MENTIONED: Portugal; Florence. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Ospedale di Bonifacio (Florence, via San Gallo, 83; founded 1377 by Bonifacio Lupi); possibly mentions also the Battistero di San Giovanni.

Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias (de Viseu) is the addressee given on the cover fold. The letter was sent soon after Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias joined Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes in Portugal. Tensions and rivalries have caused Fr. Joao to leave/be chased from [the Badia di Firenze] after the departure of Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias. Explains some of the circumstances. Fr. Joao begs Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias to support his request, directed to Messer Zenobio, for another post.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 9 (Carta 9) (micr./CD 380) (old fol. 415-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217485. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 10 Jan.[?] [1427 or 1428]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Alvaro Perez. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias (de Viseu) (It. 'Alvaro di Iachopo" "Alvarus Iacobi" (OSB, Badia di Firenze, prior and vicar [detached in 1426 as prior of S. Donino near Pisa], [dagger] 1428). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze). PLACES MENTIONED: Lisbon; Florence (indirectly). INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Badia di Firenze (indirectly); Niccolo and Andrea Cambini and Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, Compagni.

Alvaro Perez thanks Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes for agreeing to help his only son. Informs the Prior Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias that he has received a response to the letter addressed to Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes that he had entrusted to Dom Fr. Alvaro Dias. Commends his son to the Prior's care. Promises to do for the Prior whatever he can within the limits of his means. Correlate with Ashb. 1792/217477.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 10 (Carta 10) (micr./CD 382) (old fol. 417-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/212486. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 28 Mar. [1430]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: Aveiro. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Afonso Rodrigues, conego of Porto. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Alvaro Ferreira, protonotarius papae [protonotarius apostolicus], [Bishop]-Elect of Coimbra (appointed 21 Oct. 1429, consecrated 6 May 1431); Niccolo Cambini (1386-1450; Capitano di Volterra, 1437; Podesta di Pistoia, 1443) and Andrea Cambini (1390-[dagger] after 1 Oct. 1442), partners (Florentines; merchant-bankers); Francesco de' Boscoli (Florentine; merchant-banker; brother of Dr. Giovanni de' Boscoli). PLACES MENTIONED: Florence. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Bishopric of Coimbra; Roman Curia (indirectly).

To pay the Curia for documents pertaining to the appointment of the Bishop-[Elect] of Coimbra, Cambini e Compagni are to receive 210 Florentine florins di camera from Francesco de' Boscoli. Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes is to ensure that proper documentation is received by the merchant-bankers, and to write to Boscoli so that the latter would have no pretext whatsoever for stopping payment or causing delays. Correlate with Ashb. 1792/217482.

The bottom part of the letter includes a subsequent receipt and further brief specifications, in the hand of Adovardo (Eduardo) di Cipriano Giachinotti, one of the main partners in Cambini e Compagni, dated 10 [May] 1430.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 11 (Carta 11) (micr./CD 382) (old fol. 417-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/212486. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [1436]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: unknown. DESTINATION: unknown (no addressee on reverse fold). SENDER/ISSUER: unknown. RECIPIENT: [Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra) ?]. WRITER: presumably autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Afonso Dominguez 'da Pelle'; Joao de Montemor; Vasco Esteves; Lourenco Goncalves; Alonco Pratas; Fr. Joao [Vicente ?]; Joao da Figueira; Pedro Afonso, clerigo. PLACES MENTIONED: Santarem; Ribeira de Santarem; S. Catarina de Almourao' (sic) [S. Catarina do Vale de Moirol]. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Archbishopric of Lisbon.

Fragment. In 1422 (Era 1460), the locality of S. Catarina de Almourao' (most likely S. Catarina do Vale de Moirol, in the freguesia of Santa Iria da Ribeira de Santarem) was purchased by Afonso Dominguez from Joao de Montemor, with the assistance of Vasco Esteves and using a pious gift from the latter. With the consent of Vasco Esteves, Afonso Dominguez then donated the place to Lourenco Goncalves, Alonco Pratas, Fr. Joao [Vicente ?], and Joao da Figueira, all of them moradores at that point in the Ribeira de Santarem, in order to found a pious retreat and a refuge for the poor. Eleven years later, the clergy of S. Iria da Ribeira de Santarem attempted to claim S. Catarina and its revenues. In 1434, Afonso Dominguez died, and S. Catarina was given to Pedro Afonso and to those who might wish to reside there in lay community. A procurador of the Archbishop then took possession of S. Catarina by force, claiming that it belonged to the Archbishopric. The widow of Afonso Dominguez complained to the Crown, and the Crown ruled that she should have S. Catarina for the rest of her natural life. In 1435 the widow of Afonso Dominguez died, and Pedro Afonso took again possession of S. Catarina, for the pious community and for the poor, by virtue of the original donation. The community has remained in undisturbed possession of S. Catarina for 18 months, by the time the document was drafted.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 12 (Carta 12) (micr./CD 386) (old fol. 419-1)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217487. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Faded; tiny scribal hand (best legible only with digital enhancement). SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 6 Mar. [????]. LANGUAGE: Portuguese. ORIGIN: uncertain. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: [Pedro Mendes]. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: brother of Sender/Issuer. PLACES MENTIONED: Florence. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Personal confessions and requests. Precise context remains to be established.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 13 (Carta 13) (micr./CD 386) (old fol. 419-2)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217487. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: no date [1435 or 1436 ?]. LANGUAGE: Latin. ORIGIN: not stated. DESTINATION: not stated. SENDER/ISSUER: not stated. RECIPIENT: not stated. WRITER: indeterminate. INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: inapplicable. PLACES MENTIONED: inapplicable. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

Fragment. Specifies the number and order of liturgical offices conducted by ordained priests, secular clergy, and others (incl. lay brothers) in four unspecified churches. The hand strongly resembles Ashb. 1792/212486. The fragment, like Ashb. 1792/212486, may represent a remnant of notes pertaining to Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes' intended visitation of Portuguese dioceses as Papal nuncio. May relate to the Ribeira de Santarem.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 14 (Carta 14) (micr./CD 388) (old fol. 421)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217487. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 22 Feb. [1431 ?]. LANGUAGE: Latin. ORIGIN: Rome. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Rodrigo Afonso. RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: Alvaro Ferreira, protonotarius papae [protonotarius apostolicus ], [Bishop]-Elect of Coimbra (appointed 21 Oct. 1429, consecrated 6 May 1431); Palla degli Strozzi, banker and politician ((1372-1462); Rodolfo (Ridolfo) di Ser Gabriello di Ser Niccolaio, notary and fattore of the Badia di Firenze (until 1431 [fled Florence during the plague of 1430; replaced in 1432 by Dom Fr. Biagio, fattore, bursar, and camarlingo]); Fr. Lorenzo. PLACES MENTIONED: Rome. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia.

