Printer Friendly

The longhorned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of Tennessee: distribution of species, seasonal adult activity, and new state records.

Although the longhorned beetle fauna (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is relatively well known across North America, recent efforts have documented substantial increases in longhorned beetle diversity and distribution in Montana (Hart et al. 2013), Nebraska (Spomer 2014), Mississippi (Schiefer 1998, 2001), and Alabama (Holt 2013). Knowledge about the distribution of cerambycid beetles across Tennessee remains limited, and documentation of reporting has been sporadic.

Hoyt Jamerson compiled a list and maps of the longhorned beetle fauna found in Tennessee as part of his Master's thesis at Memphis State University (Jamerson 1973). His examination of published literature, plus field collection efforts and a survey of then-available institutional and some private collections, yielded some 185 species within Tennessee. Data from the thesis were not published, and although it is cited by Linsley & Chemsak (1997), the thesis was miss-catalogued following the integrations of Memphis State University holdings within the University of Memphis Library System (G. P. Barton, personal communication). A portion of Jamerson's specimens have been relocated and integrated into the University of Georgia Collection of Arthropods [UGCA], along with the remainder of the Memphis State University entomology collection. Other collections examined or acknowledged by Jamerson, including specimens from Vanderbilt University, are no longer available or much diminished by damage (e.g., from dermestid beetles and rough handling).

Regardless, since Jamerson's project, considerable monitoring efforts for woodboring beetles have been undertaken across portions of Tennessee. Although recent efforts have been focused on metallic woodboring beetles, bark beetles, and other species of economic interest (Oliver & Mannion 2001; Oliver et al. 2002, 2004; Hansen et al. 2012, 2015; Klingeman et al. 2015), extended-season trapping in the region has yielded many longhorned beetle specimens.

To address existing knowledge gaps, cerambycid specimens were examined at institutional research and teaching collections, museums, and personal collections to assemble available label data and to determine species occurrence and distribution across Tennessee. Label data were examined to inform about seasonal flight activity of adult longhorned beetles and to document, when recorded, the various methods used to collect specimens. When present, relevant notes about adult resources and larval hosts listed for species were compiled.

Documenting the extant cerambycid fauna in Tennessee will elucidate the range of distribution among species and is expected to highlight gaps in collection activity across Tennessee's ecoregions (Fig. 1). Collection data are important for many reasons, including documentation of species diversity, use in assessing environmental and economic impacts of habitat and host plant loss, and monitoring incursion and spread of invasive species. The current specimen summarization effort will update past work to document longhorned beetle species diversity and will help direct future field collection activities.

Supplementary material for this article in Florida Entomologist 100(2) (Jun 2017) is online at http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/entomologist/browse. Therefore, the supplementary table is referred to in this article as Suppl. Table 3, and all distributional maps for species are displayed online in supplementary figures (Suppl. Figs. 2-231). Fig. 1 is displayed in color in the online version of the journal.

Materials and Methods

Longhorned beetle specimens were identified using descriptive keys (e.g., Yanega 1996; Lingafelter 2007), and data compiled within this report are derived from these individuals and from examinations of specimens and data from institutional and private collections. Many beetles were also collected in conjunction with a series of season-long experimental trials conducted by Tennessee State University affiliated authors and cooperators. A majority of extended seasonal collections that informed this study were made in regions of middle or eastern Tennessee at about weekly intervals from 1 Apr to 28 Aug 2001; 6 Apr to 7 Oct 2002; 5 May to 2 Sep 2003; 12 Apr to 9 Aug 2004; 2 May to 15 Aug 2005; 2 May to 15 Aug 2006; 5 Jun to 21 Jul 2009; 8 Jun to 5 Aug 2010; 17 Jun to 18 Aug 2011; 9 Apr to 10 Sep 2012; and 11 May to 10 Sep 2013.

Specimens were examined in collection depositories [brackets] (Evenhuis 2016, or as acknowledged) at the University of Tennessee Entomology and Plant Pathology Insect Museum [ECUT] and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park [GSNP]. Both collections included results of tree sampling done at multiple times across 2 or more seasons from targeted tree species, for example, tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.; Magnoliales: Magnoliaceae) (LaForest et al. 2000), northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.; Fagales: Fagaceae) (Trieff 2002), southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora L.; Magnoliales: Magnoliaceae) (Werle 2002), and eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis [L.] Carriere; Pinales: Pinaceae) (Buck 2004).

Additional collections and published records of collections with Tennessee specimen data that were evaluated and integrated into this report include: [CMNH], [CSCA], [CUAC], [CUIC], [ECUT], [EDNC], [GSNP], [FSCA], [LSAM], [MCPM], [MEM], [PERC], [TSRS], [UGCA], [UMMZ], and [UTCI]. [UGCA] also recently had acquired and made available the arthropod collection previously maintained at the Memphis State University (now, University of Memphis). Prionini examined at [MEM] included Tennessee specimens on loan from [AMNH], [CMNH], [CNC], [CSUC], [FSCA], [MCZ], [MSUC], [NYSM], [RAAC], [SCUC], [SEMC], [TAMU], [UAAM], [UDCC], [UKIC], [USNM], and [WIRC] (Evenhuis 2016). Records of observed specimens and published accounts from additional institutional and personal collections that were incorporated included those of: CNTC = Carson-Newman Teaching Collection, DCHS = Davy Crockett High School (Jonesborough, Tennessee), ETSU = East Tennessee State University (Johnson City, Tennessee), FSGA = Forest Service (Dr. Daniel Miller, Athens, Georgia), JMBC = Jason M. Basham, JPBC = Joshua P. Basham, JHGC = Jeffrey P. Huether, NEAC= Nashville Ellington Agriculture Collection, NNYC = Nadeer N. Youssef, TTUC = Tennessee Technological University, WEKC = William E. Klingeman, and WPNC = Warner Parks Nature Center.

Other records that included seasonal activity and county occurrence data were retrieved from published reports (Meyer 1937; Dillon & Dillon 1941, 1947; Linsley 1962a,b, 1963, 1964; Dillon 1956a,b,c; Linsley & Chemsak 1972, 1976, 1984, 1995; TCEIR 1972; McCauley & Eanes 1987; MacRae 2000; Gryzmala 2006; Schiefer & Newell 2010; Tindall et al. 2010; Leavengood & Chapman 2014; Vlasak 2014; Miller et al. 2015).

With the exception of Disteniinae, which is retained within Cerambycidae as a subfamily, nomenclature follows Bezark (2016). Taxonomy is updated to reflect current status, with synonyms used in Jamerson (1973) and more recent publications included after the valid species name. In Table 1, new state records are listed in bold, with specific label and collection data provided. When provided, data were compiled from specimen labels to include collection date, county and locality information, method of collection, and information about habitat, adult resource, or larval plant host. Seasonal adult activities were recorded by range of months, with first and last followed by a numeric superscript indicating week (within month) of first and final collection. For ease of reporting, days 29 to 31 are included within the 4th week period. Observations of species occurrence within any of Tennessee's 8 ecoregions are noted.

The total dataset for species tallies that were tallied in each Tennessee county was analyzed with EstimateS software, using the bias-corrected Chao1 (Colwell 2006) that, with 95 iterations, enabled a prediction of the number of species expected within the state and consequently yielding an estimated number of species that remain to be detected.

As with our distribution report on Buprestidae occurring in Tennessee and North Carolina (Klingeman et al. 2015), this report on Tennessee Cerambycidae is presented with inherent bias. Not all portions of the state have been subjected to season-long sampling, and some regions remain largely unexamined. Regardless, this report highlights poorly studied ecoregions across Tennessee and is expected to encourage a more detailed future examination of fauna occurring in these areas.

Results

More than 9,918 Tennessee longhorned beetle specimens were assessed, and published literature was reviewed to document 230 species in Tennessee. For some species (e.g., Neandra brunnea [F.]), early or late "outlier" records are noted when specimens were collected across a gap in time that spanned at least 4 wk (Table 1). Total number species occurring in each of Tennessee's 8 ecoregions are reported (Table 2). For each species, available host and habitat data were also compiled from labels and are presented along with managing collection information and noted occurrence within Tennessee counties and ecoregions (Suppl. Table 3; Suppl. Figs. 2-231).

