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The lexical notes in MS Harley 2742.

Ms Harley 2742 was sold to the British Library in 1725 after having been owned by Johann Graevius (1623-1703), the Elector Palatine Johann Wilhelm, and Giovanni Giacomo Zamboni (d. 1753).(1) It was rebound in 1949. On fos [7.sup.r]-[77.sup.r] (s.xiii med.)(2) there is a text of Ovid's Metamorphoses, extending from Bk. IV.207 to the end (Explicit Ovidius Methamorfosios). There are red marginal rubrics and occasional red, or red and blue, initials. Three thirteenth-century hands have added vernacular glosses, the smallest of the three being contemporary with the main text. On some folios glosses have been added by several fourteenth-century hands.(3) On fo. [9.sup.r] beside IV.432 ('Est via declivis funesta nubilo taxo') the contemporary glossator has written 'hec taxus arbor amarissima, hic taxus animal, tessun, broc', clearly indicating his insular origin, and similarly on fo. [15.sup.v] beside V.486 (gramen) we have '.s.golde vel filix'. The thirteenth-century annotations are as follows:

fo. [17.sup.v], VI.54 intendunt : hourdiunt; fo. [18.sup.r], VI.132 radium : illud instrumentum : spole; fo. [22.sup.r], VIII.640 textum rude : tapis gallice, rude; VIII.656 sponda : hec sponda est anterior pars lecti .s. gallice espunde; fo. [22.sup.v], VIII.674 carica palmis : fructus palme, date gallice; fo. [33.sup.v], X.114 bulla : eschelet; fo. [40.sup.r], XI.36 ligones: marre; fo. [43.sup.r], XI.335 crabronum: scrabonum .s. taun; fo. [45.sup.r], XI.568 reedlos fluctus : uagge; fo. [45.sup.v], XI.605 papavera : popies; fo. [46.sup.v], XI.746 incubat : cuve; fo. [49.sup.v], XII.243 cadi curvique lebetes : barris gallice, trestel;(4) fo. [60.sup.r], XIII.789 ligustri : succle, ligurio - ris lecher; fo. [71.sup.v], XV.316 electro...auroque : laitons; fo. [72.sup.r], XV.368 crab[r]onis : echerbot gallice; fo. [72.sup.v], XV.389 spina : eschine gallice; fo. [73.sup.r], XV.474 viscata : viscus, glus gallice.

Folios 77 and 78 constitute a bifolium from another quire. On fo. 77va/b is found part of a metrical work on grammar, including the distinction of homonyms or equivoca, somewhat resembling John of Garland's Unus omium.(5) Folio 78 contains a set of grammatical, mostly lexical, notes representing a commentary on a text from which they have been detached, as is the case with the grammatical commentary in MS Cambridge, Trinity College R. 3.56(6) which also contains vernacular glosses. Grammatical commentaries were produced in the thirteenth century for a large number of texts and Alexander Nequam's Corrogationes Promethei was an influential example of such commentary applied to the Vulgate.(7)

In the edition of the grammatical notes which follows, which is designed to supersede Meyer's treatment of the text,(8) I have numbered the entries for ease of reference:

