The other industrial security programs.
When the Defense Investigative Service (DIS) speaks of industrial security, most people in government or government-related positions think immediately of the Defense Industrial Security Program (DISP), which is designed to safeguard classified information in the hands of industry. This program is large and complex, involving approximately 12,000 cleared facilities and 1.2 million cleared employees throughout the United States. Although DISP represents DIS's biggest effort in industrial security, it is not DIS's only industrial security responsibility.
DIS has a major role in two other industrial security programs. One is the Key Assets Protection Program (KAPP), and the other is a program designed to safeguard sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives (AA&E) in the custody of defense contractors. Although neither of these programs approaches the size and complexity of DISP, each represents a critical aspect of DIS's mission and is essential in ensuring a secure, reliable industrial base for national security.
The AA&E program involves nearly 100 Department of Defense (DoD) contractors dealing with sensitive arms, ammunition, or explosives in connection with a DoD contract. The purpose of the program is to ensure the protection of these materials while they are in the custody of or being produced by defense contractors. The program was established because of the attractiveness of such items to terrorist and criminal elements.
KAPP, on the other hand, is designed to develop and promote industrial protection within the United States. It involves a number of key facilities identified by DoD as vital to the defense establishment in times of national mobilization. The program provides these critical facilities, which participate in this program voluntarily, with advice and guidance in applying physical security and emergency preparedness measures. The program is geared toward reducing a facility's vulnerability to and increasing its protection against sabotage and other hostile or destructive acts, as well as minimizing the potential effect of any damages from attack.
Emergency mobilization preparedness continues to be a matter of great interest. It recognizes the critical role of America's industrial base and the means of mobilization with respect to national security. Since the US Army Forces Command assumed the role of executive agent for the KAPP, greater emphasis has been placed in identifying key assets not yet included in the program by procuring components.
DoD has a responsibility to assist other federal departments and agencies in their efforts to prepare for national emergency mobilization. Key to these preparations is maintaining a close liaison with the Federal Emergency Management Agency and similar organizations and motivating the private sector into a planning partnership before an emergency. These efforts can contribute immeasurably to the ability of defense material production and the country's economic structure for surviving a national emergency. These initiatives directly affect KAPP.
In the past, the AA&E program included inspecting for contract compliance as well as performing a preaward survey at contractor facilities. These surveys were recently discontinued since they did not necessarily contribute to the efficacy of the program. DIS now concentrates solely on contract compliance inspections. Contractors are scheduled for inspection only after they have received an applicable AA&E contract from a DoD procuring activity.
As DIS constantly assesses the way these programs are administered, it has recognized that - notwithstanding the critical roles the KAPP and AA&E programs serve - the relatively few industrial facilities participating in these programs preclude some of DIS's Industrial Security representatives (IS reps) from becoming as proficient in conducting these surveys and inspections as they would be if they devoted more time to them.
To concentrate its effort, DIS continues to provide specialization for IS reps as opposed to having every IS rep involved in each of the three industrial security programs - DISP, KAPP, and AA&E. To accomplish this, a selected cadre of IS reps, though still involved in the DISP, will perform all KAPP surveys and AA&E inspections within their respective regions. This process permits DIS to ensure that all IS reps dealing with industry on these two programs display the highest proficiency in physical security and emergency preparedness matters. It also permits DIS to concentrate training efforts and to ensure that all IS reps involved have the opportunity to attend the best training programs available.
DIS views these initiatives as significantly improving the effectiveness of the KAPP and AA&E programs. DIS can provide the best service to DoD and its departments and agencies through the government and industry partnership by working together and trying new and better ways to accomplish its mission.
Robert G. Schwalls, CPP, is deputy director of the Defense Investigative Service.
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|Author:||Schwalls, Robert G.|
|Date:||Sep 1, 1989|
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