Twenty-seven species are reported as new state records for Tennessee, including Tragosoma harrisii (LeConte), Derobrachus brevicollis Audinet-Serville, Arhopalus foveicollis (Haldeman), Tetropium schwarzianum Casey, Charisalia americana (Haldeman), Grammoptera exigua (Newman), Trigonarthris minnesotana (Casey), Stenocorus (Stenocorus) schaumii (LeConte), Callidium texanum Schaeffer, Semanotus amethystinus (LeConte), Clytoleptus albofasciatus (Laporte & Gory), Xylotrechus aceris Fisher, Xylotrechus nitidus (Horn), Curius dentatus Newman, Anelaphus moestus moestus (LeConte), Molorchus bimaculatus semiustus (Newman), Obrium rufulum Gahan, Lepturges (Lepturges) pictus (LeConte), Sternidius punctatus (Haldeman), Styloleptus biustus biustus (LeConte), Urgleptes foveatocollis (Hamilton), Urgleptes signatus (LeConte), Oplosia nubila (LeConte), Oberea affinis Leng & Hamilton, Oberea praelonga Casey, Mecas (Mecas) cineracea Casey, and Saperda puncticollis Say. Distribution records for all 230 cerambycid species documented in Tennessee, including potential range additions taken from Jamerson (1973), are plotted by county (Suppl. Figs. 2-231).

Species counts are summed within 85 of the 95 Tennessee counties from which longhorned beetles are reported. Ten Tennessee counties, including Bedford, Bledsoe, Clay, Fentress, Hancock, Marshall, Meigs, Overton, Pickett, and Stewart counties. yielded no taxa among collections and are named in gray shade followed by a "0" designation. County names are also overlaid upon the ecoregions present among the Grand Divisions of Tennessee, as indicated by bold vertical lines (Fig. 1). Across the top of the map, Roman numeral I corresponds with the Mississippi Alluvial Plain (ecoregion 73) characterized by Northern Mississippi Alluvial Plain habitats, II = Mississippi Valley Loess Plains (ecoregion 74), which includes both Bluff Hills and Loess Plains habitats, III = Southeastern Plains (ecoregion 65), which includes Blackland Prairie, Flatwoods/Alluvial Prairie Margins, Southeastern Plains and Hills, Fall Line Hills, and Transition Hills habitats, IV = Interior Plateau (ecoregion 71), which includes Western Pennyroyal Karst, Western Highland Rim, Eastern Highland Rim, Outer Nashville Basin, and Inner Nashville Basin habitats, V = Southwestern Appalachians (ecoregion 68), which includes Cumberland Plateau, Sequatchie Valley, and Plateau Escarpment habitats, VI = Central Appalachians (ecoregion 69), characterized by Cumberland Mountain habitats, VII = Ridge and Valley (ecoregion 67), which includes Southern Limestone/Dolomite Valleys and Low Rolling Hills, Southern Shale Valleys, Southern Sandstone Ridges, and Southern Dissected Ridges and Knobs habitats, and VIII = Blue Ridge Mountains (ecoregion 66), which includes Southern Igneous Ridges and Mountains, Southern Sedimentary Ridge, Limestone Valleys and Coves, and Southern Metasedimentary Mountains habitats (after Griffith et al. 1997). Counts of species collected within each ecoregion, along with expanded descriptions of the Tennessee ecoregional typography and their associated flora are presented (Table 2) with additional details available at: https://archive.epa.gov/wed/ecoregions/web/html/tn_eco.html.

As with Buprestidae in Tennessee (Klingeman et al. 2015), the areas of most intensive collection activity were focused in eastern Tennessee around the University of Tennessee Knoxville campus and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. In middle Tennessee, counties around the Otis L. Floyd Research Center in McMinnville were well documented. Remnants of Jamerson's thesis collection (1973) confirmed the presence of many species in the southwestern corner of Tennessee. Likewise, collections made by staff at [MEM] and in conjunction with Cooperative Agricultural Pest Surveys and Invasive Species collections, with wood-associated beetles curated by staff at [PERC], yielded numerous specimens in middle and western Tennessee, along Tennessee portions of the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail and among cedar glades habitats within the Interior Plateau ecoregion of middle Tennessee.

The Chao1 estimator predicted that 241 ([+ or -] 6.7 SD) cerambycid beetle species are expected to occur in Tennessee, with an associated confidence interval of 234 to 264 species that may be found within the state.

Discussion

Although several cerambycid species periodically can cause economic injury to forest tree species (e.g., Enaphalodes atomarius [Drury], E. cortiphagus [Craighead], E. rufulus [Haldeman]), herbaceous plants, and row crops (e.g., Dectes sp. on soybean, Glycine max [L.] Merrill, Fabales: Fabaceae), none among the 230 documented longhorned beetle species in Tennessee is considered an exotic invasive species.

The limited collections of longhorned beetle species occurring across the Mississippi Alluvial and Valley Loess Plains, Southeastern Plains, western portions of the Interior Plateau ecoregions, and Central Appalachian region indicates that future collection activity across these Tennessee ecoregions would be expected to more clearly define species intrastate distributions and potential range constraints across the cerambycid fauna of Tennessee (Table 2; Suppl. Figs. 2-231).

The Chao1 estimator suggests that there are likely to be about 11 more longhorned beetle species that occur in Tennessee. Among the 185 longhorned beetle species reported in Jamerson's (1973) thesis are several for which no physical specimen could be located and no associated collection information was provided. Among these non-validated accounts are 10 species that may yet be documented in Tennessee, including Parandra polita Say, Leptura abdominalis (Haldeman), L. plebeja Randall, Lycochoriolaus lateralis (Olivier), Strangalia sexnotata Haldeman, Megacyllene decora (Olivier), Enaphalodes hispicornis (L.), Batyle ignicollis australis Linsley, Oberea gracilis (F.), and Saperda obliqua Say.

Deciduous plants are important reproductive hosts for several species that may yet be collected in Tennessee. Parandra polita are attracted to lights (Holt 2013), and larvae of this species develop within decaying heartwood of, for example, Carya (Fagales: Juglandaceae), Fagus (Fagales: Fagaceae), and Liriodendron species (Linsley & Chemsak 1997), which occur across Tennessee. Glycobius speciosus (Say) larvae develop within Acer saccharum Marshall (Sapindales: Sapindaceae), and this beetle species may have been collected in Tennessee in McMinn County, although Holland (2009) does not list the collection that would have contained the record. ln Alabama, Holt (2013) reported G. speciosus from Jackson County in ecoregion 68. Oak species are also larval host plants for E. hispicornis, which has been collected in Alabama from Lawrence and Madison counties (ecoregions 71 and 68, respectively) (Holt 2013). Oberea gracilis larvae also develop in seedlings of Quercus alba L. and Quercus falcata Michaux (Fagales: Fagaceae), which occur across Tennessee, yet reported O. gracilis collections were restricted to southern counties in Mississippi and Alabama (Schiefer 1998; Holt 2013). Quercus, Amelanchier (Rosales: Rosaceae), and Castanea (Fagales: Fagaceae) species are larval host plants of Hebestola nebulosa Haldeman. Liriodendron and Nyssa (Cornales: Cornaceae) species are developmental hosts for Aegomorphus morrisii (Uhler) (Linsley & Chemsak 1997), yet A. morrisii adults can also be attracted to a blacklight (Shieffer 1998). Alnus serrulata (Aiton) Willd. (Fagales: Betulaceae), Betula species (Fagales: Betulaceae), and Corylopsis species (Saxifragales: Hamamelidacea) are larval host plants used by S. obliqua (Lingafelter 2007). All 3 of these cerambycid species have been collected in Mississippi in ecoregion 65 (Schiefer 1998), which extends north into Tennessee. Amorpha fruticosa L. (Fabales: Fabaceae), which is the developmental host plant used by M. decora (Linsley & Chemsak 1997), can be found in ecoregions occurring across Tennessee but is less common in ecoregions 69, 66, and 65 (Ma 2016).