Details documents, negotiations, payments, and other matters handled by and on behalf of Alvaro Ferreira.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 15 (Carta 15) (micr./CD 390-391) (old fol. 423-424, numerals heavily corrected, over earlier ones)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217489. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 5 Sep. [1436 ?]. LANGUAGE: Latin. ORIGIN: Bologna. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Timoteo di Giannino [de' Ricci] (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 6 Dec. 1433]; from 1441 Abbot of S. Salvatore di Settimo at Scandicci; [dagger] 1450). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Gomes Eanes (OSB, Badia di Firenze) (c. 1383-1459) (General of the Camaldolese Order, 1439-1441; from 1 Jul. 1441 Prior of S. Cruz de Coimbra). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); Infanta D. Leonor of Aragon (1402-1445), Queen-Consort of Portugal; Infante D. Fernando (1402-1443); the children of D. Duarte (D. Afonso, D. Maria, D. Fernando); Pope Eugenius IV (Gabriel Condulmer) (1383-1447); Joao Resende; Joao Rodrigues; Mem Rodrigues; Joao de Leiria; Dom Arsenio. PLACES MENTIONED: Bologna. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia (indirectly).

Details the progress and modalities of various requests for rulings and dispensations from the Curia, made by the King of Portugal, the Infante D. Fernando (e.g. the right to have mass celebrated in his private chapel, with or without his presence), the children of D. Duarte (permission to have a portable altar where mass could be celebrated), the Queen (to enter various monasteries unhindered and with retinue, regardless of the institutions' rules or privileges), Dr. [Joao] Rodrigues (to have a portable altar), etc. Presents an itemized list of the various high-level requests mentioned in the other Ashb. documents, and reports on their progress and in some instances cost and/or reason for delay at the Curia (generally lack of funds to pay for the final official copy of a dispensation).

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Doc. 16 (Carta 16) (micr./CD 392-393) (old fol. 425-426, numerals heavily corrected, over earlier ones)

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217490. No. OF FOLS.: 2. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: 23 May 1436. LANGUAGE: Latin. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Timoteo di Giannino [de' Ricci] (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 6 Dec. 1433]; from 1441 Abbot of S. Salvatore di Settimo at Scandicci; [dagger] 1450). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Isidoro (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 1428]). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: St. Ambrose; St. Jerome; St. Augustine; St. Bernard of Clairvaux. PLACES MENTIONED: Florence. INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: inapplicable.

A flowery Latin epistle in praise of literary and Biblical study, of the litterae antiquae, and of the pleasure and facilitation of humanistic learning ("humanitatis studiis").

PUBLICATION RECORD: Partly published in NFG, 124-5.

Doc. 17 (Carta 17) (micr./CD 394 and 396 (retake)) (old fol. [427])

LOCATION/PRESERVATION: CALL NUMBER: Ashb. 1792/217491. No. OF FOLS.: 1. CONDITION: Good. SUPPORT: Paper. INDEXING: DATE: [23 May 1436]. LANGUAGE: Latin. ORIGIN: Lisbon. DESTINATION: Florence. SENDER/ISSUER: Dom Timoteo di Giannino [de' Ricci] (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 6 Dec. 1433]; from 1441 Abbot of S. Salvatore di Settimo at Scandicci; [dagger] 1450). RECIPIENT: Dom Fr. Isidoro (OSB, Badia di Firenze [vows taken 1428]). WRITER: autograph (sender). INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED: D. Duarte, King of Portugal (r. 1433-1439); Infante D. Fernando (1402-1443); Infante D. Pedro (1392-1449); Joao Nunes; Lopo Martins; Joao de Resende. PLACES MENTIONED: Rome (implicitly). INSTITUTIONS MENTIONED: Roman Curia; Oratorio de S. Catarina.

The document is clearly truncated, and may be a part of or codicil to Ashb. 1792/217489 or Ashb. 1792/217490. Lays out pricing details for the various dispensations to D. Duarte, the Infante D. Fernando, and others mentioned in Ashb. 1792/217489. Also mentions the cost of the expectativas for Joao Nunes, Lopo Martins, and others.

PUBLICATION RECORD: Unpublished.

Martin Malcolm Elbl

Independent Scholar/Portuguese Studies Review

Ivana Elbl

Trent University

(1) Research for the present catalogue was supported in part by Trent University Internal SSHRC Research Grant "In Search of Authentic Emotions: The Abbot Gomes Correspondence (1429-1440)" (2012-14), and by ongoing digital technology assistance from Baywolf Press. The authors thank the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana for its unfailingly kind and generous cooperation.

(2) Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Ashb. 1792 (1 and 2), "Tomo I. Epistolarum Regis, Reginae, Principum, Episcoporum, Magnatum, et Variorum Lusitaniae ad B: Gometium Ulissiponensem Abbatem Insignis Abbatiae S: Mariae de Florentia [et] Responsionum ejusdem B: Ab: Gometii" In the U. of Pennsylvania's online Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts the item (SCHOENBERG_91757) is catalogued with errors, imperfectly, and assigned the misleading date of 1450.

