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Adventures in Publishing Joyce's Works

In 1914 Ezra Pound asked Joyce's permission to include a poem from Chamber Music in Pound's first published collection, Imagist Anthology. Along with his permission, Joyce sent to Pound his manuscript of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Pound was able immediately to arrange the manuscript's serial publication in the vanguard English magazine The Egoist. The Egoist Press attempted to publish this novel in book form, but no printer in Britain would even "entertain the idea of printing such a production." Ultimately the Egoist Press had to import sheets from the United States, where Ben. W. Huebsch published the book in 1916.

In England, The Egoist serialized those parts of the novel Ulysses that the printer would agree to set up; in the United States, The Little Review published twenty-three installments of the novel in 1918 through 1920. Three of the installments caused the magazine to be confiscated by the U.S. Post Office for alleged obscenity. The editors were fingerprinted and fined $100. In Paris, Sylvia Beach decided to publish Ulysses under the imprint of Shakespeare & Co. Joyce himself edited the book. The 1,000 numbered copies of the first edition were sold within a month.

Of the second printing of 2,000 copies, 500 copies were burned in New York City by the U.S. Post Office. The English customs authorities confiscated 499 copies of the third edition of 500 copies. Wherever Ulysses was banned it was smuggled in. It was not until 1933 that Americans were legally permitted to read the book, when U.S. District Judge Woolsey ruled in a now famous decision that "while in many places ...Ulysses somewhat emetic, nowhere does it tend to be an aphrodisiac." The 1934 Random House edition of Ulysses was the first legally printed edition in any English-speaking country. The 35,000 copies sold out almost immediately.

Dodge (Evans, Sterne, Luhan), Mabel

A literary-diarist, the four-times-wed Mabel was known among the "literary" international set primarily as Mabel Dodge (the surname of her second husband). Dodge's home in Venice became the first of her many salons. After her second divorce she returned to New York City and started another salon whose frequenters this time were not only artists but also liberals and radicals of all persuasions. Following a notorious love affair with John Reed, Mrs. Dodge married the artist Maurice Sterne. The couple went to New Mexico to establish a new art colony in Taos. They divorced, and in 1923 Mabel married Tony Luhan, a full-blooded Pueblo Indian. She described herself as "a patron of art and artists and poets, congregating those famous artists, writers, and musicians in my home salon." Dodge was also described by critic Malcolm Cowley as "a species of head-hunter. She collected people in exactly the same spirit as she collected china dogs for her mantelpiece." It was Mabel Dodge who first introduced the painter Georgia O'Keeffe to New Mexico. Often Dodge became deeply emotionally involved with the artists she patronized; for example, with D. H. Lawrence, about whom she wrote Lorenzo in Taos.

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Title Annotation:Literary Names and Terms: People and Places; publishing of James Joyce; art patron Mabel Dodge
Author:McCoy, Kathleen; Harlan, Judith
Publication:English Literature from 1785
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1992
Previous Article:William Bulter Yeats.
Next Article:The Bloomsbury group.

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