Coniferous plants are also used as reproductive hosts with L. abdominalis relying on Taxodium distichum (L.) Richard (Pinales: Cupressaceae) and Juniperus species (Pinales: Cupressaceae), whereas L. plebeja larvae develop within wood of Picea and Pinus species (all Pinales: Pinaceae) (Linsley & Chemsak 1997). Adults of L. plebeja have been collected on Spiraea alba var. latifolia (Aiton) Boivin (Rosales: Rosaceae) flowers and in blue, white, and yellow pan traps in ecoregion 66 in Polk and Henderson counties, in North Carolina (Campbell et al. 2007). Batyle ignicollis australis and Scaphinus muticus (F.), which both can develop within Pinus species, and within herbaceous Bidens species (Asterales: Asteraceae) and Hypericum species (Malpighiales: Hypericaceae), have been collected from southern Mississippi and Alabama (Schiefer 1998; Holt 2013).

Reproductive hosts are not documented for L. lateralis and S. sexnotata, yet adults of these species have been taken on Callicarpa americana L. (Lamiales: Lamiaceae), and on Daucus carota L. (Apiales: Apiaceae) and Bidens aristosa (Michaux) Britton (Asterales: Asteraceae), respectively, in Mississippi ecoregions 74 and 65 (Lago & Mann 1987; Schiefer 1998), as well as in Lauderdale county, Alabama, in ecoregion 71 (Holt 2013).

Acknowledgments

We thank Jeff Huether [JHGC] and Jason Basham [JMBC] for access to their personal insect collections and data, and David Yates [DCHS], Karl Joplin [ETSU], Matthew Wilkerson [CNTC], Christopher Brown [TTUC], Frank Hale [NEAC], Daniel Miller [FSGA], and Kim Bailey [WPNC] for access to their entomological research, teaching, and outreach collections. We thank Adriean Mayor and Becky Nichols [GSMC], Juang-Horng Chong [CUAC], and Stylianos Chatzimanolis [UTCI] for access to their institutional collections and professional assistance. We appreciate the help of Victoria Bayless [LSAM], Terry Schiefer and Richard Brown [MEM], Gino Nearns and Bobby Brown [PERC], and Richard Hoebeke [UGCA] for taxonomic identifications, collection access, and assistance and confirmations of species identities across the various projects. We thank Jason Hansen, Joseph Lampley, Debbie Eskandarnia, Phil Flanagan, and numerous laboratory assistants over the past 16 yr for their assistance in insect collections and specimen processing. We appreciate the help and advice from David Wakarchuk (Synergy Semiochemical Corp.) for his access and assistance with cerambycid pheromones, and his insights about plant kairomones. This project was supported, in part, by funding from The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture, Tennessee State University College of Agriculture, Human, and Natural Sciences, USDA-NIFA Hatch Project 1009630 and its precedents (0224186 & 0203333) and USDA-NIFA Evans Allen Funding, and as value-added outputs resulting from collections made with Discover Life in America (#DLIA2009-07) and USDA-ARS (#58-6404-7-213) grants.

References Cited

Bezark LG. 2016. Checklist of the Oxypeltidae, Vesperidae, Disteniidae and Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of the western hemisphere, https://apps2.cdfa.ca.gov/publicApps/plant/bycidDB/checklists/WestHemiCerambyci-dae2016.pdf (last accessed 20 Dec 2016).

Buck SE III. 2004. Insect fauna associated with eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis (L.), in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. MS thesis, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Campbell JW, Hanula JL, Waldrop TA. 2007. Effects of prescribed fire and fire surrogates on floral visiting insects of the Blue Ridge province in North Carolina. Biological Conservation 134: 393-404.

Colwell RK. 2006. EstimateS: Statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 8.2, https://archive.org/services/purl/domain/estimates (last accessed 20 Dec 2016).

Dillon LS. 1956a. The Nearctic components of the tribe Acanthocinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Part I. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 49: 134-167.

Dillon LS. 1956b. The Nearctic components of the tribe Acanthocinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Part II. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 49: 207-235.

Dillon LS. 1956c. The Nearctic components of the tribe Acanthocinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Part III. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 49: 332-355.

Dillon LS, Dillon ES. 1941. The tribe Monochamini in the western hemisphere (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Scientific Publication 1: 1-135.

Dillon LS, Dillon ES. 1947. The tribe Dorcaschematini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 73: 173-298.

Evenhuis NL. 2016. The insect and spider collections of the world website, http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/codens (last accessed 20 Dec 2016).

Griffith GE, Omernik JM, Azevedo SH. 1997. Ecoregions of Tennessee. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/600R-97/022, https://www.epa.gov/eco-research/ecoregion-download-files-state-region-3 (last accessed 20 Dec 2016).

Gryzmala TL. 2006. Taxonomic revision and phylogenetic analysis of the genus Elytroleptus Duges (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Trachyderini). MS thesis, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Hansen JA, Basham JP, Oliver JB, Youssef NN, Klingeman WE, Moulton JK, Fare DC. 2012. New state and host plant records for metallic woodboring beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Tennessee, U.S.A. The Coleopterists Bulletin 66: 337-343.

Hansen J, Moulton JK, Klingeman WE, Oliver JB, Windham MT, Trigiano RN, Reding ME. 2015. Molecular systematics of the Chrysobothris femorata species group (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 108: 950-963.

Hart CJ, Cope JS, Ivie MA. 2013. A checklist of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Montana, USA, with distribution maps. The Coleopterists Bulletin 67: 133-148.

Holland JD. 2009. Glycobius speciosus (Say) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) has been extirpated from much of midwestern U.S.A. The Coleopterists Bulletin 63: 54-61.

Holt BD. 2013. A preliminary checklist of the Cerambycidae and Disteniidae (Coleoptera) of Alabama. The Coleopterists Bulletin 67: 241-256.

Jamerson H. 1973. The Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Tennessee. MS thesis, Memphis State University, Memphis, Tennessee.

Klingeman WE, Hansen JA, Basham JP, Oliver JB, Youssef NN, Swink W, Nalepa CA, Fare DC, Moulton JK. 2015. Seasonal flight activity and distribution of metallic woodboring beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) collected in North Carolina and Tennessee. Florida Entomologist 98: 579-587.

LaForest JM, Lambdin PL, Grant JF. 2000. Arthropod predators associated with the yellow poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera L. Proceedings of the Southern Nursery Association Research Conference 45: 175-179.

Lago PK, Mann MO. 1987. Survey of Coleoptera associated with flowers of wild carrot (Daucus carota L.) (Apiaceae) in northern Mississippi. The Coleopterists Bulletin 41: 1-8.

Leavengood Jr JM, Chapman EG. 2014. On the southeastern United States distributions of Stictoleptura canadensis (Olivier, 1795), Leptura subhamata Randall, 1838 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and Heterosturnuta cocheconis (Fall, 1917) (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporinae). Insecta Mundi 0334: 1-3.

Lingafelter SW. 2007. Illustrated Key to the Longhorned Woodboring Beetles of the Eastern United States. Special Publication No. 3. Coleopterists Society, North Potomac, Maryland.

Linsley EG. 1962a. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part II: Taxonomy and Classification of the Parandrinae, Prioninae, Spondylinae, and Aseminae. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG. 1962b. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part III: Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Cerambycinae, Tribes Opsimini through Megaderini. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG. 1963. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part IV: Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Cerambycinae, Tribes Elaphidioni through Rhinotragini. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG. 1964. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part V: Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Cerambycinae, Tribes Callichromatini through Ancyclocerini. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG, Chemsak JA. 1972. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part VI, No. 1: Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Lepturinae. University of California Publications in Entomology, University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG, Chemsak JA. 1976. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part VI, No. 2: Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Lepturinae. University of California Publications in Entomology, University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG, Chemsak JA. 1984. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part VII, No. 1: Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Lamiinae, Tribes Parmenini through Acanthoderini. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG, Chemsak JA. 1995. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part VII, No. 2: Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Lamiinae, Tribes Acanthocinini through Hemilophini. University of California Publications in Entomology, University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Linsley EG, Chemsak JA. 1997. The Cerambycidae of North America, Part VIII: Bibliography, Index and Host Plant Index. University of California Publications in Entomology, University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Ma QV. 2016. Online database of Tennessee vascular plant occurrences, http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/vascular.shtml (last accessed 20 Dec 2016).