(3) The Pope Eugenius IV appointed Gomes Eanes as General of the Camaldolese Order on 25 November 1439 but the latter did not leave the Badia until 15 January 1440. Similarly, while his original appointment as Prior of Santa Cruz in Coimbra is dated 1 July 1441, it was expedited only on 12 August 1441. See below.

(4) For general histories of the Badia (also known as San Benedetto di Badia, Beata Maria Virgo, or Santa Maria Assunta) and for relevant easily accessible bibliographies see e.g. Ernesto Sestan, Maurilio Adriani, and Alessandro Guidotti, La Badia fiorentina (Florence: Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze, 1982); Carlo Fantappie, II monachesimo moderno tra ragion di Chiesa e ragion di Stato (Florence: L. S. Olschki, 1993); Karin Uetz, "La Badia di Firenze: Die Abteikirche von Florenz, 969-1310 (Die Kirche Santa Maria Assunta nella Badia Fiorentina und Ihr Glockenturm- Ein Beitrag zur Klarung der Alteren Baugeschichte von Kirche und Campanile der Benediktiner Abtei von Florenz" Inaugural-Dissertation (Universitat Bamberg, 2003).

(5) Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (BNCFi), Piazza Cavalleggeri, 1: Fondo Conventi Soppressi da ordinare (Badia) [material originating from the Disestablishment of Convents in 1867 and not described in the listings of the Fondo Conventi Soppressi [Disestablishment of 1808-1809] or in any other available inventory; is not included in most online catalogs; the main finding tools remain the "Repertorio numerico dei Conventi Soppressi da ordinare" (1867), Vacchetta, pp. 11-19; the "Conventi Soppressi da ordinare', BNCFi, Sala Mss. Cat. 79; and the "Repertorio numerico compilato dalla Dott. LeVI, anteriore al riordino effettuato nel 1972 sulla base degli elenchi del materiale dei Conv. Soppr. (1867), trovati nel magazzino dei manoscritti"]. The relevant items are Cod. 3 (former Badia 4), "Tomus II Epistolarum S. R. E. Cardinalium, Episcoporum, Abbatum, Monachorum, et Variorum ad B. Gometium Ulyssiponensem Abbatem Insignis Abbatiae S. Mariae de Florentia et quarumdam Responsionum ejusdem B. Gometii"" and Cod. 26 (former Badia 28), "Commissiones B: Gometii ..." Access remains problematic. Further consult the obligatory Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum: A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Mss of the Renaissance in Italian and Other Libraries, Vol. 1, Part 1 (Leiden: Brill, 1977), 165, and for contextual reference P. Pirolo, "Le soppressioni in Toscana fra XVIII e XIX secolo" in I manoscritti datati del Fondo Conventi Soppressi della Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Firenze: Tavarnuzze, 2002), 3-11. For standard archivistic comments, now partly obsolete, see Rudolf Blum, La biblioteca della Badia florentina e i codici di Antonio Corbinelli, Vol. 155 of Studi e testi,(Vatican: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1951), 17-18, 54 and passim. Further related material is located in the Archivio di Stato di Firenze (ASFi), Corporazioni Religiose Soppresse da Governo Francese (form. Conventi Soppressi), 78 (Badia di Firenze), particularly 1, 77, 80, 227, 242-245, 253-255, 257-261, 272, and e.g. 309 and 310 (Cometii, Tom. 1 and 2); the Diplomatico Badia Fiorentina (Spolio 49); as well as Archivio di Stato di Padua (ASPa), Corporazioni Soppresse: S. Ciustina (papers relating to the Congregazione di Santa Ciustina). For an in situ guide, see Telemaco Del Badia, "Corporazioni religiose soppresse dal governo francese. Conventi 1-89" available for consultation in the ASFi, Sala di Studio, N/136.

(6) The two seminal authors on Abbot Gomes Eanes remain Eduardo A. Borges Nunes and Antonio Domingues de Sousa Costa. Borges Nunes' Dom Frey Comes, Abade de Florenca, 1420-1440 (Braga: E.A.B. Nunes/Livraria Editora Pax, 1963) is a self-published, monograph of over 400 pages. It is identified as vol. 1 on the title page but the subsequent volume(s) did not appear. Some ten years later, the Universidade de Lisboa accepted the work as Nunes' doctoral thesis. The other fundamental work, published in the same year, is Antonio Domingues de Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes, Reformador da Abadia de Florenca, e as tentativas de reforma dos mosteiros portugueses no seculo XV," Studia Monastica (Monserrat) V (1963): 59-164. For the cultural achievements of Abbot Gomes Eanes see Anne Leader, The Badia of Florence. Art and Observance in a Renaissance Monastery (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2012); Antonio Matos Reis, "O Claustro da Badia de Florenca," in Estudos em homenagem ao Professor Doutor Jose Amadeu Coelho Dias (Porto: Faculdade de Letras, Universidade de Porto, 2006), 1: 141-158; Albinia de la Mare, "Notes on Portuguese Partons of the Florentine Book Trade in the Fifteenth-Centure, in K. J. P. Lowe, ed., Cultural Links between Portugal and Italy in the Renaissance (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), 167-82 (particularly 168-72). For analysis and application of the Gomes Eanes' letters also Rita Costa Gomes, "Letters and Letter-Writing in Fifteenth Century Portugal'; in Regina Schulte and Xenia von Tippelskirch, eds., Writing, Reading, Interpreting and Historicizing: Letters as Historical Sources (Florence: Working Papers of the European University, 2004), 11-37 (http://hdl.handle.net/1814/2600), 12-13; and Rita Costa Gomes, "Between Pisa and Porto: Afonso Eanes, Merchant of the King of Portugal (1426-1440)," in Diogo Ramada Curto, Eric. R. Dursteler, Julius Kirshner and Francesca Trivellato, eds., From Florence to the Mediterranean and Beyond. Essays in Honour of Anthony Molho (Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2009), 235-248.