fo. [78.sup.r] 1. strata strate : voie batue 2. antedarium : avantages 3. inter dicit spatium, inter duos vel inter duo 4. verba incoactiva carent preteritis et supinis 5. decipio, decipis: assoter 6. veternum, veterni : jaunisce; 7. enervo - vas: affoler 8. doctor est lecturus librum, liber etiam est legendus 9. latinum est ego et tu cantabimus : [r-h. margin] entre moi et to[i] chanterons 10. indigeo potest construi cum genitivo et ablativo 11. compono, quod est pacem facio, neutrum est 12. inficio -cis: conchier 13. improbus et reprobus: mauvais 14. mutatorium : robe a parer 15. a(l)nelitus : alaine 16. suo -is: coudre 17. subula, subule: alesne 18. anelo -las : beer 19. de duo et de (de) bellum dicitur duellum : bataille de .ii. hommes 20. de ambo et de dexter dicitur ambidexter : esclanchiers 21. de stilla et de cado dicitur stillicidium : la goutiere 22. mancionalius : masniers 23. mansiuncula : petite maison 24. arthobea -bee: mais 25. trabea -bee, vestis imperialis 26. composita de scando sunt neutra .s. ascendo, conscendo, descendo 27. de scando dicitur scansile : estrier, strepa(9) : estrier 29. composita de candeo sunt activa .s. accendo, incendo, subcendo 30. solitarius est ille qui est sepe solus, solivagus ille qui vadit libenter solus 31. levigo -gas : planer 32. planus -ni : unis 33. lechitus, lechiti, vas olei 34. linquo componitur relinquo, derelinquo et delinquo, quod est neutrum 35. de detraho dicitur detractor : mesdiseres et detractio : mesdiz 36. equitium, equitii : haraz 37. insto -stas : anguissier 38. invado -dis : envair 39. evado -dis : eschaper 40. cicada, [c]iquade: grisillon 41. tritho, trithonis : jougleres 42. de orare et de scopos dicitur oroscopus : marliers 43. exordium, primordium, idem est quod principium 44. pregusto, pregustas: essaier 45. vespertilio, vespertilionis: chauve suriz 46. noctus et spurius idem est .s. bastarz 47. urina -ne : orine 48. anfora -re : poz a .ii. anses 49. polentrudium : buletiax 50. taratantarum : saz 51. culcitra(10) -tre : coute 52. pulvinar -naris: coissin 53. manibrium : manche 54. cremium: chaon 55. chaminus : cheminee 56. strues, struis : mossiau de buche 57. congeries : mossiau de pierre 58. nomina verbalia in -or vel in -trix desinentia exigunt genitivos 59. epar, epatis : foie 60. cucupha : cuife 61. gestio -tis : covoitier 62. exscamo -mas : escaillier 63. infirmo -mas : faire malade 64. pectorale : poitrail 65. composita de sono sunt neutra 66. composita de primo sunt activa 67. pavidus timet de facili, timidus autem aliquando, sed non de facili 68. invitus -ti: malgre lui 69. composita de mitto sunt activa, preter committo, quod idem est quod preco 70. micile : guavelos 71. noctua:suette 72. nictichorax : huhan 73. focaria, scorto idem sunt .s. ribaude 74. suscitare est vitam reddere 75. offendo -dis : aboissier, et inde offendiculum : aboissiaus 76. oftendo -dis : correcier, et inde offensa: corrouz 77. pulverulantus: ampou[d]rez 78. vanga(11) -ge : besche 79. vibrare : vi brachii rem movere 80. spica(s) -ce: paume 81. pethasus -si : bacon 82. capsedra -dre : broche 83. hic et hec veneripeta : ribaus ou ribaude 84. sporta, sporte: corbaille, et idem sportula : corbillon, unde dicitur beatus Paulus per murum in sporta demissus est 85. eicio -cis : geter hors 87. expello -lis: bouter hors 88. educo -cis: mener hors 89. lunaticus, lunagus, limphaticus idem est 90. laberintus : domus Dedali 91. exalto -tas : mettre hauz 92. equiparo -as: faire uni 93. palpo -pas : manoier 94. sordes -dis : ordure 95. involucrum : male 96. involvo : envoleper 97. peculium est pecunia quesita ex ovis et casiis, et inde peculiaris, quod est familiaris : familleus 98. discerno -nis : jugier et deviser 99. composita de tego sunt activa 100. composita de spiro sunt neutra 101. composita de fundo sunt activa 102. composita de rapio sunt activa 103. immensum dicitur quod non potest mensurari 104. tanto et quanto nomina relativa sunt et carent vocativis 105. humo -mas : enterrer 106. precarium : avoir a emprompt 107. perithoria : escot de taverne 108. fideiubeo -bes:apleger 109. lencipex : esculier 110. imprecor -caris: maudire 111. deprecor : prier et desprier 112. morosus : de bon affaire 113. consternor -naris : esbahir 114. ansio -onis : achaz 115. de neos, quod est novum, et mene, quod est luna vel defectus, dicitur neomenia : novelle lune 116. de novus dicitur novale -lis : essart, et inde novacula vel novaculum instrumentum ad cindendum 117. de excito et animus dicitur exanimo -mas : faire hardi 118. hortulanus : cortilliers 119. edico -cis : dire haut 120. stratulates : roberres de chimin 121. maratrum et feniculum idem sunt .s. fenoil 122. manibra -bre idem est quod discessio vel discessus 123. torreo -res, quod est uro -ris, est activum et inde toris : li tisons 124. torre[o] -res, quod est impetuose fluere, est neutrum, et inde torrens : ravois 125. gausape : nape 126. zodoara : citoaz 127. caliga : chauce 128. lumbare : braier 129. femoralia : braies

1 See C. E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani (London, 1972), 168f. and 367.

2 Fos 1-6 belong to another, much later manuscript.

3 fo. [2.sup.r] ambro, ambronis : laruns gallice; fo. [10.sup.v] hec sindula : essaule gallice; fo. [14.sup.r] birrum, birri, inde buretum : chapel de burel; fo. [20.sup.r] nectar : clare gallice; fo. [40.sup.r] pullus : poulains gallice; fo. [64.sup.r] multro, -tras : murdrir gallice; fo. [72.sup.r] (XV.373) tinee : cheniles gallice; fo. [73.sup.r] (XV.474) visacta : engluer gallice.