MacRae TC. 2000. Review of the genus Purpuricenus Dejean (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in North America. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 76: 137-169.

McCauley DM, Eanes WF. 1987. Hierarchical population structure analysis of the milkweed beetle, Tetraopes tetraophthalmus (Forster). Heredity 58: 193-201.

Meyer AM. 1937. An ecological study of Cedar Glade invertebrates near Nashville, Tennessee. Ecological Monographs 7: 403-443.

Miller DR, Crowe CM, Dodds KJ, Galligan LD, De Groot P, Hoebeke ER, Mayfield III AE, Poland TM, Raffa KF, Sweeney JD. 2015. Ipsenol, ipsdienol, ethanol, and [alpha]-pinene: trap lure blend for Cerambycidae and Buprestidae in pine forests of eastern North America. Journal of Economic Entomology 108: 1837-1851.

Oliver JB, Mannion CM. 2001. Ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) species attacking chestnut and captured in ethanol-baited traps in middle Tennessee. Environmental Entomology 30: 909-918.

Oliver JB, Youssef N, Fare D, Halcomb M, Scholl S, Klingeman W, Flanagan P. 2002. Monitoring buprestid borers in production nursery areas, pp. 17-23 In Haun G [ed.], Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Tennessee Entomological Society. Nashville, Tennessee, 10-11 Oct 2002.

Oliver JB, Fare DC, Youssef N, Klingeman W. 2004. Collection of adult flatheaded borers using multicolored traps. Proceedings of the Southern Nursery Association Research Conference 48: 193-199.

Schiefer TL. 1998. A preliminary list of the Cerambycidae and Disteniidae (Coleoptera) of Mississippi. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 124: 113-131.

Schiefer TL. 2001. Additions and corrections to the list of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Mississippi. Entomological News 112: 334-336.

Schiefer TL, Newell P. 2010. A distinctive new subspecies of Saperda lateralis F. (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from the southeastern United States. The Coleopterists Bulletin 64: 329-336.

Spomer SM. 2014. The longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of Nebraska, USA: new state records, a checklist of known species, and distribution maps. The Coleopterists Bulletin 68: 297-315.

TCEIR (Tennessee Cooperative Economic Insect Report). 1972. Annual Summary. Tennessee Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, Insect Survey Committee, Nashville, Tennessee.

Tindall KV, Stewart S, Musser F, Lorenz G, Bailey W, House J, Henry R, Hastings D, Wallace M, Fothergill K. 2010. Distribution of the long-horned beetle, Dectes texanus, in soybeans in Missouri, western Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. Journal of Insect Science 10: 178.

Trieff DD. 2002. Composition of the Coleoptera and associated insects collected by canopy fogging of northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) trees in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and The University of Tennessee Arboretum. MS thesis, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Vlasak J. 2014. New larval host records for North American Cerambycidae (Coleoptera). The Coleopterists Bulletin 68: 316-320.

Werle CT. 2002. Insects associated with southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora L.) in east Tennessee. MS thesis, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Yanega D. 1996. Field Guide to Northeastern Longhorned Beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Manual 6. Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois.

William E. Klingeman (1*), Nadeer N. Youssef (2), Jason B. Oliver (2), and Joshua P. Basham (2)

(1) University of Tennessee, Department of Plant Sciences, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA; E-mail: wklingem@utk.edu (W. E. K.)

(2) Tennessee State University, College of Agriculture, Human, and Natural Sciences, Otis L. Floyd Research Center, McMinnville, TN 37110, USA;

E-mail: nyoussef@blomand.net (N. N. Y.), jasoliver@blomand.net (J. B. O.), joshua.basham@yahoo.com (J. P. B.)

(*) Corresponding author; E-mail: wklingem@utk.edu (W. E. K.)

Supplementary material in Florida Entomologist 100(2) (Jun 2017) is online at http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/entomologist/browse

Caption: Fig. 1. Longhorned beetle species tallied within each of the 95 Tennessee counties from collection records compiled for 230 species. Collection distribution is presented across ecoregions occurring within the western, middle, and eastern Grand Divisions of Tennessee (bold black lines). Across the Grand Divisions, county names presented in pale gray text are those from which no longhorned beetle species were collected or reported. Species tallies presented do not include county records reported in Jamerson (1973) that could not be substantiated with a specimen. Roman numerals (west to east) designate the ecoregions of Tennessee, where I corresponds with the Mississippi Alluvial Plain (ecoregion 73), II are the Mississippi Valley Loess Plains (ecoregion 74), III are the Southeastern Plains (ecoregion 65), IV is the Interior Plateau (ecoregion 71), V are the Southwestern Appalachians (ecoregion 68), VI are the Central Appalachians (ecoregion 69), VII are Ridges and Valleys (ecoregion 67), and VIII are the Blue Ridge Mountains (ecoregion 66) (after Griffith et al. 1997). Full descriptions of the Tennessee ecoregions are available at: https://www.epa.gov/eco-research/ecoregion-download-files-state-region-3.

Please Note: Illustration(s) are not available due to copyright restrictions.
Table 1. List of the Cerambycidae of Tennessee with notes on seasonal
adult activities and ecoregional distribution(s) (west to east), as
noted from collection labels.

DISTENIINAE

Elytimitatrix (Elytrimitatrix) undata (F., 1775) (=Distenia undata [F.,
1775]), Apr (1)-Oct (2), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 68, 69, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 2).

PARANDRINAE

Tribe Parandrini
Neandra brunnea (F., 1798) (=Parandra brunnea [F., 1798]), Feb (2), May
(1)-Aug (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 3).

PRIONINAE

Tribe Macrotomini
Archodontes melanoplus melanoplus (L., 1767), Jun (1), TN ecoregion(s):
67 (Suppl. Fig. 4).
Mallodon dasystomus dasystomus (Say, 1824) (=Stenodontes dasystomus
Lameer, 1902), May (2)-Aug (3), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 5).

Tribe Merosceliscini
Tragosoma harrisii (LeConte, 1851), Sevier Co., Great Smoky Mountains
NP, Porter's Creek Trail, 1 Jul 2007, M. Ferro [LSAM]. New state
record. TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 6).

Tribe Prionini
Derobrachus brevicollis Audinet-Serville, 1832, Coffee Co., AEDC, 18
Jun 1998 [ECUT]. New state record. TN ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl. Fig. 7).
Orthosoma brunneum (Forster, 1771), Apr (1)-Aug (4), Oct (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 8).
Prionus (Neopolyarthron) imbricornis (L., 1767), Jun (1)-Aug (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 9).
Prionus (Prionus) laticollis (Drury, 1773), Jun (1)-Oct (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 10).
Prionus (Prionus) pocularis Dalman (1817), May (1)-Aug (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 11).

Tribe Solenopterini

Sphenostethus taslei (Buquet, 1841) (=Derancistrus taslei [Champlain,
Kirk & Knull, 1925]), Jun (1)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67
(Suppl. Fig. 12).

NECYDALINAE
Necydalis melitta (Say, 1835), May (3)-Jun (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 13).

SPONDYLINAE

Tribe Asemini
Arhopalus foveicollis (Haldeman, 1847), Blount Co., Cades Cove, Jul
2004, Roger Dajoz [GSNP]. New state record. Since then, records from
Carter Co., Jul, Oct (1), TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 14).
Arhopalus rusticus obsoletus (Randall, 1838), Jul (3)-Oct (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 15).
Asemum striatum (L., 1758). Feb (3)-May (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 65,
71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 16).
Tetropium schwarzianum Casey, 1891, Blount Co., Cades Cove ATBI Plot,
8-21 May 2001, Robert Hightower & Jim Burbank [LSAM].
New state record. TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 17).