(7) The evidence suggests, but does not explicitly state, 1383 as Gomes Eanes' year of birth.

(8) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 64-65.

(9) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 20. He uses a very evocative term to describe the general "ennoblement post-factum" trend: the "idolatria da nobreza'!

(10) See the discussion in Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 20-21. He refers to Placido Puccinelli, Historia dell' eroiche attioni de' BB.Gometio portoghese abbate di Badia, e di Teuzzone Romito ... (Milano, 1642) and Mariano Arimellini, Catalogi tres: episcoporum, reformatorum et virorum sanctitate ilustrium Congregationis Casinensis (Romae, 1755).

(11) Guido Battelli, "L'Abate Don Gomes Ferreira da Silva e i portoghesi a Firenze nella prima meta del Quattrocento," in G. Bardi, ed., Relazioni Storiche Fra !'Italia e il Portogallo, Reale Academia d'Italia. Memorie e Documenti (Roma: Senato, 1940), 149-63; and his other works on the subject of the Badia of Florence, for example "Due celebri monaci portoghesi in Firenze nella prima meta del Quatrocento: L'Abade Gomes e Velasco di Portogallo, Archivio storico italiano 2 (1938): 218-27; and A Crasta das Laranjas (uma lembranca de Portugal) (Porto: Prometeu, 1950). Borges Nunes had a very low opinion of Battello's scholarship (Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 20 and his annotated bibliography, 376).

(12) Francis M. Rogers, The Travels of the Infante Dom Pedro of Portugal (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1961), 26-7 (a brief profile) and the Index (422) listing Gomes Eanes as "Silva, Gomes Ferreira da" For Roger's sources see Note 18 of Chapter 2 (315-6). Rogers published his book in 1961 and both Borges Nunes and Sousa Costa's work appeared only two years later--Bottelli's were the most recent works on Gomes Eanes at that point, although Rogers suggests caution in relying on them.

(13) Rita Costa Gomes's opinion is of particular relevance in this respect, since she worked extensively with Abbot Gomes' correspondence and published two important papers based on the letters. See Costa Gomes, "Letters and Letter-Writing," 12-13; and Costa Gomes, "Between Pisa and Porto," 236.

(14) See for example Alexandra Leal Barradas, "D. Afonso, 4[degrees] Conde de Ourem: viagens, cultura visual e formacao de um gosto," http://www.conselhodanobreza.com/familia2.html. A synthesis of chapters 2.4, 2.5, and 2.6 of an M.A, dissertation "Ourem e Porto de Mos--a obra mecenatica de D. Afonso, 4[degrees] Conde de Ourem," Departamento de Historia da Arte da Faculdade de Ciencias Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa (December 2005), note 47: "Filho de um fidalgo de D. Joao I, de nome Joao Martins ...".

(15) Abranches de Soveral, for example, continues to conflate Gomes Ferreira and Gomes Eanes into one person (Manuel Abranches de Soveral, "Ensaio sobre a origem dos Ferreira," http://www.soveral.info/mas/Ferreira.htm (27/04/1013), p. 13 out of 53.

(16) For a detailed discussion, see Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 64-78; Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 19-21. See also the Abott Gomes' biography by Tommaso Salvetti, the lawyer of the Badia, completed early in 1443 (Tommaso Salvetti, B. Gometii Vita, Bibliotexa Medicaea Laurenziana, Ashburnham 885).

(17) See Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Comes, 21.

(18) For a discussion of Gomes Eanes' family members and their careers, see Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Comes, 21-23.

(19) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 60-62.

(20) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 79. Nunes put Gomes Eanes' departure for Portugal on 30 May 1424 (Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 77).

(21) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 76-81.

(22) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 92-93.

(23) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 83-85.

(24) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Comes, 21.

(25) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 85-7.

(26) For a discussion and a summary of the predating literature see Eduardo Nunes, "Notulas de historia do seculo XV portugues," Do Tempo e da Historia 1 (1965): 47-67.

(27) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Comes, 367; Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 89-92. In her 2004 paper, Costa Gomes gave 1441 as the end date of his tenure as Abbot of the Badia but this clearly is an error unless there is evidence that he nominally held both position until then but neither Nunes nor Sousa Costa's research support that (Gomes, "Letters and Letter-Writing," 12).

(28) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, Chapter 8 "Administracao Temporal."

(29) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 367.

(30) See, for example, Antonio Gomes Saul, In limine conscriptionis: documentos, chancelaria e cultura no Mosteiro de Santa Cruz de Coimbra, seculos XII a XIV (Viseu: Palimage Editora, 2007); Leontina Ventura and Ana Santiago Faria, Livro Santo de Santa Cruz: cartulario do sec. XII (Coimbra: Instituto Nacional de Investigacao Cientifica, Centro de Historia da Sociedade e da Cultura da Universidade de Coimbra, 1990). Santa Cruz de Coimbra de seculo XI ao seculo XX: estudos no IX centenario do nascimento de S. Teotonio, 10821982 (Coimbra: Grafica de Coimbra, 1984; Antonio Cruz, Santa Cruz de Coimbra na cultura portuguesa da Idade Media (Porto, n.d., 1964).

(31) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 93.

(32) Costa Gomes, "From Florence," 236.

(33) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 71 and 99.

(34) Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Comes, 361.

(35) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 103.

(36) AN/TT, Chancelaria de D. Afonso V, liv. 11, fo. 32, doc. 1.

(37) AN/TT, Chancelaria de D. Afonso V, liv. 34, fo. 159v, doc. 3 (2 October 1450).

(38) AN/TT, Chancelaria de D. Afonso V, liv. 12, fo. 29v, doc. 7 (25 March 1452); AN/TT, Chancelaria de D. Afonso V, liv. 4, fo. 27, doc. 3 (27 July 1452); AN/TT, Chancelaria de D. Afonso V, liv. 4, fo. 9v doc. 4 (28 June 1453).

(39) AN/TT, Chancelaria de D. Afonso V, liv. 4, fos. 47-47v, doc. 2.