4 A fourteenth-century hand has added 'cadi, barri gallice, caudiere gallice'.

5 See T. Hunt, Teaching and Learning Latin in Thirteenth-Century England (Cambridge, 1991), i.395-9.

6 See Hunt, op. cit., i.274-86.

7 See Hunt, op. cit., i.235-46.

8 'Anciennes gloses francaises', Romania, xxiv (1895), 161-73 at 161-9.

9 Preceded by expuncted 7.

10 MS = pulcitra.

11 MS = naringa.

Notes

Abbrev. R1 & 2 = M. Roques, Recueil general des lexiques francais du moyen age (XII-XV siecle), 2 t., Bibl. de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes fasc. 264 and 269 (Paris, 1936 and 1938); Summa Brit. = Summa Britonis sive Guillelmi Britonis Expositiones vocabulorum Biblie, ed. L. W. Daly and Bernadine A. Daly, 2 vols (Padova, 1975).

2. Cf. DMLBS sub antidorum and TL 1,707.

5. Here, as elsewhere, c is written for s. R1, p. 72, line 125 desipere : asoter; R2, p. 102, 2.919 desipio -pis : assotir ou amenrir de sens.

7. R1, p. 73, 176 enervare: afoler.

12. 'to besmirch'.

14. R1, p. 402, 5.495 mutatorium : peces de vestemens; R2 p. 268, 7.827 mutatorium, -rii : vestemens precieux.

20. The meaning of the gloss is 'left-handed'!

22. TL gives only one, uncertain, example of maisnier (5,889). Cf. R2, p. 246, 7.199 mansionarius -ria -rium: mansionnaires, c'est demourant ou ce qui appartient a mansion.

23. R2, p. 246, 7.200 mansiuncula -le: petite maisonnecte.

24. meaning uncertain, one expects artocrea as a common glossary word, but Gfry 5,313a glosses met with 'petrin, huche' including for bread-making purposes.

33. Cf. R1, p. 176, 3.394 lechitus olei : vesseau a uyle; R2, p. 226, 6.616 lechitus -ti: vaissiaux a oille, burecte.

42. 'sexton, verger'. Cf. TL 5, 1191 sub marreglier; cf. R1, p. 353, 3.866 horoscopus : secretein.

46. noctus for nothus.

54. R1, p. 16, 549 cremium : cretons; p. 137, 1.772 cremium : chose brulee vel charbon; R2, p. 90, 2.544 cremium -ii : chaon ou char arse; Summa Brit. 1, p. 171 cremium dicitur illud quod, defrixis carnibus, extracta pinguedine, aridum remanet in patella; cfo Hunt, Teaching and Learning Latin 2, p. 156 'cremium gallice dicitur karboneis et anglice a colleop'.

60. R1, p. 301, 2.053 cucufa : coife; DMLBS sub coifa 1c.

71. R2, p. 276, 8.071 nottua -tue id est nitticorax : un oisel, suete, volant de nuit; R1, p. 45, 1.737 noctua : cuete; p. 407, 5.641 noctua : chivete, avis est, nicticorax; R2, p. 274, 8.015 nicticorax -racis : suete ou chahuant, un oisel qui vole par nuit.

73. R2, p. 148, 4.310 focaria -rie : cusine ou concubine; Summa Brit. 1, p. 273 focaria dicitur concubina. Cf. DMLBS sub 2 focarius 4.

77. R1, p. 448, 7.016 pulverunlentus: poudrout [var. poudrois]; R2, p. 338, 9.978 pulverosus -sa -sum: poudreux, plain de poudre; 9.979 pulverulentus -ta -tum: idem.

82. corr. clepsedra (for clepsydra).

83. R2, p. 434, 13.020 veneripeta -re : luxirrieux.

84. see 2 Cor. 11,33.

97. R1, p. 423, 6.167 peculium : bestial; p. 49, 1.887 peculium : biestialle; Summa Brit. 2, p. 537 peculium, peculiaris : ad peculium pertinens vel propius vel privatus vel familiaris.

106. See TL 3,142 sub emprunt, indicating a precarial grant i.e. something granted or lent upon request at the will and pleasure of the grantor.

109. TL 3,1022 accepts escuelier as a producer or mender of bowls.

112. corr. morigerosus? Cf. R2, p. 263, 7.690 morosus : morigines ou tardiz.

115. See R1, p. 186, 3.775; p. 405, 5.580.

120. corr. stratillates.

TONY HUNT St Peter's College, Oxford
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Author:Hunt, Tony
Publication:Notes and Queries
Date:Mar 1, 1995
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