Tribe Atimini
Atimia confusa confusa (Say, 1826), Mar (3)-May (2), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 18).

Tribe Saphanini
Michthisoma heterodoxum LeConte, 1850, May (4)-Jul (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 19).

LEPTURINAE
Tribe Desmocerini
Desmocerus palliatus (Forster, 1771), May (4)-Aug (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 20).

Tribe Encyclopini
Encyclops caerulea (Say, 1826), Apr (4)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s): 67,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 21).

Tribe Lepturini
Alosternida chalybaea (Haldeman, 1847), May (1)-Jun (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 69, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 22).
Analeptura lineola (Say, 1824), May (1)-Oct (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 23).
Anoplodera (Anoploderomorpha) pubera (Say, 1826) (=Strangalepta pubera
Say, 1826), May (1)-Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig.
24).
Bellamira scalaris (Say, 1826), May (4)-Aug (3), TN ecoregion(s): 67,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 25).
Brachyleptura champlaini Casey, 1913, Jun (1)-Sep (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 26).
Brachyleptura circumdata (Olivier, 1795) (=Anoplodera circumdata
Chagnon, 1936), May (1)-Jun (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl.
Fig. 27).
Brachyleptura rubrica (Say, 1824) (=Anoplodera rubrica Swaine &
Hopping, 1928), Jun (2)-Jul (4), Sept (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68,
67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 28).
Brachyleptura vagans (Olivier, 1795) (=Anoplodera vagans Swaine &
Hopping, 1928), May (2)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s): 68, 67, 66 (Suppl.
Fig. 29).
Charisalia americana (Haldeman, 1847), Warren Co., McMinnville, Nursery
Research Center, "Summer" 2003, Joshua P. Basham [TSRS]. New state
record. TN ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl. Fig. 30).
Grammoptera exigua (Newman, 1841), Sevier Co., GSMNP Twin Creeks ATBI
Plot, 26 Apr to 15 May 2001, Ian C. Stocks [LSAM]. New state record.
May (3), TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 31).
Grammoptera haematites (Newman, 1841), Apr (1)-Jun (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 32).
Grammoptera subargentata (Kirby, 1837), May (4)-Jun (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 33).
Idiopidonia pedalis (LeConte, 1861), May (2)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s):
66 (Suppl. Fig. 34).
Judolia cordifera (Olivier, 1795) (=Anoplodera cordifera Swaine &
Hopping, 1928), May (3)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 35).
Leptura (Leptura) subhamata Randall, 1838, Jun (1)-Aug (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 36).
Lepturopsis biforis (Newman, 1841) (=Anoplodera biforis Swaine &
Hopping, 1928), Jun (4)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig.
37). Neoalosterna capitata (Newman, 1841), Apr (3)-Jul (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 38).
Stenelytrana emarginata (F., 1797) (=Leptura emarginata [F., 1787]),
Jun (3)-Sep (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 39).
Stictoleptura canadensis canadensis (Olivier, 1795), Aug (1)-Sep (1),
TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 40).
Strangalepta abbreviata (Germar, 1824), May (3)-Sep (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 41).
Strangalia acuminata (Olivier, 1795) (=Strangalina acuminata Boppe,
1921), May (4)-Jul (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig.
42).
Strangalia bicolor (Swederus, 1787) (=Strangalina bicolor Boppe, 1921),
Jun (2)-Jul (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 43).
Strangalia famelica famelica (Newman, 1841) (=Strangalina famelica
Boppe, 1921), May (2)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 66 (Suppl.
Fig. 44).
Strangalia famelica solitaria (Haldeman, 1847) May (4)-Aug (1), Oct
(1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 45).
Strangalia luteicornis (F., 1775) (=Strangalina luteicornis Boppe,
1921), May (4)-Aug (4), Oct (1), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 68, 67,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 46).
Strophiona nitens (Forster, 1771) (=Anoplodera nitens Swaine & Hopping,
1928), May (4)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 47).
Trachysida mutabilis (Newman, 1841) (=Anoplodera mutabilis Swaine &
Hopping, 1928), May (2)-Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig.
48).
Trigonarthris minnesotana (Casey, 1913), Blount Co., Cades Cove, 10 Jul
1936, H. B. Seibert [GSNP]. New state record. Since then, records from
Anderson and Warren Cos., May (4)-Jul (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 49).
Trigonarthris proxima (Say, 1824) (=Anoplodera proxima Swaine &
Hopping, 1928), May (1)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl.
Fig. 50).
Typocerus acuticauda acuticauda Casey (1913), Jun (2)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 51).
Typocerus deceptus Knull, 1929, Jun (2)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 52).
Typocerus lugubris (Say, 1824), Jun (2)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 53).
Typocerus lunulatus lunulatus (Swederus, 1787), Jun (3)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 54).
Typocerus octonotatus (Haldeman, 1847), Jun (1)-Jul (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71 (Suppl. Fig. 55).
Typocerus sinuatus (Newman, 1841), Jun (4)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s):
74 (Suppl. Fig. 56).
Typocerus velutinus velutinus (Olivier, 1765), May (2)-Sep (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 57).
Typocerus zebra (Olivier, 1795), Apr (1)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74,
65, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 58).
Xestoleptura octonotata (Say, 1824) (=Anoplodera octonotata Swaine &
Hopping, 1928), Apr (3)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig.
59).

Tribe Rhagiini
Acmaeops discoideus (Haldeman, 1847), Apr (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71
(Suppl. Fig. 60).
Anthophylax attenuatus (Haldeman, 1847), Apr (3)-Jul (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 61).
Anthophylax cyaneus (Haldeman, 1847), May (1-3), Jul (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 62).
Anthophylax hoffmani Beutenmuller, 1903, Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s): 66
(Suppl. Fig. 63).
Anthophylax viridis LeConte, 1850, May (3)-Jun (2), TN ecoregion(s):
66 (Suppl. Fig. 64).
Brachysomida bivittata (Say, 1824) (=Acmaeops bivittatus Hopping, 1928;
Acmaeops nigripennis Melsheimer, 1853), Apr (4)-May (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 65).
Centrodera decolorata (Harris, 1841), Jun (2)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 66).
Centrodera sublineata LeConte, 1862, Apr (1)-May (1), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 67).
Evodinus monticola monticola (Randall, 1838), Apr (1)-Sep (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 68).
Gaurotes cyanipennis (Say, 1824), Apr (1)-Jul (4), Oct (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 69).
Gaurotes thoracica (Haldeman, 1847), Apr (3)-May (3), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 70).
Metacmaeops vittata (Swederus, 1787) (=Acmaeops directus Dillon &
Dillon, 1961), May (4)-Aug (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 71). Pidonia aurata (Horn, 1860), May (2)-Aug (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 72).
Pidonia densicollis (Casey, 1914), May (3)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s):
66 (Suppl. Fig. 73).
Pidonia ruficollis (Say, 1824), Apr (1)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s): 67,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 74).
Rhagium inquisitor inquisitor (L., 1758), Feb (4)-Jun (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 75).
Stenocorus (Stenocorus) cylindricollis (Say, 1824) (=Toxotus
cylindricollis LeConte, 1850), Aug (1), TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl.
Fig. 76).
Stenocorus (Stenocorus) schaumii (LeConte, 1850), Sevier Co., Goshen
Prong ATBI Plot, 8-21 May 2001, Ian C. Stocks [LSAM]. New state record.
A specimen from Johnson City, Washington Co. (ETSU) lacks date
information, yet anecdotal accounts suggest its collection prior to
2001. May (4), Aug (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 77).
Stenocorus (Stenocorus) vittiger (Randall, 1838) (=Toxotus
cinnamopterus Cox, 1861), May (3)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 78).
Stenocorus (Toxotopsis) cinnamopterus (Randall, 1838) (=Toxotus
cin-namopterus Haldeman, 1847), Apr (3)-Jun (3), TN ecoregion(s): 74,
71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 79).