(40) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 103.

(41) Domingos Mauricio Gomes dos Santos, D. Duarte e as responsabilidades de Tanger (14331438) (Lisboa: Comissao Executiva do V Centenario da Morte do Infante D. Henrique, 1460), 13, note 1, referencing D. Nicolau de St.a Maria, Chronica da Ordem dos Conegos Regrantes do Patriarcha S. Agostinho (Lisboa, 1668), II: 254-259.

(42) Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes," 106.

(43) For a comprehensive listing of archival collections containing correspondence pertaining to Gomes Eanes see Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Gomes, 382-7 and the note apparatus of Sousa Costa, "D. Gomes,"

(44) One of the most frustrating facts facing a historian of fifteenth-century Portugal is the absence of surviving personal correspondence, even in the case of members of the royal family. Fragments, such as those contained in Ashburham 1792, offer glimpses of what has vanished over the centuries, mostly because it was never archived.--On Portuguese letter-writing in the fifteenth century see Costa Gomes, "Letters and Letter-Writing," passim.

(45) [G. Libri], Catalogue of the Manuscripts at Ashburnham Place: Part the First, Comprising a Collection Formed by Professor Libri (London: Charles Francis Hodgson, no date [commonly attributed to c. 1860]), not paginated. Ashb. 1792 is listed as "'Collectio Epistolarum originalium, Regis, Reginae, Principium, etc. etc. (sic) Lusitaniae, ad Beatum Gometium Ulissiponensem, Abbatum Abbatiae S. Mariae de Florentia, cum Responsionibus ejusdem Gometii.' Manuscrit sur papier, in-folio, du XV. siecle. Recueil autographe tres important, compose d'environ 500 lettres."

(46) Controversial collection assembled by Jean-Baptiste Joseph Barrois (1784-1855), French book collector, savant, politician, and Deputy for Lille in 1824-1830. Sotheby's The Ashburnham Library: Catalogue of the Portion of the Famous Collection of Manuscripts the Property of the Rt. Hon. The Earl of Ashburnham known as the Barrois Collection (London: Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge, 1901) [the 10 to 13 June auction], erroneously attributed the collection to "M. Paul [sic] Barrois, Deputy for Lille" See e.g. Hugh Collingham, "Joseph Barrois: Portrait of a Bibliophile," Book Collector 33 (1984): 431-48; and also the standard Seymour De Ricci, English Collectors of Books and Manuscripts (1530-1930) and their Marks of Ownership (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1960 [reprint of the 1929 Cambridge lectures]). For an early critical investigation, see L. Delisle, Observations sur l'origine de plusieurs manuscrits de la Collection de M. Barrois (Paris: Laine et Havard, 1866); a later summary is found in Henri Omont, "Catalogue des manuscrits Ashburnham-Barrois recemment acquis par la Bibliotheque nationale" Bibliotheque de l'Ecole des Chartes 62 (1901): 555-6i0. The Barrois collection drew material for instance from the Comte de La Valliere, D'Aguesseau, and McCarthy sales as well as from the Chateau de Rosny sale (Duchesse de Berry), and the Marquis de Rosanbo, Hanrott, Heber, Boutourlin, and Gianfilippi di Verona auctions and liquidations. The Libri subset incorporated some items from the same sources.

(47) The Appendix was acquired in 1898 by the newspaperman, philanthropist, and collector Henry Yates Thompson, who in 1899 began selling off selectively those items he did not wish to keep.

(48) Some aspects of the process, specifically relevant to Ashb. 1792, are briefly discussed below, in the section Genesis and Structure of Ashb. 1792. For the Libri story in general, see the well documented even though not exhaustive P. Alessandra Maccioni-Ruju, "Guglielmo Libri and the British Museum: A Case of Scandal Averted'; The British Library Journal 17 (1991), 36-60; and the only existing comprehensive biography: P. Alessandra Maccioni-Ruju and Marco Mostert, The Life and Times of Guglielmo Libri (1802-1869): Scientist, Patriot, Scholar, Journalist, and Thief: A Nineteenth-century Story (Hilversum: Verloren Publishers, 1995).

(49) An apt reminder to legal historians of the lingering implications of the treatment of "prescription" in the context of "good faith" by Henry of Susa (Hostiensis) (c. 1200-1271), for instance, was made in Lawrin Armstrong, "Law, Ethics and Economy: Gerard of Siena and Giovanni d'Andrea on Usury', in Lawrin Armstrong, Ivana Elbl, and Martin Elbl, Money, Markets and Trade in Late Medieval Europe: Essays in Honour of John H. A. Munro 2nd ed. (Leiden: Brill, 2014), 45-46.

(50) For brief forensic insights, partly outdated but partly still relevant, into the turbulent 1789-1840s history of the Bibliotheque Mazarine collections, for instance, see e.g. Alfred Franklin, Histoire de la Bibliotheque Mazarine et du Palais de l'Institut (Paris: H. Welter, 1901).

(51) Fore general context see I. Bangianti, "La soppressione dei conventi nell'eta napoleonica" in Ivan Tognarini, ed., La Toscana nell'eta rivoluzionaria e napoleonica (Naples, 1985), 442-469 and Pirolo, "Le soppressioni in Toscana" passim.

