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The other industrial security programs.

When those in government or government related positions think of industrial security, they think of the Defense Industrial Security Program (DISP). Although DISP represents the Defense Investigative Service's (DIS) biggest effort in industrial security--involving 11,400 cleared facilities throughout the United States and 828,403 cleared employees--it is not the service's only industrial security responsibility.

DIS plays a key role in the Department of Defense's (DoD) Key Asset Protection Program (KAPP) and Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives Security Program (AA&E). Although neither of these programs approaches the size of the DISP, they are essential to a secure and responsive industrial base.

KAPP was developed to ensure the continued operation of civil assets that are essential to U.S. mobilization, deployment, and sustainment of military operations in the event of a national emergency. As such, KAPP manages key assets and gives advice on the application of physical security and emergency preparedness measures.

As directed by the DoD executive agent, the commander-in-chief, and Forces Command (FORSCOM), and with the permission of the owners of key assets, DIS industrial security representatives (IS reps) assess the vulnerability of an asset by conducting vulnerability surveys and periodic site visits. The results of the evaluations are subsequently forwarded to the defense planners at FORSCOM and the State Area Commands of the National Guard.

DIS considers the survey portion of the program the most important operational element of KAPP. Without it, defense planning requirements for the protection of DoD-identified key assets would be a guesstimate at best. During the rapid deployment and buildup of U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, considerable U.S. attention was focused on critical facilities needed to support and sustain troops in the field.

KAPP assisted private sector managers of these key assets in developing protection plans and ensuring continued delivery of their products and services to U.S. forces. Between October 1990 and March 1991, DIS IS reps conducted 125 high-priority vulnerability assessments of facilities essential to the U.S. and allied fighting effort.

The objective of DIS's other DoD program, AA&E, is to protect sensitive conventional arms, ammunitions, and explosives in the custody of or being produced by defense contractors.

DIS conducts mandatory security inspections to determine compliance with contractually levied DoD security requirements. It also conducts preaward surveys of prospective contractors to assess their ability to satisfy the DoD security requirements for contracts involving sensitive arms, ammunitions, and explosives. DIS reports the results of surveys and inspections performed by the IS reps to the appropriate government procurement office.

To accomplish these two missions, a selected cadre of IS reps perform all KAPP surveys and AA&E inspections within their respective regions. This helps DIS ensure proficiency and competency in physical security and emergency preparedness matters.

DIS is continually striving to improve the effectiveness of the KAPP and AA&E programs. The group firmly believes that it can provide the best service to the DoD, its departments and agencies, and the contractor community through cooperation and partnership.

John F. Donnelly is director of the Defense Investigative Service.
COPYRIGHT 1993 American Society for Industrial Security
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Title Annotation:Key Asset Protection Program and Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives Security Program
Author:Donnelly, John F.
Publication:Security Management
Date:Jan 1, 1993
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