Tribe Xyloseini
Leptorhabdium pictum (Haldeman, 1847), May (3)-Jul (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 80).

CERAMBYCINAE

Tribe Anaglyptini
Cyrtophorus verrucosus (Olivier, 1795), Mar (3)-Jul (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 65, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 81).
Microclytus compressicollis (Laporte and Gory, 1835), Apr (3)-Jun (3),
TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 82).
Tilloclytus geminatus (Haldeman, 1847), Mar (3)-Jun (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 83).

Tribe Bothriospilini
Knulliana cincta cincta (Drury, 1773), Mar (2)-Aug (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 84).
Knulliana cincta spinifera (F., 1792), Mar (4)-Jul (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 85).

Tribe Callichromatini
Plinthocoelium suaveolens suaveolens (L., 1768), Jul (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl. Fig. 86).

Tribe Callidiini
Callidium antennatum antennatum Newman, 1838, Apr (4), Jun (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 65, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 87).
Callidium texanum Schaeffer, 1917, Warren Co., McMinnville, Nursery
Research Center, 6 May 2003, Joshua P. Basham [JPBC]. New state record.
Since then, records from Coffee, Rutherford, and Smith Cos., Apr
(4)-May (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl. Fig. 88).
Phymatodes aereus (Newman, 1838), Apr (2,3), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68,
67 (Suppl. Fig. 89).
Phymatodes amoenus (Say, 1824), Mar (3)-May (3), Aug (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 73, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 90).
Phymatodes testaceus (L., 1758), Apr (2)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 91).
Phymatodes varius (F., 1776), Mar (3)-May (4), TN ecoregion(s): 65,
71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 92).
Physocnemum brevilineum (Say, 1824), activity data not reported. TN
ecoregion(s): 67 (Suppl. Fig. 93).
Semanotus amethystinus (LeConte, 1853), Shelby Co., 4 Jun 1971, H.
Jamerson [UGCA]. New state record. TN ecoregion(s): 74 (Suppl. Fig. 94).
Semanotus ligneus (F., 1787), Feb (1), Apr (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71
(Suppl. Fig. 95).

Tribe Clytiini
Clytoleptus albofasciatus (Laporte & Gory, 1838), Lawrence Co., 24 Mar
1988 [NEAC]. New state record. Since then, records from Anderson,
Blount, and Warren Cos., Mar (4)-Jul (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 96).
Clytus marginicollis Laporte and Gory, 1838, Apr (3)-Jul (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 97).
Clytus ruricola (Olivier, 1795), Apr (4)-Aug (2), Oct (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 98).
Megacyllene caryae (Gahan, 1908), Mar (3)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 99).
Megacyllene robiniae (Forster, 1771), Jul (1)-Nov (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 100).
Neoclytus acuminatus acuminatus (F., 1775), Mar (3)-Oct (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 101).
Neoclytus caprea (Say, 1824), Mar (3)-May (4), Nov (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 102).
Neoclytus horridus (LeConte, 1862), Mar (4)-Apr (3), Nov (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 103).
Neoclytus jouteli jouteli (Davis, 1904), Jun (4)-Jul (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 104).
Neoclytus mucronatus mucronatus (F., 1775), Apr (4)-Nov (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 105).
Neoclytus scutellaris (Olivier, 1790), May (1)-Sep (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 106).
Sarosesthes fulminans (F., 1775), May (2)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 107).
Xylotrechus aceris Fisher, 1917, Warren Co., McMinnville, Centertown,
9-16 Jul 2010, [TSRS]. New state record. Since then, records from
Sequatchie Co., Jun (4)-Aug (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68 (Suppl. Fig.
108).
Xylotrechus colonus (F., 1775), Apr (1)-Sep (4), TN ecoregion(s): 73,
74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 109).
Xylotrechus integer (Haldeman, 1847), Apr (3), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71,
67 (Suppl. Fig. 110).
Xylotrechus nitidus (Horn, 1860), Sevier Co., GSMNP, Sugarlands
[Visitor Center], 1 April to 28 June 2007, Michael Ferro [LSAM]. New
state record. TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 111).
Xylotrechus sagittatus sagittatus (Germar, 1821), Jun (3)-Oct (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 112).

Tribe Curiini
Curius dentatus Newman, 1840, Warren Co., McMinnville, Nursery Research
Center, 1-8 Jul 2002, Jason B. Oliver [TSRS]. New state record. Since
then, records from Anderson, Fayette, and Franklin Cos., May (4)-Aug
(1), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 113).

Tribe Cryobiiini
Dryobius sexnotatus Linsley, 1957, Jun (2)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 114).

Tribe Eburiini
Eburia (Eburia) haldemani LeConte, 1851, activity data not reported. TN
ecoregion(s): 68 (Suppl. Fig. 115).
Eburia (Eburia) quadrigeminata (Say, 1826), May (2)-Aug (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 116).

Tribe Elaphidiini
Aneflomorpha subpubescens (LeConte, 1862), Jun (2)-Jul (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 117).
Anelaphus moestus moestus (LeConte, 1854), Hamilton Co., Chattanooga,
Mountain Creek Road, 16 June 2008, S. Chatzimanolis [UTCI]. New state
record. Since then, records from Franklin and Sequatchie Cos., Jun
(2,3), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 118).
Anelaphus parallelus (Newman, 1840) (=Elaphidionoides parallelus
Linsley, 1963), Mar (2)-Oct (3), TN ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 71, 68, 67,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 119).
Anelaphus pumilus (Newman, 1840), Mar (3)-Jun (3), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 120).
Anelaphus villosus (F., 1792) (=Elaphidionoides villosus Linsley,
1957), Apr (2)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 71, 68, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 121).
Elaphidion mucronatum (Say, 1824), May (1)-Sep (2), TN ecoregion(s):
73, 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 122).
Enaphalodes atomarius (Drury, 1773), Jun (3)-Oct (2), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 123).
Enaphalodes cortiphagus (Craighead, 1923), Jun (4)-Oct (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 124).
Enaphalodes rufulus (Haldeman, 1847), Jun (1)-August (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 125).
Micranoplium unicolor (Haldeman, 1847), Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71
(Suppl. Fig. 126).
Parelaphidion aspersum (Haldeman, 1847) (=Elaphidionoides aspersus
Linsley, 1963), May (1)-Oct (1), TN ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 71, 68, 67,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 127).
Parelaphidion incertum (Newman, 1840) (=Elaphidionoides incertus
Linsley, 1963), May (2)-Aug (3), TN ecoregion(s): 73, 71, 68, 67
(Suppl. Fig. 128).
Psyrassa pertenuis (Casey, 1924), May (1)-Jul (2), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 68 (Suppl. Fig. 129).
Psyrassa unicolor (Randall, 1838), Jun (1)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 130).
Stenosphenus notatus (Olivier, 1795), Mar (4)-Jul (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 131).

Tribe Hesperophanini
Tylonotus bimaculatus Haldeman, 1847, Jun (1)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 132).

Tribe Hylotrupini
Hylotrupes bajulus (L., 1758), Apr (3), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71,
67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 133).

Tribe Ibidionini
Heterachthes ebenus Newman, 1840, May (1), TN ecoregion(s): 74 (Suppl.
Fig. 134).
Heterachthes quadrimaculatus Haldeman, 1847 (=Heterachthes pallidus
Blatchley, 1919), Jun (1)-Sep (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl.
Fig. 135).

Tribe Molorchini
Molorchus bimaculatus bimaculatus Say, 1824, Feb (4)-Jun (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 136).
Molorchus bimaculatus corni Haldeman, 1847, Mar (1)-May (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 137).
Molorchus bimaculatus semiustus (Newman, 1840). Shelby Co., 8 Apr 1973,
A. H. Clay [UGCA]. New state record. Since then, records from Anderson
and Warren Cos., Mar (4)-Apr (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67 (Suppl.
Fig. 138).