(52) It is entertaining to note, in this context, that the printed version of the official Acte d'accusation contre Libri-Carrucci (Paris: Panckoucke, 1850) excoriated Libri, with substantive albeit technically indirect proof, for the theft (indeed perpetrated c. 1841-1844) of material from the notorious twelve (really fourteen) Leonardo da Vinci manuscripts in the Library of the Institut de France (Cod. 2172-2185), the very same manuscripts that (together with the Codex Atlanticus restituted to Italy after 1815) had been "requisitioned" in 1796 by the French state--effectively stolen--from the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan, at the wish of Napoleon Bonaparte, with the agency of the famous Dominique-Vivant Denon, Director General of the Muse'e Central des Arts (Musee Napoleon), and with the official countersignature of Jacques Pierre Tinet, Directoire agent, Chief War Commisioner Peignon, and others. Unlike the Atlanticus, the Institut manuscripts have remained in France, owing to the fundamental incompetence of the Austrian negotiator Baron Franz Xavier F. von Otterfeld-Geschwind, who proved unable to identify Leonardo's work even when standing right in front of the Codex Atlanticus, and who was also misled by statements of the curators responsible for the former Bibliotheque du Roi. For details and extensive bibliography see Pietro C. Marani, "Leonardo's Manuscripts in Paris" Leonard de Vinci. Dessins et manuscrits (exhibition catalogue with essays) (Paris: Viatte and Forcione, 2003), 385-439, and Nando De Toni, "Frammenti vinciani XXXI. Giovanni Battista Venturi ed i manoscritti dell' Ambrosiana a Parigi nel 1797'; Commentari dell'Ateneo di Brescia per il 1974, Separata (1974): 1-8.

(53) See the Relazione alla camera dei Deputati e disegno di legge per l'acquisto di codici appartenenti alla Biblioteca Ashburnham descritti nell'annesso catalogo (Rome: Tip. della Camera dei Deputati, 1884). A part of the Libri subset, apparently c. 100 volumes, was reclaimed by France at considerable expense (Omont, "Catalogue des manuscrits" 556), but the quantities of items/volumes commonly given in various sources simply fail to add up. It is possible that non-negligible additions were made to the original 1845-1847 Libri subset, particularly in 1859, 1861, and 1863.

(54) The first Italian analytical catalogue of the collection established after it had entered the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana is E. Narducci, Indici alfabetici e classifcazione per secoli dei codici manoscritti della Collezione Libri-Ashburnham ora nella Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana di Firenze (Rome: Tip. delle Scienze matematiche e fisiche, 1886). Narducci remains an important finding aid. Further see C. Paoli, E. Rostagno, and T. Lodi, I codici Ashburnhamiani della Regia Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana di Firenze (Florence and Rome: Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, 1887-1948).

(55) Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, "Elenco dei Lettori che hanno studiato il seguente Manoscritto: Ashb. 1792(-1)" and "Elenco dei Lettori che hanno studiato il seguente Manoscritto: Ashb. 1792(-2)"

(56) For discussion see the section Genesis and Early History of Ashb. 1792, below.

(57) For a succinct outline of the principles, see for instance Diego Robotti, ed., Archivi storici degli enti pubblici: Riordinamento e inventariazione (Turin: Ministero per i Beni e le Attivita Culturali: Soprintendenza Archivistica per il Piemonte e la Valle d'Aosta, 2005, rev. 2012).

(58) Archivio di Stato di Prato, Palazzo Datini, via Ser Lapo Mazzei, 41: Fondo Datini.

(59) Foto Donato Pineider, via G. D'Annunzio, 207, IT-50135 Firenze, tel.: ++39 055 697214; cell: 339 2846863; donato.pineider@alice.it.

(60) One of the most recent highly relevant publications that uses an older/adapted busta/ document ordinal number system instead of the "numerazione unica" (a "numerazione" that was very forward-looking--in fact quite database-ready--already when first adopted) is Rita Costa Gomes, "Between Pisa and Porto: Afonso Eanes, merchant of the King of Portugal (1426-1440)', in Diogo Ramada Curto, Eric R. Dursteler, Julius Kirshner, and Francesca Trivellato, From Florence to the Mediterranean and Beyond. Essays in Honour of Anthony Molho (Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2009), 235-248.

(61) ASFi, Corporazioni Religiose Soppresse da Governo Francese (form. Conventi Soppressi), 78 (Badia di Firenze), 436 and 437, Pierluigi Galletti, Index Monumentorum Tabularii Abbatiae Fiorentinae, digestus a D. Petro Aloysio Calletio, Romano, Professo eiusdem Abbatiae, anno MDCCLIV M. Ziegelbauer, Historia rei literariae Ordinis S. Benedicti, Augustae 1754, 1: 647; [P.A. Paoli], Notizie spettanti alla vita del p. abate P L. C. (Rome: 1793).

(62) ASFi, Corporazioni Religiose Soppresse da Governo Francese (form. Conventi Soppressi), 78 (Badia di Firenze), former and truncated 311, Cometii, Tom. III, has had its contents substituted with miscellaneous documents, apparently dating for the most part to the eighteenth century.

(63) Nunes, Dom Frey Comez, 383-384.

(64) BNCFi, Fondo Conventi Soppressi da ordinare (Badia), Cod. 3 (former Badia 4).

(65) Galletti's Index Monumentorum is our only valuable trace of the material. No such item is listed in Vol. 1, Section "Bibliotheca Monasterii Benedictinorum Beatae Mariae Florentinae" of Bernard de Montfaucon's Bibliotheca bibliothecaurm manuscriptorum nova, Vols. 1-2 (Paris: 1739) [digital version released by IRHT, equipe de Codicologie, histoire des bibliotheques et heraldique, 2012).

(66) Angelo M. Bandini, Bibliotheca Leopoldina Laurentiana, seu Catalogus manuscriptorum qui iussu Petri Leopoldi Arch. Austr. Magni Etr. Ducis in Laurentianam translati sunt. Quae in singulis codicibus continentur accuratissime describuntur, edita supplentur et emendantur (Florence: Typis Caesareis, 1791-1793); A. M. Bandini, Catalogus codicum Latinorum Bibliothecae Mediceae Laurentianae, Vols. 1-4 (Florence: n.p., 1774-1777); A. M. Bandini, Catalogus codicum Italicorum Bibliothecae Mediceae Laurentianae Caddianae et Sanctae Crucis (Florence: n.p., 1778), vol. V; and A. M. Bandini, Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Mediceae Laurentianae, accedunt Supplementa tria ab E. Rostagno et N. Festa congesta necnon Additamentum ex inventariis Bibliotheae Laurentianae depromptum accuravit Fridolf Kudlien, Vols. 1-3 (Leipzig: Zentral-Antiquariat der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1961).

(67) Francesco Del Furia, Supplementum alterum ad catalogum codicum Craecorum Latinorum Italicorum etc. Bibliothecae Mediceae Laurentianae, vols. I-IV (Ms.), and the Tavole di Concordanze (typescript). In particular, no such title or content is listed in the summary of the old Badia 2712 (later 151), Catalogus Bibliothecae Abbatiae Florentinae, or in the other digitized schedae.

(68) Leader, Badia, 90.

(69) On Dom Placido Puccinelli see e.g. S. Schenone, "La vita e le opere di Placido Puccinelli: cenni per una biografia," Archivio storico lombardo 114 (Serie 11, Volume 5) (1988): 319334 (sometimes mis-cited as if it were a monograph instead of an article).

(70) Dom Placido Puccinelli, Historia dell'eroiche attioni de'BB. Cometio Portvghese abbate di Badia, e di Tevzzone Romito, con la serie delle badesse dell 'insigne monastero delle Murate di Fiorenza. Di D. Placido Puccinelli ... etc. (Milan: Gio. Pietro Ramellati, 1645) (many available copies; the BNCFi's core code being Magliabechi LIAE005815).

(71) Catalogue of the Extraordinary Collection of Splendid Manuscripts, Chiefly upon Vellum ... Formed by M. Quglielmo Libri ... etc. (London: S. Leigh Sotheby and John Wilkinson, 1859) [auction catalogue for the sale held 28 Mar. and the seven days following [Sunday excepted], 1859], 86.

(72) Puccinelli ultimately published, in Milan, material sounding quite similar to Ambrosiana, I 234 inf., nearly twenty years after his Historia deU'eroiche attioni de'BB. Qometio: this was the Cronica dell'Abbadia di Fiorenza, suoi privilegi pontefici, e Cesarei (Milan: R. D. Corte per Giulio Cesare Malatesta Stampatore, 1664).

(73) This distorts the full meaning of Terentianus Maurus (2nd century AD), De litteris, de syllabis, de metris, ver. 1286, but the pun has become so ubiquitous that using it feels natural--or shopworn, but still fitting here.

(74) Thus for instance Ashb. 1825 ("Badia di Firenze, Libro de' Beni e d'Entrata e Uscita, 1391-1392"). This was clearly a companion volume to ASFi, Corporazioni Religiose Soppresse da Governo Francese (form. Conventi Soppressi), 78 (Badia di Firenze), 307, Quasconi, Tom. II (99-171, Uscita (1408-1419); 407-644, Entrata e uscita (1410-1418)); 308, Quasconi, Tom. III (115-520, Entrata e uscita (1412-1418)); 309, Qometii, Tom. I (various sections of Entrata e uscita (1418-1421); 310, Qometii, Tom. II (183-256, Entrata e uscita (1426-1434).

(75) See the "Supplement" to the Catalogue of the Extraordinary Collection (which starts on p. 240), for items such as those on p. 244 ("1106. Firenze. Stanziamento delle pietanze dei frati di Badia et altre cose. folio. Saec. XV. on paper"; "1107. Firenze. A collection of Original Documents of the XIVth and XVth Centuries (1390-1486) some on vellum, in Latin or in Italian, concerning the Badia di Firenze, its Possessions, its Litigations, and the Life of its Monks, &c. folio. Saec. XIV-XV. on vellum and paper"; "1108. Firenze. A large collection of Documents in Latin or Italian, relating to the Ecclesiastical History of Florence during the Xvth Century. folio. Saec. XV. on paper"; "1109. Firenze. A large collection of Original Letters and Documents (several hundred in number) relating to the Ecclesiastical History of Florence of the XVIth, XVIIth and XVIIIth Centuries. folio. Saec. XVI, XVII, XVIII. on paper"). See also e.g. [Libri], Catalogue of the Manuscripts at Ashburnham Place: Part the First, no. 1894, "Varia de Aedificio Abbatiae Florentinae. pap. fol. Manuscrit sur papier de coton, in-folio, du XIV. siecle (1309)."

(76) Dos Santos, D. Duarte e as responsabilidades, 13 ni. Dos Santos in fact seems to have relied on nothing more than the "Libri (Guglielmo)" entry in H. Leclercq, Dictionnnaire d'archeologie chretienne et de liturgie (Paris, 1930), Vol. 9/1: 572-610.

(77) For precise identification of the BNCFi items, reflecting numbers re-assigned after 1972, see the already cited Kristeller, Iter Italicum, Vol. 1, Part 1, 165.

(78) Agency note about the 1847 sale

(79) For terminology, consult any standard guide to binding, conservation, and restoration.

(80) Diluted hydrogen peroxide ([H.sub.2][O.sub.2]) as treatment for foxing would not have been available to Libri. First described in 1818, stable and effective hydrogen peroxide did not become widely available until the 1890s.

(81) It also chose to portray the restoration and re-creation of period bindings summarily as "falsification', a debatable argument at best and undeniably pre-loaded with meaning in order to construct a case.

(82) Ana Cristina Pereira da Silva Ferreira, 'Analise paleografica de uma escrita de Chancelaria Regia: a letra joanina, 1370-1420," 2 vols., Tese de Mestrado, Paleografia e Diplomatica (Faculdade de Letras, Universidade de Lisboa, 2011).

(83) For synoptic tables of character types, see Silva Ferreira, 'Analise paleografica'; Vol. 2, Anexo 3.

(84) Jose Marques, "Praticas paleografias em Portugal no seculo XV" Revista da Faculdade de Letras (Ciencias e Tecnicas do Patrimonio), I Ser., Vol. I (2002): 80-1 and n20. The most cited item, Cavalcanti's 1482 letter, is in the Arquivo Distrital de Braga (A.D.B.), Registo geral, no. 313, fol. 190.

(85) For both quotations see Domenico Maria Manni's Osservazioni istoriche di Domenico Maria Manni ... sopra i sigilli antichi dei secoli bassi, 6 vols. (Florence: A. M. Albizzini and other printers, 1739-1740), I (Sigillo I: Sigillum Conventus Fratrum Paedicatorum de Florentia): 33-38.

(86) Reg. Vat. 366, fols. 20lr-202v.

(87) Current snippets of Dom Timoteo's profile can be established among other through Manni's Osservazioni istoriche, 1: 33-38 and 5: 34; Giuseppe Richa (SJ), Notizie istoriche delle chiese Florentine (Florence: Viviani, 1761), 1: 187-188; and Giovanni Battista Uccelli, Della Badia florentina: ragionamento storico (Firenze: Tipografia Calasanziana, 1858), 53.

(88) For an archivistic and historical retracing of the Settimo papers' story, see mainly Carla Piras, "Le pergamene relative alla Sardegna nel Diplomatico San Frediano in Cestello dell'Archivio di Stato di Firenze', Archivio storico sardo 45 (2008-2009): 9-13, 16.

(89) To remain in compliance with current Italian copyright regulations regarding the reproduction of archival material, the character images in the table are not taken from Ashb. 1792 but from copyright-free online sources, carefully sifted for precise match with the scribal hand(s) attested in Ashb. 1792.

(90) For a short survey in the very specific context of Ashb. 1792, see e.g. Rita Costa Gomes, "Letters and Letter-Writing in Fifteenth Century Portugal'; in Regina Schulte and Xenia von Tippelskirch, eds., Reading, Interpreting and Historicizing: Letters as Historical Sources (EUI Working Paper HEC No. 2004/2) (Florence: Badia Fiesolana, 2004), 11-38.

(91) Jerome Hayez, Io non so scrivere a l'amicho per silocismi: Jalons pour une lecture de la lettre marchande toscane de la fin du Moyen Age (Florence: Olschki, 1998), 37-79. For broader and more recent complementary contexts see e.g. F. Delle Donne e F. Santi, eds., Dall'Ars dictaminis al Preumanesimo? Per un profilo letterario del XIII secolo (Florence:, SISMEL-Ed. del Galluzzo, 2013); Benoit Grevin, "Les notaires medievaux croyaient-ils a leurs preambules ? Note sur la circulation des motifs ideologiques entre la curie pontificale, la cour de Sicile et l'Europe du nord (France/Angleterre/Mitteleuropa) au XIIIe-XIVe siecle" in Anne Lemonde et Ilaria Taddei, eds., Circulation des idees et des pratiques politiques. France et Italie (XIIIe-XVIe siecle) (Rome: Ecole francaise de Rome, 2013), 251-270; Benoit Grevin. "Entre irisa' et dictamen: propositions pour un comparatisme des ecritures solennelles du monde musulman et du monde latin medieval (XIe-XVe s.)" in Nuria Martinez de Castilla, Documentos y manuscritos arabes del occidente musulman medieval (Madrid: CSIC, 2010), 121-140; Trinidad Arcos Pereira, "De Ciceron a Erasmo: La configuracion de la epistolografia como genero literario", Boletin Millares Carlo 27 (2008): 347-400.
          List of Sigla

BAdG      Guido Battelli, "L'abate don Gomes Ferreira da Silva
          e i portoghe-si a Firenze nella prima meta del
          quattrocento," in Guido Battelli, ed., Relazioni
          storiche fra Lltalia e il Portogallo. Memorie e
          documents (Rome: Reale Accademia d'Italia, 1940),
          149-163 [note that the PhiloBiblon/BITAGAP file bioid
          3951 for "Gomes Ferreira da Silva [sic] (Abade), OSB"
          is outdated and incorrect in a variety of respects,
          including the patronymic].

MH        Manuel Lopes de Almeida, Idalino Ferreira da Costa
          Brochado, and Antonio Joaquim Dias Dinis (OFM), eds.
          Monumenta Henrici-na, 15 vols. and Suplemento (Coimbra:
          Comissao Executiva das Comemoracoes do V Centenario da
          Morte do Infante D. Henrique, 1960-1974).

NFG       Eduardo Alexandre Borges Nunes, Dom Frey Qomez: abade
          de Flo-renca, 1420-1440 (Braga: Livraria
          Editora Pax, 1963).

SDRespT   Domingos Mauricio Gomes dos Santos (SJ). D. Duarte e as
          responsabilidades de Tanger (1433-1438)
          (Lisbon: Comissao Executiva das Comemoracoes do V
          Centenario da Morte do Infante D. Henrique, 1960).

SIS       Domingos Mauricio Gomes dos Santos (SJ). "O Infante
          Santo e a Curia Pontificia," Brotaria 10 (1930): 20-28.

DSCGr     Antonio Domingues de Sousa Costa (OFM), "D. Gomes,
          reformador da Abadia de Florenca, e as tentativas de
          reforma dos mosteiros portugueses no saculo XV", Studia
          Monastica 5 (1) (1963): 59-164.

RB        Virginia Rau, "Bartolomeo di Iacopo di ser Vanni
          mercador-ban-queiro florentino 'estante' em Lisboa nos
          meados do saculo XV" Do tempo e da historia
          4 (1971): 97-118.

RCG1      Rita Costa Gomes, "Letters and Letter-Writing in
          Fifteenth Century Portugal" in Regina Schulte and
          Xenia von Tippelskirch, eds., Reading, Interpreting and
          Historicizing: Letters as Historical Sources
          (EUI Working Paper HEC No. 2004/2) (Florence: Badia
          Fiesolana, 2004), 11-38.

RCG2      Rita Costa Gomes, "Between Pisa and Porto:
          Afonso Eanes, Merchant of the King of Portugal
          (1426-1440)" in Diogo Ramada, ed., From Florence to the
          Mediterranean and Beyond: Essays in Honour of Anthony
          Molho, 2 vols. (Florence: Leo S. Olschki,
          2009): 235-248.
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