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The pledge of allegiance.

Do you know who wrote the Pledge of Allegiance that we say to the flag of the United States of America?

George Washington?

Benjamin Franklin?

Thomas Jefferson?

Those are all good guesses, but they are all wrong.

A 37-year-old man named Francis Bellamy wrote the words that are so familiar to us. In 1892, Mr. Bellamy was working in Boston for a journal called the Youth's Companion, and his job was to promote patriotism and encourage the flying of the United States flag over public schools.

Mr. Bellamy was helping to develop a program to celebrate the four-hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America. The original version of the Pledge of Allegiance first appeared in the Youth's Companion on September 8, 1892. The pledge as we know it today is not exactly as it was originally written:

According to the National Flag Foundation, "The pledge of allegiance should be rendered by standing at attention, facing the flag, and saluting." Civilians salute by placing their right hands over their hearts, and men should remove their hats. Persons in uniform should render the military salute.

I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States ... the original version read only "my flag." This was changed in 1923. of America ... "of America" was added in 1924. and to the republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, ... "under God" was added by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1954. indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.
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Author:Jones, Charlotte
Publication:Children's Digest
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jul 1, 2004
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