Tribe Obriini
Obrium maculatum (Olivier, 1795) (=Obrium howdeni Knull, 1955), Apr
(4)-Aug (3), TN ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 65, 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 139).
Obrium rufulum Gahan (1908). Wilson Co., Cedars of Lebanon State Park,
14 Jun 1997, T. L. Schiefer [MEM]. New state record. Since then, record
from Warren Co., Jun (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl. Fig. 140).

Tribe Oemini
Oeme rigida rigida (Say, 1826), May (2)-Jun (2), TN ecoregion(s): 65,
71 (Suppl. Fig. 141).

Tribe Rhopalophorini
Rhopalophora longipes (Say, 1824), May (2)-Sep (3), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 142).

Tribe Smodicini
Smodicum cucujiforme (Say, 1826), Jun (2)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 143).

Tribe Stenopterini
Callimoxys sanguinicollis (Olivier, 1795), Apr (2)-Jun (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 144).

Tribe Tillomorphini
Euderces picipes (F., 1787), Apr (2)-Aug (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68,
67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 145).
Euderces pini (Olivier, 1795), Mar (3)-Aug (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74,
71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 146).
Euderces reichei LeConte, 1873, May (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl.
Fig. 147).

Tribe Trachyderini
Batyle suturalis suturalis (Say, 1824), Mar (1), May (3)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 148).
Elytroleptus floridanus (LeConte, 1862), Apr (3), TN ecoregion(s): 65,
71 (Suppl. Fig. 149).
Purpuricenus axillaris Haldeman, 1847, Jun (3,4), TN ecoregion(s): 68,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 150).
Purpuricenus humeralis (F., 1798), May (2)-Sep (4), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 151).
Purpuricenus paraxillaris MacRae, 2000, Jun (1), TN ecoregion(s): 66
(Suppl. Fig. 152).
Tragidion coquus (L., 1758), Jul (1)-Aug (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 68
(Suppl. Fig. 153).

LAMIINAE

Tribe Acanthocinini
Acanthocinus nodosus (F., 1775) (=Tylocerinus nodosus Dillon, 1956),
Jun (1), Aug (1), TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 154).
Acanthocinus obsoletus (Olivier, 1795) (=Neacanthocinus obsoletus
Dillon, 1956), May (4)-Aug (4), TN ecoregion(s): 65, 71, 68, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 155).
Astyleiopus variegatus (Haldeman, 1847) (=Sternidius variegatus
LeConte, 1873), May (1)-Aug (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 156).
Astylidius parvus (LeConte, 1873), Jun (4)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 157).
Astylopsis arcuata (LeConte, 1878), Jun (2)-Sep (3), TN ecoregion(s):
65, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 158).
Astylopsis collaris (Haldeman, 1847) (=Amniscus collaris Haldeman,
1847), Jun (2)-Sep (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 159).
Astylopsis macula (Say, 1826) (=Amniscus macula Haldeman, 1847), Mar
(2)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 160).
Astylopsis sexguttata (Say, 1826) (=Amniscus sexguttatus Dillon, 1956),
Apr (3)-Sep (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 161).
Dectes sayi Dillon & Dillon, 1953, Jun (4), Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 162).
Dectes texanus LeConte, 1862, Jul (3)-Sep (1), TN ecoregion(s): 73,
74, 65, 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 163).
Eutrichillus biguttatus (LeConte, 1852). May (2)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 164).
Graphisurus despectus (LeConte, 1850) (=Urographis despectus Linsley &
Chemsak, 1995), May (1)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 165).
Graphisurus fasciatus (De Geer, 1775) (=Urographis fasciatus Lameer,
1883), Apr (3)-Oct (4), TN ecoregion(s): 73, 74, 71, 68, 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 166).
Graphisurus triangulifer (Haldeman, 1847) (=Urographis triangulifer
Lameer, 1883), May (3)-Sep (3), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67 (Suppl.
Fig. 167). Hyperplatys aspersa (Say, 1824), Apr (3)-Jul (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 168).
Hyperplatys maculata Haldeman, 1847, Jun (1), Oct (1), TN ecoregion(s):
67 (Suppl. Fig. 169).
Leptostylus asperatus (Haldeman, 1847), Mar (4)-Sep (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 170).
Leptostylus transversus (Gyllenhal, 1817), Mar (4)-Oct (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 171).
Lepturges (Lepturges) angulatus LeConte, 1852, May (4)-Aug (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 172).
Lepturges (Lepturges) confluens (Haldeman, 1847), May (3)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 173).
Lepturges (Lepturges) pictus (LeConte, 1852). Rutherford Co.,
Sunny-belt Glade, 12 Jun 1997, T. L. Schiefer [MEM]. New state record.
Since then, record from Warren Co., Jun (2)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s):
71 (Suppl. Fig. 174).
Lepturges (Lepturges) regularis (LeConte, 1852), May (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 67 (Suppl. Fig. 175).
Lepturges (Lepturges) symmetricus (Haldeman, 1847), May (4)-Jun (2),
TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 176).
Sternidius alpha (Say, 1827) (=Liopinus alpha Linsley & Chemsak, 1995),
Apr (1)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 177).
Sternidius misellus (LeConte, 1852) (=Liopinus misellus Linsley &
Chemsak, 1995), May (4)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68 (Suppl. Fig.
178).
Sternidius punctatus (Haldeman, 1847) (=Liopinus punctatus Linsley &
Chemsak, 1995), Davidson Co., Couchville Glade Natural Area, 10 Jun
1997, T. L. Schiefer [MEM]. New state record. Since then, records from
Anderson, Sevier, Warren, and Wilson Cos., May (2)-Jul (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 179).
Styloleptus biustus biustus (LeConte, 1852), Warren Co., Viola, 2006
(emerged from Quercus species collected in 2005), Joshua P. Basham
[TSRS]. New state record. Since then, records from Coffee and Lake
Cos., Jul (3), Sep (1), TN ecoregion(s): 73, 71 (Suppl. Fig. 180).
Urgleptes facetus (Say, 1826), Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 67 (Suppl.
Fig. 181).
Urgleptes foveatocollis (Hamilton, 1896), Warren Co., Viola, 2006
(emerged from Cornus species collected in 2005), Joshua P. Basham
[TSRS]. New state record. Since then, records from Anderson and Sevier
Cos., May (4)-Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 182).
Urgleptes querci (Fitch, 1858), May (4)-Aug (2), Oct (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 183).
Urgleptes signatus (LeConte, 1852). Wilson Co., Cedars of Lebanon State
Park, 10 Jun 1997, J. M. Campbell [MEM]. New state record. Since then,
records from Cocke, Sevier, and Warren Cos., May (1)-Aug (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 184).

Tribe Acanthoderini
Acanthoderes (Acanthoderes) quadrigibba (Say, 1835) (=Psapharochrus
quadrigibbus Lacordaire 1872; Aegomorphus quadrigibbus Linsley &
Chemsak, 1984), Feb (1,3), May (1)-Sep (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71,
68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 185).
Aegomorphus modestus (Gyllenhal, 1817) (=Aegoschema modestum Knull,
1946), May (1)-Aug (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig.
186).
Oplosia nubila (LeConte, 1863), Sevier Co., GSMNP, Twin Creeks ATBI
Plot, 10-29 May 1999, C. R. Parker [LSAM]. New state record. May
(3)-Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 187).

Tribe Agapanthiini
Hippopsis lemniscata (F., 1801), Apr (4)-Sep (1), TN ecoregion(s): 74,
71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 188).

Tribe Cyrtinini
Cyrtinus pygmaeus (Haldeman, 1847), May (4)-Jun (2), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 189).

Tribe Desmiphorini
Eupogonius pauper LeConte, 1852 (=Eupogonius vestitus LeConte, 1852),
Jun (1)-Jul (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 190).
Eupogonius tomentosus (Haldeman, 1847), Jun (1)-Jul (3), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 191).
Psenocerus supernotatus (Say, 1826), Apr (1)-Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 68, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 192).

Tribe Dorcaschematini
Dorcaschema alternatum (Say, 1824), May (1)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 193).
Dorcaschema cinereum (Olivier, 1795), May (1)-Aug (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 194).
Dorcaschema nigrum (Say, 1826), May (4), Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 195).
Dorcaschema wildii Uhler, 1855, Jun (4), Jul (2), TN ecoregion(s): 74
(Suppl. Fig. 196).

Tribe Monochamini
Goes debilis LeConte, 1852, activity data not reported. TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 197).
Goes pulcher (Haldeman, 1847), activity data not reported. TN
ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl. Fig. 198).
Goes tesselatus (Haldeman, 1847), activity data not reported. TN
ecoregion(s): 68 (Suppl. Fig. 199).
Goes tigrinus (De Geer, 1775), May (1)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 200).
Microgoes oculatus (LeConte, 1862), Apr (4)-Sep (2), TN ecoregion(s):
67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 201).
Monochamus carolinensis (Olivier, 1792), Mar (4)-Sep (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 202).
Monochamus marmorator (Kirby, 1837), Jul (2), Sep (4), TN ecoregion(s):
66 (Suppl. Fig. 203).
Monochamus notatus (Drury, 1773), May (3)-Oct (2), TN ecoregion(s):
68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 204).
Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus (Say, 1824), Mar (3)-Sep (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 65, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 205).
Monochamus titillator (F., 1775), Apr (1)-Aug (1), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 206).
Plectrodera scalator (F., 1792), May (3)-Oct (1), TN ecoregion(s): 73,
74, 71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 207).

Tribe Obereiini
Oberea affinis Leng & Hamilton, 1896, Cocke Co., GSMNP, Albright Grove
at Old Growth Forest, 29 Jun 2001, Ian C. Stocks [LSAM]. New state
record. Since then, records in Blount Co., Jun (4)-Jul (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 66 (Suppl. Fig. 208).
Oberea myops Haldeman, 1847, Jun (3)-Jul (3), TN ecoregion(s): 66
(Suppl. Fig. 209).
Oberea ocellata Haldeman, 1847, May (3)-Jul (1), TN ecoregion(s): 74,
71 (Suppl. Fig. 210).
Oberea perspicillata Haldeman, 1847 (=Oberea basalis LeConte, 1852),
Mar (1)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 211).
Oberea praelonga Casey, 1913, Anderson Co., 7 Jun 1970, W. Cloyd
[CNTC]. New state record. Since then, records from Sevier and Warren
Cos., May (4)-Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 212).
Oberea ruficollis (F., 1792), Jun (4)-Sep (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71,
68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 213).
Oberea tripunctata (Swederus, 1787) (=Oberea mandarina LeConte, 1852),
May (3)-Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 214).

Tribe Onciderini
Oncideres cingulata cingulata (Say, 1826), Apr (2), Aug (3)-Sep (4),
TN ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 215).

Tribe Phytoeciini
Mecas (Mecas) cana cana (Newman, 1840), Jun (1), TN ecoregion(s): 71
(Suppl. Fig. 216).
Mecas (Mecas) cineracea Casey, 1913, Franklin Co., 3 miles NW of
Huntland, 12 Aug 2003, N. N. Youssef [TSRS]. New state record. TN
ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl. Fig. 217).
Mecas (Mecas) pergrata (Say, 1824), May (3)-Jun (2), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 67 (Suppl. Fig. 218).

Tribe Pogonocherini
Ecyrus dasycerus dasycerus (Say, 1827), Feb (3), May (4)-Sep (2), TN
ecoregion(s): 74, 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 219).
Pogonocherus (Pogonocherus) mixtus Haldeman, 1847. Emerged from larval
host [controlled climate]. TN ecoregion(s): 68 (Suppl. Fig. 220).

Tribe Pteropliini
Ataxia crypta (Say, 1831), Feb (2), Jun (4), TN ecoregion(s): 74
(Suppl. Fig. 221).
Tribe Saperdini
Saperda candida F., 1787, May (3)-Aug (4), TN ecoregion(s): 67, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 222).
Saperda discoidea F., 1798, May (4)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 67,
66 (Suppl. Fig. 223).
Saperda imitans Felt and Joutel, 1904, Jun (1)-Jul (1), Oct (1), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 224).
Saperda lateralis F., 1775, May (2)-Aug (1), Oct (1), TN ecoregion(s):
71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 225).
Saperda puncticollis Say, 1824, Warren Co., Nursery Research Center,
6-11 May 2004, [TSRS]. New state record. TN ecoregion(s): 71 (Suppl.
Fig. 226).
Saperda tridentata Olivier, 1795, May (2)-Aug (2), TN ecoregion(s):
74, 71, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 227).
Saperda vestita Say, 1824, May (3)-Aug (3), TN ecoregion(s): 71, 66
(Suppl. Fig. 228).

Tribe Tetraopini
Tetraopes femoratus LeConte, 1847, Aug (3), Oct (4), TN ecoregion(s):
71 (Suppl. Fig. 229).
Tetraopes melanurus Schoenherr, 1817, Aug (1), TN ecoregion(s): 67
(Suppl. Fig. 230).
Tetraopes tetrophthalmus (Forster, 1771), Apr (3)-Sep (4), TN
ecoregion(s): 71, 68, 67, 66 (Suppl. Fig. 231).

Table 2. Ecoregional distribution of Cerambycidae species tallied
within each of the 8 ecoregions occurring across Tennessee.

Ecoregion (a)   Level III ecoregion category   Species tally

Ecoregion 73    Mississippi Alluvial Plain      15
Ecoregion 74    Mississippi Valley              63
                Loess Plains
Ecoregion 65    Southeastern Plains             20
Ecoregion 71    Interior Plateau               167
Ecoregion 68    Southwestern Appalachians       86
Ecoregion 69    Central Appalachians             2
Ecoregion 67    Ridges and Valleys             151
Ecoregion 66    Blue Ridge Mountains           159

Ecoregion (a)     Generalized description of representative flora (b)

Ecoregion 73      Cropland, pasture,  oak-tupelo-bald cypress deciduous
                  forest
Ecoregion 74      Cropland, pasture, woodlands (beech, sugar maple),
                  oak-hickory forest, cypress-gum swamp habitat,
                  oak-tupelo deciduous forest
Ecoregion 65      Cropland, pasture, bottomland hardwoods (sycamore,
                  sweetgum, tupelo, oak, cypress), oak-hickory-pine
                  forest, blackbelt forest (sweetgum, oak, cedar),
                  bluestem prairie
Ecoregion 71      Cropland, pasture, oak-hickory forest, bluestem
                  prairie, cedar glades (red cedar, winged elm,
                  hackberry, oak)
Ecoregion 68      Cropland, pasture, mixed oak and shortleaf pine
                  forests; beech-tulip poplar forests, hemlock, sugar
                  maple-basswood-ash-buckeye forest
Ecoregion 69      Appalachian oak forest, northern hardwood forest
                  (beech, sugar maple, tulip poplar)
Ecoregion 67      Cropland, pasture, white and chestnut oak forests,
                  sycamore-ash-elm forests, cedar-pine glades, pine
                  forest
Ecoregion 66      Appalachian oak forest, northern hardwoods (maple,
                  birch, beech, hemlock), oak-pine communities,
                  southeastern spruce-fir forest, hemlock, rhododendron,
                  shrub, grass and heath balds

(a) Ecoregions are presented in order of occurrence, from West to East,
across the state of Tennessee.
(b) Generalized descriptions of the representative flora for each
ecoregion are adapted from The Ecoregions of Tennessee (after Griffith
et al. 1997).
COPYRIGHT 2017 Florida Entomological Society
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2017 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Klingeman, William E.; Youssef, Nadeer N.; Oliver, Jason B.; Basham, Joshua P.
Publication:Florida Entomologist
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:1U6TN
Date:Jun 1, 2017
Words:9555
Previous Article:A detailed updated description of the morphology of the larva of Reesa vespulae (Coleoptera: Dermestidae: Megatominae: Megatomini).
Next Article:Morphology of the female reproductive system and physiological age-grading of Megamelus scutellaris (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), a biological control...
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2021 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters |